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Table 1 Plants and fungi most likely to have been used by the southernmost Guachichiles

From: Reconsideration of the nomadic condition of the southernmost Guachichiles based on the relationship with their environment





Opuntia spp.

Eaten fresh

Mesquite pods

Prosopis laevigata

To prepare a bread


Yucca decipiens and Y. filifera

As fruits, eaten fresh

Roots similar to potatoes

Solanum cardiophyllum and S. ehrenbergii

Solanum spp. are still sold locally for food.

Roots similar to potatoes

Phaseolus coccineus

Root noodles possibly eaten.


Agave salmiana spp. crassispina

Cooked roots, leaves, and flower stalks eaten.

Biznaga (barrel cactus)

Ferocactus histrix

Flowers (currently known as cabuches, a highly appreciated delicacy) and fruits eaten.

Pincushion cacti

Mamillaria spp.

Fruits eaten.

Garambullo (bilberry cactus)

Myrtillocactus geometrizans

Fruits eaten.

Mexican nut pine

Pinus cembroides

Pinyons probably eaten.


Lophophora williamsii

Likely to have been obtained by trade for use as hallucinogenic

Beehive cactus

Coryphanta spp.

Possibly used as hallucinogenic

Psychedelic mushroom

Psilocybe spp.

Possibly used as hallucinogenic