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Table 1 List of documented ethnobotanic plants used by the communities living in fringe villages of Chilapatta Reserve Forest

From: Indigenous uses of ethnomedicinal plants among forest-dependent communities of Northern Bengal, India

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Acanthaceae Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees Kalmegh, Chirawta 0.03 H Sp* Pl M, R
Justicia adhatoda L. Basakpatta 0.05 S Sp* W M, O, Cr
Justicia gendarussa Burm. f. Bishalyokoroni 0.02 S   W M, B
Acoraceae Acorus calamus L. Ghorbaj Vasa bach, bojho 0.02 H Sp* Pl M, Cr
Amaranthaceae Alternanthera brasiliensis (L.) Kuntze Lalful, Itingjhar 0.03 H   Pl/W O, N
Amaryllidaceae Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth Janglipiyaz 0.01 H   W/Pl O
Anarcardiaceae Mangifera indica L. Amba 0.05 T   Pl O, Ck
Annonaceae Annonas squamosa L. Atafol, Saripha 0.01 T   Pl O
Apiaceae Anethum graveolens L. Soya sag 0.01 H   Pl R
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Bang Sag, Thankuni, Gortapre 0.13 H Co* W M, O, Ck, N, B
Centella annua
M. Schub. & B.-E. van Wyk
Mana-muni, Beng sag 0.04 H   W M, O, B
Apocynaceae Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. Chatian 0.04 T Fr*, Sp** W/Pl M, O
Calotropis procera (Aiton) R. Br. Akhanda, Akwanpata 0.02 S   Pl R, B
Rauvolfia serpentine (L.) Benth ex Kurz. Nakbail, Sarpaganda 0.11 H E* Pl/W M, R, O, Cr, N
Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult. Baramasheful, Setoful, Tagarful 0.02 S R** W O, N
Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex Corrêa Kanaliful, Karabiful 0.01 S   Pl Ck
Araceae Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Ban-kachu 0.01 H Sp** Pl/W R
Arecaceae Areca catechu L. Supari, Goi) 0.03 T   Pl R, N
Cocos nucifera L. Nariyal, Narkel 0.02 T   Pl R
Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb. Khejur 0.01 T   W O
Asclepiadaceae Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. Anantamul 0.01 H   W M
Asparagaceae Asparagus racemosus Willd. Satomuli, Satalu 0.03 H Pl* Pl M, O
Asteraceae Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.)
R.M. King & H. Rob.
Banmara, German gach, Asamiapatta 0.04 S A* W M, O
Ageratum conyzoides L. Uchanti, Bhusuripata, Elame 0.01 H A*, R** W O
Eupatorium odoratumL. Asamia, Banmara 0.02 S Fr** W O
Tagetes erecta L. Mainalibibod, Marigold, Gendaful, Saipatri 0.03 H   Pl O, Ck, N
Athyriaceae Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw. Khukri, Dhekia sag, Niguro 0.05 F Sp** W R
Bambucaceae Bombax ceiba L. Semul 0.02 T Sp*, Sp** Pl/W R
Basellaceae Basella alba L. Puin sag, Poi sag 0.02 C   Pl O
Bignoniaceae Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz. Kanaidingi, Totola, Surimala 0.09 T Fr*, Sp** Pl/W R, O, N, B
Brassicaceae Brassica rugosa (Roxb.) L.H. Bailey Raya sag 0.01 H   Pl R
Bromeliaceae Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. Anaras, Bhuikathar 0.02 H   Pl M, O
Cactaceae Opuntia ficus-indicaHaw. Sidhugach, Fanimanasa 0.02 S   Pl O
Caricaceae Carica papaya L. Papita, Mewa 0.03 T   Pl M, O
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album L. Bethu sag (N) 0.01 H   W M
Combretaceae Terminalia arjuna
(Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn
Arjun 0.09 T   Pl/W M, R, O, N, Bi
Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Boir, Bahera, Barra 0.06 T R*, Sp** W R, O
Terminalia chebula Retz. Haritaki, Harra 0.09 T R*, Sp** W M, R, O, N
Convolvulaceae Cuscuta europaea L. Kankor, Pahelolahara 0.01 C   W R
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Sakarkanda, Mistialu 0.02 Cr   Pl O
Ipomoea carnea Jacq. Karmigach, Thater 0.01 H   W O
Crassulaceae Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz. Patharkuchi 0.01 H   Pl B
Cucurbitaceae Coccinia coridifolia (L.) Cogn. Kundri 0.01 C   W O
Coccinia indica Wight & Arn. Kundli, Telakuchu 0.01 C   Pl O
Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. Lou 0.01 C   Pl O
Luffa aegyptiaca Mill. Gongra, Dhudol, Gherawla 0.01 C   W O
Momordica diocia Roxb. Jangli karela, Ban karola 0.02 C Co* W R, O
Dilleniaceae Dillenia indica L. Pachkol (chalta) 0.07 T Sp** W M, R, O
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea belophylla Voigt Janglialu, Ban alu, Gichikanda, Ghetuallu 0.05 C R** W R, O, Ck
Dioscorea bulbifera L. Kowatumbil 0.01 C   W O
Diptrocarpaceae Shorea robusta Gaertn. Sal 0.09 T Sp*, Fr** W R, O
Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpus ganitrusRoxb. ex G. Don Rudrax 0.01 T E1 W N
Euphorbiaceae Baccaurea ramiflora Lour. Notko, Latkafal 0.02 T   Pl/W R
Baccaurea sapinda
(Roxb.) Müll. Arg.
Kusum 0.02 T   Pl/W M, O
Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Blume Pattabahargach 0.01 S   Pl O
Emblica officinalis Gaertn. Amlai, Amla, Amloki 0.03 T   Pl M, N, Bi
Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Müll. Arg. Loborgach 0.01 T   Pl N
Jatropha curcas L. Arandi, Bharenda 0.02 S Sp* Pl M, Cr
Mallotus tetracoccus (Roxb.) Kurz. Pethali 0.01 T   W O
Ricinus communis L. Aranda,Varenda, Rahari 0.03 S Sp** W M, O
Fabaceae Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. Khairgach 0.01 T Sp* W R
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile Kadamkapurgach, Babul 0.01 T   W O
Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. Kanchan, Tanki, Karmai 0.02 T   Pl/W R, N
Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth Rahar, Raheri 0.03 S   Pl M, Ck
Cassia alata L. Chakora 0.03 S   Pl/W O
Cassia sophera L. Choto-kalkasunda 0.01 S   Pl/W M
Hippocrepis emerus (L.) Lassen Heranchi 0.01 S   W M
Mimosa pudica L. Lajjabati 0.01 H Fr*, R** W R
Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merr. Karanj 0.01 T   Pl/W O
Tamarindus indica L. Tetul, Tittri 0.01 T Sp* Pl Ck
Entada rheedii Spreng. Gila, Gilathakuri 0.01 T Sp* W M
Trigonella foerum L. Methi 0.01 H   Pl O
Fagaceae Quercus castanopsis H. Lev Guras 0.01 S   W M
Ganodermataceae Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst. Kath mushroom 0.02 Fn   W O
Lamiaceae Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Bhauti, Dhatupatta, Ghentu, Bhatghato 0.04 S Sp** W O, Ck, N, B
Gmelina arborea Roxb. ex. Sm. Gamar 0.01 T Fr*, Sp** Pl/W O
Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link Kanshisa, Ghuma, Thumbai 0.08 H   W M, R, O
Ocimum sanctum L. Tulsi 0.08 H   Pl M, R, O, B
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl Dalchini 0.01 T   Pl/W O
Machilus villosa
(Roxb.) Hook. f.
Kawla 0.01 T Fr** W O
Lecythidaceae Careya arborea Roxb. Kumbhi 0.02 T Fr** Pl R, O
Lythraceae Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. Jarul 0.01 T Fr** Pl/W R
Punica granatum L. Darim, Bedana 0.01 T   Pl M
Malvaceae Abroma augusta (L.) L.f. Ulatkambal 0.03 S Sp* W O, Cr
Hibiscus rosa sinensis L. Pajatiful 0.01 S   Pl M
Melastomataceae Melastoma malabathricum L. Datrangi 0.01 S R** W O
Meliaceae Azadirachta indica A. Juss Neemgach 0.05 T Pl* Pl R, O, Ck
Melia azedarach L. Ghora neem, Bakain, Bakaina 0.02 T   Pl O
Menispermaceae Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook. f. & Thom. Gulancha 0.01 C E*, Fr** W M
Moraceae Artocarpus hetrophyllus Lam Kathal 0.03 T Pl* Pl R, O, Cr
Artocarpus lakoocha Wall. ex Roxb. Ban-kathal 0.02 T Sp*; Fr** Pl/W R
Ficus benghalensis L. Bar rukh 0.01 T   W N
Ficus carica L. Dumber 0.01 T   W O
Ficus elmeri Merr. Jog dumur 0.01 T   W R
Ficus geniculata Kurz Futkol, Kabragach, Pakri 0.02 T   W R, O
Ficus hispida L. f. Kuchuli 0.01 T   W O
Ficus racemosa L. Dumur 0.02 T   W O, Cr
Morus alba L. Neel tuth, Tuth 0.06 T   Pl M, R, O
Moringaceae Moringa oleifera Lam. Sajana 0.06 T Co* Pl M, R, O, N
Musaceae Musa balbisiana Colla Kola 0.08 H   Pl M, R, O, Ck, Cr
Myristicaceae Myristica longifolia Wall. ex Blume Raktakamal, Rakatgach 0.03 T Sp** W O, Cr, B
Myrtaceae Psidium guajava L. Peyara, Asputai 0.04 T Co* Pl M, R, O
Syzygium cumini(L.) Skeels Jamura, Jam, Jamur, Jamun 0.02 T Fr** Pl R
Oleaceae Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. Sefaliful 0.02 S   Pl O
Oxalidaceae Averrohoa carambola L. Kamringa, Charpatay 0.01 T   Pl R
Piperaceae Piper nigrum L. Golmorich 0.01 C   Pl Bi
Plumbaginaceae Plumbago zeylanica L. Chitwar 0.03 S R* W M, O
Poaceae Arundo donax L. Nolkhagra 0.01 H   W R
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl. Bans 0.02 H   Pl M, Ck
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Dubbaghass 0.06 H A* W M, O
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Kodoghass 0.01 H   W O
Thysanolaena latifolia
(Roxb. ex Hornem.) Honda
Berni 0.01 H Pl* Pl/W O
Triticum aestivum L. Ghehu 0.01 H   Pl O
Polygonaceae Polygonum dichotomum Blume. Biskathali 0.01 S   W M
Polygonum hydropiper L. Sukurpota, Biskutli, Pirrojhar 0.02 H   W M, O
Rubiaceae Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Miq. Kadam 0.01 T Sp* Pl/W M
Rutaceae Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa Bael 0.06 T Pl*, R** Pl M, O, Ck
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck Gololebu, Nimbu 0.03 S   Pl M, O, N
Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. Norsing, Karipatta 0.01 T   Pl M
Scrophulariaceae Scoparia dulcis L. Pith berela, Mithapatta,Chinipatta 0.02 H Co* W M, O
Simaroubaceae Ailanthus integrifolia Lam. Gokul 0.02 T Sp** W/Pl O
Solanaceae Datura metel L. Datura 0.04 H   W M, O, B
Solanum indicum L. Bithifal, Brihati, Rambegun 0.01 S   W M
Solanum khasianum C.B. Clarke Bijri kata 0.01 S Sp** W O
Solanum melongena L. Bagun 0.01 S   Pl M
Solanum nigrum L. Maichung, Kakmachi 0.01 H A* W M
Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & J.C. Wendl. Kantakari 0.01 H   Pl/W M
Sterculiaceae Sterculia villosa Roxb. Udal 0.01 T Sp** W N
Thelypteridaceae Christella dentata (Forssk.) Brownsey & Jermy Bis-dhekia 0.01 F   W O
Typhaceae Typha elephantina Roxb. Hogla, Bhoglapatta 0.01 H   W O
Verbenaceae Lantana camara L. Ban-tulsi 0.01 S Sp** W O
Tectona grandis L. f. Segun 0.01 T Fr** Pl/W O, M, R, Ck
Vitex negundo L. Nisinda 0.01 S Fr* W O
Vitaceae Cissus quadrangularis L. Harjora 0.02 H   W M, O
Cissus repanda Vahl Panilarang, Panilata, Panilahara 0.01 C   W O
Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. Ghewkumari, Gritokumari 0.03 H   Pl R, O, N
Zingiberaceae Alpinia malaccensis (Burm.f.) Roscoe Purundigach 0.02 S   Pl/W R, O
Curcuma caesia Roxb. Kala haldi, Kalohaledo 0.03 H   W M, R, Ck
Curcuma longa L. Halud, Haldi 0.04 H Sp* Pl M, O
Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Sm. Jangliadha, Jangliadhua 0.02 H   Pl/W M, O
  1. 1: family; 2: scientific name; 3: vernacular name; 4: use value; 5: plant form, 6: conservation status; 7: growing status; 8: community using the species
  2. M Mech, R Rava, O Oraon, Ck Chikbaraik, Cr Cherwa, N Nepali, B Bengali, Bi Bihari, T tree, H herb, S shrub, C climber, Cr creeper, F fern, Fn fungus, W wild, Sp sparse/less frequent, Pl planted, A abundant, Fr frequent, Co common, E endangered, R rare
  3. *[54] Chhetri et al. 2005
  4. **[53] Shukla 2010