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Table 3 Similarity matrix (Jaccard’s coefficients) among sociolinguistic groups as regards the threatened and important woody species

From: Traditional ecological knowledge-based assessment of threatened woody species and their potential substitutes in the Atakora mountain chain, a threatened hotspot of biodiversity in Northwestern Benin, West Africa

  Bariba Berba Dendi Fulfulde Natimba Otamari Waama
Bariba 0.233 *** 0.317 ** 0.164 ns 0.224 ns 0.305 *** 0.283 **
Berba 0.275 *** 0.324 ** 0.304 ns 0.370 *** 0.387 *** 0.483 ***
Dendi 0.424 ns 0.358 *** 0.345 *** 0.484 * 0.405 ** 0.444 ns
Fulfulde 0.412 ns 0.333 *** 0.558 ns 0.421 * 0.269 ns 0.320 ns
Natimba 0.272 * 0.453 *** 0.418 ** 0.457 * 0.429 *** 0.538 **
Otamari 0.319 *** 0.355 *** 0.466 ** 0.370 ** 0.449 *** 0.484 ***
Waama 0.360 ns 0.306 *** 0.491 ns 0.511 ns 0.447 ** 0.415 ns
  1. Data in italics are Jaccard’s coefficients of important woody species
  2. ns non-significant
  3. *P value ≤ 0.05, **P value ≤0.01, ***P value ≤ 0.001. Differences were tested using Analysis of Similarities (ANOSIM)