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Table 2 Threatened woody species collected in the Atakora mountain chain region in Benin

From: Traditional ecological knowledge-based assessment of threatened woody species and their potential substitutes in the Atakora mountain chain, a threatened hotspot of biodiversity in Northwestern Benin, West Africa

No. Voucher specimen code Botanical family Species Frequency of citations (%) CS
   EA (n = 104) CA (n = 87) WA (n = 76) Whole (n = 267) Benin IUCN
1 2005 Anacardiaceae Haematostaphis barteri Hook. fil. 0.00 5.75 0.00 1.87 nf nf
2 2617 Anacardiaceae Lannea acida A. Rich. 8.65 0.00 2.63 4.12 nf nf
3 1528 Anacardiaceae Lannea barteri (Oliv.) Engl. 1.92 0.00 2.63 1.50 nf nf
4 1388 Anacardiaceae Lannea microcarpa Engl. & K. Krause 14.42 1.15 35.53 16.10 nf nf
5 2399 Anacardiaceae Sclerocarya birrea (Sond.) Kokwaro 0.00 5.75 38.16 12.73 nf nf
6 823 Anacardiaceae Spondias mombin Jacq. 0.00 5.75 0.00 1.87 nf nf
7 1996 Annonaceae Annona senegalensis Pers. 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75 nf nf
8 1749 Annonaceae Hexalobus monopetalus (A. Rich.) Engl. & Diels 8.65 3.45 0.00 4.49 nf nf
9 372 Annonaceae Uvaria chamae P. Beauv. 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37 nf nf
10 1818 Apocynaceae Holarrhena floribunda (G.Gon) T. Durand & Schinz 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.00 nf nf
11 4640 Apocynaceae Saba comorensis (Bojer) Pichon 4.81 5.75 0.00 3.75 nf nf
12 3680 Apocynaceae Strophanthus hispidus A.P. De Candolle 9.62 9.20 0.00 6.74 nf nf
13 344 Araliaceae Cussonia arborea Hochst. Ex A.Rich. 6.73 0.00 0.00 2.62 nf nf
14 4158 Arecaceae Borassus aethiopum Mart. 83.65 81.61 28.95 67.42 VU LC
15 4190 Arecaceae Elaeis guineensis Jacq. 41.35 28.74 0.00 25.47 nf LC
16 3547 Arecaceae Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. 0.00 0.00 17.11 4.87 nf nf
17 578 Arecaceae Phoenix reclinata Jacq. 13.46 0.00 0.00 5.24 nf nf
18 4437 Arecaceae Raphia sudanica A.Chev. 36.54 14.94 0.00 19.10 nf DD
19 3178 Bignoniaceae Kigelia africana (Sprague) Bidgood & Verdc. 47.12 14.94 0.00 23.22 VU nf
20 4284 Burseraceae Commiphora africana (Rich.) Engl. 2.88 1.15 0.00 1.50 nf nf
21 4459 Cannabaceae Celtis integrifolia Lam. 4.81 1.15 0.00 2.25 nf nf
22 940 Cannabaceae Chaetachme aristata Planch. 0.00 5.75 0.00 1.87 nf nf
23 1531 Chrysobalanaceae Maranthes polyandra (Benth.) Prance 3.85 0.00 0.00 1.50 nf nf
24 375 Clusiaceae Pentadesma butyracea Sabine 3.85 5.75 0.00 3.37 VU nf
25 1053 Combretaceae Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr. 49.04 64.37 92.11 66.29 nf nf
26 637 Combretaceae Combretum adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich. 0.00 0.00 15.79 4.49 nf nf
27 1146 Combretaceae Combretum collinum (Kotschy) Okafor 0.00 0.00 15.79 4.49 nf nf
28 2583 Combretaceae Combretum glutinosum Perr. Ex DC. 0.00 0.00 15.79 4.49 nf nf
29 1226 Combretaceae Combretum micranthum G. Don 7.69 4.60 17.11 9.36 nf nf
30 2456 Combretaceae Combretum molle R. Br. Ex G. Don 0.00 0.00 10.53 3.00 nf nf
31 1295 Combretaceae Combretum platypterum (Welw.) Hutch. & Dalz. 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75 nf nf
32 Combretaceae Combretum spp 0.00 0.00 15.79 4.49 nf nf
33 2560 Combretaceae Guiera senegalensis J.F.Gmel. 0.00 0.00 15.79 4.49 nf nf
34 701 Combretaceae Pteleopsis suberosa Engl. & Diels 2.88 9.20 2.63 4.87 nf nf
35 2010 Combretaceae Terminalia avicennioides Guill. & Perr. 7.69 0.00 22.37 9.36 nf nf
36 1568 Combretaceae Terminalia laxiflora Engl. 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.75 nf nf
37 1055 Combretaceae Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr. 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.75 nf nf
38 3639 Combretaceae Terminalia mollis M. Laws. 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.75 nf nf
39 5228 Combretaceae Terminalia superba Engl. & Diels 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 VU nf
40 3127 Dipterocarpaceae Monotes kerstingii Gilg 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37 nf nf
41 497 Ebenaceae Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. Ex A.DC. 50.96 54.02 86.84 62.17 nf nf
42 2488 Euphorbiaceae Alchornea cordifolia (Shumach. & Thonn.) Müll.Arg. 0.00 0.00 9.21 2.62 nf nf
43 3138 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia poissonii Pax 2.88 1.15 0.00 1.50 nf nf
44 3537 Fabaceae Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. & Delile 9.62 0.00 13.16 7.49 nf nf
45 1560 Fabaceae Afzelia africana Pers. 93.27 93.10 42.11 78.65 EN VU
46 2191 Fabaceae Albizia zygia (DC.) J.F.Macbr. 1.92 4.60 0.00 2.25 nf nf
47 2091 Fabaceae Andira inermis (Wright) DC. 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37 nf nf
48 5163 Fabaceae Bauhinia reticulata DC. 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75 nf nf
49 1723 Fabaceae Bauhinia thonningii Schum. 0.00 0.00 6.58 1.87 nf nf
50 2518 Fabaceae Berlinia grandiflora (Vahl) Hutch. & Dalziel 6.73 9.20 0.00 5.62 nf nf
51 686 Fabaceae Burkea africana Hook. 9.62 11.49 2.63 8.24 nf nf
52 2299 Fabaceae Cassia sieberiana DC. 5.77 11.49 6.58 7.87 nf nf
53 629 Fabaceae Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel 19.23 1.15 0.00 7.87 nf nf
54 1816 Fabaceae Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr. 0.00 0.00 23.68 6.74 nf nf
55 226 Fabaceae Entada africana Guill. & Perr. 3.85 0.00 0.00 1.50 nf nf
56 1816 Fabaceae Erythrina senegalensis DC. 1.92 9.20 0.00 3.75 nf nf
57 2500 Fabaceae Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev. 0.00 1.15 9.21 3.00 nf nf
58 1277 Fabaceae Isoberlinia doka Craib & Stapf 32.69 11.49 23.68 23.22 nf nf
59 6038 Fabaceae Isoberlinia tomentosa (Harms) Craib & Stapf 27.88 11.49 23.68 21.35 nf nf
60 4198 Fabaceae Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) G. Don 44.23 70.11 65.79 58.80 nf nf
61 1845 Fabaceae Pericopsis laxiflora (Baker) Meeuwen 12.50 4.60 0.00 6.37 nf nf
62 1054 Fabaceae Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub. 14.42 19.54 43.42 24.34 nf nf
63 1690 Fabaceae Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. 80.77 88.51 85.53 84.64 EN nf
64 3516 Fabaceae Swartzia madagascariensis Desv. 0.00 3.45 0.00 1.12 nf nf
65 1715 Fabaceae Tamarindus indica L. 37.50 13.79 26.32 26.59 nf nf
66 1788 Fabaceae Tephrosia vogelii Hook.f. 0.00 1.15 0.00 0.37 nf nf
67 1851 Gentianaceae Anthocleista djalonensis A. Chevalier 7.69 9.20 0.00 5.99 nf nf
68 876 Lamiaceae Vitex doniana Sweet 37.50 47.13 60.53 47.19 nf nf
69 2053 Loganiaceae Strychnos innocua Delile 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.75 nf nf
70 2269 Malvaceae Adansonia digitata L. 33.65 17.24 40.79 30.34 nf nf
71 3984 Malvaceae Bombax buonopozense Beauv. 21.15 18.39 0.00 14.23 nf nf
72 1765 Malvaceae Bombax costatum Pellegrin & Vuillet 48.08 51.72 51.32 50.19 nf nf
73 1710 Malvaceae Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. 62.50 18.39 5.26 31.84 nf nf
74 4206 Malvaceae Cola gigantea A. Chevalier 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.00 nf nf
75 1549 Malvaceae Sterculia setigera Del. 7.69 3.45 0.00 4.12 nf nf
76 2100 Malvaceae Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum. 2.88 0.00 0.00 1.12 EN LC
77 1934 Meliaceae Ekebergia capensis Sparrm. 6.73 0.00 0.00 2.62 nf nf
78 2136 Meliaceae Khaya grandifoliola C. DC. 19.23 8.05 0.00 10.11 EN VU
79 2436 Meliaceae Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss. 97.12 98.85 98.68 98.13 EN VU
80 834 Meliaceae Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms 21.15 8.05 2.63 11.61 nf nf
81 1299 Meliaceae Trichilia emetic Vahl 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37 nf nf
82 B163 Moraceae Antiaris toxicaria (Engl.) C. C. Berg 30.77 42.53 46.05 38.95 nf nf
83 910 Moraceae Ficus glumosa Del. 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75 nf nf
84 1275 Moraceae Ficus gnaphalocarpa Steud. ex Miq. 0.00 0.00 26.32 7.49 nf nf
85 2670 Moraceae Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq. 0.00 1.15 0.00 0.37 nf nf
86 1017 Moraceae Ficus ovata D. Don 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37 nf nf
87 5183 Moraceae Ficus platyphylla Del. 2.88 20.69 5.26 9.36 nf nf
88 2430 Moraceae Ficus sur Forssk. 3.85 0.00 0.00 1.50 nf nf
89 859 Moraceae Ficus thonningii Bl. 0.00 9.20 0.00 3.00 nf nf
90 994 Moraceae Ficus trichopoda Bak. 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75 nf nf
91 1226 Moraceae Ficus umbellata Vahl 4.81 0.00 0.00 1.87 nf nf
92 2380 Moraceae Ficus vallis-choudae Del. 4.81 0.00 0.00 1.87 nf nf
93 1476 Moraceae Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C. C. 93.27 72.41 13.16 63.67 EN VU
94 3350 Myrtaceae Syzygium guineense Keay 17.31 0.00 0.00 6.74 nf nf
95 518 Ochnaceae Lophira lanceolata Van Tiegh. ex Keay 9.62 11.49 0.00 7.49 nf nf
96 2666 Ochnaceae Ochna schweinfurthiana F. Hoffm. 0.00 18.39 0.00 5.99 nf nf
97 1316 Olacaceae Olax subscorpioidea Oliver 2.88 18.39 0.00 7.12 nf nf
98 4284 Oleaceae Chionanthus niloticus (Oliv.) Stearn 9.62 8.05 0.00 6.37 nf nf
99 1477 Opiliaceae Opilia amentacea Roxb. 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75 nf nf
100 2032 Phillanthaceae Uapaca togoensis Pax 4.81 1.15 0.00 2.25 nf nf
101 346 Phyllanthaceae Margaritaria discoidea (Baill.) G.L.Webster 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.75 nf nf
102 2208 Poaceae Oxytenanthera abyssinica (A.Rich.) Munro 15.38 25.29 3.95 15.36 nf nf
103 196 Polygalaceae Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen. 9.62 4.60 0.00 5.24 nf nf
104 2240 Proteaceae Protea madiensis (Beard) Chisumpa & Brummit 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.00 nf nf
105 2065 Rubiaceae Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper & J.R.I.Wood 6.73 2.30 0.00 3.37 nf nf
106 688 Rubiaceae Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afzel. ex G. Don) Benth. 3.85 0.00 0.00 1.50 nf nf
107 2541 Rubiaceae Gardenia erubescens Stapf & Hutch. 1.92 1.15 0.00 1.12 nf nf
108 2089 Rubiaceae Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) Kuntze 1.92 9.20 35.53 13.86 nf nf
109 2463 Rubiaceae Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm) E.A.Bruce 6.73 9.20 3.95 6.74 nf nf
110 1911 Rutaceae Afraegle paniculata (Schum.) Engl. 18.27 54.02 35.53 34.83 EN nf
111 4500 Rutaceae Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) B. Zepernick & F.K. Timler 3.85 28.74 19.74 16.48 VU nf
112 309 Salicaceae Oncoba spinosa Forssk. 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.75 nf nf
113 872 Sapindaceae Blighia sapida Koenig 14.42 16.09 0.00 10.86 nf nf
114 261 Sapindaceae Zanha golungensis Hiern 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.37 nf nf
115 1806 Sapotaceae Vitellaria paradoxa C.F.Gaertn. 49.04 55.17 44.74 49.81 VU VU
116 1845 Ximeniaceae Ximenia americana L. 13.46 0.00 0.00 5.24 nf nf
117 2575 Zygophyllaceae Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile 4.81 0.00 18.42 7.12 nf nf
  1. EA East Atakora, CA Central Atakora, WA West Atakora, CS conservation status, VU vulnerable, EN endangered, LC least concern, DD data deficiency, nf not found