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Table 3 List of plant taxa cited by the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu for preparing medicinal foods

From: A study on food-medicine continuum among the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India

S.No Binomial name, Voucher number & Family Vernacular name Parts used Humoral propertya Reported pharmacological action in Siddhaa Illnesses treated Illnesses categories IAR
1. Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench
SE201
(Malvaceae)
Veṇṭaikkāy Tender fruits Cold Refrigerant, Aphrodisiac, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emollient, To treat diarrhea and dysentary Diabetes (2), Coolant (1), Oligospermia (1) Dia. (2), Coo. (1), Mal. (1) 0.333
2. Abutilon indicum (Link) Sweet
SE193
(Malvaceae)
Tutti Leaves Cold Demulcent, Tonic, Laxative, Diuretic, Sedative, To treat hemorrhoids, boils, gangrene and warts Hemorrhoids (3) Hem. (3) 1.000
3. Acalypha indica L.
SE188
(Euphorbiaceae)
Kuppaimēṉi Leaves Hot Anodyne, Anthelmintic, Cathartic, Diuretic, Emetic, Expectorant, Emmenagogue, To treat toothache, burns, organic poisons, stomachache, hemorrhoids, joint pain and bronchitis Bronchitis (1), Hemorrhoids (2), Intestinal worms (1) Hem. (2), Kap. (1), Gas. (1) 0.333
4. Allium cepa L.
SE170
(Amaryllidaceae)
Veṅkāyam Bulbs Hot Stimulant, Diuretic, Expectorant, Emmenagogue, Rubefacient, Demulcent, Aphrodisiac, To treat hemorrhoids, eczema, hypertension, mouth ulcers, polydipsia and diarrhea Hemorroids (1), Bleeding through rectum (3), Oligospermia (2), Burning sensation (1) Hem. (4), Mal. (2), Coo. (1) 0.666
5. Allium sativum L.
SE107
(Amaryllidaceae)
Veḷḷaippūṇṭu Bulbs Hot Carminative, Stomahic, Tonic, Alterative, Stimulant, Expectorant, Diuretic, Anthelmintic, To treat boils, cough, wheezing, intestinal worms and hemorrhoids Indigestion (1), Dysmenorrhea (1), Diabetes (1), Heart ailments (1), Flatulance (1) Gas. (2), Gyn. (1), Dia. (1), Hea. (1) 0.250
6. Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.
SE108
(Asphodelaceae)
Kaṟṟāḻai Leaves Cold Tonic, Alterative, Purgative, Emmenagogue, To treat dermatological ailments, leprosy, hemorrhoids, anal fistula, urolithiasis Obesity (1), Urolithiasis (1), Liver ailments (1), Dysmenorrhea (2), Metrorrhagia (1), Uteral ailments (1), Gastrointestinal ailments (1) Gyn. (4), Obe. (1), Uri. (1), Liv. (1), Gas. (1) 0.428
7. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. ex DC.
SE159
(Amaranthaceae)
Poṉṉāṅkaṇṇi Leaves Cold Alterative, Coolant, Good for eyes Menstrual migraine (1), To increase memory and vision (1) Gyn. (1), Psy. (1), Eye. (1) 0.000
8. Amaranthus viridis L.
SE117
(Amaranthaceae)
Araikkīrai Leaves Hot Stimulant, Aphrodisiac Male infertility (1), Anemia (1), General weakness (2) Wea. (2), Mal. (1), Blo. (1) 0.333
9. Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson
SE113
(Araceae)
Karuṇaikkiḻaṅku Rhizomes Cold Alterative, Nutritive, Tonic, To treat pulmonary ailments, Hemorrhoids and anorexia Hemorrhoids (3), Hypertension (1) Hem. (3), Hpt. (1) 0.666
10. Anacardium occidentale L.
SE127
(Anacardiaceae)
Muntiri Seeds Cold Tonic, Aphrodisiac General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
11. Annona squamosa L.
SE183
(Annonaceae)
Cītāppaḻam Fruits Cold Coolant Coolant (1), Gastric ulcers (1) Coo. (1), Gas. (1) 0.000
12. Arachis hypogaea L.
SE126
(Fabaceae)
Vērkkaṭalai Seeds Hot Nutrient, laxative, Emollient General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
13. Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.
SE200
(Cucurbitaceae)
Veṇpūcaṇi Tender fruits Cold Diuretic, Styptic, Tonic, Alterative, Nutrient, To treat dysuria, fever, dermatological ailments, leucorrhea, psychological ailments Dysuria (1), To gain weight (1) Uri. (1), Wea. (1) 0.000
14. Beta vulgaris L.
SE150
(Amaranthaceae)
Pīṭrūṭ Rhizomes -- -- Anemia (2), Male infertility (1), Hypotension (1) Blo. (2), Mal. (1), Hpo. (1) 0.333
15. Boerhavia diffusa L.
SE194
(Nyctaginaceae)
Mūkkiraṭṭai Leaves Hot Expectorant, Diuretic, Laxative, Coolant, Anthelmintic, Emetic Dysuria (3) Uri. (3) 1.000
16. Borassus flabellifer L.
SE168
(Arecaceae)
Paṉai Inflorescence Cold Coolant, Diuretic Burning sensation (3), Jaundice (1) Coo. (3), Jau. (1) 0.666
17. Brassica oleracea var.
gongylodes L.
SE199
Brassicaceae
Nūkkal Stems -- -- Diabetes (2) Dia. (2) 1.000
18. Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
SE109
(Sapindaceae)
Muṭakkottāṉ Leaves Hot Diuretic, Laxative, Stomachic, Rubefacient, Antirheumatic, Nutritive, To treat musculo-skeletal and dermatological ailments Rhinitis (1), Cough (1), Somatalgia (3) Ana. (3), Kap. (2) 0.750
19. Carica papaya L.
SE182
(Caricaceae)
Pappāḷi Fruits Hot Laxative, Tonic, Diuretic, Lactogogue Constipation (1), Lactogogue (1), Joint pain (1) Gas. (1), Gyn. (1), Vad. (1) 0.000
20. Cassia fistula L.
SE197
(Fabaceae)
Carakkoṉṟai Flowers Hot Vermifuge, To treat leucorrhea, anemia, jaundice, dermatological infections and diabetes Diabetes (1) Dia. (1) 0.000
21. Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
SE157
(Apiaceae)
Vallārai Leaves Cold Alterative, Tonic, Diuretic, Stimulant, Emmenagogue, To treat fever, elephantiasis, scrotal swelling, Swollen lymph nodes, eczema, wounds and swellings To strengthen memory (2), Hypothyroidism (1) Psy. (2), Thy. (1) 0.500
22. Cicer arietinum L.
SE129
(Fabaceae)
Koṇṭaikkaṭalai Seeds Cold Antibilious, Diuretic, Aphrodisiac General weakness (2), Fatigue (1), Menstrual cramps (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1), Gyn. (1) 0.333
23. Cichorium intybus L.
SE176
(Asteraceae)
Kāciṉikkīrai Leaves -- -- Male infertility (1) Mal. (1) 0.000
24. Cissus quadrangularis L.
SE137
(Vitaceae)
Piraṇṭai Stem Hot Alterative, Emmenagogue, Stomachic, To treat hemorrhoids, anorexia, ulcers, diarrhea and fatigue Obesity (1), Gastric ulcers (1), Bone fractures (1), Hemorrhoids (3) Hem. (3), Obe. (1), Gas. (1), Bon. (1) 0.400
25. Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
SE178
(Cucurbitaceae)
Tarpūcaṇi Fruits Cold Coolant, Diuretic Hyperacidity (2), Dysuria (1) Gas. (2), Uri. (1) 0.500
26. Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck
SE167
(Rutaceae)
Elumiccai Fruits Hot Carminative, Rubefacient, To treat fainting, nausea, polydipsia, psychological ailments, eye ailments Indigestion (3), Constipation (1), Heart ailments (1), Acne (1), Diabetes (1), Arthritis (2), To increase vision (1), Hypothyroidism (1) Gas. (4), Vad. (2), Hea. (1), Der. (1), Dia. (1), Eye. (1), Thy. (1) 0.400
27. Citrus medica L.
SE184
(Rutaceae)
Nārattai Fruits Cold Aromatic, Stomachic, Astringent, Sedative, Digestive, Good to treat hypertension Hyperacidity (1), Heart ailments (2), Gastric ulcers (2), Hypertension (2), Anorexia (2), Dermatological ailments (1) Gas. (5), Hea. (2), Hpt. (2), Der. (1) 0.666
28. Citrus reticulata Blanco
SE185
(Rutaceae)
Ārañcu Fruits -- -- Heart ailments (1) Hea. (1) 0.000
29. Cleome gynandra L.
SE190
(Cleomaceae)
Nalla vēḷai Leaves Hot Rubefacient, Anthelmintic, Antispasmodic, Carminative, Diaphoretic Joint pain (1), Rhinitis (2), Fever (1), Heart ailments (1) Kap. (2), Fev. (1), Vad. (1), Hea. (1) 0.250
30. Coccinia grandis
(L.) Voigt
SE147
(Cucurbitaceae)
Kōvaikkāy Tender fruits Cold Expectorant, Antispasmodic, Febrifuge, To treat anorexia, fever, bronchitis and eczema Gastric ulcers (3), Mouth ulcers (2), Oliguria (1), Diabetes (5), Burning sensation (2), Bronchitis (1) Gas. (5), Dia. (5), Coo. (2), Uri. (1), Kap. (1) 0.692
31. Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels
SE139
(Menispermaceae)
Kaṭṭukkoṭi Leaves Hot Alterative, Laxative, Demulcent, Coolant, To treat diarrhea, metrorrhagia, dysuria and gastric ulcers Oligospermia (1), Coolant (1) Mal. (1), Coo. (1) 0.000
32. Cocos nucifera L.
SE154
(Arecaceae)
Tēṅkāy Endosperm Cold Coolant, Aperient, Nutrient, Diuretic, To treat mouth ulcers Male infertility (1), Hypotension (1), Gastric ulcers (1), Mouth ulcers (1) Gas. (2), Mal. (1), Hpo. (1) 0.333
33. Cucumis sativus L.
SE174
(Cucurbitaceae)
Veḷḷarikkāy Tender fruits Cold Diuretic, Nutrient, Demulcent, Coolant Hyperacidity (2) Gas. (2) 0.000
34. Cuminum cyminum L.
SE134
(Apiaceae)
Cīrakam Seeds Cold Carminative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Astringent, To treat hypertension, liver ailments, urolithiasis, dysentery, wheezing, rhinitis, insomnia Somatalgia (1), Anemia (1), Anorexia (1), Coolant (2), Hypertension (1), Gastric ulcers (2) Gas. (3), Coo. (2), Ana. (1), Blo. (1), Hpt. (1) 0.428
35. Daucus carota L.
SE153
(Apiaceae)
Kāraṭ Rhizome -- -- Male infertility (1), Hypotension (1), Bloating (1), Nausea (1) Gas. (2), Mal. (1), Hpo. (1) 0.333
36. Digera muricata (L.) Mart.
SE192
(Amaranthaceae)
Toyyakkīrai Leaves Cold Coolant Diarrhea (1), Dysentery (1) Gas. (2) 1.000
37. Echinochloa frumentacea Link
SE123
(Poaceae)
Kutiraivāli Seeds -- -- General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
38. Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.
SE177
(Asteraceae)
Karicalāṅkaṇṇi Leaves Hot Cholagogue, Tonic, Alterative, Emetic, Laxative, Deobstruent, Hepatoprotective, To treat throat ailments, jaundice, leprosy, ascites, anemia and toothache To increase memory (1) and vision (1), Liver ailments (2), Anemia (2) Liv. (2), Blo. (2), Psy. (1), Eye. (1) 0.400
39. Eleusine coracana Gaertn.
SE118
(Poaceae)
Kēḻvaraku Seeds Cold Nutrient, Astringent, To treat diabetes General weakness (2), Fatigue (1), Diabetes (1), To strengthen memory (1), Anemia (2) Wea. (2), Blo. (2), Fat. (1), Dia. (1), Psy. (1) 0.333
40. Erythrina variegata L.
SE138
(Fabaceae)
Kalyāṇamuruṅkai Leaves Hot Diuretic, Laxative, Emmenagogue, Lactogogue Bronchitis (1) Kap. (1) 0.000
41. Ferula assa-foetida L.
SE136
(Apiaceae)
Peruṅkāyam Resin Hot Stimulant, Carminative, Antispasmodic, Expectorant, Laxative, Anthelmintic, Diuretic, Aphrodisiac, Emmenagogue Somatalgia (1) Ana. (1) 0.000
42. Ficus benghalensis L.
SE142
(Moraceae)
Āl Fruits Cold Astringent, Tonic, Aphrodisiac Oligospermia (1) Mal. (1) 0.000
43. Ficus racemosa L.
SE140
(Moraceae)
Atti Fruits Cold Astringent, Laxative, Good to treat diarrhea, hemorrhoids and anemia Oligospermia (1), Anemia (2), Male infertility (1), Constipation (1), Wheezing (1), Gastric ulcers (1), Hemorrhoids (1) Mal. (2), Blo. (2), Gas. (2), Hem. (1), Kap. (1) 0.428
44. Ficus religiosa L.
SE141
(Moraceae)
Aracu Fruits Cold Laxative, Coolant Oligospermia (1) Mal. (1) 0.000
45. Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
SE114
(Apiaceae)
Peruñcīrakam Seeds Hot Carminative, Stomachic, To treat uteral ailments, fever, indigestion, bloating, cough, liver ailments, wheezing, rhinitis Heart ailments (1) Hea. (1) 0.000
46. Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Roxb.
SE101
(Clusiaceae)
Koṭampuḷi Fruits Hot Carminative, Digestive Obesity (1) Obe. (1) 0.000
47. Gossypium spp.
SE169
(Malvaceae)
Parutti Seeds Hot Laxative, Expectorant, Aphrodisiac General weakness (1), Somatalgia (1) Wea. (1), Ana. (1) 0.000
48. Hibiscus cannabinus L.
SE202
(Malvaceae)
Puḷiccakīrai Leaves Hot Emollient, Laxative, To treat anorexia and hypertension Anorexia (1) Gas. (1) 0.000
49. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
SE102
(Malvaceae)
Cemparattai Flowers Cold Laxative, Aphrodisiac, Emmenagogue, Emollient, Demulcent, Coolant, To treat leucorrhea, metrorrhagia and hypertension Male infertility (1), Heart ailments (2) Hea. (2), Mal. (1) 0.500
50. Hybanthus enneaspermus (G.Don) R.Br. ex Arn.
SE162
(Violaceae)
Oritaḻtāmarai Flowers Cold Nutritive, Aphrodisiac Oligospermia (1), Hypothyroidism (1) Mal. (1), Hpo. (1) 0.000
51. Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.
SE191
(convolvulaceae)
Vaḷḷaikkīrai Leaves Cold Coolant, Lactogogue, Aphrodisiac, Antidiabetic Mouth ulcers (1), Gastric ulcers (2), Oligospermia (2) Gas. (3), Mal. (2) 0.750
52. Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.
SE104
(Cucurbitaceae)
Curaikkāy Tender fruits Cold Coolant, Diuretic, Nutritive, Antibilious Obesity (1), Coolant (1), To strengthen memory (1), Swelling of the limbs (1), Dysuria (2) Uri. (3), Obe. (1), Coo. (1), Psy. (1) 0.500
53. Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link
SE112
(Lamiaceae)
Tumpai Leaves Hot Laxative, Expectorant, Stimulant, Emmenagogue, To treat headache, throat ailments, polydipsia, cough, bronchitis, sinusitis, leucorrhea, fatigue, somatalgia Rhinitis (1), Cough (1), Somatalgia (1) Kap. (2), Ana. (1) 0.500
54. Limonia acidissima Groff
SE148
(Rutaceae)
Viḷā Fruit bulbs Cold Aromatic, Coolant, To treat anorexia, bloating, polydipsia, cough and bronchitis Diabetes (3), Polydipsia (1), Hypertension (1) Dia. (4), Hpt. (1) 0.750
55. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc.
SE100
(Fabaceae)
Koḷḷu Seeds Hot Astringent, Diuretic, Tonic Obesity (1) Obe. (1) 0.000
56. Mangifera indica L.
SE181
(Anacardiaceae)
Fruits Hot Laxative, Diuretic, Tonic, Aphrodisiac Male infertility (2), Heart ailments (4), Anorexia (3), To increase vision (1) Hea. (4), Mal. (2), Gas. (3), Eye. (1) 0.666
57. Marsilea quadrifolia L.
SE195
(Marsileaceae)
Āraikkīrai Leaves Cold Coolant, Polyuria Polyuria (2), Ulcers in urinary tract (2) Dia. (2), Uri. (2) 0.666
58. Melochia corchorifolia L.
SE189
(Malvaceae)
Puṇṇākkukkīrai Leaves Cold Diuretic, Laxative Pain during menopause (1) Gyn. (1) 0.000
59. Mentha arvensis L.
SE171
(Lamiaceae)
Putiṉā Leaves Hot Stomachic, Diuretic, Stimulant, Carminative, Antispasmodic Anemia (1), Anorexia (1) Blo. (1), Ana. (1) 0.000
60. Momordica charantia L.
SE149
(Cucurbitaceae)
Pākaṟkāy Tender fruits Hot Tonic, Stomachic, Stimulant, Antibilious, Laxative, Alterative, Anthelmintic Diabetes (1), Bloating (1), Intestinal worms (1) Gas. (2), Dia. (1) 0.500
61. Moringa oleifera Lam.
SE111
(Moringaceae)
Muruṅkai Leaves Cold Antispasmodic, Stimulant, Expectorant, Diuretic, To treat anorexia, headache, fainting and eye ailments Rhinitis (1), Cough (1), Somatalgia (2), Anemia (5), General weakness (1), To increase vision (1), Hypertension (2), Diabetes (1), Obesity (1), Anorexia (1), Menstrual migraine (2) Blo. (5), Ana. (2), Hpt. (2), Gyn. (2), Kap. (2), Wea. (1), Eye. (1), Dia. (1), Obe. (1), Gas. (1) 0.470
62. Mukia maderaspatana (L.)
M.Roem.
SE160
(Cucurbitaceae)
Mucumucukkai Leaves Hot Expectorant, To treat cough, bronchitis, wheezing, rhinitis Asthma (2), Bronchitis (2), Cough (1) Kap. (5) 1.000
63. Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel
SE106
(Rutaceae)
Kaṟivēppilai Leaves Hot Tonic, Stomachic, Diarrhea, Nausea, Fever, Psychological ailments Indigestion (2), Dysmenorrhea (1), Diabetes (1), Anemia (1), Obesity (1), Anorexia (1), Bloating (1) Gas. (4), Gyn. (1), Dia. (1), Blo. (1), Obe. (1) 0.428
64. Musa paradisiaca L.
SE145
(Musaceae)
Vāḻai Tender fruits, Flowers Hot Demulcent, Laxative, Nutritive, To treat hemorrhoids Menstrual cramps (3), Gastric ulcers (3), Mouth ulcers (1), Hyperacidity (1), Hemorrhoids (2), Bleeding through rectum (1) Gas. (5), Hem. (3), Gyn. (3) 0.800
65. Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
SE105
(Nelumbonaceae)
Tāmarai Flowers Cold Coolant, Astringent, Expectorant, Sedative, To treat fever, polydipsia and liver ailments Heart ailments (1) Hea. (1) 0.000
66. Nigella sativa L.
SE135
(Ranunculaceae)
Karuñcīrakam Seeds Hot Carminative, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Lactogogue, Anthelmintic, Stomachic, Antibiotic, Emmollient, To treat eczema, headache, cough, vomiting, nausea and jaundice Somatalgia (1), Amenorrhea (1) Ana. (1), Gyn. (1) 0.000
67. Oldenlandia umbellata L.
SE161
(Rubiaceae)
Impūral Leaves Cold Expectorant, Styptic, Cholagogue, Good to treat internal bleeding Productive cough (1), Bronchitis (1), Sinusitis (1) Kap. (3) 1.000
68. Oryza sativa L.
SE130
(Poaceae)
Arici Seeds Cold Nutrient, Demulcent, Coolant General weakness (2), Fatigue (1), Diabetes (1), Anemia (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1), Dia. (1), Blo. (1) 0.250
69. Oxalis corniculata L.
SE203
(Oxalidaceae)
Puḷiyārai Leaves Cold Stomachic, Coolant, Astringent, To treat fainting, diarrhea, bleeding through anus and hemorrhoids Hypertension (2), Insomnia (1) Hpt. (2), Psy. (1) 0.500
70. Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem. & Schult.
SE121
(Poaceae)
Cāmai Seeds Cold Demulcent, Tonic, To treat polydipsia, fever and musculo-skeletal disorders General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
71. Paspalum scrobiculatum L.
SE120
(Poaceae)
Varaku Seeds Cold Chologogue General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
72. Pennisetum glaucum (L.)R.Br.
SE119
(Poaceae)
Kampu Seeds Cold Tonic General weakness (2), Fatigue (1), Anemia (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1), Blo. (1) 0.333
73. Phoenix dactylifera L.
SE156
(Arecaceae)
Pērīṭcai Fruits Hot Tonic, Nutritive, Demulcent, Laxative, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Coolant, Expectorant, Aphrodisiac, Good to treat polydipsia, anorexia and diabetes Male infertility (1), Hypotension (1), General weakness (1) Mal. (1), Hpo. (1), Wea. (1) 0.000
74. Phyllanthus emblica L.
SE152
(Phyllanthaceae)
Nellikkāy Fruits Cold Astringent, Coolant, Diuretic, Laxative, To treat bronchitis, sinusitis, nausea, vomiting, giddiness and hypertension Heart ailments (2), Anemia (2), Constipation (1), Wheezing (1), Burning sensation (1), Diabetes (1), Anorexia (2), Rheumatalgia (1), To increase vision (2), Hypothyroidism (1) Gas. (3), Hea. (2), Blo. (2), Eye. (2), Kap. (1), Coo. (1), Dia. (1), Vad. (1), Hpo. (1) 0.384
75. Piper longum L.
SE133
(Piperaceae)
Tippili Seeds Hot Stimulant, Carminative, To treat cough, gastric ulcers, wheezing, anemia, fainting, anorexia, bloating, headache, sinusitis, throat ailments and oligospermia Somatalgia (1) Ana. (1) 0.000
76. Piper nigrum L.
SE132
(Piperaceae)
Miḷaku Seeds Hot Acrid, Carminative, Febrifuge, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Resolvent, Antidote Somatalgia (1), Anemia (1), Anorexia (1) Ana. (1), Blo. (1), Gas. (1) 0.000
77. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng.
SE143
(Lamiaceae)
Ōmavalli Leaves Hot Stimulant, Diaphoretic, Expectorant Rhinitis (1), Bronchitis (1) Kap. (2) 1.000
78. Portulaca quadrifida L.
SE173
(Portulacaceae)
Ciṟu pacalai Leaves Cold Diuretic, Stomachic, Aphrodisiac, Antibilious Dysuria (2), Gastric ulcers (2), Hypertension (1), Anemia (1) Uri. (2), Gas. (2), Hpt. (1), Blo. (1) 0.400
79. Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb
SE128
(Rosaceae)
Vātumai Seeds Cold Demulcent, Emollient, Nutrient General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
80. Psidium guajava L.
SE179
(Myrtaceae)
Koyyā Fruits Hot Tonic, Astringent Hyperacidity (1), Constipation (2), Diabetes (1) Gas. (3), Dia. (1) 0.666
81. Punica granatum L.
SE166
(Lythraceae)
Mātuḷai Fruits Cold Astringent, Coolant Bromhirdosis (1), Hyperacidity (1), Constipation (1), Gastric ulcers (1), Anorexia (2), Wheezing (1), Rheumatalgia (1), To increase vision (1), Hypothyroidism (1) Gas. (5), Der. (1), Kap. (1), Vad. (1), Eye. (1), Thy. (1) 0.444
82. Senna auriculata (L.) Roxb.
SE103
(Fabaceae)
Āvārai Flowers Cold Astringent, Tonic, Good to treat Diabetes Male infertility (1), Lumbago (1), Diabetes (2), Burning sensation (1) Mal. (1), Vad. (1), Dia. (2), Coo. (1) 0.000
83. Sesamum indicum L.
SE116
Pedaliaceae
Eḷ Seeds Hot Emmenagogue, Stimulant, Tonic, Diuretic, Lactogogue, Laxative Male infertility (1), Diabetes (1), Amenorrhea (1) Mal. (1), Dia. (1), Gyn. (1) 0.000
84. Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poiret
SE165
(Fabaceae)
Akatti Leaves Cold Antidote, Coolant, Laxative, Vermifuge Obesity (1), Gastric ulcers (3), Hemorrhoids (1), Burning sensation (1), Dysuria (1), Hypertension (1) Gas. (3), Obe. (1), Hem. (1), Coo. (1), Uri. (1), Hpt. (1) 0.285
85. Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauvois
SE122
(Poaceae)
Tiṉai Seeds Hot Nutrient, Diuretic, Astringent, Appitizer General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
86. Solanum americanum Mill.
SE158
(Solanaceae)
Maṇattakkāḷi Leaves Cold Alterative, Diuretic, Diaphoretic, Expectorant, To treat mouth ulcers and bronchitis Menstrual migraine (1), Strength bones (1) and nerves (1), Bronchitis (1), Somatalgia (2), Heart ailments (1), Wheezing (1), Gastric ulcers (2), Mouth ulcers (2), Fever (1), Fatigue (1), Convulsions (1), Headache (1), Liver diseases (1), Jaundice (1), Mumps (1), Cough (1), Dermatological ailments (1), Hypertension (1), Constipation (1) Gas. (5), Kap. (3), Der. (2), Neu. (2), Ana. (2), Gyn. (1), Bon. (1), Hea. (1), Fev. (1), Fat. (1), Hed. (1), Liv. (1), Jau. (1), Hpt. (1) 0.409
87. Solanum lycopersicum L.
SE180
(Solanaceae)
Takkāḷi Fruits Cold Tonic, Coolant, To treat anemia Constipation (1), Heart ailments (1), Diabetes (1), Anorexia (1), Rheumatalgia (1), To increase vision (1) Gas. (2), Hea. (1), Dia. (1), Vad. (1), Eye. (1) 0.200
88. Solanum torvum Sw.
SE146
(Solanaceae)
Cuṇṭaikkāy Dried fruits Hot Expectorant, Germicide, Stomachic, To treat bloating, bronchitis, anorexia, intestinal worms and indigestion Hypotension (1), Heart ailments (1), Bronchitis (1), Anemia (1), Wheezing (1), Diarrhea (1), Diabetes (1) Kap. (2), Hpo. (1), Hea. (1), Blo. (1), Gas. (1), Dia. (1) 0.166
89. Solanum trilobatum L.
SE110
(Solanaceae)
Tūtuvaḷai Leaves Hot Stimulant, Expectorant, Tonic, Aphrodisiac, To treat bronchitis, cough and rhinitis Rhinitis (1), Cough (1), Somatalgia (1), To increase memory (1), Male infertility (2), Oligospermia (1) Mal. (3), Kap. (2), Ana. (1), Psy. (1) 0.500
90. Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
SE124
(Poaceae)
Veḷḷaiccōḷam Seeds Cold Nutrient, Laxative General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
91. Spinacia oleracea L.
SE175
Amaranthaceae
Pālakkīrai Leaves -- -- Hypertension (1) Hpt. (1) 0.000
92. Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
SE151
(Myrtaceae)
Nāval Fruits Cold Stomachic, Diuretic, Tonic, Astringent, coolant, To treat polyuria, polydipsia and dysuria Diabetes (2) Dia. (2) 1.000
93. Tamarindus indica L.
SE198
(Fabaceae)
Puḷi Fruits Hot Laxative, To treat vomiting and hypertension Anorexia (1), Nausea (1) Gas. (2) 1.000
94. Trachyspermum ammi Sprague.
SE115
(Apiaceae)
Ōmam Seeds Hot Stomachic, Antispasmodic, Carminative, Antiseptic, Stimulant, Tonic, Sialogogue, to treat Cough, Diarrhea, Wheezing and Toothache Heart ailments (1), Somatalgia (1) Hea. (1), Ana. (1) 0.000
95. Trianthema portulacastrum L.
SE187
(Aizoaceae)
Cāraṇai Leaves Hot Laxative, Diuretic, To treat jaundice, swelling, anemia and bronchitis Heart ailments (1) Hea. (1) 0.000
96. Tribulus terrestris L.
SE196
(Zygophyllaceae)
Ciṟu neruñcil Leaves Cold Coolant, Diuretic, Demulcent, Tonic, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, To treat dysuria, fever, urolithiasis, enlargement of prostate, leucorrhea and polydipsia Dysuria (2), Oligospermia (2), Burning sensation (1) Uri. (2), Mal. (2), Coo. (1) 0.500
97. Trichosanthes cucumerina L.
SE172
(Cucurbitaceae)
Puṭal Tender fruits Cold Coolant, Aphrodisiac Oliguria (1) Uri. (1) 0.000
98. Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
SE163
(Fabaceae)
Ventayam Seeds Cold Coolant, Laxative, Diuretic, Demulcent, Astringent, Emollient, Aphrodisiac, Carminative, Tonic, To treat diarrhea, burning sensation, hypertension, fever, polydipsia and cough Diabetes (1), Burning sensation (1), Anemia (2) Blo. (2), Dia. (1), Coo. (1) 0.333
99. Triticum aestivum L.
SE164
(Poaceae)
Kōtumai Seeds Cold Nutritive, Demulcent, Aphrodisiac, Antirheumatic Diabetes (1) Dia. (1) 0.000
100. Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper
SE144
(Fabaceae)
Uḷuntu Seeds Cold Demulcent, Coolant, Aphrodisiac, Lactogogue, Nervine tonic, Nutritive, Good to strengthen pelvic bones General weakness (3), Burning sensation (1), Cervicalgia (1), Lumbago (1), Ovulation problems (1), As supplement after puberty (1), Diabetes (1), Anemia (1) Wea. (3), Vad. (2), Gyn. (2), Coo. (1), Dia. (1), Blo. (1) 0.444
101. Vitis vinifera L.
SE155
(Vitaceae)
Tirāṭcai Fruits Cold Laxative, Coolant, Diuretic, Nutritive, to treat anemia, bleeding and heart ailments Male infertility (1), Hypotension (1), Anemia (2), Anorexia (2), Constipation (1), Wheezing (1), Rheumatalgia (1) Gas. (3), Blo. (2), Mal. (1), Hpo. (1), Kap. (1), Vad. (1) 0.375
102. Zea mays L.
SE125
(Poaceae)
Makkāccōḷam Seeds Cold Tonic, Aphrodisiac General weakness (2), Fatigue (1) Wea. (2), Fat. (1) 0.500
103. Zingiber officinale Roscoe.
SE131
(Zingiberaceae)
Iñci Rhizomes Hot Carminative, Stomachic, Sialogogue, Digestive, Stimulant, Rubefacient Somatalgia (1), Bloating (1) Ana. (1), Gas. (1) 0.000
104. Ziziphus jujuba Mill.
SE186
(Rhamnaceae)
Ilantai Fruits Cold Astringent, Emollient, Appitizer, Antiemetic Anorexia (3), Nausea (1), Diabetes (1) Gas. (4), Dia. (1) 0.750
  1. a - Data taken from siddha materia medica [41, 42]; Values given with in the parentheses indicate the number of UR for the respective illness/illness category