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Table 2 Animal species most likely used as foods, procured within tunales by the southernmost Guachichiles

From: Reconsideration of the nomadic condition of the southernmost Guachichiles based on the relationship with their environment

Common namea Scientific name Current useb
Birds (individuals of all ages and eggs)
 Mourning dove Zenaida macroura As food
 White-winged dove Zenaida asiatica As food
 Canyon towhee Melozone fusca None known
 Curve-billed thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre As cage bird
 Northern mockingbird Mimus polyglottus As cage bird
 Cactus wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus None known
 Finches and sparrows Passerellidae, Fringilidae Some species used as cage birds
Small mammals
 Packrat Neotoma leucodon As food, highly appreciated
 Mexican spiny pocket mouse Liomys irroratus None known
 Deer mice Peromyscus melanophry, but likely also smaller species None known
 Rock squirrel Otospermophilus variegatus As food, occasional
 Cottontail rabbit Silvilagus audubonii As food
Large mammals
 Collared peccary Pecari tajacu None, locally extirpated
Reptiles
 Rattlesnakes Crotalus spp. Used as a cancer remedy
 Gopher snake Pituophis deppei None known
 Scaled lizards Sceloporus spp. None known
 Mud turtles Kinosternon integrum, K. hirtipes Blood used as a remedy
Invertebrates
 Grubs The larvae of at least Melitara nephelepasa; possibly other species as well Eaten occasionally
 Mexican honey wasp (its honey) Possibly Brachygastra mellifica and perhaps other congeneric species None known, but likely to be still consumed
  1. aSpecies within groups are ranked according to their probable importance, based on abundance in these habitats, size, and easiness of hunting. All species except the sparrows were permanent residents in the tunales (source: EM and MERL, pers. obs.)
  2. bCurrent use derived from personal acquaintance of the authors and [26]