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Table 4 Top 16 fodder plants consumed by the cattle in Benin

From: Breeders’ knowledge on cattle fodder species preference in rangelands of Benin

Species Family RFC FVPW P Ls MT PP Properties
1 Andropogon gayanus Poaceae 5.81 47 ** Ann Herb Le Very good forage
2 Panicum maximum Poaceae 5.45 50 *** Ann Herb Le Good forage
3 Pterocarpus erinaceus Leguminosae 5.34 50 *** Per Tree Le Most consumed in drought, increases weight gain
4 Flueggea virosa Euphorbiaceae 5.14 47 *** Ann Bushy shrub LS Great appetency in drought
5 Andropogon tectorum Poaceae 4.24 31 ** Ann Herb Le Very good forage
6 Anogeissus leiocarpa Combretaceae 3.16 25 ** Per Tree Le
7 Piliostigma thonningii Leguminosae 2.82 31 ** Per Tree Le, Fr Good appetency
8 Pseudocedrela kotschyii Meliaceae 2.57 31 ** Per Tree Le
9 Prosopis africana Leguminosae 2.52 31 *** Per Tree Le, Fl Induces milk production
10 Digitaria horizontalis Poaceae 2.28 13 ** Ann Herb Le Good forage
11 Annona senegalensis Annonaceae 2.21 9 * Per Shrub Le
12 Afzelia africana Leguminosae 1.59 16 *** Per Herb Le Induces milk production
13 Acacia sieberiana Leguminosae 1.54 13 ** Per Tree Le, Fr Great appetency in drought
14 Tephrosia purpurea Leguminosae 1.54 13 ** Ann Herb LS Anthelmintic
15 Detarium microcarpum Leguminosae 1.44 6 ** Per Tree LS Treat diarrhoea, constipation
16 Leucaena leucocephala Leguminosae 1.41 22 *** Per Tree Le Nutritious plant
  1. RFC relative frequency of citation, FVPW fodder value during pasture walk, P palatability (*fairly, **weakly, ***highly), Ls lifespan, Per perennial, Ann annual, MT morphological type, PP plant parts used, Le leaves, Fl flower, LS leafed stem, Fr fruit