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Table 1 Basic information of the three villages studied

From: Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants with special emphasis on medicinal uses in Southern Shan State, Myanmar

  Myin Ka Pin-sein-pin Eden
Establishment Before late nineteenth century (Moved from nearby old village, one mile away). Early nineteenth century 1990
Location N: 20°34′54.3″, E: 96°34′52.7″ N: 20°58′54.3″, E: 96°37′54.9″ N: 19°55′31.9″, E: 96°25′58.1″
Above sea level 1422 m 1736 m 353 m
Habitat Evergreen forest Evergreen forest Deciduous forest
Linear distance to the nearest town 10 km to Kalaw, Shan State 8 km to Pindaya, Shan State 40 km to Tatkone, Mandalay Division
Population/Households 563/140 535/127 410/68
Ethnic Group Majority: Taung-yoe, Danu Minority: Bamar, Shan Majority: Danu Minority: Bamar, Pao Majority: Kayan Minority: Kayin, Bamar
Religion Buddhism Buddhism Christian and Buddhism
Public Facility One library, one primary school, one buddhist monastery One primary school, one library, one kindergarten One middle school, one church, one monastery, one kindergarten
Subsistence Rice cultivation (ca. 60 acres) Cultivation of vegetables and fruits: ginger, cabbage, cauliflower, egg plants, tomato, chili, chayote, carrot, orange, avocado, pear (ca 150 acres) Plantation of tea leaves, Ju, pea, cabbage, potato Cultivation of turmeric, chili, banana, hill rice Collection of bamboo shoots and other forest products
Home garden products Ginger, orange, avocado, pear Tea leaves Mango, banana, jack fruit
Live stock Buffalo, chicken, cattle, pig Cattle, chicken Pig, chicken
Drinking water Natural springs (connected with pipe line) Collection of rain water with collection tanks Natural springs (connected with pipe line)
Electricity From national grid No electric supply Small hydropower generators constructed on the stream