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Table 4 List of animal taxa cited by the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu for preparing medicinal foods

From: A study on food-medicine continuum among the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India

S.No Binomial name Vernacular name Parts used Humoral propertya Reported pharmacological action in Siddhaa Illnesses treated Illnesses categories IAR
1. Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis (J. E. Gray, 1831) Vilāṅku Meat Cold Aphrodisiac Fatigue (1), Joint pain (1) Fat. (1). Vad. (1) 0.000
2. Bos taurus
Linnaeus, 1758
Pacu Milk Cold To treat fever, internal ulcers, pain, urinary ailments, fatigue and emaciation To increase memory (1), Burning sensation (2), Oliguria (1), Indigestion (1) Psy. (1), Coo. (2), Uri. (1), Gas. (1) 0.500
3. Capra aegagrus hircus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Veḷḷāṭu Meat Cold Nutritive, Aphrodisiac, To treat fever and tuberculosis Oligospermia (1), Impotence (1), Gastric ulcers (1), Bone fractures (2) Mal. (2), Gas. (1), Bon. (2) 0.500
4. Caranx melampygus Cuvier, 1833 Pāṟai Meat -- -- Anabolic (1), Cough (1), Chest pain (1), Wheezing (1), Coolant (1) Anb. (1), Kap. (2), Hea. (1), Coo. (1) 0.250
5. Channa spp. Virāl Meat -- -- Anabolic (1), Oligospermia (1), Coolant (1) Anb. (1), Mal. (1), Coo. (1) 0.000
6. Chanos chanos (Forsskal, 1775) Pāl keṇṭai Meat Cold -- Lactogogue (1), Fatigue (1), Impotence (1) Gyn. (1), Fat. (1), Mal.(1) 0.000
7. Eleutheronema tetradactylum (Shaw, 1804) Kālā Meat -- -- Impotence (1), Heart diseases (1), Hypertension (1), Urolithiasis (2) Uri. (2), Mal. (1), Hea. (1), Hpt. (1) 0.250
8. Euthynnus affinis (Cantor, 1849) Nīla tuṭuppu cūṟai Meat -- -- Fever (1), Cough (2) Kap. (2), Fev. (1) 0.500
9. Fenneropenaeus indicus (Milne-Edwards, 1837) Veḷḷai iṟāl Meat Hot Anabolic, To treat anemia To improve vision (1), Anabolic (3), Lactogogue (1) Anb. (3), Eye. (1), Gyn. (1) 0.500
10 Gallus gallus domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758) Kōḻi Eggs Cold Antirhematic, Aphrodisiac, To treat ulcers and bronchitis Anemia (2), Bronchitis for children (1) Blo. (2), Kap. (1) 0.500
11. Gerres oyena
(Forsskal, 1775)
Uṭuvāṉ Meat -- -- Somatalgia (1), Bronchitis (1), Lactogogue (1) Anb. (1), Kap. (1), Gyn. (1) 0.000
12. Gibelion catla
(Hamilton, 1822)
Kaṭlā Meat Cold -- Fatigue (2), Somatalgia (1), Impotence (1), Lactogogue (2), To increase vision (1) Fat. (2), Gyn. (2), Ana. (1), Mal. (1), Eye. (1) 0.333
13. Himantura uarnak
(Forsskal, 1775)
Tirukkai Meat Hot Aphrodisiac Somatalgia (1), Wheezing (3) Kap. (3), Ana. (1) 0.666
14. Katelysia opima
(Gmelin, 1791)
Cippi Meat -- -- Bronchitis (1), Impotence (2) Mal. (2), Kap. (1) 0.500
15. Lactarius lactarius
(Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Cutumpu Meat -- -- Chest pain (1) Hea. (1) 0.000
16. Lates calcarifer
(Bloch, 1790)
Koṭuvā Meat -- -- Rheumatalgia (3), Impotence (1) Vad. (3), Mal. (1) 0.666
17. Lebeo rohita
Hamilton, 1822
Kaṇṇādi kendai Meat -- -- Somatalgia (1), Heart disease (1), Eye disease (1), Obesity (1) Ana. (1), Hea. (1), Eye. (1), Obe. (1) 0.000
18. Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus, 1758) Puraṇṭi Meat -- -- Cough (1) Kap. (1) 0.000
19. Mystus sp. Keḷutti Meat Cold Aphrodisiac Bronchitis (1) Kap. (1) 0.000
20. Nemipterus japonicas
(Bloch, 1791)
Caṅkarā Meat -- -- Chest pain (1) Hea. (1) 0.000
21. Oreochromis mossambicus
(Peters, 1852)
Jilēppi Meat -- -- Bronchitis (1), Joint pain (1), Fatigue (1), Lactogogue (1), Chest pain (1) Kap. (1), Vad. (1), Fat. (1), Gyn. (1), Hea. (1) 0.000
22. Pampus argenteus (Euphrasen, 1788) Vavāl Meat -- -- Cough (2), Lactogogue (1) Kap. (2), Gyn. (1) 0.500
23. Parastromateus niger (Bloch, 1795) Karuppu vavāl Meat Hot Aprhrodisiac and lactogogue Wheezing (3), To increase memory (1) Kap. (3), Psy. (1) 0.666
24. Parathelphusa hydrodromus (Bloch, 1795) Cēṟṟu naṇṭu Meat Hot Stimulant, Febrifuge, To treat bronchitis, rheumatism and indigestion Fever (3) Fev. (3) 1.000
25. Parupeneus indicus
(Shaw, 1803)
Nakarai/ mussara Meat -- -- Coolant (1) Coo. (1) 0.000
26. Portunus sanguinolentus
(Herbst, 1783)
Kaṭal naṇṭu Meat Hot -- Bronchitis (3), Fever (2) Kap. (3), Fev. (2) 0.750
27. Rachycentron canadus (Linnaeus, 1766) Ney mīṉ Meat -- -- Good for pregnant women (1), Lactogogue (1) Gyn. (2) 1.000
28. Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816) Kāṉaṅkattai Meat -- -- Bronchitis (3) Kap. (3) 1.000
29. Sardinella longiceps
Valenciennes, 1847
Peichālai Meat -- -- Anabolic (4), Fatigue (1) Anb. (4), Fat. (1) 0.750
30. Scoliodon laticaudus Muller & Henle, 1838 Piḷḷaiccuṟā Meat Hot Appitizer, lactogogue, To treat rheumatism and bronchitis Lactogogue (7) Gyn. (7) 1.000
31. Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Vañciram Meat -- -- Obesity (1), Fatigue (1), Chest pain (1), Rheumatalgia (1) Obe. (1), Fat. (1), Hea. (1), Vad. (1) 0.000
32. Sphyraena jello Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1829 Ūḻi Meat -- -- Lactogogue (1), Anabolic (2), Coolant (1) Anb. (2), Gyn. (1), Coo. (1) 0.333
33. Stolephorus indicus (van Hasselt, 1823) Nettili Meat -- -- Cough (1), Wheezing (2), Lactogogue (2) Kap. (3), Gyn. (2) 0.750
34. Stolephorus spp. -- Meat -- -- Oligospermia (2) Mal. (2) 1.000
35. Thryssa malabarica (Bloch, 1795) Poruvā Meat -- -- Arthritis (1) Vad. (1) 0.000
36. Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus, 1758
Eupleurogrammus muticus (Gray, 1831)
Ōlai vāḷai Meat Hot Appitizer, To treat bronchitis and rheumatism Giddiness (1), Bronchitis (2), Joint pain (1) Kap. (2), Hyp. (1), Vad. (1) 0.333
37. Upeneus sulphureus
Cuvier, 1829
Navarai Meat -- -- Joint pain (2) Vad. (2) 1.000
38. Uroteuthis duvauceli
(d’Orbigny, 1835)
Ūci kaṉavā Meat -- -- Anemia (2), Rheumatalgia (1), Bronchitis (1) Blo. (2), Vad. (1), Kap. (1) 0.333
  1. a - Data taken from siddha materia medica [43, 44]; Values given with in the parentheses indicate the number of UR for the respective illness/illness category