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Table 4 Medicinal uses of the species in present study versus north Indian studies

From: Indigenous uses of ethnomedicinal plants among forest-dependent communities of Northern Bengal, India

Scientific name North Indian studies
Abroma augusta (L.) L.f. Urinary infection, bronchitis, diabetes [45]
Areca catechu L. Boils and skin eruptions, diarrhoea and dysentery, bleeding from nose, chest pain [45, 46]
Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile Jaundice, burns, headache, cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery [39, 45]
Acorus calamus L. Dysentery and diarrhoea [46]
Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa Fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, gastroenteritis, sun burn [39, 45, 46]
Ageratum conyzoides L. Muscular pain, cuts, wounds, stop bleeding, piles, snake bite [45, 48]
Aloe vera L. Burm.f. Stomach ache, piles, intestinal worms, eye disease, skin disease, tumours [46]
Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. malaria, pneumonia, stomach a
che [45]; bark to treat snake bite, asthma and cardiac troubles, latex is applied to ulcers, sores and tumours [46]
Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees Malaria, fever, stomach problems, worms, dysentery [45, 46]
Annona squamosa L. Diarrhoea, dysentery, indigestion, dandruff, lice, spinal problem [45, 46]; Constipation and abdominal swelling of animals [47]
Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Miq. Cholera, dysentery, pimples [45]
Artocarpus hetrophyllus Lam Cough, leprosy, ulcers [46]
Arundo donax L. Skin disease [19]
Asparagus racemosus Willd. Bleeding nose, epilepsy, arthritis [39, 45, 49]; fever and constipation of domestic animals [47]
Azadirachta indica A. Juss Wounds, cold, diabetes, cancer [39, 45]
Basella alba Stewart. Constipation, nose sorosis [45]
Bombax ceiba L. Tooth ache, pimples, snake bite [45, 46]
Calotropis procera R. Br. Pox, cholera, malaria, boils, skin disease, pregnancy, digestive tonic, indigestion of domestic animals [39, 45,46,47]
Carica papaya L. Dysentery, tooth ache [48]
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Leprosy, cough ulcer [46]
Cissus quadrangularis L. Stem extract is used to treat broken bone [46]
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck Fever and mouth disease of animals [46]
Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Tumour, malaria, snake bite, boils, burns, cut and wounds [45, 63]
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Stop bleeding, removes redness of skin [46]
Curcuma longa L. Cuts and wound, bone fracture, swelling, muscular or body pains, snake bite, stomach ache, blood purifier [46, 49]
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Dysentery, snake bite, stop bleeding, wounds, [45, 49]
Datura metel L. Asthma, boils, leprosy, diarrhoea, piles [45, 47]; cold, pneumonia of cattle [39, 47]
Ficus benghalensis L. Diabetes, hair vitalizer, stomach pain, [39, 45]; diarrhoea and dysentery of domestic animals [47]
Ficus carica L. Boils, skin disease, constipation [20, 45]
Ficus hispida L. f. Mouth ulcer [45]
Ficus racemosa L. Piles, boils, diarrhoea, dysentery, [45, 46]
Hibiscus rosa sinensis L. Fever, abortion, burning sensation, twitching [39, 46, 49]
Jatropha curcas L. Branches used as tooth brush to remove tooth pain [63]
Justicia adhatoda L. Cough, bronchitis, asthma, malaria [45, 63]
Mangifera indica L. Dysentery, ear ache, vomiting, heat stroke, digestion [39, 46]
Melia azedarach L. Skin disease, head ache, stomach worm [46]
Mimosa pudica L. Dental pain, head ache, wounds placenta prolepses [45, 47]
Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd. Diabetic, breast swelling [45]
Moringa oleifera L. Diarrhoea, dysentery [39]; flowers to restore health and proper urination, fruits for paralysis and diseases of the liver [46]
Morus alba L. Fruits good for kidney and liver [46]
Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel Fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, appetiser [46]
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. Fever, cough dysentery, leaves for indigestion [45, 46]
Oroxylum indicum (L.) Benth. Cough, mouth sore, ulcer, bronchial asthma, joint pain, appetiser [46]
Plumbago zeylanica L. Diarrhoea, indigestion [45]
Pongamia pinnata L. Malaria, fever, piles, cough, skin disease and boils [46]
Psidium guajava L. Wounds, fever, diarrhoea ulcer, vomiting, [39, 46, 47]
Punica granatum L. Diarrhoea, indigestion [46]
Rauvolfia serpentine (L.) Benth ex Kurz. Insanity, blood pressure, intestinal disorder, vomiting, snake bite [45, 46]
Ricinus communis L. Wounds (human and animal), joint pain, sores, boils, burns, rheumatic swelling, [45,46,47, 70]
Shorea robusta Gaertn f. Diarrhoea, dysentery, burning sensation, chest pain, pox, ear pain [45, 48]
Solanum khasianum C.B. Clarke Dental pain and decay [46]
Solanum nigrum L. Wound, jaundice, abdominal swellings, stomach pain, head ache, fever, gonorrhoea, piles, dysentery, boils, eye infection [20, 45, 47]
Syzygium cumini(L.) Skeels Dysentery, sore throat, bronchitis, ulcers, joint pain [39, 46]
Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult. Eye disease, appetiser, dental pain [46]
Tagetes erecta L. Hydrophobia [39]
Tectona grandis L. f. Bronchitis, urinary discharges, headache, swelling, stomach burning, [46]
Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight &Arn. Dysentery, tumours, asthma, fractured bones, diabetes, anaemia, hypertension [46]
Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Skin disease, cold, constipation, cuts and wounds, piles, dropsy, leprosy, headache, [45, 46, 48]
Terminalia chebula Retz. Constipation, stomach disorder/pain, urinary problem, cold respiratory troubles [45, 48]
Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook. f. & Thom. Jaundice, fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, malaria, appetiser [45, 46]
Trigonella foerum-graecum L. Easier pregnancy, foot and mouth disease of animals, diarrhoea of animals, appetiser, [39, 47]
Vitex negundo L. Headache, rheumatism, body swelling, joint swelling, diarrhoea of cattle [39, 46]