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Table 4 General characteristics of the wild spices inventoried

From: Species richness, cultural importance, and prioritization of wild spices for conservation in the Sudano-Guinean zone of Benin (West Africa)

Species Family Vernacular name (sociolinguistic group) LF PT Habitat PU PA Use categories LF
1 Aeollanthus pubescens Benth. Lamiaceae Fé okuta, Kpon’kouta (Tchabè) H S 7 lf, fw, wp RS foo, med H
2 Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridley) K.Schum. Zingiberaceae Gbétakin (Fon); Koutchou (Adja); Atalè okou, Ibouro (Idatcha); Ebouro, Ibio, Bobota (Ifè, Tchabè); Okpogloé (Mahi); Ebo (Itcha) H AT 3, 4, 5, 6 lf, rt., st, fr, sd DS foo, med, fod, oth H
3 Aframomum angustifolium (Sonn.) K.Schum. Zingiberaceae Tchankoko (Ifè, Tchabè) H GC 3, 4, 6 lf, rt., st, fr RS foo, med, cult, oth H
4 Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K.Schum. Zingiberaceae Takù (Adja) H GC 5, 6 lf, rt., sd NA med, cult H
5 Clausena anisata (WilId.) Hook.f. ex Benth. Rutaceae Azizinma, Gbozohouin, Tchakatouma (Fon); Ewé kikani (Idatcha) Sh SG 3, 7 lf, rt RS med, cult S
6 Cymbopogon giganteus (Hochst.) Chiov. Poaceae Oflin (Idatcha); gbézin (Fon) H AT 3, 7 lf AS foo, med, fod H
7 Lippia multiflora Moldenke Verbenaceae Nyenya, aglàla (Fon, Mahi); Aglàla, Aklala sê (Mahi); Kanhoun (Idatcha); Tchagara (Ifè); Tchagà (Itcha); Kinhoun kinhoun, Kanhoun kanhoun (Tchabè) Sh S 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 lf, fw, st, rt., wp AS foo, med, cult S
8 Monodora tenuifolia Benth. Annonaceae Ariwo (Idatcha) T GC 7 rt, bk, sd RS foo, med, cult T
9 Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn. Piperaceae Kanlin man, lènlènkoun (Adja) L AT 4, 5 lf, fr, st, rt AS foo, med, cult L
10 Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen. Polygonaceae Attakpa wanon, Attakpa wanhuin huin, Kpatalè (Fon, Idatcha) Sh AT 3, 4, 7 rt, bk AS med S
11 Thonningia sanguinea Vahl Balanophoraceae Atin madodè (Idatcha); Otchoulélé (Ifè) H AT 3, 4, 6 rt RS med H
12 Uvaria chamae P.Beauv. Annonaceae Yaha (Idatcha); Yalaha (Fon) Sh SGC 3, 4, 7 lf, fr, rt AS foo, med S
13 Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A.Rich. Annonaceae Esso (Adja) T AT 5 fr AS med, cult T
14 Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler Rutaceae Tchanouwèlè (Itcha); Sanouyèlè (Tchabè) T SG 1, 2, 3, 4 rt AS foo, med T
  1. LF life form, PT phytogeographical type, PA period of availability, H herb, L liana, Sh shrub, T tree, AT afrotropical, GC Guineo-Congolian, S Sudanian, SG Sudano-Guinean, SGC Sudano-Guineo-Congolian, lf leaf, fw flower, wp whole plant, rt. root, st stem, sd seed, fr fruit, bk bark, cer ceremony, med medicine, foo food, cult cultural, oth other, DS dry season, AS all season, RS rainy season, 1 home garden, 2 field, 3 savanna, 4 natural forest, 5 sacred forest, 6 wetland, 7 hill