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Table 1 Scientific name of documented species, families, ecological status, and other indices

From: Floristic composition and utilization of ethnomedicinal plant species in home gardens of the Eastern Himalaya

Botanical name/accession number Family Local name NI F (%) IVI UV FL (%) CI
Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wall. (10061)a Acanthaceae Kalo meg/kal meg 16 10.67 2.66 0.093 93.75 0.048
Hygrophila schulli (Ham.) M.R. and S.M. Almeida Almeida (10068)a Acanthaceae Kulekhara 49 32.67 4.88 0.073 22.45 0.033
Justicia adhatoda L. (UBKV FOR 328)b Acanthaceae Basakpata 40 33.33 4.31 0.140 42.00 0.111
Justicia gendarussa Burm.f. (UBKV FOR 329)b Acanthaceae Bishalyokoroni 72 29.33 6.43 0.107 36.36 0.071
Acorus calamus L. (UBKV FOR 252)b Acoraceae Bogh 34 22.67 3.87 0.027 11.76 0.024
Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr. Anarcardiaceae Jiga 87 58.00 7.43 0.013 4.60 0.056
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban (10097)a Apiaceae Thankuni 89 59.33 7.56 0.467 78.65 0.091
Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. (10089)a Apocynaceae Chatim 44 22.67 4.65 0.033 23.53 0.167
Rauvolfia serpentinea (L.) Benth. ex Kurz. (UBKV FOR 271)b Apocynaceae Sarpaganda 72 29.33 6.43 0.040 13.64 0.143
Cocus nucifera L. (UBKV FOR 309)b Arecaceae Narkel 160 51.33 11.06 0.067 12.99 0.091
Asparagus racemosus Willd. (UBKV FOR 255)b Asparagaceae Shatamuli 19 11.33 2.98 0.020 25.00 0.029
Ageratum conyzoides (L.) L. (UBKV FOR 29)b Asteraceae Gandhe 17 10.67 2.79 0.080 12.50 0.063
Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz (10111)a Bignoniaceae Surimala 29 15.33 3.73 0.080 52.17 0.037
Ananas comosus (L) Merr. (UBKV FOR 282)b Bromeliaceae Anaras 109 46.67 8.39 0.020 4.29 0.077
Carica papaya L. (UBKV FOR 298)b Caricaceae Paypay 88 36.00 7.27 0.027 7.41 0.200
Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex Dc.) Wight and Arn.(10,087)a Combretaceae Arjun 21 8.67 3.69 0.073 84.62 0.031
Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. (UBKV FOR 45)b Combretaceae Bahera 7 4.67 2.06 0.047 22.22 0.036
Terminalia chebula Retz. (10124)a Combretaceae Haritaki 25 16.00 3.30 0.107 66.67 0.063
Cuscuta europaea L. (10121)a Convolvulaceae Sarnolata 28 18.67 3.47 0.040 46.43 0.077
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken (10091)a Crassulaceae Patharkuchi 74 46.67 6.50 0.280 45.71 0.200
Equisetum arvense L. (10159)a Equisetaceae Harvanga 17 7.33 3.38 0.033 18.18 0.031
Phyllanthus emblica L. (UBKV FOR 263)b Euphorbiaceae Amloki 50 21.33 5.19 0.033 86.67 0.125
Jatropha curcas L. (UBKV FOR 264)b Euphorbiaceae Bharenda 44 24.00 4.61 0.080 33.33 0.037
Euphorbia hirta L. (10079)a Euphorbiaceae Lal dudhi 71 47.33 6.35 0.020 5.63 0.167
Clerodendrum infortunatum L. (10070)a Lamiaceae Vati 85 56.00 7.28 0.107 19.05 0.048
Mentha arvensis L. Lamiaceae Pudina 76 50.67 6.69 0.113 22.37 0.056
Ocimum gratissimum L. Lamiaceae Ram tulsi 19 12.67 2.86 0.027 21.05 0.031
Ocimum sanctum L. (UBKV FOR 267)b Lamiaceae Tulsi 135 90.00 10.65 0.533 89.63 0.077
Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link. (UBKV FOR 331)b Lamiaceae Kanchisa 101 67.33 8.37 0.067 6.93 0.333
Vitex negundo L. (10069)a Lamiaceae Nishinda 29 18.67 3.55 0.040 21.43 0.047
Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham.) T.Nees and Eberm. Lauraceae Tezpata 31 19.33 3.71 0.020 10.34 0.077
Cinnamomum verum J.Presl Lauraceae Dalchini 17 4.67 4.64 0.013 28.57 0.024
Punica granatum L. (UBKV FOR 345)b Lythraceae Dhalim 43 20.67 4.66 0.020 9.68 0.130
Abroma augusta (L.) L.f. (10104)a Malvaceae Allot kamal/ulatkambal 72 29.33 6.43 0.107 36.36 0.116
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. (UBKV FOR 324)b Malvaceae Jawa phul 143 80.67 10.68 0.027 33.16 0.029
Azadirachta indica A.Juss (UBKV FOR 256)b Meliaceae Neem 31 16.00 3.88 0.147 87.50 0.063
Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr. (10137)a Menispermaceae Gulancha 14 9.33 2.53 0.040 14.29 0.167
Mimosa pudica L. (UBKV FOR 93)b Mimosaceae Lajjawati 58 38.67 5.48 0.093 5.17 0.094
Streblus asper Lour. (10084)a Moraceae Shaora 61 24.67 5.85 0.053 2.70 0.059
Moringa oleifera Lam. (UBKV FOR 336)b Moringaceae Sajana 23 12.00 3.39 0.053 16.67 0.067
Averrhoa carambola L. (10056)a Oxalidaceae Kamranga 24 14.67 3.27 0.120 9.09 0.043
Piper betle L. (10120)a Piperaceae Pan 128 85.33 10.18 0.280 32.81 0.167
Piper nigrum L. (UBKV FOR 268)b Piperaceae Golmarich 96 64.00 8.03 0.067 10.42 0.071
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (UBKV FOR 261)b Poaceae Dubbaghass 136 87.33 10.60 0.240 26.09 0.070
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. (10122)a Rhamnaceae Kul 79 52.67 6.89 0.020 43.04 0.333
Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa (10062)a Rutaceae Bael 40 20.00 4.44 0.093 46.67 0.154
Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. (10063)a Rutaceae Curry pata 85 51.33 7.17 0.020 3.90 0.095
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettest Scrophulariaceae Brahmi 32 21.33 3.73 0.033 15.63 0.095
Datura metel L. (UBKV FOR 262)b Solanaceae Dhatura 52 34.67 5.08 0.153 44.23 0.108
Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. (UBKV FOR 279)b Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe vera 77 50.00 6.73 0.207 70.67 0.167
Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. Zingiberaceae Jhanglihalud 28 18.67 3.47 0.033 14.29 0.273
Curcuma longa L. (10081)a Zingiberaceae Halud 108 72.00 8.84 0.247 34.26 0.077
Zingiber officinale Roscoe. (10082)a Zingiberaceae Ada 111 74.00 9.04 0.187 25.23 0.333
  1. NI number of individuals, F frequency, IVI importance value index, UV use value, FL fidelity, CI cultural importance
  2. aSpecies identified from Taxonomy of Angiosperms and Biosystematics Research Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of North Bengal
  3. bSpecies identified from herbarium of Department of Forestry, UBKV