|Group of resources||Scientific name||Common name||Aspects of the complex Kosmos-corpus-praxis of wild and weedy resources interchanged in traditional Phurépecha markets|
|Quelites and opuntia cladodes||Amaranthus hybridus L.||Quelite de trigo, quintonil||
For Phurépecha people, this group of plants represents food of good quality, clean, free of agrochemical products, and nutritious. Considered of great importance in people’s life since become basic food in particular seasons of the year. Plants appreciated as traditional Phurépecha food, providing notion of belonging to the Phurépecha culture, remaining in the memory as food consumed by ancient people and those participating in the markets since they were children.|
Valued as indispensable in household subsistence, food, and interchange value.
There are traditional ecological knowledge generated and transmitted about seasonality, distribution forms of propagation, among the most relevant, in addition to gastronomic knowledge about preparation, consumption and nutritious qualities. Management practices are simple gathering of juvenile plants in forests and agricultural areas; tolerance (let standing during perturbation) and enhancing through propagating seeds and seedlings.
|Brassica rapa L.||Mostaza|
|Chenopodium berlandieri Moq.||Quelite cenizo|
|Opuntia atropes Rose||Nopales|
|Portulaca oleracea L.||Verdolaga|
|Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek||Berro|
|Rumex obtusifolius L.||Juan primero|
|Fruits and stems||Agave inaequidens||Jiote||
These are food of excellent quality, clean because they are wild. Considered as fruit belonging to Phurépecha people.|
Resources of high importance in people’s life, as complementary food in particular seasons. Highly appreciated as traditional food of the Phurépecha culture, found in the memory of food consumed by ancient people.
Valued since they complement household’s subsistence, have commercial value for obtaining other products through interchange. Local people appreciate these fruits as part of the Phurépecha diet, good flavor, and high nutritious and medicinal properties.
Traditional ecological knowledge about life cycle, distribution, seasonality, sexual and asexual propagation, and transplanting success has been generated and transmitted. In addition, knowledge about forms of preparation, nutritious and medicinal properties was recorded.
Management practices are used, among them are simple and selective gathering in wild populations, identifying and differentiating varieties of fruits in some species, tolerance, transplanting and propagation in agricultural areas and homegardens.
|Crataegus mexicana Moc. & Sessé ex DC||Tejocote|
|Prunus serotina subsp. capuli (Cav. ex Spreng.) McVaugh||Capulines|
|Rubus Liebmannii Focke||Fruto de zarzamora|
|Solanum lycopersicum L.||Jitomate silvestre|
|Flavorings||Tagetes micrantha Cav.||Anís||
This group of plants is highly appreciated since improve flavor of food and because has medicinal properties. These plants are considered part of the Phurépecha communities. These species are part of Phurépecha people’s life providing flavoring for food and traditional beverages consumed in the daily life and ceremonies; these are also appreciated as providing feeling of belonging to the Phurépecha culture. These plants are valued as supporters of the households’ subsistence because of their interchange value since they are highly required for preparing food.|
Traditional ecological knowledge was documented about morphology, seasonality, distribution, mechanisms of propagation, as well as traditional gastronomic recipes, nutritious qualities and medicinal properties.
Management practices on these plants include simple gathering from wild populations, tolerance, transplanting of juvenile plants, propagating them in agricultural areas and homegardens. Their management is considered an activity conducted by women.
|Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants||Epazote|
|Medicinal||Acalypha phleoides Cav.||Hierba del cáncer||
People confer to these plants the meaning of natural medicine, and are highly appreciated as part of the Phurépecha medicine. Contribute to alleviate physic and spiritual pains, and are part of the religious ceremonies, Phurépecha rituals and customs. These plants are considered as heritage of their ancient Phurépecha relatives, having edible and commercial value.|
Traditional ecological knowledge was recorded in relation to distribution, seasonality, particularly of useful parts, and this information is transmitted to new generations. In addition, people recognize their medicinal properties, pains that are alleviated, forms of use and doses, as well as forms of conserving them.
Management practices include gathering in agricultural and ruderal areas, riparian vegetation and forests. People enhance their abundance by propagating them (by women) in homegardens. In addition, people procure their availability though dehydration.
|Agastache mexicana (Kunth) Lint & Epling||Toronjil|
|Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.||Istafiate|
|Chenopodium graveolens Lag & Rodr.||Epazote de perro|
|Clinopodium macrostemum (Moc. & Sessé ex Benth.) Kuntze (Satureja macrostema (Benth.) Briq.)||Nurite|
|Equisetum sp.||Cola de caballo|
|Eryngium carlinae F. Delaroche||Hierba del sapo|
|Heterotheca inuloides Cass.||Árnica|
|Loeselia mexicana (Lam.) Brand||Espinosilla|
|Marrubium vulgare L.||Marubio|
|Ternstroemia lineata DC.||Trompillo|
|Ceremonial-ornamental||Laelia autumnalis (Lex.) Lindl.||Flor de ánima o lirio||
For Phurépecha people, flowers represent beauty, the ornaments and luxury; represent also the link and communication with the sacred world and with dead people. In Phurépecha, these plants are grouped in the category “ambakiti”. Flowers are highly appreciated and considered indispensable as part of the ceremonial and religious life.|
Ecological knowledge was recorded in relation to seasonality, distribution, abundance, interactions, their sexual and asexual propagation and responses to transplanting.
Management practices include gathering from wild populations, tolerance, and propagation in agricultural areas and homegardens. This latter is recognized as an activity practiced by women.
|Bryophyta sensu lato||Musgo|
|Calochortus purpureus (Kunth) Baker||Flores moraditas|
|Castilleja scorzonerifolia Kunth||Flor de terciopelo|
|Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.||Mirasoles|
|Laelia speciosa (Kunth) Schltr.||Orquídea, flor de corpus|
|Lupinus montanus Kunth||Flor morada|
|Stevia monardifolia Kunth||Servilletilla|
|Milla biflora Cav.||Estrellitas|
|Tagetes lucida Cav.||Santa María|
|Mushrooms||Ramaria fenica (P. Karst.) Ricken||Patitas de pájaro||
Wild edible mushrooms are considered food of high quality, flavor, clean, and nutritious (their properties considered better than cattle and pig meat). Some species are considered as luxury food.|
Mushrooms are resources of great importance in people’s life, as basic food during the seasons when these are available, the rainy season. Provide the feeling of belonging to the Phurépecha culture and are part of the memory of food consumed by ancient people. Are highly valued in the interchange and, therefore, highly valued by people as the means for obtaining other products.
Mushrooms are part of a wide variety of traditional food, particularly the scarce species are considered as luxury food.
Traditional ecological knowledge is particularly important for recognizing the edible and non-edible species. People know about their properties, their seasonality, areas of distribution, forms of preparation, and consumption.
Mushrooms are gathered mainly in areas of pine-oak and oak forests and in grasslands, mainly, by men and, occasionally, by women.
|Ramaria flavigelatinosa Marr & D.E. Stuntz||Patitas de pájaro|
|Ramaria araiospora Marr & D.E. Stuntz||Patitas de pájaro|
|Ramaria botrytis (Pers.) Ricken||Patitas de pájaro|
|Ramaria flava (Schaeff.) Quél.||Patitas de pájaro|
|Lyophyllum connatum (Schumach.) Singer||Guachitas, pashacuas|
|Lyophyllum decastes (Fr.) Singer||Guachitas, pashacuas|
|Agaricus campestris L.||Hongo llanero|
|Amanita caesarea (Scop.) Pers.||Hongo amarillo|
|Hypomyces lactifluorum (Schwein.) Tul. & C. Tul.||Hongo trompa de puerco|
|Calvatia cytahiformis (Bosc) Morgan||Hongo globoso|
|Helvella crispa (Scop.) Fr.||Oreja de ratón blanca|
|Laccaria laccata (Scop.) Cooke||Moradito|
|Ustilago maydis (DC.) Corda||Huitlacoche|