Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Ethnobotany of the Pedi tribe of Blouberg area, Limpopo Province, South Africa

From: Ethnobotanical knowledge of the lay people of Blouberg area (Pedi tribe), Limpopo Province, South Africa

Family/Voucher number Plant species Growth form Plant part used Indigenous name(s) Ethno-medicinal uses Frequency Index Mode of administration
Acanthaceae
 MNI-18 Blepharis diversispina (Nees) C.B.Clarke. Herb Roots Mookapitsi Roots are used to treat the deceased’s wife and sexually transmitted infections. 73 Nasal
Amaryllidaceae
 MNI-81 Ammocharis coranica (Ker Gawl.) Herb. Herb Bulb Mmotu wa fase Bulb is used in the treatment of foot ache. 23 Fresh pieces of bulb is cooked and resulting solution is applied directly to affected area.
Anacardiaceae
 MNI-82 Mangifera indica L. Tree Stem bark Mo-Mango Stem bark is used to treat heart infections and diarrhoea 33 Oral
   Fruits   The fruits are edible   
 MNI-17 Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst. Tree Stem bark Morula Stem bark is used to treat sexually transmitted infections, a general immune booster for HIV-AIDS patients and as blood purifier. Stem bark is also used to treat ethno-veterinary infections in cattle. 75 Oral
   Fruits   Fruits are edible and may be used to prepare home-made beer.   
Apiaceae
 MNI-20 Peucedanum sulcatum Sond. Herb Roots Mongamo Roots are used as general medicine 28 Oral.
Apocynaceae
 MNI-30 Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl. Shrub Roots Mothokolo Roots are used to treat sexually transmitted infections 33 Oral
   Leaves   Sap from the leaves is used to treat sores and wounds from the body.   Sap and chopped fresh leaves are immersed in hot water overnight and then used to wash wounds
   Fruits   Fruit are edible   
 MNI-41 Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don Herb Roots Lepolomo Roots are used to treat skin related infections and “dropsy” a sexually transmissible disease. 30 Oral and topically applied to affected area.
 MNI-39 Nerium oleander L. Shrub Leaves Five-roses Leaves are used to treat tooth ache. 10 Fresh leaves are chopped, immersed in water overnight and used to rinse the mouth.
   Roots   Roots are used to treat diarrhoea.   Oral
 MNI-49 Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt Climber Whole plant Moraro Whole plant used for magical purposes. 58 Blown
 MNI-50 Sarcostemma torreyi (A. Grey) Woodson Climber Whole plant Moraroana Whole plant used for magical purposes. 30 Blown
 MNI-33 Raphionacme hirsuta (E.Mey.) R.A.Dyer Herb Bulb Tshengwa Bulb used to treat sexually transmitted infections and may be carved into a wheel that can be used by boys when playing. 53 Oral
Asparagaceae
 MNI-48 Asparagus racemosus Willd. Herb Roots Mophatlalatamaru Roots are used as food for new-borns 8 Oral, mostly using a bottle for milk.
   Whole plant   Whole plant is used for magical purposes   Burned
Asphodelaceae
 MNI-54 Aloe zebrina Baker Herb Roots Tsikele Roots are used to treat sexually transmitted infections 35 Oral
   Whole plant   Whole plant is used for magical purposes. It is believed to dispel witches when grown in a home, both sides of the gate.  
 MNI-79 Aloe marlothii A.Berger. Shrub Leaves Seema ka Maoto Liquid strained from the leaves is used to treat skin infections including sores and wounds. Leaves are also used to treat ethnoveterinary infections. 15 Topically applied to affected areas.
Asteraceae
 MNI-52 Geigeria aspera Harv. Herb Whole plant Makgonatsohle Whole plant is used to cure various stomach related illnesses. 45 Oral
Boraginaceae
 MNI-44 Ehretia rigida (Thumb) Druce subs. Nervifolia Retief & A.E. Van Wyk Shrub Roots Mothobethobe Roots are used to treat new born infections. 18 Oral using a bottle for milk.
   Fruits   Fruits are edible.   
Cactaceae
 MNI-51 Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. Shrub Roots Motloro Roots are used to treat shingles arising from HIV-AIDS 23 Roots are cooked and resulting liquid is used to wash the sores
   Fruits   The fruits are edible   
Cannabaceae
 MNI-78 Cannabis sativa L. Herb Whole plant Motsokomogolo (Patše) whole plant is used to treat “Vaal sick” and excessive headache. 28 Inhalation
Caricaceae
 MNI-83 Carica papaya L. Tree Roots Mophoophoo The roots are used to treat sexually transmitted infections 25 Oral
   Fruits   The fruits are edible   
Caryophyllaceae
 MNI-40 Pollichia campestris Aiton Herb Roots Tshimanenyana Roots are used to treat HIV/AIDS related infections. 15 Oral
Celastraceae
 MNI-58 Elaeodendron tranvaalense (Burtt Davy) R.H.Archer Tree Stem bark Monamane Stem bark is used to treat sexually transmitted infections. 15 Oral
 MNI-85 Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes. Herb Leaves Mphato Leaves are used to treat stomach aches and vomiting. 38 Oral
   Root bark   Root bark is used in the management of HIV-AIDS.   Oral
Combretaceae
 MNI-77 Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC. Tree Roots Monakanakane Roots are used to strengthen the fontanelle and general immunity of the new born babies. 58 Oral, mostly using a bottle for milk.
   Stem bark   Stem bark is used to treat skin related infections, sexually transmitted infections and opportunistic infections associated with HIV-AIDS.   Oral
Convolvulaceae
 MNI-57 Ipomoea alba L. Climber Stem bark Mmolobolo General medicine 28 Oral
 MNI-27 Ipomoea bolusiana Schinz Herb Bulb Mokutu Bulb is used to treat foot ache and sexually transmitted infections 30 Oral, Boiled in water and then applied with a soft cloth to affected leg without wounds.
 MNI-84 Ipomoea spp Herb Bulb Tlola General medicine, eaten by boys while shepherding the cows, food for rabbits and medicine for wild animals. 10 Oral
 MNI-34 Ipomoea albivenia Sweet Climber Bulb Leshilahlole Bulb is used to treat infertility in women. 15 Oral
Cucurbitaceae
 MNI-36 Cucumis hirsutus Sond. Herb Roots Mokapane Roots are used to treat deceased’s wife. 65 Nasal
   Leaves   Leaves are used to enhance fertility in women.   Oral
Ebenaceae
 MNI-99 Euclea natalensis A.DC. Shrub Roots Mokgokgono Roots are used for magical purposes. 10 Burned
   Fruits   Fruits are edible   
 MNI-76 Euclea undulata Thunb. Tree Stem bark Mokwerekwere Stem bark is used is used to treat diarrhoea 50 Oral
   Fruits   Fruits are edible   
Euphorbiaceae
 MNI-59 Jatropha erythropoda Pax & K.Hoffm. Herb bulb Thotamadi Bulb used as blood purifier 25 Oral
 MNI-29 Jatropha zeyheri Sond. Herb Roots Sefapabadia Root is used in the treatment of eye infections, gynaecological complaints and sexually transmitted infections. Roots are also used to treat ethno-veterinary infections in cattle. 65 Oral, Roots are immersed in water and used to wash infected eyes daily
 MNI-45 Tragia dioica Sond. Herb Whole plant Mmabetjane Whole plant is used to cure sores in the stomach. 20 Oral
Fabaceae
 MNI-60 Acacia karroo Hayne Tree Roots Mooka Roots are used to treat diarrhoea. 15 Oral.
 MNI-94 Bauhinia galpinii N.E.Br. Shrub Roots Mohohoma Roots are used to treat sexually transmitted infections 10 Oral
 MNI-26 Cassia abbreviata Oliv. Shrub Roots Monepenepe Roots and stem bark are used in the treatment of sexually transmitted infections. Roots are also used to treat mellitus diabetes. 45 Oral
   Stem bark   Stem bark may be used as an aphrodisiac for men, anti-poison and used as a general immune booster for HIV-AIDS patients. Stem barks are used in doctoring of homesteads before the rainy season, preventing the homesteads from lightning.   Oral
   Leaves   Leaves are also used to treat ethno-veterinary infections in cattle.   Oral
 MNI-75 Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn. Tree Leaves Moretshe Leaves are used to treat vomiting, while thorns are used for magical purposes. 18 Oral
 MNI-18 Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Burch.) Skeels Herb Roots Mohauwane Roots are used to treat sexually transmitted infections, blood purifier, eye infections and as a general medicine. Roots are also used to treat ethno-veterinary infections in cattle. 85 Oral, Rinsing is applied to eyes after being infused in water overnight.
 MNI-21 Elephantorrhiza burkei Benth. Herb Roots Mohauwane Roots are used to treat sexually transmitted infections, blood purifier, eye infections and as a general medicine. Roots are also used to treat ethno-veterinary infections in cattle. 90 Oral
 MNI-74 Erythrina lysistemon Hutch. Tree seeds Mo-Khupe Magical purposes. 20
 MNI-85 Kirkia acuminata Oliv. Tree Sap from stem bark Modumela Sap is used to treat a fractured bone and is believed to accelerate healing. Sap also used for general well-being. 10 Stem is cut and resulting protruding sap is collected dried, ground and applied to fractured bone.
 MNI-10 Peltophorum africanum Sond. Tree Leaves Mosehla Leaves are used to treat ethno-veterinary infections in cattle. 78 Oral
   Roots/ stem bark   Roots and stem bark are used to treat sexually transmitted infections, stomach and skin related infections   Oral
 MNI-80 Schotia brachypetala Sond. Tree Whole plant Molope Whole plant are used to treat diarrhoea 15 Oral
 MNI-42 Neorautanenia mitis (A. Rich) Verdc Herb Bulb Letlopya Bulb is used to treat foot ache 30 Boiled plant material is topically applied to legs
 MNI-17 Urginea sanguinea Schinz Herb Bulb Sekanama Bulbs are used to treat sexually transmitted infections and as a blood purifier. Bulbs are also used to treat ethno-veterinary infections. 48 Oral
Hypoxidaceae
 MNI-61 Hypoxis haemerocallidea Fisch., C.A.Mey. & Avé-Lall. Herb Bulb Monna wa maledu Bulb is used as an aphrodisiac for men and used as a general immune booster for HIV-AIDS patients 50 Oral
 MNI-42 Neorautanenia mitis (A. Rich) Verdc Herb Bulb Letlopya Bulb is used to treat foot ache 30 Fresh pieces of bulb is cooked and resulting solution is applied directly to affected area topically.
Loganiaceae
 MNI-67 Strychnos spinosa Lam. Tree Stem bark Mokwakwa Stem bark is used to treat diarrhoea and other related infections 20 Oral
   Fruits   Fruits are edible.   
 MNI-66 Strychnos madagascariensis Poir. Tree Roots Morutla Roots are used to treat foot ache and mouth ulcers associated with HIV-AIDS. 58 Ground roots are powdered and applied directly on infected area
Malvaceae
 MNI-73 Adansonia digitata L. Tree Stem bark Motsoo Stem bark is used to treat opportunistic fungal infections, mostly associated with HIV-AIDS. 35 Oral
    Fruits Fruit are edible   
 MNI-16 Azanza garckeana (F.Hoffm.) Exell & Hillc. Tree Stem bark Motlobya Stem bark is used to treat painful joints in aged individuals 5 Oral
    Fruits Fruit are edible   
   Roots   Roots are used to treat heart related and high blood pressure in adults.   Oral
   Fruits   Fruits are edible.   
 MNI-24 Grewia flava DC. Herb Roots Mothetlwa Roots are used to cure sexually transmitted infections and excessive diarrhoea. 53 Oral
   Fruits   Fruits are edible and may be collected dried and then mixed with a little mealie meal, cooked into porridge, which may be eaten alone during drought years.   
 MNI-62 Grewia flavescens Juss. Herb Roots Mopharatshwene Roots are used as “disha” for the new born. 20 Oral, mostly using a bottle for milk.
   Fruits   Fruits are edible   
 MNI-95 Grewia spp Shrub Roots Mowana Roots are used as “disha” for the new born. 23 Oral, mostly using a bottle for milk.
   Fruits   Fruits are edible   
 MNI-25 Waltheria indica L. Herb Roots Mokhutesela Roots are used to treat sexually transmitted infections and stomach problems. Also used as food and stomach coolant for new born babies. 70 Oral
 MNI-32 Sida cordifolia L. Herb Whole plant Mokadi Whole plant us used to treat high blood pressure 15 Oral
Meliaceae
 MNI-71 Melia azeadarach L. Tree Leaves Mosara Leaves are used to treat infections associated with HIV-AIDS including shingles 30 Chopped fresh leaves are boiled and then liquid used to wash the affected area
Mesembryanthemaceae
 MNI-86 Carbobrotus edulis (L.) N.E.Br. Herb Leaves Tima Leaves are used to treat an STI known as “Tshofela” and may also be used to treat shingles associated with HIV-AIDS. 43 Topically applied to affected area.
Myrtaceae
 MNI-72 Psidium guajava L. Shrub Roots Mo-Guava Stomach ache and diarrhoea in adults. 58 Oral
   Fruits   Fruits are edible   
Olacaceae
 MNI-87 Ximenia caffra Sond. Tree Roots Motshidikgomo Roots are used to treat sexually transmitted infections. 30 Oral
   Fruits   Fruits are edible   
 MNI-70 Ximenia americana L. Shrub Roots Motshidimphiswane Roots are used in the treatment of asthma, stomach ache and various mouth ulcers associated with HIV-AIDS. 26 Oral, ground fruit is used to wash the ulcers.
   Fruits   Fruits are edible   
Pedaliaceae
 MNI-46 Pterodiscus kellerianus Schinz. Herbs Roots Moyane Fleshy roots are used to treat stomach aches in new-born babies 45 Oral, mostly using a bottle for milk.
Phyllanthaceae
 MNI-56 Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Royle Shrub Branches Mohlakaume Branches are used for magical purposes. 10 Blown
   Fruits   Fruit are edible   
Poaceae
 MNI-63 Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. herb Whole plant Mothlakatlhaka Whole plant may be used to cure tonsils. 8 Grass is boiled in a tin with about 500 ml water and then applied to affected areas.
Polygalaceae
 MNI-69 Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen. Shrub Root bark Mphesu Root bark is used as an aphrodisiac for men 73 Root barks are ground into powder which is taken orally with mageu.
   Root kernel   Root kernel is used to treat Headache   Dried kernels are burned and then inhaled.
Punicaceae
 MNI-88 Punica granatum L. Shrub Roots Mokgarenate Root are used to cure diarrhoea, mostly in HIV-positive patients and other related infections 8 The roots are dried and ground into powder which must be licked by mouth.
    Fruits Fruits are edible   
Rhamnaceae
 MNI-91 Ziziphus mucronata Willd. Tree Roots Mokgalo Roots are used to treat stomach infections. Roots may also be used to manage HIV and HIDS. 10 Oral
   Leaves   Leaves are used to treat burns and tonsils   Leaves are removed and then chewed by mouth, applied surrounding the affected area
   Fruits   Fruit are edible   
Rubiaceae
 MNI-89 Gardenia volkensii K.Schum. Shrub Branches Morala Stem bark is used to treat chest complaints and tuberculosis related infections. 10 Oral
   Stem bark   The branches are cut into pieces which will be mixed with other medicines to doctor homesteads (Magical).   Burned
 MNI-64 Vangueria infausta Burch. Tree Branches Mmilo Branches used in doctoring of homesteads 23 Blown
   Fruits   Fruit are edible   
Salantaceae
 MNI-96 Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud. Shrub Roots Mphere Roots are used for magical purposes. 35 Burned
Sapotaceae
 MNI-68 Mimusops zeyheri Sond. Tree Roots Monupudu Roots are used to treat syphilis (sexually transmissible disease), stomach ache and gynaecological infections. 10 Oral
   Fruit   Fruit is edible   
Scrophulariaceae
 MNI-47 Aptosimum lineare Marloth & Engl. Herb Whole plant Popeloana Whole plant is used to treat gynaecological complaints 17 Oral
Solanaceae
 MNI-90 Solanum aculeastrum Dunal Herb Roots Morola Roots are used to treat stomach aches. 30 Oral
 MNI-95 Solanum mauritianum Scop. Shrub Roots Mothollo Roots are used to treat stomach aches. 53 Oral
 MNI-100 Solanum panduriforme E.Mey. Herb Roots Morolana Roots are used to treat stomach aches. 30 Oral
 MNI-93 Solanum supinum Dunal Herb Roots Morola Roots are used to treat stomach aches. 15 Oral
 MNI-92 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Herb Roots Mosalamaropeng Roots are used to treat infertility and other gynaecological related infections. 35 Oral
Talinaceae
 MNI-35 Talinum caffrum (Thumb.) Eckl. & Zeyhr. Herb Roots Peloana Fleshy harvested roots are used to treat heart related infections. 15 Oral
Vitaceae
 MNI-22 Cissus quadrangularis L. Climber Whole plant Mohlabadipoo Whole plant is used to treat sexually transmitted infections and skin related infections. Stems are also used to treat ethno-veterinary infections in cattle. 73 Both oral and Topically applied to affected area.
 MNI-65 Vitis vinifera L. Climber Roots Moterebe Roots are used to treat high blood pressure in adults 12 oral
   Fruits   Fruits are edible.   
 MNI-31 Cissus cornifolia (Baker) Planch. Herb Bulb Mokgoo Bulb is used as a general medicine 33 Oral
   Fruits   Fruit are edible   
Xanthorhoeaceae
 MNI-43 Bulbine angustifolia Poelln. Herb Roots Marumo a ngata Roots are used as an aphrodisiac and for general well-being of men 30 Oral