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Table 1 Herbal material used for medicinal purposes

From: Ethnopharmaceutical knowledge in Samogitia region of Lithuania: where old traditions overlap with modern medicine

Family Botanical name, voucher no. Disorder Frequency of citations Part used Preparation Administration and dosage
Acoraceae Acorus calamus L. Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 1 Roots Tea O. Ad.
   Hair loss (C) 1   Decoction Ext.
   Constipation (C) 2   Tea O. Ad.
Adoxaceae Sambucus nigra L. (MFMTR20) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 2 Flowers, fruits, bark Tea O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 3    Inhalation
Amaryllidaceae Allium sativum L. Toothache (C) 2 Corms Put on an aching tooth Ext.
   Cold, respiratory tract disorders (C) 8   Eat corms, put into the nose, rub the neck and chest O. Ad., Ext.
   Vermin diseases (C) 2   Eat corms, drink juice O. Ad.
  Allium cepa L. Cold, respiratory tract disorders (C) 7 Corms Cut, boil in milk, put honey O. Ad., one teaspoon every hour, few days
   Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 3   Cut, mixed with honey O. Ad., one teaspoon before meal
Apiaceae Aegopodium podagraria L. (MFMTR01) Gout (C) 2 Flowers, leaves, roots Tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 1   Tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Joint pain (C) 1   Compress Ext.
  Levisticum officinale W. D. J. Koch. (MFMTR11) Gout (C) 2 Roots Decoction O. Ad.
   Indigestion (C) 1   Decoction O. Ad., 30 min before meal
   Male potency disorders (C) 1   Decoction O. Ad.
   Kidney diseases (P) 1   Decoction O. Ad.
  Anethum graveolens L. (MFMTR16) Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 3 Fruits Decoction O. Ad., 30 min before meal
   Inflammatory diseases (P) 1   Decoction O. Ad.
  Daucus carota L. Cardiovascular system disorders (P) 2 Leaves Tea O. Ad.
   Constipation (C) 4 Roots Juice O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 3   Juice O. Ad.
  Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 1 Fruits, seeds Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 1   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Apium graveolens L. Constipation (C) 1 Roots Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 1   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Carum carvi L. Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 7 Seeds Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Constipation (C) 3   Decoction O. Ad.
  Petroselinum crispum Mill. Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 4 Aerial parts Decoction O. Ad.
   Depletion (C) 2    O. Ad.
Asparagaceae Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce. (MFMTR18) Inflammatory diseases (P) 2 Roots, herb Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
Asphodelaceae Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. Skin diseases (C) 4 Leaves Juice Ext., rinsing
   Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 2    O. Ad.
Asteraceae Tanacetum vulgare L. (MFMTR31) Vermin diseases (P) 2 Flowers Decoction O. Ad.
   Cold, fever (C) 1   Decoction O. Ad.
  Inula helenium L. (MFMTR35) Respiratory tract disorders (C) 1 Roots Decoction O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 1   Decoction O. Ad.
  Bidens tripartita L. (MFMTR55) Allergies (P) 1 Aerial parts Decoction O. Ad.
   Purulent wounds (C) 1   Decoction Ext.
  Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench. Cold, influenza (C) 2 Aerial parts, roots Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 2   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Skin diseases (P) 3   Extract with alcohol O. Ad., Ext.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 3   Extract with alcohol O. Ad., one tablespoon every day
   Circulatory disorders (C) 1   Extract with alcohol O. Ad., one tablespoon every day
  Scorzonera hispanica L. (MFMTR26) Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 3 Roots Decoction O. Ad.
  Achillea millefolium L. (MFMTR07) Menorrhagia (C) 13 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad., drink extract 2–3 times per day, during menstruation
   Epistaxis (C) 8   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Kidney diseases (C) 2   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Calendula officinalis L. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 8 Flowers Tea Inhalation; Ext., rinsing
   Inflammatory diseases (C) 7   Oil, concentrate, tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 5   Tincture, tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea (C) 2   Tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Purulent wounds (C) 6   Decoction Ext., rinsing
  Centaurea cyanus L. (MFMTR45) Cold, respiratory tract disorders (C) 2 Flowers Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 4   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Edema (P) 1   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Helichrysum arenarium (L.) Moench. (MFMTR28) Vermin diseases (P) 1 Flowers Decoction O. Ad.
   Hepatic diseases and biliary problems (C) 1    O. Ad.
  Matricaria recutita L. Insomnia, nervousness (C) 10 Flowers Tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Indigestion (C) 8    O. Ad.
   Cold, fever (C) 8    O. Ad.
  Artemisia absinthium L. (MFMTR42) Indigestion (C) 4 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Vermin diseases (P) 1   Decoction Ext., head rinsing
  Artemisia vulgaris L. (MFMTR17) Indigestion (C) 6 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 3    O. Ad.
  Tussilago farfara L. (MFMTR02) Respiratory tract disorders (C) 5 Flowers, stem Tea O. Ad.
   Cold, fever (C) 8    O. Ad.
  Arnica montana L. Joint pain (C) 3 Flowers Extract with alcohol Ext.
   Bruises, swellings (C) 1    Ext.
  Arctium lappa L. (MFMTR04) Skin diseases (C) 3 Roots Decoction Ext.
   Indigestion and appetite loss (P) 2    O. Ad.
   Angina (C) 2    Ext., rinse throat
   Bruises, swellings (P) 1 Leaves Clean leaves Ext.
  Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 5 Roots Decoction O. Ad.
   Purulent wounds (C) 2    Ext., rinsing
Berberidaceae Berberis vulgaris L. Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 1 Flowers, leaves, bark Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Inflammatory diseases (P) 1   Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
Betulaceae Betula pendula Roth. (MFMTR22) Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 1 Sap Sap O. Ad.
   Gastric acid hypersecretion (C) 3    O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 1 Leaves Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Alnus incana (L.) Moench. (MFMTR03) Diarrhea (C) 1 Cones, bark, leaves Decoction O. Ad.
   Gastric and intestine diseases (P) 1   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Corylus avellana L. (MFMTR08) Circulatory disorders (P) 1 Leaves Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
Boraginaceae Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill. (MFMTR10) Respiratory tract disorders (P) 2 Aerial parts Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
  Symphytum officinale L. (MFMTR12) Respiratory tract disorders (P) 1 Roots Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Gastric and intestine diseases (P) 1    O. Ad.
   Bruises, swellings (C) 2   Compress Ext.
   Joint pain (C) 2   Ointment Ext.
Brassicaceae Lunaria annua L. Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 3 Aerial parts Tea, decoction O. Ad.
  Eruca sativa (Mill.) Thell. Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 3 Aerial parts Eat O. Ad.
  Armoracia rusticana P. Gaertn., B. Mey et Scherb. Inflammatory diseases (C) 3 Roots, leaves Eat, juice O. Ad.
   Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 8    O. Ad.
  Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Hemorrhage (C) 2 Aerial parts Tea O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 1    O. Ad.
Cannabaceae Humulus lupulus L. Insomnia, nervousness (C) 6 Cones Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 2    O. Ad.
Caprifoliaceae Viburnum opulus L. (MFMTR25) Menorrhagia (C) 2 Flowers, fruits, bark Extract with alcohol O. Ad., one tablespoon 2–3 times per day
   Gingivitis (C) 1    Ext., rinse mouth
   Immunodeficiency (P) 1   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Valeriana officinalis L. Insomnia, nervousness (C) 25 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
Crassulaceae Rhodiola rosea L. Male potency disorders (C) 1 Roots Decoction O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 1   Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita pepo L. Hypercholesterolaemia (C) 5 Seeds Eat O. Ad.
   Benign prostatic hyperplasia (C) 3   Eat O. Ad.
Cupressaceae Juniperus communis L. (MFMTR37) Respiratory tract disorders (C) 4 Fruits Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 3    O. Ad.
Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott. (MFMTR40) Vermin diseases (P) 3 Roots Decoction O. Ad.
   Gum disease (P) 2    Ext., rinse mouth
Elaeagnaoceae Hippophae rhamnoides L. Immunodeficiency (C) 2 Fruits Juice, oil, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Skin diseases (C) 4    O. Ad., Ext.
   Circulatory disorders (C) 1    O. Ad.
Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense L. (MFMTR18) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 2 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Angina (P) 1    Ext., rinse throat
   Cardiovascular system disorders (P) 1    O. Ad.
Ericaceae Ledum palustre L. (MFMTR58) Respiratory tract disorders (C) 2 Shoot (1 year) Decoction O. Ad.
  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. (MFMTR13) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 4 Leaves Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
  Vaccinium uliginosum L. Indigestion (C) 3 Fruits, leaves Eat, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 2   Decoction O. Ad.
  Vaccinium myrtillus L. Diarrhea (C) 10 Fruits, leaves Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 5   Eat O. Ad.
   Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 6    O. Ad.
  Vaccinium vitis–idaea L. Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 14 Fruits, leaves Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 6   Eat O. Ad.
  Oxycoccus palustris Pers. Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 6 Fruits, leaves Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Circulatory disorders (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 3   Eat O. Ad.
  Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull. (MFMTR34) Respiratory tract disorders (C) 2 Flowers, aerial parts Tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Cold, fever (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (P) 4    O. Ad.
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia helioscopia L. (MFMTR59) Warts (C) 3 Stem Stem Ext. (lubricate on warts)
Fabaceae Ononis arvensis L. (MFMTR36) Cardiovascular system disorders (P) 1 Roots Decoction O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 1    O. Ad.
  Trifolium pratense L. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 2 Flowers Tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Skin diseases (C) 3    O. Ad., Ext.
   Menopausal symptoms (C) 3    O. Ad.
Fagaceae Quercus robur L. (12) Diarrhea (C) 4 Bark, acorns Coffee, tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 7    O. Ad.
   Gum disease (C) 2    Ext., rinse mouth
Gentianaceae Centaurium erythraea Rafn. (MFMTR15) Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 4 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Constipation (C) 3    O. Ad.
Geraniaceae Pelargonium odoratissimum (L.) L’Her. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 1 Aerial parts   Inhalation
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 1    Inhalation
Grossulariaceae Ribes uva-crispa L. Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 7 Fruits Eat, tea O. Ad.
  Ribes nigrum L. Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 8 Fruits, leaves Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Inflammatory diseases (P) 2    O. Ad.
   Vitiligo (C) 1    O. Ad., Ext.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 5    O. Ad.
Hydrangeaceae Philadelphus coronarius L. Circulatory disorders (P) 1 Flowers Tea O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 2    O. Ad.
Hypericaceae Hypericum perforatum L. (MFMTR39) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 2 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Skin diseases (C) 2    O. Ad., Ext.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 20    O. Ad.
   Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 4    O. Ad.
Lamiaceae Ajuga reptans L. (MFMTR38) Menorrhagia (C) 2 Aerial parts Tea O. Ad.
  Mentha arvensis L. Cold, fever (C) 3 Leaves, aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 3    Inhalation
   Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 2   Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad., one tablespoon 30 min before meal
  Mentha x piperita L. Cold, fever (C) 17 Leaves, aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 13    O. Ad.; Inhalation
   Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 5    O. Ad.
   Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Circulatory disorders (P) 2    O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 6    O. Ad.
   Inflammatory diseases (C) 3    O. Ad.
  Origanum vulgare L. Insomnia, nervousness (C) 1 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 3    O. Ad.
   Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 3    O. Ad.
   Joint pain (C) 1   Compress Ext.
  Thymus serpyllum L. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 6 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.; Inhalation
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Gum disease (C) 1    Ext., rinse mouth
  Thymus vulgaris L. (MFMTR41) Respiratory tract disorders (C) 13 Aerial parts Tea O. Ad.; Inhalation
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 4    O. Ad.
  Marrubium vulgare L. (MFMTR48) Hepatic diseases and biliary problems (P) 1 Leaves, aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 1    O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 2    O. Ad.
  Stachys officinalis L. Trevis. (MFMTR43) Insomnia, nervousness (C) 5 Leaves, aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 8    O. Ad.
  Lamium album L. (MFMTR47) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 2 Leaves, aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol, extract with hot water O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 14    O. Ad.
   Cold, fever (C) 8    O. Ad.
   Menorrhagia (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 4   Extract with alcohol O. Ad
   Oncological diseases (C) 1    O. Ad
  Salvia officinalis L. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 10 Leaves, aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.; Inhalation
   Gum disease (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 2    O. Ad.
  Melissa officinalis L. Insomnia, nervousness (C) 20 Leaves, aerial parts Tea O. Ad.
   Menorrhagia (C) 4    O. Ad.
   Dysmenorrhea (C) 4    O. Ad.
  Hyssopus officinalis L. Wounds (P) 1 Aerial parts Extract with alcohol Ext., rinsing
   Nervousness, anxiety (P) 1    O. Ad.
Linaceae Linum usitatissimum L. Constipation (C) 5 Seeds Tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 2    O. Ad.
Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium clavatum L. (MFMTR14) Respiratory tract disorders (C) 1 Spores   
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 2    
   Skin diseases (C) 2    Ext.
Malvaceae Tilia cordata Mill. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 22 Leaves, flowers Tea O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 5    O. Ad.
   Cold, fever (C) 20    O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 5    O. Ad.
Menyanthaceae Menyanthes trifoliata L. (MFMTR49) Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 2 Leaves Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Joint pain (P) 1   Compress Ext.
Oleaceae Fraxinus excelsior L. Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 1 Leaves, bark Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Joint pain (C) 1   Compress Ext.
  Syringa vulgaris L. Joint pain (C) 1 Flowers, buds Extract with alcohol, compress Ext.
Oxalidaceae Oxalis acetosalla L. (MFMTR44) Immunodeficiency (P) 1 Leaves Eat (at spring) O. Ad.
   Scurvy (P) 1    O. Ad.
Paeoniaceae Paeonia officinalis L. ‘Rubra Plena’ Insomnia, nervousness (C) 4 Flowers Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
Papaveraceae Chelidonium majus L. (MFMTR46) Hepatic diseases and biliary problems (C) 3 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 3    O. Ad.
   Oncological diseases (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 6    O. Ad.
  Papaver rhoeas L. Insomnia, nervousness (C) 4 Petals Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
Parmeliaceae Cetraria islandica (L.) Ach. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 3 Wisps Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Skin diseases, burns (P) 1   Decoction Ext., rinsing
Pinaceae Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 6 Barbs, buds Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.; Inhalation
  Pinus sylvestris L. Respiratory tract disorders (C) 8 Barbs, buds Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.; Inhalation
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 1    O. Ad.
Plantaginaceae Plantago major L. (MFMTR27) Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 3 Leaves, seeds Tea O. Ad.
   Constipation (C) 4    O. Ad.
   Bruises, swellings (C) 4   Clean leaves Ext. (put on bruises, swellings)
Poaceae Hierochloe odorata (L.) P. Beauv. (MFMTR50) Indigestion and appetite loss (P) 1 Leaves Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Avena sativa L. Insomnia, nervousness (P) 2 Aerial parts Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
  Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski. (MFMTR51) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 1 Aerial parts, rhizomes Tea O. Ad.
   Indigestion (C) 2   Eat O. Ad.
  Secale cereale L. Cardiovascular system disorders (C) 2 Grains Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
Polygonaceae Rheum rhabarbarum L. Indigestion (C) 3 Leaf stalks Eat, juice, tea O. Ad.
   Constipation (C) 4 Roots Decoction O. Ad.
  Bistorta major Gray. (MFMTR21) Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 2 Rhizomes Decoction O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 1    O. Ad.
   Oncological diseases (C) 1    O. Ad.
   Gum disease (C) 1    Ext., rinse mouth
  Polygonum aviculare L. (MFMTR23) Hepatic diseases and biliary problems (C) 3 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Hemorrhage (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Respiratory tract disorders (C) 2    O. Ad.
  Persicaria maculosa Gray. (MFMTR56) Hemorrhage (P) 2 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Constipation (C) 1    O. Ad.
Primulaceae Primula veris L. (MFMTR53) Respiratory tract disorders (C) 5 Roots, flowers Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Migraine (C) 1    O. Ad.
Ranunculaceae Pulsatilla pratensis (L.) Mill. (MFMTR54) Insomnia, nervousness (C) 2 Aerial parts Tea O. Ad.
   Menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea (C) 2    O. Ad.
Rhamnaceae Frangula alnus Mill. Constipation (C) 3 Bark Tea, decoction O. Ad.
   Poisoning (P) 2    O. Ad.
   Gout (C) 1    O. Ad.
Rosaceae Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim. (MFMTR60) Cold, fever (C) 4 Flowers Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 2    O. Ad.
  Rubus idaeus L. Cold, fever (C) 26 Berries, leaves Tea O. Ad.
   Skin diseases (C) 4    O. Ad., Ext.
  Rosa canina L. Circulatory disorders (C) 5 Fruits Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Anemia (C) 4    O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 2    O. Ad.
  Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch. (MFMTR24) Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 4 Rhizomes Decoction O. Ad.
   Gum disease (C) 2    Ext., rinse mouth
   Hemorrhage (C) 3    O. Ad.
  Fragaria vesca L. Cold, fever (C) 12 Berries, leaves Tea, extract with alcohol, syrup O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 3    O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 2    O. Ad.
  Alchemilla vulgaris L. (MFMTR19) Gynecological diseases (C) 4 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (P) 2    O. Ad.
   Hemorrhage (C) 4    O. Ad.
  Sorbus aucuparia L. Indigestion (C) 5 Fruits, bark Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction, syrup O. Ad.
   Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 4    O. Ad.
   Immunodeficiency (C) 3    O. Ad.
   Menopause (C) 8    O. Ad.
   Oncological diseases (C) 3    O. Ad.
  Crataegus rhipidophylla Gand. Cardiovascular system disorders (C) 5 Berries, leaves Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (C) 2    O. Ad.
  Padus avium Mill. Wounds (C) 2 Berries, bark Extract with alcohol, decoction Ext., rinsing
   Skin diseases (C) 3    Ext., rinsing
Rubiaceae Galium verum L. (MFMTR30) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 1 Flowers, herb Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Wounds (P) 1    Ext., rinsing
Rutaceae Ruta graveolens L. Hemorrhage (P) 3 Aerial parts Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Snake bite (P) 1    Ext.
   Gynecological diseases (C) 3    O. Ad.
Santalaceae Viscum album L. Cardiovascular system disorders (P) 2 Leaves, twigs Extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Oncological diseases (C) 2    O. Ad.
Sapindaceae Acer platanoides L. Indigestion and appetite loss (C) 3 Sap Sap O. Ad.
  Aesculus hippocastanum L. Circulatory disorders (C) 4 Flowers, fruits Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
Scrophulariaceae Verbascum spp. Oncological diseases (P) 1 Flowers Extract with alcohol, extract with hot water O. Ad.
   Insects (snakes) bites (P) 1    Ext.
  Veronica officinalis L. (MFMTR32) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (P) 1 Aerial parts Tea O. Ad.
   Insomnia, nervousness (P) 1   Extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Allergies (P) 1   Tea O. Ad.
  Euphrasia rostkoviana Hayne. (MFMTR57) Eyes disease (C) 3 Aerial parts Tea, compress O. Ad., Ext.
Solanaceae Solanum tuberosum L. Gastric and intestine diseases (C) 2 Corms Juice O. Ad.
   Skin diseases (C) 1    O. Ad., Ext.
   Wounds (C) 1    Ext.
  Solanum dulcamara L. (MFMTR33) Skin diseases (P) 1 Stem, bark Extract with alcohol, decoction Ext.
   Wounds (P) 1    Ext.
Sphagnaceae Sphagnum spp. Wounds (P) 1 Wisps Wisps Ext. (put on wounds)
   Inflammatory skin diseases (P) 1    Ext.
Urticaceae Urtica dioica L. Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 6 Leaves, aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol, decoction O. Ad.
   Hemorrhage (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Menorrhagia (C) 2    O. Ad.
   Cold, fever (C) 5    O. Ad.
   Wounds (C) 2    Ext.
   Hair loss (C) 4    Ext., head rinsing
   Skin diseases (C) 2    O. Ad., Ext.
   Anemia (C) 1    O. Ad.
Violaceae Viola arvensis Murray. (MFMTR29) Kidney and urinary tract diseases (C) 3 Aerial parts Tea, extract with alcohol O. Ad.
   Skin diseases (C) 2    O. Ad., Ext.
  1. (C) the current uses, (P) the past uses, O. ad. oral administration, Ext. external use