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Table 1 Species of wild birds used by the inhabitants in the rural communities of São Mamede, Lagoa, and Solânea, Northeast Brazil, with their general, current, and potential use values (UV)

From: Local knowledge, use, and conservation of wild birds in the semi-arid region of Paraíba state, northeastern Brazil

Taxon São Mamede-PB Lagoa-PB Solânea-PB Use
VUg VUpp VUat VUg VUp VUat VUg VUp VUat
Passeriformes
 Icteridae
  Agelaioides fringillarius (Spix 1824) 0.36 0.36 0        Al, Cr
  Gnorimopsar chopi (Vieillot, 1819) 0.2 0.18 0.02 0.15 0.1 0.05 0.04 0.04 0 Al, Cr
  Icterus cayanensis (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.18 0.18 0 0.2 0.2 0 0.04 0.04 0 Cr
  Icterus jamacaii (Gmelin, 1788) 0.92 0.88 0.04 0.35 0.35 0 0.27 0.27 0 Al, Cr
  Procacicus solitarius (Vieillot, 1816) 0.02 0.02 0 0.1 0.1 0     Cr
  Molothrus bonariensis (Gmelin, 1789) 0.06 0.06 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.02 0.02 0 Cr
  Sturnella superciliaris (Bonaparte, 1850)        0.01 0.01 0 Cr
  Icterus pyrrhopterus(Vieillot, 1819) 0.06 0.06 0 0.05 0.05 0     Cr
 Cardinalidae
  Cyanoloxia brissonii (Lichtenstein, 1823) 0.08 0.08 0 0.15 0.1 0.05 0.4 0.4 0 Al, Cr
 Fringillidae
  Euphonia chlorotica (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.27 0.27 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.14 0.14 0 Al, Cr
  Spinus yarrellii (Audubon, 1839) 0.08 0.08 0     0.13 0.13 0 Cr
 Furnariidae
  Pseudoseisura cristata (Spix, 1824) 0.42 0.42 0 0.15 0.15 0     Cr
  Furnarius leucopus Swainson, 1838 0.04 0.04 0 0.05 0.05 0     Cr
 Corvidae
  Cyanocorax cyanopogon (Wied, 1821) 0.79 0.79 0 0.3 0.3 0 0.08 0.08 0 Al, Cr, Me
 Thraupidae
  Coryphospingus pileatus (Wied, 1821) 0.08 0.08 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.13 0.12 0.01 Cr
  Tachyphonus rufus (Boddaert, 1783)        0.01 0.01 0 Cr
  Tangara sayaca (Linnaeus, 1766)        0.07 0.05 0.02  
  Paroaria dominicana (Linnaeus, 1758) 1 0.94 0.06 0.8 0.8 0 1.09 1.02 0.07 Al, Cr, Me
  Sporophila albogularis (Spix, 1825) 0.48 0.42 0.06 0.25 0.2 0.05 1.15 0.94 0.21 Al, Cr
  Sporophila angolensis (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.02 0.02 0     0.01 0.01 0 Cr
  Sporophila bouvreuil (Statius Muller, 1776) 0.1 0.1 0 0.05 0.05 0 0.02 0.02 0 Cr
  Sporophila lineola (Linnaeus, 1758) 0.1 0.1 0 0.15 0.1 0.05 0.77 0.59 0.18 Al, Cr
  Sporophila nigricollis (Vieillot, 1823) 0.04 0.04 0     0.01 0.01 0 Cr
  Sporophila leucoptera (Vieillot, 1817)        0.01 0.01 0 Cr
  Sicalis flaveola (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.37 0.37 0 0.15 0.15 0 0.2 0.2 0 Al, Cr
  Volatinia jacarina (Linnaeus, 1766)        0.09 0.08 0.01 Al Cr
 Mimidae
  Mimus saturninus (Lichtenstein, 1823) 0.54 0.52 0.02 0.25 0.25 0 0.13 0.13 0 Al, Cr
 Passeridae
  Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758) 0.12 0.12 0 0.05 0.05 0     Cr
 Tyrannidae
  Fluvicola nengeta (Linnaeus, 1766)        0.06 0.06 0 Al, Cr, Me
  Xolmis dominicanus (Vieillot, 1823) 0.12 0.12 0        Cr
  Pitangus sulphuratus (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.48 0.48 0 0.15 0.15 0 0.16 0.16 0 Al, Cr
 Polioptilidae
  Polioptila plumbea (Gmelin, 1788) 0.17 0.17 0     0.04 0.04 0 Al, Cr
 Hirundinidae
  Progne chalybea (Gmelin, 1789) 0.06 0.06 0        Cr
 Passerellidae
  Ammodramus humeralis (Bosc, 1792)        0.02 0.02 0 Cr
  Zonotrichia capensis (Statius Muller, 1776) 0.04 0.04 0     0.03 0.03 0 Al, Cr
 Troglodytidae
  Troglodytes musculus Naumann, 1823 0.36 0.36 0 0.25 0.25 0 0.04 0.04 0 Al, Cr
 Turdidae
  Turdus amaurochalinus Cabanis, 1850 0.02 0.02 0        Cr
  Turdus leucomelas Vieillot, 1818 0.02 0.02 0 0.3 0.3 0 0.24 0.23 0.01 Al, Cr
  Turdus rufiventris Vieillot, 1818 0.33 0.33 0 0.35 0.35 0 0.32 0.31 0.01 Al, Cr
 Thamnophilidae
  Herpsilochmus atricapillus Pelzeln, 1868        0.14 0.14 0 Al, Cr
  Thamnophilus capistratus Lesson, 1840        0.01 0.01 0 Cr
Gruiformes
 Rallidae
  Aramides cajaneus (Statius Muller, 1776) 0.12 0.12 0 0.1 0.1 0     Al
  Gallinula galeata (Lichtenstein,1818) 0.12 0.12 0        Al
 Aramidae
  Aramus guarauna (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.08 0.08 0        Al
Psittaciformes
 Psittacidae
  Eupsittula cactorum (Kuhl, 1820) 0.52 0.52 0 0.65 0.6 0.05     Al, Cr
  Amazona aestiva (Linnaeus, 1758) 0.04 0.04 0        Cr
  Forpus xanthopterygius (Spix, 1824) 0.15 0.15 0     0.15 0.15 0 Cr
Pelecaniformes
 Ardeidae
  Ardea alba Linnaeus, 1758 0.12 0.12 0     0.02 0.02 0 Al
  Egretta thula (Molina, 1782) 0.02 0.02 0 0.1 0.1 0     Al
  Tigrisoma lineatum (Boddaert, 1783) 0.02 0.02 0        Al
Strigiformes
 Strigidae
  Athene cunicularia (Molina, 1782) 0.06 0.06 0 0.15 0.15 0    
  Megascops choliba (Vieillot, 1817) 0.02 0.02 0        Cr
  Glaucidium brasilianum (Gmelin, 1788) 0.29 0.29 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.03 0.03 0 Cr
 Tytonidae
  Tyto furcata (Temminck, 1827) 0.14 0.14 0 0.05 0.05 0 0.04 0.04  
Accipitriformes
 Accipitridae
  Rupornis magnirostris (Gmelin, 1788) 0.31 0.31 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.05 0.05 0 Al, Cr
  Buteo brachyurus Vieillot, 1816 0.1 0.1 0        Al
  Buteo nitidus (Latham, 1790) 0.02 0.02 0        Al
  Buteo swainsoni Bonaparte, 1838 0.02 0.02 0        Al
  Rostrhamus sociabilis (Vieillot, 1817) 0.02 0.02 0        
  Heterospizias meridionalis (Latham, 1790) 0.2 0.2 0     0.03 0.03 0 Al
  Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Vieillot, 1819) 0.17 0.17 0 0.05 0.05 0 0.06 0.06 0 Al
  Geranospiza caerulescens (Vieillot, 1817) 0.1 0.1 0       
Falconiformes
 Falconidae
  Caracara plancus (Miller, 1777) 0.27 0.27 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.04 0.04 0 Al, Me
  Herpetotheres cachinnans (Linnaeus, 1758) 0.23 0.23 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.02 0.02 0 Cr
  Falco sparverius Linnaeus, 1758 0.02 0.02 0       
Cariamiformes
 Cariamidae
  Cariama cristata (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.36 0.34 0.02 0.1 0.1 0 0.02 0.02 0 Al, Cr
Coraciformes
 Alcedinidae
  Chloroceryle amazona (Latham, 1790) 0.02 0.02 0 0.05 0.05 0     Cr
Caprimulgiformes
 Caprimulgidae
  Chordeiles acutipennis (Hermann, 1783) 0.28 0.28 0     0.02 0.02 0 Al
Columbiformes
 Columbidae
  Columbina minuta (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.14 0.12 0.02     0.94 0.82 0.12 Al, Cr
  Columbina picui (Temminck, 1813) 0.84 0.65 0.19 0.8 0.65 0.15 1.01 0.86 0.15 Al, Cr, Me
  Columbina squammata (Lesson, 1831) 0.37 0.31 0.06 0.45 0.4 0.05 0.16 0.16 0 Al, Cr,
  Columbina talpacoti (Temminck, 1811) 0.84 0.64 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.97 0.81 0.16 Al, Cr, Me
  Patagioenas picazuro (Temminck, 1813) 0.48 0.42 0.06 0.25 0.25 0 0.04 0.04 0 Al, Cr
  Leptotila verreauxi Bonaparte, 1855 0.29 0.29 0 0.3 0.3 0 0.74 0.62 0.12 Al, Cr, Me
  Claravis pretiosa (Ferrari-Perez, 1886)     0.15 0.1 0.05 0.37 0.3 0.07 Al, Cr
  Zenaida auriculata (Des Murs, 1847) 0.38 0.3 0.08 0.3 0.3 0 0.24 0.22 0.02 Al, Cr
Cathartiformes
 Cathartidae
  Coragyps atratus (Bechstein, 1793) 0.33 0.33 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.02 0.02 0 Me
  Cathartes aura (Linnaeus, 1758) 0.02 0.02 0        Cr
Apodiformes
 Trochilidae
  Chlorostilbon lucidus (Shaw, 1812) 0.2 0.2 0 0.2 0.2 0 0.12 0.12 0
  Chrysolampis mosquitus (Linnaeus, 1758)        0.02 0.02 0
  Eupetomena macroura (Gmelin, 1788) 0.12 0.12 0     0.04 0.04 0
Cuculiformes
 Cuculidae
  Guira guira (Gmelin, 1788) 0.54 0.52 0.02 0.5 0.5 0 0.11 0.11 0 Al, Cr
  Crotophaga ani Linnaeus, 1758 0.54 0.54 0 0.65 0.65 0 0.09 0.09 0 Al, Cr
  Crotophaga major Gmelin, 1788 0.04 0.04 0     0.03 0.03 0
  Coccyzus melacoryphus Vieillot, 1817 0.08 0.08 0        Cr
  Tapera naevia (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.04 0.04 0       
Charadriformes
 Jacanidae
  Jacana jacana (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.08 0.08 0        Al
 Charadriidae
  Vanellus chilensis (Molina, 1782) 0.46 0.46 0 0.15 0.15 0     Al
Tinamiformes
 Tinamidae
  Nothura boraquira (Spix, 1825) 0.6 0.46 0.14        Al, Cr, Me
  Nothura spp     0.35 0.35 0     Al, Cr
  Crypturellus parvirostris (Wagler, 1827)        1.09 0.9 0.19 Al, Cr
  Crypturellus tataupa (Temminck, 1815) 0.22 0.2 0.02 0.25 0.25 0 0.75 0.61 0.14 Al, Cr, Me
  Rhynchotus rufescens (Temminck, 1815)        0.9 0.73 0.17 Al, Cr, Me
  Nothura maculosa (Temminck, 1815) 0.02 0.02 0       
Nyctibiiformes
 Nyctibiidae
  Nyctibius griseus (Gmelin, 1789) 0.1 0.02 0.08     0.02 0.02 0 Me
Galbuliformes
 Bucconidae
  Nystalus maculatus (Gmelin, 1788) 0.25 0.25 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.01 0.01 0 Al
Anseriformes
 Anatidae
  Sarkidiornis sylvicola Ihering & Ihering, 1907 0.31 0.31 0        Al
  Dendrocygna viduata (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.21 0.21 0        Al
Piciformes
 Picidae
  Veniliornis passerinus (Linnaeus, 1766) 0.16 0.16 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.01 0.01 0 Al
  1. Use: Al food, Cr rearing, Me traditional medicine