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Table 2 Recipes and medicinal plants which uses were maintained by the informants after their migration to Bororé Peninsula

From: Factors affecting the use of medicinal plants by migrants from rural areas of Brazilian Northeast after moving to a metropolitan region in Southeast of Brazil

Scientific name (family)/voucher Popular names Origin* Popular use/[interviewee] Plant part (preparation method) Route
Aegiphila sp. (Verbenaceae) PCR 116 Fumo-brabo UNK Cough [BA1] Aerial (syrup) Oral
Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) PCR 27, 179 Mentrasto, mentrasto-branco N Healing process [BA3, BA4] Leaf (roast and grind) Topic
Allium cf. sativum L. (Liliaceae) [not collected] Alho (garlic) E Catarrh (yellow color) [BA1] Bulb (grind) Inhalation
  Vermifuge [PI2] Bulb (see recipe 1) Oral
Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Tronc. (Verbenaceae) PCR 17 Alfazema, fazema N Body ache [BA2] Branches (infusion) Topic (bathing)
  To vent the house (pleasant scent of lavender) [BA1] Branches (infusion) Topic (bathing)
  To remove black magic [BA1] Branches (infusion) Topic (bathing)
  To remove black magic [BA2] Leaf (see recipe 2) Inhalation
Aloysia triphylla Royle (Verbenaceae) PCR 40 Erva-cidreira, cidreira E Sedative, to sleep [BA5, PI2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L. Burtt & R.M. Sm. (Zingiberaceae) PCR 237 Leopoldina, água-de-colonha E To the heart [BA1] Leaf (infusion) Oral
Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A.C. Sm. (Fabaceae) PCR 136, 138 Emburana N Guts pain due to food [BA1] Seed (see recipe 3) Oral
Anadenanthera macrocarpa (Benth.) Brenan (Fabaceae) PCR 79, 189 Angico, pau-barbado N When you have a bad feeling [BA2] Bark (bitter) Oral
  Wound [BA2] Bark (decoction) Topic
Ananas cf. comosus (L.) Merr. (Bromeliaceae) [not collected] Abacaxi (pineapple) N Flu [BA1] Fruit bark (see recipe 4) Oral
Argemone mexicana L. (Papaveraceae) PCR 182, 254 Carro-santo E Inflammation with catarrh [BA4] Seed (maceration) Topic
  Bronchitis [BA4] Seed (maceration) Topic
Asteraceae (undefined species) PCR 193 Losna UNK Abortive and post abortion care [BA2] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Indigestion [BA5] Aerial (maceration) Oral
Bacharis trimera (Less.) DC. (Asteraceae) PCR 50, 181 Carqueja, carqueja-de-praia N Fever [BA1] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  For the whole gut [BA1] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Gut [BA3, BA4] Leaf (bitter) Oral
  Liver [BA3, BA4] Leaf (bitter) Oral
  Kidney [BA3, BA4] Leaf (infusion or maceration) Oral
Bidens pilosa L. (Asteraceae) PCR 2, 71, 153, 180 Picão N Against hepatitis [BA2] Aerial (infusion) Topic (bathing)
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. (Fabaceae) PCR 26, 102 Maravilha N Eye pain [BA1] Flower (maceration) Topic
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (Fabaceae) PCR 12, 22, 32, 103, 161, 162 Andú E Body ache [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Inflamed tooth, toothache [BA5] Leaf (infusion) Mouthwash
  Inflammation from inside the body [BA1] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Fever [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Infection with vaginal discharge [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Topic
  Cold [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  “Suvaqueira” (armpit odor) [PI2] Leaf (maceration) Topic
  For the baby to be born faster at the time of childbirth [BA1] Leaf (infusion) Topic (bathing) and oral
Cedrela fissilis Vell. (Meliaceae) PCR 249 Cedro N Wound [BA1] Bark (decoction) Topic
  Catarrh (yellow color) [BA1] Bark (decoction) Inhalation
  Baby teeth popping [BA1] Bark (decoction) Mouthwash
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Chenopodiaceae) PCR 49, 61, 218, 253, 255, 328 Erva-de-santa-maria, mastruz, mentruz N “Sentindo por dentro” (feeling sick) [BA1] Aerial (maceration and add to milk) Oral
  Worm [BA5] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Contusion [BA1] Aerial (maceration) Topic
  Tendon inflammation [PI1] Aerial (maceration) Topic
  Pneumonia [PI1] Aerial (maceration) Oral
Citrus sp. (Rutaceae) [not collected] Laranja (orange) E Fever [PI1] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  “Bicheira” (pests, as tunga penetrans) [PI1] Leaf (see recipe 5) Topic
Citrus sp. (Rutaceae) [not collected] Limão (lime) E “Bicheira” (pests, as tunga penetrans) [PI1] Leaf (see recipe 5) Topic
Coffea arabica L. (Rubiaceae) PCR 110 Café E Gut motility [BA1] Seed (see recipe 3) Oral
Commiphora leptophloeos (Mart.) J.B. Gillett (Burseraceae) PCR 220 Emburana, emburana-de-cambão, emburana-macho N Gut motility [BA1] Seed (infusion of toasted seed) Oral
Costus spiralis (Jacq.) Roscoe (Zingiberaceae) PCR9, 53, 221 Cana-de-macaco N Difficulty urinating [BA1] All parts (infusion) Oral
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. (Poaceae) PCR 39, 226, 227, 228, 257 Capim-santo E Sedative, to calm down, to sleep [BA1, BA2, BA5, PI2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Sore throat [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Fever [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Flu [BA1] Leaf (see recipe 4) Oral
  To remove black magic [BA2] Leaf (incense) Inhalation
Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae) PCR 203 Eucalipto, eucalipto-verdadeiro E Domestic hygiene [PI2] Leaf (incense) Inhalation
  Breast congestion [PI1] Leaf (infusion) Inhalation
Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) PCR 15, 57 Pitanga N To children out of parental control [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Flu [BA1] Leaf, fruit (see recipe 4) Oral
Euphorbia prostrata Aiton (Euphorbiaceae) PCR 143 Sanguinho N Diarrhea [BA4] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Apiaceae) PCR 14, 19, 35, 238, 239 Erva-doce N To calm down [BA2, PI2] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Sore throat [BA2] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Pain [BA3] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Stimulate appetite [BA2] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Gut motility due to food [BA1] Aerial (see recipe 6) Oral
  Liver [BA3] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Flu [BA3] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  “Ventosidade” (flatulence) [BA1] Aerial (see recipe 6) Oral
  Cough [BA2] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae) PCR 24, 60, 118, 177 Algodão N Pain [BA1] Fruit, flower (decoction, roast) Topic
  Flu [BA1] Leaf, fruit (see recipe 4) Oral
  Symptoms of pneumonia [BA1] Latex (added to recipe 4) Oral
Imperata brasiliensis Trin. (Poaceae) PCR 169,198 Sapé N Baby teeth popping [BA1] Leaf, root (infusion) Oral, topic (bathing or tie the plant sprout to the child’s neck)
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. (Convolvulaceae) PCR 243, 244 Batata-doce E Toothache [BA5] Tuber (infusion) Mouthwash
Iridaceae (undefined species) PCR 111 Cebola-branca UNK Labor (delivery of placenta) [BA1] Tuber (see recipe 7) Oral
Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. (Crassulaceae) PCR 222 Folha-da-costa, saião, folha-da-fortuna, among others E Flu [BA1] Leaf (see recipe 8) Oral
  Bronchitis [BA1] Leaf (see recipe 8) Oral
Leonotis nepetifolia L. R. Br. (Lamiaceae) PCR 99 Cordão-de-são-francisco N Gut [BA1] Leaf (maceration) Oral
  Fever [BA1] Leaf (maceration) Oral
  To remove blackmagic [BA1] Leaf (maceration) Topic (bathing)
Lepidium bonariense L. (Brassicaceae) PCR 332 Mastruz-rasteiro N Abdominal pain [BA3] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Abdominal pain [BA1] Aerial (maceration and add to milk) Oral
Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Br (Verbenaceae) PCR 4, 13, 18, 33, 34, 62, 112, 195, 196, 325 Erva-cidreira, erva-cideira-roxa N To sleep [BA5] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Hangover [BA1] Aerial (see recipe 9) Oral
  Hypertension [BA4] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Abdominal bloating [BA4] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Spiritual [BA2] Aerial (see recipe 2) Inhalation
Lippia sp. (Verbenaceae) PCR 167, 197 Erva-cidreira UNK Hypertension [BA4] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Abdominal bloating [BA4] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Sedative [BA2] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Luffa cylindrica M. Roem (Cucurbitaceae) PCR 333 Buchinha-do-norte, bucha N Abortive [BA2] Fruit, seed (infusion) Oral
  Sinusitis [PI2] Fruit (infusion) Inhalation
Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv. (Poaceae) PCR 225 Capim-gordura N Diabetes [BA5] Leaf (infusion) Oral
Menispermaceae (undefined species) PCR 178 Buticara, buti UNK Toothache [BA3, BA4] Fruit (decoction) Mouthwash
Mentha arvensis L. (Lamiaceae) PCR 20, 37, 183 Alevante, água-de-alevante, hortelã, hortelãzinho E Sedative [PI2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Measles [BA4] Aerial (see recipe 10) Oral
  Sexual weakness [PI2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Flu [BA4] Leaf (syrup) Oral
  Flu (fever, cough e body ache) [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Labor (delivery of placenta) [BA1] Aerial (see recipe 7) Oral
Mentha pulegium L. (Lamiaceae) PCR 184 Puejo, poejo E Flu (fever, cough e body ache) [ba2] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Flu [PI1] Aerial (see recipe 11) Oral
  Labor (delivery of placenta) [BA1] Aerial (see recipe 7) Oral
Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae) PCR 25, 97 Melão-de-são-caetano E Anemia [BA1] Leaf (infusion or maceration) Oral
  Itching [BA1] Leaf (infusion) Topic (bathing)
Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão (Anacardiaceae) PCR 140 Aroeira N To bless [BA1] Branches (in natura) Topic
Myristica fragans Houtt. (Myristicaceae) PCR 114 Noz-moscada E “Quando comeu e ofendeu o intestino” (guts pain due to food) Seed (see recipes 3 and 6) Oral
  “Ventosidade” (flatulence) [BA1] Seed (see recipe 6) Oral
Ocimum americanum L. (Lamiaceae) PCR 229 Manjericão, alixir-paregórico E Flu [BA1] Branches (see recipe 4) Oral
Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae) PCR 21 Manjericão E Flu [BA1] Branches (see recipe 4) Oral
Ocimum campechianum Mill. (Lamiaceae) PCR 231, 232, 233 Alfavaca-fina, tiioiô, alfavaca N Flu (pediatric) [BA1] Aerial (syrup) Oral
  Wound healing [BA1] Leaf (maceration) Topic
Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) PCR 23, 230 Manjericão, tiioiô E Sedative [PI2] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Flu [BA1] Aerial (see recipe 4) Oral
Ocimum selloi Benth. (Lamiaceae) PCR 5 Alixir-paregórico, elixirs N General pain [BA1] Branches (infusion) Oral
  Bowel pain [PI1] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Operculina macrocarpa (Linn) Urb. (Convolvulaceae) PCR 246 Batata-doce, batata-de-purga N Inflamed tooth, toothache [BA5] Tuber (infusion) Mouthwash
Passiflora edulis Sims. (Passifloraceae) PCR 38 Maracujá N Sedative [PI2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
Persea americana Mill. (Lauraceae) PCR 16, 247, 248 Abacate, abacate-branco E Weight loss [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Leukemia [BA2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Cholesterol [BA5] Seed (decoction) Oral
  Liver [BA3] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Kidney [BA3] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Kidney stone [BA5] Leaf (infusion) Oral
Petiveria alliacea L. (Phytolaccaceae) PCR 117, 122, 256 Guiné N Pain due to dental caries (cavities) [BA1] Root (thin pieces) Topic
  Kidney [BA4] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  To prevent black magic [BA3] Aerial (maceration in alcoholic drink) Oral
  To prevent black magic [BA1] Root (thin pieces) Topic
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. &Thonn. (Euphorbiaceae) PCR 147 Quebra-pedra N Inflammation [BA5] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Kidney stone [BA3, BA4, BA5] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Phyllanthus niruri L. (Euphorbiaceae) PCR 146 Quebra-pedra N Inflammation [BA5] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Kidney stone [BA3, BA4, BA5] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Phyllanthus stipulatus (Raf.) G. L. Webster (Euphorbiaceae) PCR 145 Quebra-pedra N Kidney stone [BA1] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb. (Euphorbiaceae) PCR 6 Quebra-pedra N Kidney stone [BA3, BA4, BA5] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Inflammation [BA5] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. (Lamiaceae) PCR 185, 323 Alfavaca-grossa, hortelã-grosso, hortelã-da-folha-grossa, hortelã-doce E Flu [BA1] Leaf (see recipe 4) Oral
  Flu [BA4] Aerial (syrup) Oral
  Expectorant [PI2] Leaf (syrup) Oral
  Eye inflammation [PI2] Leaf (juice released when pressed with a hot plate) Topic
  Gynecological infection [PI2] Leaf (infusion) Vulva and vagina bath using a bucket
Plectranthus barbatus Andrews (Lamiaceae) PCR 3, 29, 158 Boldo, boldo-grosso, folha-de-santa-bárbara E Indigestion [PI2] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Stomach [BA1] Leaf (infusion or maceration) Oral
Plectranthus neochilus Schltr. (Lamiaceae) PCR 159, 160 Boldo, boldo-miúdo, boldo-unha-de-gato E Hangover [BA1] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Gut [BA1] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Indigestion [BA1, BA5] Leaf (infusion) Oral
Pothomorphe umbellata (L.) Miq. (Piperaceae) PCR 252 Capeba N Burning sensation on liver and stomach [BA1] Leaf (infusion or maceration) Oral
Psidium cf. guajava L. (Myrtaceae) [not collected] Goiaba (guava) N Diarrhea [PI2] Terminal portion of the branches (infusion) Oral
Punica granatum L. (Punicaceae) PCR 216 Romã E Sore throat [BA1] Bark, fruit, leaf (infusion) Mouthwash
  Sore throat [PI1] Bark, leaf (decoction) Mouthwash
Ricinus communis L. (Euphorbiaceae) PCR 144 Mamona E Measles [BA4] Seed (see recipe 10) Oral
Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) PCR 36, 186, 322 Alecrim E Body ache [BA2] Branches (infusion) Oral
  Flu [BA1] Aerial (see recipe 4) Oral
  To prevent black magic [BA2] Branches (to bless) Topic
  Whooping cough [BA2] Branches (infusion) Oral
Ruta chalepensis L. (Rutaceae) PCR 121, 148 Arruda-miúda E Otitis (pediatric) [BA1] Aerial (maceration) Topic
  Eye injury (knock) [BA1] Aerial (juice) Topic
  Flu [BA1] Aerial (syrup) Oral
  Against evil eye [BA1] Aerial (in natura) Put in a vase inside home
  Bronchitis [BA1] Aerial (syrup) Oral
Ruta graveolens L. (Rutaceae) PCR 123 Arruda E Baby belly button [BA2] Aerial (oil extraction) Topic
  Eye injury (knock) [BA1] Aerial (juice) Topic
  Otitis [BA1, BA2] Aerial (maceration) Topic
  Flu [BA1] Aerial (syrup) Oral
  To prevent black magic and envy [BA1] Aerial (in natura) Put in a vase inside home
  To prevent black magic and envy [BA2] Aerial (fresh plant) Topic
  Recovery and care after delivery [BA2] Aerial (in natura) Oral
  Bronchitis [BA1] Aerial (syrup) Oral
Sambucus canadensis L. (Caprifoliaceae) PCR 211, 212 Sabugueiro E Measles, chickenpox, smallpox [BA1, BA2] Flower (infusion) Oral or topic (bathing)
  Rheumatism [BA2] Flower (maceration) Topic
  Flu [BA1] Leaf (syrup) Oral
  Contusion [BA2] Flower (maceration) Topic
  Bronchitis [BA1] Leaf (syrup) Oral
Sansevieria trifasciata Prain (Liliaceae) PCR 58, 258 Espada-de-ogum, são-jorge E To remove black magic [BA2] Leaf (incense) Inhalation
Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi (Anacardiaceae) PCR 175 Aroeira N To bless [BA1] Branches (in natura) Topic
Scleria distans Poir. (Cyperaceae) PCR 132 Junço, dandá N Pain [BA1] All parts (infusion) Topic (bathing)
Scoparia dulcis L. (Scrophulariaceae) PCR 171 Bassorinha E Itching (pediatric) [BA1] Aerial (infusion) Topic (bathing)
  Bowel pain (pediatric) [BA1] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Senna sp. (Fabaceae) PCR 108 Copaíba UNK Hemorrhoid [BA1] Stem (oil, resin extraction) Topic
  Indigestion [BA1] Stem (oil, resin extraction) Oral
  Healing process [BA1] Stem (oil, resin extraction) Topic
Sicana paineira (Vell.) Naudin (Cucurbitaceae) PCR 334 Melão-coroá E Symptoms of heart attack [BA1] Fruit (roast and grind) Oral
Sphagnetico latrilobata (L.) Pruski (Asteraceae) PCR 156 Mal-me-quer N Menorrhagia (not related to pregnancy) [BA4] Flower (infusion) Oral
Struthanthus marginatus (Desr.) Blume (Loranthaceae) PCR 176 Erva-de-passarinho N Scabies (pediatric) [BA1] Leaf (infusion) Topic (bathing)
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry (Myrtaceae) PCR 124 Cravo-da-índia E Flu [BA1] Flower (see recipe 4) Oral
Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray (Asteraceae) PCR 154 Chapéu-de-couro N Urethra and kidney problems [BA1] Aerial (infusion) Oral
  Flu [BA1] Aerial (infusion) Oral
Vernonia condensata Baker (Asteraceae) PCR 157, 165 Boldo-do-chile, alumã E Hangover [BA1] Leaf (see recipe 9) Oral
  Indigestion [BA1] Leaf (see recipe 9) Oral
  Indigestion [BA4] Leaf (infusion) Oral
  Liver [BA4] Leaf (infusion) Oral
Vernonia polyanthes Less. (Asteraceae) PCR 8 Assa-peixe N Flu [BA1] Leaf (syrup) Oral
  For the lungs [BA1] Leaf (maceration) Oral
  Healing process [BA1] Leaf (maceration) Topic
  1. *Native or naturalized (N), Exotic (E), Unknown origin (UNK)