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Table 1 Species of native food plants considered helpful by the inhabitants from the rural communities of Várzea Alegre, Barroquinha, and Pau D’Arco, Northeast Brazil, with their general, current, and potential use values (UV)

From: Local botanical knowledge of native food plants in the semiarid region of Brazil

Community Species Vernacular Name Herbarium Number Plant Part Used Food Use UVgeneral UVcurrent UVpotential
Várzea Alegre Anacardiaceae
Spondias mombin L. Cajarana Fr In nature, juice and sweet 0.19 0.15 0.04
Spondias tuberosa Arruda Umbuzeiro 17.556 Fr, Ro Sweeties, juice, jam, ice, edible, umbuzada, cookies, and in nature. 1.93 1.22 0.70
Arecaceae
Copernicia prunifera (Mill.) H.E.Moore Carnaúba 17.553 Fr In nature 0.15 0.04 0.11
Capparaceae
Crateva tapia L. Trapiá Fr In nature 0.04 0.04
Euphorbiaceae
Cnidoscolus quercifolius Pohl Favela White 17.581 Fr, Se Flour 0.48 0.41 0.07
Fabaceae
Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L.P.Queiroz Jucá 17.639 Fr, Se Flour 0.04 0.04
Olacaceae
Ximenia americana L. Ameixa 17.557 Fr In nature and juice 0.04 0.04
Rhamnaceae
Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. Juazeiro 17.575 Fr In nature 0.38 0.19 0.19
Sapotaceae
Sideroxylon obtusifolium (Roem. & Schult.) T.D.Penn. Quixabeira 17.625 Fr In nature 0.07 0.07
Barroquinha Anacardiaceae
Spondias mombin L. Cajarana Fr Juice, sweeties, and in nature 0.12 0.06 0.06
Spondias sp. Cajazeira Fr Juice and in nature 0.22 0.17 0.05
Arecaceae
Syagrus oleracea Mart. Côco Catolé 17.567 Fr In nature 0.11 0.11
Capparaceae
Crateva tapia L. Trapiá Fr In nature 0.06 0.06
Fabaceae
Hymenoca courbaril L. Jatobá 17.582 Fr In nature 0.12 0.06 0.06
Myrtaceae
Eugenia uvalha Cambess. Ubáia Fr In nature 0.06 0.06
Olacaceae
Ximenia americana L. Ameixa 17.557 Fr In nature 0.12 0.06 0.06
Passifloraceae
Passiflora foetida L. Canapú Fr In nature 0.06 0.06
Rhamnaceae
Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. Juazeiro 17.575 Fr In nature 0.22 0.06 0.17
Sapotaceae
Sideroxylon obtusifolium (Roem. & Schult.) T.D.Penn Quixabeira 17.625 Fr In nature 0.12 0.06 0.06
Pau D’Arco Anacardiaceae
Spondias mombin L. Cajarana Fr In nature 0.07 0.07
Arecaceae
Copernicia prunifera (Miller) H.E.Moore Carnaúba 17.553 Fr In nature 0.36 0.07 0.29
Burseraceae
Commiphora leptophloeos (Mart.) J.B.Gillet Umburana 17.642 Fr In nature 0.21 0.07 0.14
Capparaceae
Crateva tapia L. Trapiá Fr In nature 0.21 0.21
Fabaceae
Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A.C.Sm. Cumarú 17.638 Fr In nature 0.07 0.07
Olacaceae
Ximenia americana L. Ameixa 17.557 Fr In nature 0.93 0.79 0.14
Rhamnaceae
Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. Juazeiro 17.575 Fr In nature 0.43 0.29 0.14
  1. Used parts: Fr fruit, Ro root, Se seed