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Table 1 Tenure and ecological issues related to the harvesting of commercially important NTFPs

From: Sustainability issues of commercial non-timber forest product extraction in West Suriname

Plant (p)/animal (a) NTFP Family Voucher specimen # Bought by Tenure issues Ecological issues
Crabwood seeds
Carapa guianensis L. (p)
Meliaceae TvdB002 Local subsistence users
Non-local subsistence users
Non-local small-scale commercial users
Collecting on state domain under request for logging Overharvesting seeds can decrease seedlings
Brazil nuts
Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl. (p)
Lecythidaceae Local subsistence users
Local small-scale commercial users
Non-local small-scale commercial users
Collecting happens on state domain, which is proposed to become a nature reserve Overharvesting seeds for successive years can decrease seedlings of this species
Sawari nuts
Caryocar nuciferum L. (p)
Caryocaraceae Local subsistence users
Local small-scale commercial users
Non-local small-scale commercial users
Collecting happens on state domain, which is proposed to become a nature reserve Overharvesting seeds for successive years, can decrease seedlings of this species
Kokriki seeds
Ormosia costulata (Miq.) Kleinhoonte (p)
Fabaceae TvdB020 Non-local subsistence users Collecting happens on logging concession site Non observed
Boesemani stingray
Potamotrygon boesemani (a)
Potamotrygonidae Non-local commercial users Fishing happens on de facto open access river Extreme decrease in population
Potential threats to trophic system
Potential ecosystem-wide issues
White-lipped peccary
Tayassu pecari (a)
Tayassuidae Local subsistence users
Non-local subsistence users
Hunting happens on state domain and on logging concession sites Decrease in population
Lowland paca
Cuniculus paca (a)
Cuniculidae Local subsistence users
Non-local subsistence users
Hunting happens on state domain and on logging concession sites Decrease in population
Wolf fish
Hoplias aimara (a)
Erythrinidae Local subsistence users
non-local subsistence users
Non-observed Decrease in population