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Table 2 Non-herbal sources of remedies and their uses

From: Traditional knowledge about plant, animal, and mineral-based remedies to treat cattle, pigs, horses, and other domestic animals in the Mediterranean island of Sardinia

Sources Remedies (no.) Ailments (no.) Interviewees (no.) Animal treated
Lard 11 4 21 Cattle a, horses
Salt 10 7 14 Cattle a, horses
Ashes 9 6 13 Cattle a, horses, pigs
Copper sulphate 8 3 11 Cattle a, horses, pigs, dogs, cats, hens
Clay 6 5 6 Cattle a, horses, little pigs
Ozzu casu (fat obtained by boiling the milk cream with flour) 6 5 10 Cattle a, horses, pigs, dogs, cats, hens
Ozzu seu (dried peritoneum of sheep) 5 3 6 Cattle a, dogs
Brewer’s yeast 4 4 10 Cattle a, horses
Cuttlefish bone (Sepia officinalis L.) 3 2 6 Cattle a, horses, pigs
Frammentalzu (mother yeast for bakery) 3 1 3 Cattle a
Ozzu porchinu (fat from lard) 3 2 3 Pigs, cows
Ozzu brujadu (reused motor oil) 3 2 7 Pigs, oxen
Knife 3 3 3 Cattle a
Scissors 3 1 4 Cattle a
Sugar 3 2 4 Cattle a
Urine 3 2 3 Cows, pigs
Beeswax 2 1 2 Cows
Brine 2 1 2 Cattle a
Creolin 2 1 2 Horses, pigs
Cow’s milk 2 2 2 Cattle a, pigs
Naphtha (diesel oil) 2 2 3 Cattle a
Needle 2 1 6 Cows, oxen
Seawater 2 2 3 Cattle a, horses
Soap 2 2 2 Cows, oxen
Warm water 2 2 2 Cattle a, cat
A bath in the river 1 1 1 Oxen
Acetylsalicylic acid 1 1 2 Horses
Beer 1 1 4 Cattle a
Blood of rabbit 1 1 1 Pigs
Butter 1 1 1 Cattle a
Cicatrene 1 1 1 Horses
Coal 1 1 1 Horses
Coffee 1 1 2 Cattle a
Coke 1 1 1 Cattle
Ethyl alcohol 1 1 1 Pigs
Iodine 1 1 1 Cows
Lead acetate 1 1 1 Horses
Leech (Hirudo medicinalis L.) 1 1 1 Cattle a
Lime 1 1 1 Cattle a
Goat milk 1 1 1 Pigs
Mud 1 1 1 Cattle a, horses, pigs, dog, cats, hens
Peg 1 1 1 Cows
Penicillin 1 1 1 Cows
Petroleum 1 1 2 Cattlea
Pig tail 1 1 1 Pigs
Pins 1 1 1 Oxen
Pumice stone 1 1 2 Pigs, dogs
Red hot iron 1 1 3 Cattlea, horses
Galloping 1 1 1 Horses
Red hot spike 1 1 1 Horses
Rope made of goat’s hair 1 1 1 Horses
Rough stone 1 1 1 Pigs
Silver coin (Five liras) 1 1 1 Cows
Warm clothes 1 1 1 Horses
Waxed thread 1 1 1 Pigs
Wet clothes 1 1 1 Cattlea
  1. aCure for cows, calves, and oxen