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Table 4 Food plants reported in the studied area

From: Traditional knowledge in semi-rural close to industrial areas: ethnobotanical studies in western Gironès (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula)

Family Taxon (voucher) Catalan vernacular names Preparation Used part Wild (W)/cultivated (C) Use reports
Adoxaceae Sambucus nigra L. (BCN113595) Sabuquer. Saüc. Saüquer Alcoholic beverage made with wine. Cooked in oil. Cooked in wine. Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit. Inflorescence W 15
Amaranthaceae Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. crassa (Alef.) Helm (BCN50761) Bleda. Polpa (elaborated product). Remolatxa. Sucre (elaborated product). Sucre candi (elaborated product) Air dried. Alcoholic beverage made with wine. High-grade alcoholic beverage Root C 9
Amaryllidaceae Allium cepa L. (BCN28655) Ceba Boiled in water. Cooked. Raw Bulb C 4
Allium porrum L. (BCN28791) Porro Condiment Leaf C 2
Allium sativum L. (BCN29832) All Boiled in water. Condiment. Cooked in oil. Raw Bulb C 10
Apiaceae Apium nodiflorum (L.) Lag. (BCN113736) Créixec. Creixen Raw Aerial part W 4
Carum carvi L. (BCN29642) Comí High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 1
Cuminum cyminum L. (BCN-E-194) Comí High-grade alcoholic beverage Seed W 1
Daucus carota L. subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang. (BCN46847) Pastanaga Boiled in water Root C 1
Eryngium campestre L. (BCN31274) Espinacal High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 1
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (BCN26350) Fonoll Boiled in water. Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Inflorescence W 27
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Hill (BCN29905) Julivert Condiment Leaf C 4
Pimpinella anisum L. (BCN47278) Anís verd. Matafaluga Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit C 6
Apocynaceae Vinca major L. (BCN25039) Vinca. Vincapervinca High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Asparagaceae Aphyllanthes monspeliensis L. (BCN29627) Llonsa. Pa de cucut Raw Aerial part. Flower W 3
Asparagus acutifolius L. (BCN29976) Espàrgol. Esparreguera. Espàrrec Cooked in oil. High-grade alcoholic beverage Leaf. Young shoot W 12
Aspleniaceae Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L. (BCN113596) Fulleta High-grade alcoholic beverage Frond W 1
Asteraceae Achillea ageratum L. (BCN113701) Herba del fàstic High-grade alcoholic beverage Inflorescence W 1
Achillea millefolium L. (BCN113708) Cordonet. Herba de les milfulles High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 1
Arctium minus Bernh. (BCN113727) Boiled in water Stem W 1
Artemisia abrotanum L. (BCN31263) Broida Condiment Leaf W 1
Artemisia absinthium L. (BCN29837) Artemisa. Donzell High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 1
Bellis perennis L. (BCN31264) Margaridoia Raw Leaf W 2
Calendula officinalis L. (BCN29977) Calèndula High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Inflorescence C 2
Centaurea aspera L. (BCN113579) Caps de burro. Flor del sucre. Travalera High-grade alcoholic beverage Inflorescence W 2
Chondrilla juncea L. (BCN29852) Màstec Preserved in vinegar. Raw Leaf W 29
Cichorium endivia L. (BCN46854) Escarola Condiment Leaf C 1
Cichorium intybus L. (BCN29660) Cama-roja. Xicoia. Xicoina. Xicòria Raw Leaf W 6
Cynara cardunculus L. (BCN-E-192) Herba presonera. Presó. Presonera. Presora Condiment Inflorescence C 18
Helichrysum stoechas (L.) Moench (BCN29872) Mançanilla. Sempreviva High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Inflorescence W 3
Matricaria recutita L. (BCN113594) Camamilla. Camamilla romana High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Inflorescence W 11
Pallenis spinosa (L.) Cass. (BCN31291) Mala mare High-grade alcoholic beverage Inflorescence W 2
Reichardia picroides (L.) Roth (BCN113704) Cosconilla High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Leaf W 37
Santolina chamaecyparissus L. (BCN113709) Espernallac. Santolina High-grade alcoholic beverage. Milk-based beverage Inflorescence W 2
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. (BCN29958) Card Boiled in water Stem W 1
Sonchus sp. Llepsó. Lletissó. Llistó Raw Aerial part W 1
Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) Bertoni (BCN30644) Estèvia Not reported Leaf C 1
Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers (BCN25948) Dent de lleó. Xicoia Beverage made with water. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Leaf. Not reported. Root W 3
Betulaceae Corylus avellana L. (BCN29831) Avellana (fruit). Avellana del queixal (fruit). Avellaner. Avellaner negret Cooked. Raw Fruit W 7
Brassicaceae Brassica napus L. (BCN46856) Nap. Nap de bou. Nap del camp Boiled in water Root C 1
Brassica oleracea L. subsp. oleracea (BCN32181) Bròquil. Col. Col aloma Preserved in salt and water Leaf C 1
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic. (BCN46079) Bossa de pastor. Caps blancs High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Aerial part W 2
Raphanus raphanistrum L. subsp. sativus (L.) Domin (BCN49860) Rave Raw Stem C 1
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek subsp. nasturtium-aquaticum (BCN29771) Créixec. Creixen Raw Aerial part W 6
Cactaceae Opuntia maxima Mill. (BCN46078) Figuera de moro Condiment Leaf C 1
Campanulaceae Campanula rapunculus L. (BCN50763) Repunxó Raw Leaf. Root. Whole plant W 22
Cannabaceae Celtis australis L. (BCN29845) Lledó (fruit). Lledoner High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Fruit C 15
Caprifoliaceae Lonicera implexa Ait. (BCN113802) Lligabosc. Mareselva. Xuclamel High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Aerial part. Flower W 13
Scabiosa atropurpurea L. (BCN29947) Escabiosa High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 5
Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterrade (BCN49861) Margarideta. Margaridoia. Marieta Raw Leaf w 5
Caryophyllaceae Dianthus caryophyllus L. (BCN31272) Clavell. Clavell domèstic High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 4
Dianthus seguieri Vill. (BCN113734) Clavell de pastor High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 1
Herniaria glabra L. (BCN113577) Herba de les mil granes. Mil granes High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 5
Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke (BCN29948) Culivells Boiled in water Leaf W 5
Cistaceae Cistus salviifolius L. (BCN36767) Estepa. Mòdega High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Clusiaceae Hypericum perforatum L. (BCN113597) Flor de Sant Joan. Herba de cop. Herba de Sant Joan High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Flower W 12
Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis L. (BCN29663) Corretjola High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Crassulaceae Sempervivum tectorum L. (BCN26780) Matifoc High-grade alcoholic beverage Leaf W 1
Cucurbitaceae Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumara et Nakai (BCN29662) Síndria. Xíndria Cooked with sugar Epicarp. Fruit C 2
Cucumis melo L. (BCN46851) Meló (fruit) Cooked with sugar. Raw Fruit C 6
Cucurbita ficifolia C.D.Bouché in Verh. (BCN29980) Carabassa de cabell d’àngel Cooked with sugar Fruit C 1
Cucurbita pepo L. var. oblonga Link (BCN29859) Carabassó (fruit) Boiled in water. Cooked in oil Flower. Fruit C 4
Cucurbita pepo L. var. pepo (BCN49858) Carbassa (fruit). Carbassera. Rabequet (fruit) Boiled in water Fruit C 2
Cupressaceae Juniperus communis L. (BCN113589) Ginebre. Ginebró Air dried. Alcoholic beverage made with wine. Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit W 12
Juniperus oxycedrus L. (BCN29879) Càdec High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit W 1
Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense L. (BCN24767) Cua de cavall. Sangnua High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 1
Equisetum sp. Cua de cavall. Sangnua High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 4
Equisetum telmateia Ehrh. (BCN113581) Cua de cavall. Sangnua High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 3
Ericaceae Arbutus unedo L. (BCN29836) Arboç. Bola d’arboç (fruit). Cirera d’arboç (fruit). Cirerer d’arboç Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Fruit W 35
Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull (BCN113722) Bronsa. Bronsó Raw Flower W 1
Erica arborea L. (BCN113593) Bruc. Bruc boal. Bruc bord. Bruc d’ull de bou. Bruc de bou. Bruc de llei High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 3
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia sp. Llet de Tereses. Lletdetresa Condiment Latex W 1
Fabaceae Acacia dealbata Link. (BCN29973) Mimosa High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 2
Ceratonia siliqua L. (BCN32177) Garrofa (fruit) Air dried Fruit C 5
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (BCN47276) Regalíssia High-grade alcoholic beverage Root W 2
Lathyrus latifolius L. (BCN29712) Pèsol bord Boiled with water. High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower. Fruit W 4
Onobrychis viciifolia Scop. (BCN113732) Esparcet. Trepadella High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 2
Phaseolus vulgaris L. (BCN46837) Fesol de l’ull marrón. Fesol de l’ull negre. Fesol de Santa Pau. Fesol del bitxet gros. Fesol de bitxet petit. Fesol menut. Fesola. Mongeta Boiled in water Seed C 5
Robinia pseudoacacia L. (BCN31298) Acàcia. Acàcia de jardí High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 2
Spartium junceum L. (BCN29956) Ginesta High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 9
Trifolium incarnatum L. (BCN25026) Fenc Boiled in water. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Flower C 3
Vicia faba L. (BCN46826) Fava Boiled in water. Cooked. Cooked in oil Seed C 6
Vicia sativa L. (BCN47746) Veça Raw Aerial part C 1
Fagaceae Castanea sativa Mill. (BCN29844) Castanya (fruit). Castanyer Boiled in water. Cooked Fruit C 9
Quercus ilex L. (BCN113730) Aglà (fruit). Alzina. Aulina. Gla (fruit) Cooked. High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower. Fruit W 7
Quercus suber L. (BCN46829) Suro. Alzina surera Air dried Fruit W 1
Gesneriaceae Ramonda myconi (L.) Reichenb. (BCN46088) Orella d’os High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Leaf W 4
Hydrangeaceae Philadelphus coronarius L. (BCN27261) Xeringuilla High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 2
Iridaceae Crocus sativus L. (BCN32170) Safrà Condiment Styles and stigmas C 1
Juglandaceae Juglans regia L. (BCN29877) Noguer. Nou (fruit). Nou verda (fruit) Air dried. Alcoholic beverage made with wine. Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit. Leaf C 29
Lamiaceae Hyssopus officinalis L. (BCN29709) Hisop High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Flower W 5
Lamium flexuosum Ten. (BCN26731) Ortiga blanca High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Lavandula dentata L. (BCN29715) Lavanda High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 1
Lavandula latifolia Medic. (BCN113740) Barballó. Espígol. Lavanda High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 4
Lavandula stoechas L. (BCN113714) Cap d’ase. Tomanyí High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Flower W 6
Melissa officinalis L. (BCN113713) Melissa. Tarongina High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Leaf C 12
Mentha ×piperita L. (BCN113813) Menta. Menta de la xocolata. Menta piperita. Menta romana Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part C 15
Mentha pulegium L. (BCN113598) Poliol. Poniol High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Flower W 8
Mentha spicata L. (BCN113812) Menta. Menta de la sopa. Menta silvestre. Menta espicata. Menta verdadera Boiled with water. Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 50
Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. (BCN113810) Menta blanca High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 3
Nepeta cataria L. (BCN113798) Gatera. Nepta High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 3
Ocimum basilicum L. (BCN29897) Alfàbrega High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part C 6
Origanum majorana L. (BCN113585) Marduix Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Flower C 27
Origanum vulgare L. (BCN113705) Orenga Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Not reported Aerial part W 18
Prunella grandiflora (L.) Scholler (BCN24956) Herba del traïdor High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 1
Prunella laciniata (L.) L. (BCN29481) Herba del traïdor High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 1
Prunella vulgaris L. (BCN113578) Herba del traïdor High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Rosmarinus officinalis L. (BCN113599) Romaní Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Aerial part. Flower W 27
Salvia microphylla Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth (BCN113718) Menta. Menta americana. Menta romana High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part C 4
Salvia officinalis L. subsp. lavandulifolia (Vahl) Gams (BCN29780) Sàlvia de fulla estreta High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 1
Salvia officinalis L. subsp. officinalis (BCN113583) Sàlvia. Sàlvia de fulla ampla Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Flower. Leaf C 11
Satureja montana L. (BCN113741) Sajolida Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 12
Sideritis hirsuta L. (BCN113582) Herba de Sant Antoni High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 1
Stachys byzantina C. Koch (BCN113707) Fulles de la mare de Déu. Planta de vellut High-grade alcoholic beverage Leaf C 3
Stachys officinalis (L.) Trevisan (BCN25011) Brotònica High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 2
Teucrium chamaedrys L. (BCN29806) Brotònica High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 1
Thymus ×citriodorus (Pers.) Schreber (BCN113803) Farigola de xocolata. Farigola llimonera High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part C 1
Thymus serpyllum L. (BCN113719) Farigola de pastor. Farigoleta. Salsa de pastor Boiled in water. Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 11
Thymus vulgaris L. (BCN113590) Farigola Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 34
Lauraceae Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees (BCN47283) Canyella Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Bark C 10
Laurus nobilis L. (BCN113717) Llord. Llorer Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Leaf C 36
Liliaceae Lilium candidum L. (BCN46841) Lliri de Sant Antoni. Lliri de Sant Josep High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 4
Lythraceae Punica granatum L. (BCN29764) Magrana (fruit). Magraner. Magraner agre. Magraner bord. Magraner dolç Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Flower. Fruit C 6
Magnoliaceae Magnolia grandiflora L. (BCN64396) Magnòlia High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 2
Malvaceae Althaea officinalis L. (BCN113799) Malví High-grade alcoholic beverage Root W 1
Malva sylvestris L. (BCN29889) Malva. Malva rosa High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 8
Theobroma cacao L. (BCN30763) Xocolata (elaborated product) Condiment Seed C 1
Tilia cordata Mill. (BCN26784) Til·la High-grade alcoholic beverage Bract with inflorescence W 5
Tilia platyphyllos Scop. (BCN113739) Tei. Til·la. Til·ler de bosc High-grade alcoholic beverage Bract with inflorescence W 7
Moraceae Ficus carica L. (BCN24887) Figa (infructescence). Figa d’Alacant (infructescence). Figa de coll de senyora (infructescence). Figa de coll llarg blanca (infructescence). Figa de coll llarg negra (infructescence). Figa de pota de cavall (infructescence). Figa de Sant Joan (infructescence). Figa negra (infructescence). Figuera. Figuera de coll de senyora Air dried. Cooked with sugar. Raw Infructescence C 11
Myristicaceae Myristica fragrans Houtt. (BCN50769) Nou moscada High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit C 6
Myrtaceae Eucalyptus globulus Labill. (BCN29696) Eucaliptu. Eucaliptus High-grade alcoholic beverage Leaf C 2
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. et Perry (BCN47279) Clau d’espècia. Clau de pot. Clavell. Clavell d’espècia High-grade alcoholic beverage Floral bud C 7
Oleaceae Ligustrum vulgare L. (BCN24915) Olivereta High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea (BCN29898) Oli (elaborated product). Oli d’oliva (elaborated product). Olivera. Oliva (fruit) Condiment. Boiled in water. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Preserved in salt and water. Raw Aerial part. Flower. Fruit C 22
Syringa vulgaris L. (BCN29959) Lilà High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 2
Papaveraceae Papaver rhoeas L. (BCN29903) Gallaret. Pipiripip. Quiquiriquí. Rosella Boiled in water. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Aerial part. Leaf W 4
Papaver somniferum L. (BCN24941) Cascall High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 2
Pinaceae Pinus halepensis Mill. (BCN113592) Pi. Pi blanc. Pi bord. Pi de pinya llarga. Pi petit. Pinya (fructification) High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower. Fructification. Young shoot W 10
Pinus pinaster Ait. (BCN36559) Pi bord. Pi melis Air dried. High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower. Leaf W 2
Pinus pinea L. (BCN26751) Pi. Pi de llei. Pi de pinya. Pi pinyer High-grade alcoholic beverage Fructification W 1
Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L. (BCN32138) Plantatge de fulla estreta. Plantatge estret High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower. Leaf W 4
Plantago major L. (BCN29910) Plantatge. Plantatge ample. Plantatge de fulla ampla High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower. Leaf W 5
Poaceae Avena barbata Pott ex Link in Schrad. (BCN49867) Avena. Cugula High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit W 2
Avena sativa L. (BCN29839) Civada High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit C 2
Briza media L. (BCN113733) Belluguets High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Hordeum vulgare L. (BCN46843) Ordi Cooked Fruit C 1
Panicum miliaceum L. (BCN12911) Mill Air dried Fruit C 2
Saccharum officinarum L. (BCN50771) Rom (elaborated product). Sucre roig (elaborated product) Alcoholic beverage made with wine. High-grade alcoholic beverage Stem C 4
Secale cereale L. (BCN46828) Sègol. Sègal Boiled in water. Cooked Fruit C 7
Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench (BCN31310) Melca. Sorgo Cooked Fruit C 1
Triticum aestivum L. (BCN29963) Blat. Farina (elaborated product). Pa (elaborated product). Palla (elaborated product). Segó (bran) Air dried. Boiled in water. Cooked. High-grade alcoholic beverage Bran. Fruit. Spike C 21
Zea mays L. (BCN29830) Blat de morassa. Blat de moret. Blat de moro. Farro (elaborated product) Air dried. Boiled in water. Cooked. High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit. Styles and stigmas C 26
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum esculentum Moench (BCN24886) Fajol Boiled in water. Cooked Seed C 16
Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. (BCN46835) Verdolaga Boiled in water. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Aerial part W 23
Ranunculaceae Anemone hepatica L. (BCN29834) Herba fetgera High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Leaf W 5
Clematis recta L. (BCN113720) Viadella High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 1
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (BCN113700) Gínjol (fruit). Ginjoler Raw Fruit C 3
Rosaceae Agrimonia eupatoria L. (BCN-E-193) Herba cuquera High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (BCN29858) Arç. Arç blanc Cooked in oil. High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 4
Cydonia oblonga Mill. (BCN46849) Codony (fruit). Codonyat (elaborated product). Codonyer Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit C 24
Fragaria vesca L. (BCN29697) Maduixa (infructescence). Maduixa de bosc (infructescence). Maduixa petita (infructescence). Maduixer. Maduixer de bosc. Maduixeta (infructescence) Raw Infructescence W 16
Fragaria viridis Weston (BCN62767) Marrans Raw Infructescence C 1
Mespilus germanica L. (BCN50768) Nespler. Nespla de bosc. Nespra. Nespro Raw Fruit C 9
Prunus avium (L.) L. (BCN29827) Cirera (fruit). Cirerer High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Flower. Fruit C 6
Prunus domestica L. subsp. domestica (BCN46834) Pruna (fruit). Pruner. Pruna clàudia (fruit). Pruna de colló de frare (fruit) Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Flower. Fruit C 10
Prunus dulcis (Mill.) Weeb. (BCN46833) Ametller High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower C 1
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch (BCN46832) Préssec (fruit). Préssec cardinal (fruit). Préssec de coure (fruit). Préssec duran (fruit). Préssec groc (fruit). Préssec groc d’agost (fruit). Préssec mollar (fruit). Préssec sang de llebre (fruit). Préssec de Sant Joan (fruit). Préssec de Sant Pere (fruit). Presseguer Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Flower. Fruit C 9
Prunus spinosa L. (BCN30005) Aranyó (fruit). Aranyoner. Arç. Arç negre. Arça Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Fruit W 13
Pyrus communis L. subsp. communis (BCN46831) Pera (fruit). Pera conference (fruit). Pera de Sant Joan (fruit). Pera rogija (fruit). Perer. Perer mau Alcoholic beverage made with wine. Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Flower. Fruit C 8
Pyrus malus L. subsp. mitis (Wallr.) O.Bolòs et J.Vigo (BCN46830) Poma (fruit). Poma aspra (fruit). Poma cambusina (fruit). Poma camosa (fruit). Poma capçana (fruit). Poma del ciri (fruit). Poma del ciri groga (fruit). Poma del ciri vermella (fruit). Poma golden (fruit). Poma rodona (fruit). Poma royal (fruit). Pomer. Pomer del ciri. Pomera. Pomera del ciri Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Flower. Fruit C 24
Rosa canina L. (BCN29772) Rosa. Rosa de pastor. Roser High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 6
Rosa sp. Rosa. Rosa de jardí. Roser High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower. Leaf C 2
Rubus idaeus L. (BCN29774) Gerd (fruit) Cooked with sugar. Raw Fruit W 3
Rubus ulmifolius Schott (BCN29938) Bardissa. Mora (fruit). Mora negra (fruit). Romeguera Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Flower. Fruit. Young shoot W 34
Sorbus domestica L. (BCN46827) Server Raw Fruit C 1
Sorbus torminalis (L.) Crantz (BCN43294) Raw Fruit W 1
Rubiaceae Asperula cynanchica L. (BCN29634) Herbaprima High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 1
Coffea arabica L. (BCN46852)a Cafè Beverage made with water. High-grade alcoholic beverage Seed C 9
Rutaceae Citrus aurantium L. (BCN46080) Taronger agre. Taronger amarg. Taronger bord. Taronja agra (fruit) Condiment. Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Leaf. Fruit C 4
Citrus japonica Thunb. (BCN113966) Llimona de Xipre High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit C 1
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. (BCN46853) Llimona (fruit). Llimoner Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Epicarp. Fruit. Leaf C 19
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (BCN24752) Taronger. Taronger dolç. Taronja (fruit) Condiment. Cooked with sugar. High-grade alcoholic beverage Epicarp. Flower. Fruit C 15
Ruta chalepensis L. (BCN29940) Ruda Condiment. High-grade alcoholic beverage. Raw Aerial part. Leaf W 17
Schisandraceae Illicium verum Hook.f. (BCN47282) Anís estrellat High-grade alcoholic beverage Fruit C 4
Scrophulariaceae Verbascum sp. Cua de guilla High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 1
Solanaceae Capsicum annuum L. (BCN42737) Bitxo Cooked in oil. Preserved in salt and water Fruit C 12
Solanum lycopersicum L. (BCN29952) Tomata (fruit). Tomata de guardar (fruit). Tomata de la meta (fruit). Tomata de penjar (fruit). Tomata dels tres cantos (fruit). Tomata plena (fruit). Tomata poma (fruit) Cooked in oil. Preserved in salt and water. Cooked with sugar. Raw Fruit C 12
Solanum tuberosum L. (BCN29797) Patata. Patatera. Trumfera Boiled in water. Cooked Tuber C 3
Ulmaceae Ulmus minor Mill. (BCN113729) Om Boiled in water Leaf W 1
Urticaceae Parietaria officinalis L. subsp. judaica (L.) Béguinot (BCN113715) Blet de paret. Mollerosa High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part W 5
Urtica dioica L. (BCN29814) Ortiga Boiled in water Aerial part W 4
Verbenaceae Lippia triphylla (L’Hér.) O.Kuntze (BCN29886) Marialluïsa High-grade alcoholic beverage Aerial part. Leaf C 12
Violaceae Viola tricolor L. (BCN25041) Pensaments High-grade alcoholic beverage Flower W 2
Vitaceae Vitis vinifera L. (BCN29972) Raïm (fruit). Sarment. Vi (elaborated product). Vinagre (elaborated product). Vinya Condiment. Cooked with sugar. Preserved in vinegar. Raw Fruit C 12
  1. aIn our country, most coffee industrial presentations are based on C. arabica, the other taxa, such as C. canephora Pierre ex A.Froehner and C. liberica Hiern being clearly minority