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Table 1 Emic and etic use categories and informant consensus factor (FiC)

From: Cross-cultural comparison of plant use knowledge in Baitadi and Darchula districts, Nepal Himalaya

Etic category (abbreviation) Emic use type Baitadi Darchula Av.
Use reports Useful species FiC Use reports Useful species FiC
Ritual (Rit) Ritual, religious, evil spirits, luck 120 18 0.857 85 20 0.773 0.815
Digestive metabolism (Dig) Diarrhea, dysentery, stomachache, nausea, anthelmintic, appendicitis, gastric, indigestion 102 23 0.782 137 35 0.75 0.766
Infection (Inf) TB, fever, typhoid, tetanus, leprosy, polio 47 14 0.717 78 19 0.766 0.741
Social materials (Soc) Wood, fuel, fodder, forage, rope, bedding, agricultural implements 272 36 0.870 28 16 0.444 0.657
Pain inflammation (Pai) Cuts, wounds, burn, injury, analgesic, toothache, headache 53 23 0.576 45 16 0.659 0.618
Respiratory (Res) Pneumonia, cold, cough, larynx-sound 58 23 0.614 22 9 0.619 0.616
Livestock (Liv) Livestock health, veterinary 19 15 0.222     0.111
Musculoskeletal (Mus) Fracture, sprain, joint pain, backache, bath (rheumatism) 36 16 0.571 24 12 0.521 0.546
Anti-poisoning (Poi) Snake bite, antidoting, scorpion sting, piscicidal, antileech, insecticidal 21 10 0.55 11 6 0.5 0.525
Food (Foo) Vegetable, edible, spices 43 20 0.547 10 6 0.444 0.496
Immune (Imm) Immune, anticancer, nutrition, appetite, growth, tonic 4 3 0.333 18 7 0.649 0.324
Endocrine (End) Gall bladder, gall stone, diabetes     13 3 0.833 0.416
Genito-urinary (Gen) Urine infection, hydrocele, piles 9 3 0.75 3 3 0 0.375
Circulatory blood (Cir) Blood pressure, heart disease, jaundice 15 10 0.357 16 12 0.266 0.311
Household economy (Eco) Dye, oil, resin 13 6 0.583     0.291
Reproductive (Rep) Lactation, fertility, conceive, abortion, dudhelo (mammary gland complication) 7 4 0.5 4 4 0 0.25
Skin (Ski) Acne, scabies, skin swell, hair fall, makada, pilo, pitka (skin rashes) 35 18 0.5 6 6 0 0.25
Nervous (Ner) Paralysis, memory longevity, dizziness, antidepressant, chito (epilepsy) 12 11 0.090 9 9 0 0.045
Sensory (Sen) Eye, ear 3 3 0 0 0 0 0