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Table 1 Medicinal plants used for herbal tea in the traditional medicinal market of Jianghua County on Dragon Boat Festival

From: Ethnobotanical survey of plant species for herbal tea in a Yao autonomous county (Jianghua, China): results of a 2-year study of traditional medicinal markets on the Dragon Boat Festival

Family name Scientific name Chinese name Yao name Medicinal use Part(s) used Habitat Originality Conservation status Use value Frequency Voucher number
Acanthaceae Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees 穿心莲 Chuan fin lian Heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) P268 NE 1.10 16 JH-141
Aceraceae Acer mono Maxim. 色木槭 Se diang qie Rheumatism Stem, leaf Tree NE 0.87 12 JH-021
Acoraceae Acorus tatarinowii Schott 石菖蒲 Lao bie chang pu Cold Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) P91 NE 0.87 65 JH-202
Adoxaceae Viburnum odoratissimum Ker-Gawl. 珊瑚树 Shan hu dang Rheumatism Whole plant Shrub NE 0.85 39 JH-035
Amaranthaceae Achyranthes aspera L. 土牛膝 Tu ong che bo Heat-clearing and detoxifying, rheumatism, nourishing, relieve pain Whole plant Herb NE 1.51 45 JH-267
Amaranthaceae Achyranthes bidentata Blume 牛膝 Ong che bo Nourishing Root Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p72 NE 0.85 56 JH-050
Angiopteridaceae Angiopteris fokiensis Hieron. 福建观音座莲 Fu jian guan yin zuo lian Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation, relieve pain Rhizome Fern NE 1.25 18 JH-222
Annonaceae Fissistigma polyanthum (Hook. f. et Thoms.) Merr. 黑风藤 Ji jia mei Rheumatism Whole plant Shrub Chinese PharmacopeiaI (1977) p593 NE 0.84 40 JH-298
Apocynaceae Cynanchum paniculatum (Bunge) Kitagawa 徐长卿 Xu chang qing Heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, relieve cough Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p285 NE 1.25 64 JH-278
Apocynaceae Dischidia australis Tsiang et P. T. Li 尖叶眼树莲 Lai nong mu jin diang lian Eliminating inflammation, rheumatism Whole plant Vine NE 1.09 33 JH-127
Apocynaceae Marsdenia sinensis Hemsl. 牛奶菜 Ong you lai Rheumatism, promote blood circulation, heatstroke Stem Vine NE 1.09 35 JH-151
Apocynaceae Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem. 络石 Luo lao Rheumatism Whole plant Vine Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p269 NE 0.84 30 JH-045
Aquifoliaceae Ilex chinensis Sims 冬青 Dong men Promote blood circulation Bark, seed Tree Chinese PharmacopeiaI (1977) p107 NE 0.84 41 JH-182
Araceae Pothos chinensis (Raf.) Merr. 石柑子 Lao bie gan zei Rheumatism Whole plant Vine NE 0.84 33 JH-185
Araceae Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd.) Blume 鞭檐犁头尖 Bian yan li tou jian Heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve cough Root Herb NE 1.09 16 JH-017
Araliaceae Acanthopanax evodiaefolius Franch. 吴茱萸五加 Wu zhu yu heng jia Rheumatism Rhizome Shrub NE 0.84 39 JH-102
Araliaceae Heteropanax fragrans (Roxb.) Seem. 幌伞枫 Huang fan jia Rheumatism Bark, pith Tree NE 0.83 36 JH-220
Araliaceae Panax japonicus (T. Nees) C. A. Mey. 竹节参 Lao a shen Nourishing, eliminating phlegm, stop bleeding, relieve pain Rhizome Herb Japanese Pharmacopoeia 17 NE 1.48 15 JH-244
Araliaceae Schefflera octophylla (Linn.) Frodin 鹅掌柴 E zhuan zhan Heat-clearing and detoxifying, rheumatism, relaxing tendons, and activating collaterals Leaf, bark Shrub NE 1.47 40 JH-081
Aristolochiaceae Asarum sagittarioides C. F. Liang 山慈菇 Geng ci jiu Rheumatism, relieve pain Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p32 NE 1.09 23 JH-277
Basellaceae Basella alba L. 落葵 Luo kui Heat-clearing and detoxifying Leaf, whole plant Herb NE 1.08 37 JH-119
Berberidaceae Dysosma versipellis (Hance) M. Cheng ex Ying 八角莲 Ba guo lian Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation Rhizome Herb VU 1.08 12 JH-235
Berberidaceae Mahonia fortunei (Lindl.) Fedde 十大功劳 Jie da gong luo Heat-clearing and detoxifying Root, stem Shrub NE 0.83 60 JH-241
Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth. 龙须藤 Long xu mei Rheumatism, relaxing tendons, and activating collaterals, relieve pain Stem Vine NE 1.45 31 JH-285
Cannabinaceae Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr. 葎草 Lv mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis Whole plant Herb NE 1.08 17 JH-226
Caprifoliaceae Lonicera confusa (Sweet) DC. 华南忍冬 Hua nan yin dong Heat-clearing and detoxifying Flower, stem, leaf Vine NE 0.83 56 JH-149
Caprifoliaceae Lonicera japonica Thunb. 忍冬 Yin dong Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation Stem Vine NE 1.08 48 JH-085
Celastraceae Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. 南蛇藤 Nan nang mei Heat-clearing and detoxifying, rheumatism Fruit Vine NE 1.07 34 JH-287
Celastraceae Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz. 扶芳藤 Fu fang mei Relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Stem, leaf Shrub NE 1.07 53 JH-066
Celastraceae Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. 雷公藤 Bu ong mei Rheumatism Whole plant Shrub NE 0.80 48 JH-118
Chloranthaceae Chloranthus fortunei (A. Gray) Solms-Laub. 丝穗金粟兰 Si sui jin su lan Rheumatism, cold, heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve cough Whole plant Herb NE 1.39 73 JH-055
Colchicaceae Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr. 万寿竹 Wan shou lao Relieve cough, promote digestion Rhizome Herb NE 1.06 40 JH-214
Commelinaceae Murdannia keisak (Hassk.) Hand.-Mazz. 疣草 You mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis Whole plant Herb NE 1.05 34 JH-093
Compositae Achillea millefolium L. Shi Rheumatism, gynaecopathia Leaf, flower Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p350 NE 1.04 32 JH-016
Compositae Artemisia argyi Levl. et Van. Ai Gynaecopathia Whole plant Herb NE 0.80 93 JH-005
Compositae Artemisia capillaris Thunb. 茵陈蒿 Yin chen hao Promote digestion, eliminating inflammation Leaf Herb Japanese Pharmacopoeia 17 NE 1.02 35 JH-062
Compositae Artemisia dubia Wall. ex Bess. 牛尾蒿 Ong dui hao Rheumatism, heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation Whole plant Herb Tibetan medicineIp16 NE 1.25 34 JH-156
Compositae Artemisia princeps Pamp 魁蒿 Kui hao Rheumatism, nourishing, gynaecopathia, eliminating inflammation, stop bleeding Leaf Herb NE 1.74 9 JH-245
Compositae Aster tataricus L. f. 紫菀 Zi wan Heat-clearing and detoxifying Root Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p342 NE 1.02 35 JH-003
Compositae Centipeda minima (L.) A. Br. et Aschers. 石胡荽 Lao bie hu sui Rheumatism, promote blood circulation, eliminating inflammation Whole plant Herb NE 1.24 52 JH-162
Compositae Cirsium japonicum Fisch. ex DC. Ji Nourishing, gynaecopathia, promote blood circulation, stop bleeding, eliminating inflammation Whole plant, root Herb NE 1.68 26 JH-215
Compositae Dendranthema lavandulifolium (Fisch. ex Trautv.) Ling & Shih 甘菊 Gan ju Heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb NE 0.80 39 JH-166
Compositae Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) Tzvel. 菊花 Ju ban Heat-clearing and detoxifying, rheumatism, improve eyesight Flower Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p310 NE 1.24 68 JH-047
Compositae Farfugium japonicum (L. f.) Kitam. 大吴风草 Lu wu jia mi Gynaecopathia, relieve cough Root Herb NE 1.01 34 JH-280
Compositae Gerbera anandria (L.) Sch.-Bip. 大丁草 Lu ding mi Hepatitis Whole plant Herb NE 0.80 43 JH-255
Compositae Gerbera piloselloides (Linn.) Cass. 毛大丁草 Bie lu ding mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, infantile malnutrition Whole plant Herb NE 1.24 43 JH-223
Compositae Grangea maderaspatana (L.) Poir. 田基黄 Lin ji yang Heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb NE 0.79 71 JH-201
Compositae Gynura japonica (Thunb.) Juel. 菊三七 Ju fang qie Diabetes, infantile malnutrition Whole plant Herb NE 1.01 46 JH-137
Compositae Inula japonica Thunb. 旋覆花 Xuan fu ban Infantile malnutrition Root, leaf, flower Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p325 NE 0.79 15 JH-172
Compositae Kalimeris indica (L.) Sch. -Bip. 马兰 Ma lan Heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve cough Whole plant Herb NE 1.00 38 JH-188
Compositae Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don 千里光 Qian lei guang Skin disease, improve eyesight, heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p33 NE 1.22 63 JH-076
Convolvulaceae Cuscuta chinensis Lam. 菟丝子 Tu si zei Nourishing Seed Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p309 NE 0.78 21 JH-286
Convolvulaceae Dichondra repens Forst. 马蹄金 Ma dei jin Heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb NE 0.78 51 JH-270
Crassulaceae Sedum emarginatum Migo 凹叶景天 Ao nong jing lu Heat-clearing and detoxifying, stop bleeding, hepatitis Whole plant Herb NE 1.21 67 JH-123
Crassulaceae Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch. 堪察加景天 Kan cha jia jing lu Eliminating inflammation, promote blood circulation, stop bleeding Whole plant Herb NE 1.21 2 JH-242
Cruciferae Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern. 蔊菜 Han cai Stop bleeding, relieve cough Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (1977) p624 NE 1.00 43 JH-092
Cucurbitaceae Hemsleya macrosperma C. Y. Wu ex C. Y. Wu et C. L. Chen 罗锅底 Luo ceng di Heat-clearing and detoxifying, gastrointestinal disease Tuber Vine NE 0.99 37 JH-283
Cucurbitaceae Thladiantha dubia Bunge 赤瓟 Chi bo Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation, relieve cough Fruit, root Shrub NE 1.21 18 JH-187
Drynaria Pseudodrynaria coronans (Wall. ex Mett.) Ching 崖姜 Ya su Rheumatism, nourishing, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Rhizome Fern NE 1.37 63 JH-183
Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense L. 问荆 Nai jin Stop bleeding Whole plant Fern NE 0.77 25 JH-289
Equisetaceae Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. subsp. debile (Roxb. ex Vauch.) Hauke 笔管草 Ba gu mi Improve eyesight, induce diuresis Whole plant Fern NE 0.97 42 JH-197
Euphorbiaceae Glochidion puberum (L.) Hutch. 算盘子 Fu bian zei Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote digestion, promote blood circulation Root Shrub NE 1.20 39 JH-091
Fabaceae Callerya speciosa (Champ. ex Benth.) Schot 美丽鸡血藤 Hao zui jia jiang mei Nourishing, heat-clearing and detoxifying, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Root Vine NE 1.37 38 JH-269
Fabaceae Desmodium multiflorum DC. 饿蚂蝗 E ma huang Heat-clearing and detoxifying, infantile malnutrition Flower, branch Shrub NE 0.97 36 JH-144
Fabaceae Entada phaseoloides (Linn.) Merr. 榼藤 Ke mei Rheumatism, nourishing, promote blood circulation Stem Vine NE 1.20 15 JH-143
Fabaceae Flemingia philippinensis Merr. et Rolfe 千斤拔 Qin jiang ben Nourishing Root Shrub NE 0.77 51 JH-012
Fabaceae Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 皂荚 Zao jia Eliminate phlegm, induce diuresis Pod, seed, shoot thorn Tree NE 0.95 42 JH-256
Fabaceae Indigofera decora Lindl. var. ichangensis (Craib) Y. Y. Fang et C. Z. Zheng 宜昌木蓝 Yi chang mu lan High fever Root Shrub NE 0.77 42 JH-080
Fabaceae Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. 鸡眼草 Jia mu jin mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation, promote digestion Whole plant Herb NE 1.19 67 JH-290
Fabaceae Lespedeza cuneata G. Don 截叶铁扫帚 Jie nong li bu. gan dao Heat-clearing and detoxifying, improve eyesight, infantile malnutrition Whole plant Shrub NE 1.19 18 JH-292
Gramineae Lophatherum gracile Brongn. 淡竹叶 Cuan lao nong Heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve cough, induce diuresis Root Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p328 NE 1.19 72 JH-243
Gramineae Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng. 狼尾草 Lang dui mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve cough Whole plant Herb NE 0.95 28 JH-106
Gramineae Saccharum spontaneum L. 甜根子草 Gan mi zei mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, cold, relieve cough Rhizome, stem Herb NE 1.18 57 JH-276
Guttiferae Hypericum japonicum Thunb. ex Murray 地耳草 Dao mu nong mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation, promote digestion Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (1977) p198 NE 1.18 42 JH-189
Guttiferae Hypericum monogynum L. 金丝桃 Jin si tao Rheumatism, relieve cough, stomachache Root Shrub NE 1.18 48 JH-140
Guttiferae Hypericum sampsonii Hance 元宝草 Yuan bao mi Gynaecopathia, heat-clearing and detoxifying, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (1977) p79 NE 1.37 52 JH-131
Juncaceae Juncus effusus L. 灯心草 Dang fin mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis, respiratory disease, relieve cough Spith Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p147 NE 1.36 60 JH-262
Labiatae Leonurus artemisia (Laur.) S. Y. Hu 益母草 Yi mu cao Heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p290 NE 0.77 67 JH-075
Labiatae Lycopus lucidus Turcz. 地笋 Dao bia Rheumatism Whole plant Herb NE 0.76 38 JH-033
Labiatae Mosla chinensis Maxim. 石香薷 Shi xiang ru Heatstroke Whole plant Herb NE 0.76 9 JH-019
Labiatae Pogostemon auricularius (L.) Kassk. 珍珠菜 Zhen zhu lai Heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb NE 0.74 40 JH-239
Labiatae Prunella vulgaris L. 夏枯草 Xia ku cao Improve eyesight, promote blood circulation Fruit cluster, flower Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p280 NE 0.74 67 JH-179
Labiatae Scutellaria barbata D. Don 半枝莲 Dan zhi lian Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis, cold Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p118 NE 1.18 36 JH-042
Lauraceae Cinnamomum appelianum Schewe 毛桂 Mao gui Rheumatism Bark, root Tree NE 0.73 42 JH-088
Liliaceae Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge 知母 Zei ma Promote digestion, gynaecopathia Rhizome Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p212 NE 0.94 13 JH-113
Liliaceae Aspidistra elatior Blume 蜘蛛抱蛋 Geng you luo jiao Nourishing, promote blood circulation, relieve cough Rhizome Herb NE 0.94 62 JH-174
Liliaceae Aspidistra retusa K. Y. Lang et S. Z. Huang 广西蜘蛛抱蛋 Jiang fai geng you luo jiao Nourishing, promote blood circulation, relieve cough Rhizome Herb NE 0.93 37 JH-130
Liliaceae Liriope platyphylla Wang et Tang 阔叶山麦冬 Jiag nong geng me dong Nourishing Tuber Herb NE 0.73 59 JH-271
Liliaceae Ophiopogon bodinieri Levl. 沿阶草 Yan gai mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying Tuber Herb NE 0.72 57 JH-069
Liliaceae Ophiopogon japonicus (L. f.) Ker-Gawl. 麦冬 Me dong Nourishing Tuber Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p155 NE 0.72 61 JH-217
Liliaceae Polygonatum sibiricum Delar. ex Redoute 黄精 Yang jing Nourishing Rhizome Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p306 NE 0.71 59 JH-236
Liliaceae Reineckia carnea (Andr.) Kunth 吉祥草 Ji xiang mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve cough Whole plant Herb NE 0.93 59 JH-251
Loranthaceae Viscum articulatum Burm. f. 扁枝槲寄生 Bian zhi hu ji sheng Rheumatism, respiratory disease, promote blood circulation Branch, leaf Shrub NE 1.18 49 JH-211
Loranthaceae Viscum diospyrosicolum Hayata 棱枝槲寄生 Shi ji sheng Rheumatism, heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Whole plant Phytoparasite NE 1.60 43 JH-111
Loranthaceae Viscum liquidambaricolum Hayata 枫香槲寄生 Feng xiang hu ji sheng Rheumatism, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals, promote blood circulation, resolve phlegm to relieve cough Branch, leaf Phytoparasite NE 1.60 37 JH-107
Lycopodoaceae Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub 扁枝石松 Bian zhi shi song Rheumatism Whole plant Herb NE 0.68 65 JH-297
Lygodiaceae Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw. 海金沙 Hai jin sha Induce diuresis, calculus, rheumatism Spore, whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p294 NE 1.17 59 JH-216
Lythraceae Lythrum salicaria L. 千屈菜 Qin qu lai Infantile malnutrition, stop bleeding Whole plant Herb NE 0.93 13 JH-148
Lythraceae Rotala rotundifolia (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Koehne 圆叶节节菜 Jun nong a a lai Heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb NE 0.67 33 JH-272
Melastomataceae Melastoma dodecandrum Lour. 地菍 Dao nian Promote digestion Whole plant Shrub NE 0.67 71 JH-263
Melastomataceae Memecylon scutellatum (Lour.) Hook. et Arn. 细叶谷木 Fai nong cu diang Heart disease Flower Shrub NE 0.67 4 JH-157
Melastomataceae Osbeckia opipara C. Y. Wu et C. Chen 朝天罐 Chao lu guan Eliminating inflammation, promote digestion, heat-clearing and detoxifying, stop bleeding Whole plant, root Shrub Chinese PharmacopeiaI (1977) p574 NE 1.34 42 JH-115
Menispermaceae Stephania cepharantha Hayata 金线吊乌龟 Jin sui di wu gui Eliminating inflammation Tuber Vine NE 0.66 39 JH-168
Menispermaceae Stephania lincangensis Lo et M. Yang 临沧地不容 Lin cang dao en rong Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation, relieve pain Tuber Vine NE 1.17 3 JH-053
Menispermaceae Tinospora sagittata (Oliv.) Gagnep. 青牛胆 Men ong dan Heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, relieve pain Tuber Vine NE 1.16 46 JH-231
Moraceae Ficus pumila Linn. 薜荔 Xue li Nourishing, rheumatism Fruit Shrub NE 0.92 40 JH-002
Musaceae Musa basjoo Sieb. & Zucc. 芭蕉 Ba jiao Heart disease Flower Herb NE 0.65 26 JH-006
Myrsinaceae Ardisia affinis Hemsl. 细罗伞 Fai luo fan Promote blood circulation Root Shrub NE 0.63 56 JH-095
Myrsinaceae Ardisia chinensis Benth. 小紫金牛 Fai zi jin ong Promote blood circulation, heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, stop bleeding Whole plant Shrub NE 1.34 59 JH-001
Myrsinaceae Ardisia crenata Sims var. bicolor (Walker) C. Y. Wu et C. Chen 朱砂根 Zhu sha jiang Rheumatism, respiratory disease Whole plant Shrub Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p138 NE 0.92 53 JH-254
Myrsinaceae Ardisia japonica (Thunb) Blume 紫金牛 Zi jin ong Rheumatism, promote blood circulation, cold, relieve cough Whole plant, root Shrub NE 1.33 62 JH-121
Myrsinaceae Embelia rudis Hand.-Mazz. 网脉酸藤子 Wang me sui mei Rheumatism Whole plant Shrub NE 0.62 38 JH-004
Orchidaceae Bulbophyllum odoratissimum (J. E. Smith) Lindl. 密花石豆兰 Mi ban lao bie de lan Respiratory disease, infantile malnutrition, relax tendons and activate collaterals, eliminating inflammation Whole plant Herb LC 1.57 41 JH-264
Orchidaceae Bulbophyllum pectinatum Finet 长足石豆兰 Zao da lao bie de lan Respiratory disease, relieve cough Whole plant Herb VU 0.91 41 JH-041
Orchidaceae Dendrobium nobile Lindl. 石斛 Lao bie hu Diabetes, improve eyesight, nourishing, promote digestion Stem Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p92 VU 1.33 66 JH-101
Orchidaceae Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo 铁皮石斛 Li lao bie hu Stomachache Stem Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p282   0.61 41 JH-265
Orchidaceae Galeola lindleyana (Hook. f. et Thoms.) Rchb. f. 毛萼山珊瑚 Mao e shan shan hu Rheumatism, headache Whole plant Shrub LC 0.91 52 JH-058
Orchidaceae Luisia morsei Rolfe 钗子股 Chai zi gu Rheumatism, respiratory disease, cold, cancer Whole plant Herb LC 1.33 13 JH-133
Orchidaceae Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames 绶草 Shou mi Nourishing, heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb LC 1.16 11 JH-122
Papaveraceae Eomecon chionantha Hance 血水草 Jiang wen mi Promote blood circulation Root, rhizome Herb NE 0.59 14 JH-219
Phyllanthaceae Phyllanthus urinaria L. 叶下珠 Nong di zhu Improve eyesight, heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote digestion Whole plant, root Herb NE 1.15 69 JH-083
Pipperaceae Piper betle L. 蒌叶 Lou nong Heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, cold Stem, leaf Vine NE 1.15 40 JH-029
Pittosporaceae Pittosporum glabratum Lindl. 光叶海桐 Jiang nong hai tong Tuberculosis Seed, bark Shrub NE 0.58 40 JH-173
Polygalaceae Polygala japonica Houtt. 瓜子金 Jin gua zei Eliminating phlegm, heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p112 NE 0.91 38 JH-037
Polygalaceae Polygala tenuifolia Willd. 远志 Gu zei Nourishing, eliminating phlegm, strengthen muscles and bones Bark Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p156 NE 1.14 39 JH-191
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum dibotrys (D. Don) Hara 金荞麦 Jin qiao me Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation, calculus Root, rhizome Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p218 LC 1.14 52 JH-230
Polygonaceae Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Harald. 何首乌 Huo shou wu Nourishing Tuber Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p175 NE 0.52 55 JH-192
Polypodiaceae Lepidogrammitis drymoglossoides (Baker) Ching 抱石莲 Luo lao bie lian Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis, stop bleeding Whole plant Fern NE 1.13 54 JH-057
Polypodiaceae Lepisorus thunbergianus (Kaulf.) Ching 瓦韦 Wa wei Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis, relieve cough Whole plant Fern NE 1.13 52 JH-116
Polypodiaceae Microsorum fortunei (T. Moore) Ching 江南星蕨 Jiang nan xing jue Rheumatism Whole plant Fern NE 0.52 62 JH-059
Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. 马齿苋 Ma chi xian Heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating phlegm Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p49 NE 0.91 37 JH-007
Primulaceae Plantago asiatica L. 车前 Qi dan men Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis, eliminating phlegm Whole plant Herb NE 1.13 69 JH-018
Ranunculaceae Clematis henryi Oliv. 单叶铁线莲 Dan nong li sui lian Eliminating phlegm, relieve pain, relieve cough Root, leaf Vine --, c NE 1.13 1 JH-026
Ranunculaceae Clematis uncinata Champ. 柱果铁线莲 Zhu guo li sui lian Rheumatism, stop bleeding, toothache, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals Root, leaf Vine NE 1.32 1 JH-155
Rhamnaceae Rhamnus crenata Sieb. et Zucc. 长叶冻绿 Nong da dong lu Heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Shrub NE 0.48 2 JH-071
Rhamnaceae Rhamnus globosa Bunge 圆叶鼠李 Jun nong na jun li Heat-clearing and detoxifying Fruit Shrub NE 0.47 9 JH-273
Rhamnaceae Sageretia thea (Osbeck) Johnst. 雀梅藤 Que mei mei Eliminating phlegm, rheumatism Aerial part Shrub NE 0.47 41 JH-198
Rosaceae Geum aleppicum Jacq. 路边青 Jiao leng men Rheumatism, heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve pain Whole plant Herb NE 1.13 60 JH-100
Rosaceae Potentilla discolor Bge. 翻白草 Bian bei mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, stop bleeding, diabetes Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p383 NE 1.12 45 JH-190
Rosaceae Sanguisorba officinalis L. 地榆 Di yu Heat-clearing and detoxifying, stop bleeding, relieve pain Root Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p126 NE 1.11 35 JH-209
Rubiaceae Damnacanthus indicus Gaertn. 虎刺 Hu ci Infantile malnutrition, nourishing, relieve pain, cold, hepatitis Whole plant Shrub Chinese PharmacopeiaI (1977) p341 NE 1.29 72 JH-234
Rubiaceae Hedyotis auricularia L. 耳草 Tu nong mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote digestion, relieve cough, cold, promote blood circulation Leaf Herb NE 1.54 62 JH-206
Rubiaceae Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr. 鸡矢藤 Jia gai mei Rheumatism, promote digest, heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Vine Chinese PharmacopeiaI (1977) p312 NE 1.11 31 JH-074
Rubiaceae Serissa serissoides (DC.) Druce 白马骨 Bei ma mei Rheumatism, heat-clearing and detoxifying, relax tendons and activate collaterals Whole plant Shrub NE 1.11 60 JH-051
Saururaceae Houttuynia cordata Thunb 蕺菜 Ji lai Heat-clearing and detoxifying, respiratory disease, heatstroke Root, leaf Herb NE 1.11 9 JH-089
Saururaceae Saururus chinensis (Lour.) Baill. 三白草 Bu bei mi Gynaecopathia Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p12 NE 0.46 65 JH-061
Saxifragaceae Astilbe rivularis Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don 溪畔落新妇 Xi pan luo xin fu Rheumatism, promote blood circulation, relieve pain, promote digestion Rhizome Herb NE 1.29 16 JH-032
Stachyuraceae Stachyurus chinensis Franch. 中国旌节花 Zhong guo sheng jie hua Gynaecopathia, heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, induce diuresis Pith Shrub NE 1.29 35 JH-068
Stemonaceae Stemona tuberosa Lour. 大百部 Dong bei bo Respiratory disease Tuber Vine NE 0.45 78 JH-281
Sterculiaceae Pterospermum heterophyllum Hance 翻白叶树 Bian bei nong diang Rheumatism, relax tendons and activate collaterals, relieve pain Whole plant Tree NE 1.11 39 JH-109
Taccaceae Schizocapsa plantaginea Hance 裂果薯 Nong hu duai Heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation, stop bleeding Rhizome Herb NE 1.11 54 JH-011
Trilliaceae Paris polyphylla Sm. 七叶一枝花 Qi ye yi zhi hua Heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve cough Rhizome Herb   0.91 30 JH-260
Umbelliferae Bupleurum chinense DC. 北柴胡 Bei chai hu Eliminating inflammation, heat-clearing and detoxifying, cold, fever Root Herb NE 1.28 31 JH-030
Umbelliferae Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. 天胡荽 Tian hu sui Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote digest, infantile malnutrition Whole plant Herb NE 1.10 69 JH-060
Umbelliferae Peucedanum guangxiense Shan et Sheh 广西前胡 Jiang fai qian hu Cold, rheumatism Root Herb NE 0.90 36 JH-024
Umbelliferae Sanicula chinensis Bunge 变豆菜 Ben de lai Relieve cough, promote digestion, heat-clearing and detoxifying, eliminating inflammation Whole plant Herb NE 1.28 19 JH-025
Urticaceae Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. 苎麻 Zhu ma Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis, stop bleeding, nourishing Rhizome, leaf Shrub NE 1.26 33 JH-291
Urticaceae Parietaria micrantha Ledeb. 墙草 Jiong mi Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote digestion Whole plant Herb NE 0.90 9 JH-099
Urticaceae Pilea cavaleriei Levl. 波缘冷水花 Bo yuan wen nan ban Relieve cough, heat-clearing and detoxifying Whole plant Herb NE 0.90 41 JH-194
Urticaceae Pilea cavaleriei Levl. subsp. valida C. J. Chen 石油菜 Lao bie you lai Heat-clearing and detoxifying, relieve pain Whole plant Herb NE 0.90 37 JH-063
Usneaceae Usnea diffracta (Vain.) Articus 松萝 Song luo Rheumatism Whole plant Thallus Uygur medicine p49 NE 0.33 71 JH-147
Verbenaceae Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer var. simplex Moldenke 臭茉莉 Zui mo li Rheumatism, promote blood circulation, relieve pain, heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote digestion Root, leaf, whole plant Shrub NE 1.52 46 JH-164
Verbenaceae Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum Turcz. 大青 Dong qin Heat-clearing and detoxifying, rheumatism Root, leaf Shrub NE 0.89 51 JH-142
Verbenaceae Verbena officinalis L. 马鞭草 Ma bian mi Rheumatism, heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation, eliminating inflammation Whole plant Herb Chinese PharmacopeiaI (2015) p52 NE 1.25 45 JH-135
Violaceae Viola inconspicua Blume 长萼堇菜 Da e jin lai Heat-clearing and detoxifying, promote blood circulation Whole plant Herb NE 0.89 10 JH-252
Vitaceae Ampelopsis grossedentata (Hand.-Mazz.) W. T. Wang 显齿蛇葡萄 Xian chi nan pu tao Respiratory disease, heat-clearing and detoxifying, hypertension Stem, leaf Vine NE 1.10 46 JH-120
Vitaceae Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep. 乌蔹莓 Wu lian mei Heat-clearing and detoxifying, induce diuresis Whole plant Vine NE 0.88 39 JH-108
Vitaceae Euphorbia humifusa Willd. ex Schlecht. 地锦 Dao jin Rheumatism, promote blood circulation Root, stem, fruit Vine NE 0.88 9 JH-266
Xanthorrhoeaceae Hemerocallis citrina Baroni 黄花菜 Yang ban lai Heat-clearing and detoxifying, nourishing Root, flower Herb NE 0.87 19 JH-090
  1. VU vulnerable, LC least concern, NE not evaluated