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Table 3 Tests for significant correlations between agreeing with statements and independent variables

From: Community attitudes towards bears, bear bile use, and bear conservation in Luang Prabang, Lao PDR

Statementa Age Gender Ethnicity Village hh size Assets
Bear bile has medicinal value ns Phi = .163* (female) ns ns t = 2.086* df = 185 ns
It is acceptable to use bile from bears that are farmed t = 2.198* df = 113 ns ns ns ns ns
Bile from wild bears has stronger medicinal properties than farmed bears ns ns Cramer’s V = .193* Khmu (asr = −2.68) Cramer’s V = .300** Pa Nor (asr = − 3.8) t = 2.567** df = 175 ns
Using bile from wild bears will lead to a lower number of bears in the wild t = 1.836* df = 222 ns ns Cramer’s V = .229* Tin Pa (asr = −3.3) t = 2.610** df = 228 ns
There are good medicinal alternatives to bear bile/bear gallbladder ns ns ns ns ns t = 1.917* df = 190
Use of bear bile is an important part of my culture t = 2.332* df = 159 ns ns ns ns ns
It is easy to find places to buy bear bile ns ns ns Cramer’s V = .266** Nong Toke (asr = 3.3) ns ns
  1. asignificant differences shown for orientation towards “agree” responses, compared with other groups
  2. ns not significant, *p < .05, **p < .01