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Table 1 Ailment, form of preparation, and form of application of useful medicinal plants identified by inhabitats of the Doche vereda (Villavieja, Huila)

From: Cultural significance of the flora of a tropical dry forest in the Doche vereda (Villavieja, Huila, Colombia)

Common name Scientific name Used part FP/FA Ailment function
Abreojo Alternanthera sp. Tw De/Or Cough
Aguacate Persea americana Mill. Fr De/Or Circulation
Albahaca Ocimum basilicum L. Tw To, De/Or, Ex Tired eyes, diarrhea
Amansa guapo Justicia pectoralis Jacq. Le Ar/Or Relaxing
Anamú Petiveria alliacea L. Tw De/Or Ulcer, cancer
Anón Annona squamosa L. Le De/Or Vesicle
Cacao Theobroma cacao (Mill.) Bernoulli Fr De/Or Migraine
Caléndula Calendula sp. Tw Ar/Or Relaxing
Chisacá Tridax procumbens L. Tw De/Or Antipyretic, cough
Cilantro cimarrón Eryngium foetidum L. Tw De/Or Hepatitis
Ciruelo Spondias sp. Tw Ju/Bt Antipyretic, dysuria
Consuelda Pseudelephantopus spiralis (Less.) Cronquist Tw Po, Ju/Ex Anti-inflammatory, eye cleansing
Cuchiyuyo Trichanthera gigantea (Bonpl.) Nees Le De/Bt, Or Acne, cleansing the blood
Desinchadera Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd. Tw Po/Ex Anti-inflammatory
Encaje N/I Tw De/Or Dysuria
Escoba Sida rhombifolia Mast. Tw De/Or Diarrhea
Gomo Cordia dentata Poir. Fl De/Or Cough
Guácimo Guazuma ulmifolia Pers. Le De/Or Diarrhea
Guanábano Annona muricata L. Le Po/Ex Anti-inflammatory
Guayaba cimarrón Psidium guineense Sw. Fr De/Or Kidney
Hita moreal N/I St Ju/Ex Earache
Insulina N/I Tw Ju, De/Ex, Or, Bt Diabetes, kidney, abscesses
Limón Citrus × limón (L.) Osbeck Le De/Or Abdominal pain, diarrhea
Limoncillo Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Tw De, Ar/or Abdominal pain, diarrhea, relaxing
Mango Mangifera indica L. Le Po/Ex Anti-inflammatory
Marañón Anacardium occidentale L. Tw De/Or Cough
Matarratón Gliricidia sepium Kunth ex Steud. Le De/Or Antipyretic
Moringa Moringa oleifera Lam. Le Ar/Or Relaxing, colon
Mosquero Croton pedicellatus Kunth Tw De/Bt, Or Diarrhea
Naranjo Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck Le De/Or Accelerates labor
Orégano Origanum vulgare L. Le De/Or Tension
Papaya Carica papaya L. Fr NP/Or Colon, gastritis
Pelá Acacia farnesiana Wall. Ro, Ba De/Bt, Or Antipyretic
Piñón Jatropha curcas (Adans.) Griseb. Fr NP/Or Purging
Pringamosa Cnidoscolus urens (L.) Arthur Fl Ar/Or Cough
Pronto alivio Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Br. ex Britton & P. Wilson Tw Ar/Or Abdominal pain, relaxing
Sábila Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. Le De, Ju/Or Prostate, diabetes; cough, gastritis, hair loss
Simecojé Momordica charantia L. Tw De/Or Gastritis, antipyretic
Tomillo Thymus sp. Tw De/Or Cold, cough
Toronjil Melissa sp. Tw Ar/Or Relaxing
Verbena Verbena litoralis Kunth Tw Ju/Or Antipyretic
Verdolaga Portulaca sp. Tw De, Ju/Or Dysuria, ulcer
Yerbabuena Mentha spicata L. Tw Ar, De/Or Abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomit
Yuquillo N/I Tw De/Or Cancer
Sasafrás Bursera tomentosa (Jacq.) Triana & Planch. Tw De/Ex, Bt Mosquito bites, rheumatism
  1. Used part: Ba bark, Fl flower, Fr fruit, Le leaf, Tw twig, Ro root, St stalk. FP form of preparation: Ar aromatic, De decoction, Po poultice, To topical, Ju juice, NP no preparation. FA form of application: Bt baths, Ex external, Or oral, N/I not identified