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Table 3 Plant species used by Landian Yao in addition to indigo source species during the dyeing process

From: Identity blues: the ethnobotany of the indigo dyeing by Landian Yao (Iu Mien) in Yunnan, Southwest China

Order Family Scientific name Local name Chinese name Parts used Source of plant material Usage Specimen number
1 Asteraceae Ageratum conyzoides (L.) L.* Masei Huo Xiang Ji Shu Whole plant Naturalized Fermentation source 16LS03
2 Asteraceae Artemisia argyi H.Lév. & Vaniot Mengwei Ai Hao Leaf Wild Ash source 16LS01
3 Amaranthaceae Iresine herbstii Hook.* Gamsei Xue Xian Leaf and stem Cultivated Symbolic reason 16LS02
4 Acanthaceae Peristrophe bivalvis (L.) Merr. Nanlamu Guan Yin Cao Leaf and stem Cultivated Fermentation source 16LS09
5 Asteraceae Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A.Gray* Mafangwang Zhong Bing Ju Leaf and stem Naturalized Fermentation source 16LS04
6 Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea cirrhosa Lour. Dongyang Shu Liang Tuber Wild Tannin source 16LS05
7 Fabaceae Bauhinia variegata L. Moonbulouyang Fen Hua Yang Ti Jia Stem Wild Ash source 16LS06
8 Fabaceae Spatholobus suberectus Dunn Zhengzhongmei Mi Hua Dou Bark Wild Tannin source 16LS10
9 Gramineae Oryza sativa L. Bugao Dao Stem Cultivated Ash source  
10 Loganiaceae Buddleja officinalis Maxim. Wonggongmagia Mi Meng Hua Whole plant Wild also cultivated Fermentation source 16LS13
11 Piperaceae Piper bavinum C. DC. Lao Hu Jiao Shu Leaf Wild Fermentation source 16LS07
12 Polygonaceae Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre Meliu Shui Liao Whole plant Cultivated Fermentation source 16LS08
13 Poaceae Zea mays L.* Baogu Yu Shu Ji Rachis Cultivated   P1601
14 Solanaceae Capsicum annuum L.* Longma La Jiao Dry fruit Cultivated   P1602
  1. Species in inventory are arranged firstly by family taxa and then by genus taxa. Voucher number with 16LS means voucher specimen number, and the one with P16 means voucher photograph number. All the specimens of documented species were collected and deposited at the herbarium of Kunming Institute of Botany
  2. *introduced species, all of which are from Latin America.