Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 List of medicinal plants used by the Sidama people in the Hawassa Zuria district

From: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the Hawassa Zuria District, Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia

No. Family Species Vernacular name Voucher number Habit Plant part used Methods of preparation Used to treat Ailments
1 Acanthaceae Acanthus eminens C. B. Clarke Amesa buticho (Sd) BN030 S L, R Boiling, chewing, spitting, liquid form HL ‘Fancho,’ snakebite, wound, menstrual problem
2 Amaryllidaceae Allium sativum L. Netch shinkurt (Amh) BN077 H Bu, Fr, L Eating, grinding, chewing, spitting HL Abdominal pain, malaria, ‘mitch’
3 Amaranthaceae Amaranthus caudatus L. Gerbabo (Sd) ET053 Cl R Chewing, spitting H Cancer
4 Anacardiaceae Schinus molle L. Qundo berbere (Amh) ET054 T Ba, L Chewing, squeezing H Toothache, ‘mitch,’ housefly
5 Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica L. Mango (Amh) BN092 T Fr Eating H Disease protector
6 Anacardiaceae Searsia natalensis (Bernh. ex C.Krauss) F.A.Barkley Dawowesa (Sd) ET001 T L Chewing, grinding, spitting, powdering HL Stomachache, snakebite, weight gain
7 Apocynaceae Carissa spinarum L. Gora (Sd), Agam (Amh) BN046 Cl R Boiling H Diarrhea
8 Araceae Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Qolchoma (Sd) BN068 T L Boiling, drinking L Placenta delay
9 Asteraceae Vernonia filigera Oliv. & Hiern Rejicho (Sd) ET012 S L Grinding H Leg pain
10 Asteraceae Laggera crispata (Vahl) Hepper & J.R.I.Wood Amesa maeshana (Sd) ET026 H L Chewing, spitting HL Ear disease
11 Asteraceae Echinops kebericho Mesfin Bursa (Sd), Kebricho (Amh) BN066 H R Smoke form H Headache
12 Asteraceae Vernonia schimperi DC. Hecho (Sd), Gerawa (Amh) BN076 H Sh, Ba, L, R, St, Fr Grinding, powdering, chewing, spitting, sprinkling, smoking HL Abdominal pain, wound, headache, back pain, ‘gadanesa’
13 Balanitaceae Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Godicho (Sd) ET043 T Fr Chewing, liquid form, grinding HL Stomachache, diarrhea, headache
14 Boraginaceae Cynoglossum coeruleum Hochst. ex. A.DC. Hifaticho (Sd), Chigogit (Amh) ET007 H R Chewing, spitting H Cancer
15 Boraginaceae Ehretia cymosa Thonn. Gidincho (Sd) ET021 S L, Ba Chewing, grinding, boiling, squeezing, spitting HL Cancer, toothache, wound
16 Boraginaceae Cordia africana Lam. Wanza (Amh) ET033 T Ba Chewing H Stomachache
17 Brassicaceae Brassica carinata A. Braun Ye habesha gomen (Amh) BN089 H L, Fr, St Grinding, liquid form, rub L Eye wound, swelling of stomach, abdominal pain
18 Capparidaceae Capparis tomentosa Lam. Gaho (Sd), Gumore (Amh) BN067 S R, Fr Grinding, chewing HL Abdominal pain, cancer, tonsillitis
19 Capparidiaceae Maerua aethiopica (Fenzl) Oliv. Qontir firae (Amh) BN091 S Fr Chewing H Cancer
20 Capparidiaceae Boscia angustifolia A. Rich. Shisha (Sd) BN101 S L Boiling H Swelling, butter sweetener
21 Caricaceae Carica papaya L. Papaya (Amh) ET082 T Fr, L, Lx, St, R Eating, liquid form, squeezing, grinding, H Gastritis, malaria, tapeworm
22 Celastraceae Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes. Chucho (Sd) ET032 S L Chewing, spitting L Swelling
23 Celastraceae Catha edulis (Vahl) Endl. Chat (Amh) ET050 S L Eating, boiling, chewing, spitting, mixed with water H Gastritis, gonorrhea, toothache, evil eye
24 Commelinaceae Commelina africana L. Lalonxe (Sd) ET037 H L, St Rubbing, cutting grinding, liquid form HL Skin disease, chirt, quaqucha
25 Convolvulaceae Ipomoea batatas L. Lam. Maxaxurisha (Sd) BN064 H R Chewing, spitting H Wound
26 Crassulaceae Kalanchoe petitiana A. Rich. Hanshulule (Sd) ET016 H L, Bu, R, Fr Chewing, eating, grinding, squeezing HL Dingetegna,gastritis, eye pain
27 Cucurbitaceae Peponium vogelii (Hook.f) Engl. Surupa (Sd) ET014 H L, Fr Grinding, eating, liquid form, boiling HL Malaria, wounds, stomachache
28 Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita pepo L. Balaqa (Sd) ET052 H L Grinding H Swelling
29 Cucurbitaceae Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach Basu baqula (Sd) ET055 H Fr, R, Ba, L Grinding, chewing, hold on teeth HL Cough, cancer, black leg
30 Cucurbitaceae Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. Buqe (Sd), Kel (Amh) ET058 H L Grinding H Liver problem
31 Cucurbitaceae Momordica foetida Schumach. Herasae (Sd) BN102 H L Liquid form, grinding HL Livestock disease, gastritis
32 Cucurbitaceae Momordica boivinii Baill. Kirae (Sd) BN103 Cl L, Fr Grinding, eating, boiling, squeezing HL Stomachache, evil eye, weight gain
33 Cupressaceae Juniperus procera Hochst. ex Endl. Honicho (Sd) BN072 T L Grinding L Diarrhea
34 Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea bulbifera L. Harae (Sd) BN093 Cl R, L Grinding, chewing, spitting squeezing HL Gadanesa, evil eye, ‘fancho’
35 Euphorbiaceae Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile Besana (Amh): Masincho (Sd) ET022 T Sh, Fr, L Grinding, liquid form, chewing, boiling HL Tuberculosis, gastritis, goiter
36 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia abyssinica J.F.Gmel. Qulqual (Amh) ET004 T R, L, Lx, Fl, Fr, Ba Chewing, liquid form, rubbing HL Swelling, gastritis, malaria, headache
37 Euphorbiaceae Tragia brevipes Pax Sonicho (Sd) ET029 H L, Fr, Fl Grinding, eating L Evil eye, cancer, anthrax, diarrhea
38 Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis L. Gulo (Amh) ET018 S R, Fr, L Grinding, chewing, spitting HL Coughing, constipation, swelling
39 Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia tirucalli L. Qinchib, Maxo (Amh) BN100 S Lx Cutting and drop the milk H ‘Kintarot’
40 Fabaceae Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby Chebicha (Sd) ET017 S L Grinding, squeezing, liquid form, chewing HL ‘Mitch,’ wound, eye disease, diarrhea
41 Fabaceae Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Baker Galachach (Sd) ET047 T Ba Grinding, mix with water, chewing H ‘Woranto,’ toothache
42 Fabaceae Albizia gummifera (J.F.Gmel.) C.A.Sm. Maticho (Sd), Sensel (Amh) ET044 T L, Fr, Ba, R, St Grinding, boiling HL Swelling of stomach, evil eye
43 Fabaceae Vigna sp. Mae chorqaye (Sd) ET040 Cl L, Fr Eating, grinding squeezing HL Gastritis, cancer, headache
44 Fabaceae Acacia etbaica Schweinf. Xedecha (Sd) ET041 T L, Ba Powdering, grinding, chewing, spitting L Wound, cancer, swelling
45 Fabaceae Acacia abyssinica Benth. Doma Chucho (Sd) ET036 T L Rubbing, spitting L ‘Balaamo’
46 Fabaceae Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth. Chekata, Chikea (Sd) BN062 S L, R, Sh Chewing, rubbing, powdering, grinding HL Gastritis, stomachache, toothache,
47 Fabaceae Acacia albida Delile Bura (Sd) BN065 T St Chewing, brushing H Toothache
48 Fabaceae Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby. Hamashaka (Sd) BN069 H L Rubbing H Snakebite
49 Fabaceae Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Abish (Sd) BN079 H St, Fr, L, R Powdering, grinding, boiling, liquid form H Amoeba, weight gain, stomachache
50 Fabaceae Acacia seyal Delile Girar (Amh), Wacho (Sd) BN090 T L Chewing, spitting H Cancer
51 Lamiaceae Premna schimperi Engl. Udo (Sd) BN063 S L, R, St Grinding, chewing, rubbing, boiling HL Toothache, coughing, stomachache
52 Lamiaceae Satureja punctata (Benth.) R.Br. ex Briq. Amesa (Sd) BN096 H L Boiling H ‘Shifeta’/‘fancho’
53 Lamiaceae Salvia nilotica Juss. ex Jacq. Kot jebesa (Sd) BN070 H L,R, Ba Chewing, spitting, grinding, rubbing HL ‘Mitch,’ skin disease, toothache
54 Lamiaceae Ocimum gratissimum L. Damakese (Amh), Angabisha (Sd) ET015 S L, R Grinding, eating, smelling HL ‘Mitch’, malaria, cancer
55 Lamiaceae Plectranthus igniarius (Schweinf.) Agnew Tonton (Sd) ET059 H L Grinding, rubbing, squeezing H Evil eye, sun problem, wound, weight loss
56 Lauraceae Persea americana Mill. Avocado (Amh) BN085 T Fr Eating H Diabetes, dandruff
57 Lamiaceae Rotheca myricoides (Hochst.) Steane & Mabb. Madisisa (Sd) BN025 S Ba, L, R Rubbing, grinding, eating, boiling HL ‘Mitch,’ cancer, toothache
58 Lamiaceae Ajuga integrifolia Buch.-Ham. Anamuro (Sd) BN031 H L Grinding, drinking H Stomachache
59 Linaceae Linum usitatissimum L. Shelala (Sd), Telba (Amh) BN083 H St Grinding, liquid form H Weight gain, asthma, liver disease
60 Malvaceae Ceiba pentandra L. Gaertn. Ye tit firea (Amh) ET006 T Fr Grinding, hold on teeth HL Toothache
61 Malvaceae Sida rhombifolia L. Chikicho (Sd) ET027 H R Powdering, mix with water H Abdominal pain
62 Malvaceae Sida ovata Forssk. Qirqicha (Sd) BN104 S L, R Liquid form H Toothache
63 Meliaceae Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Mimi (Sd), Neem (Amh) ET005 T L, Ba, R Grinding, chewing, boiling, liquid form H Malaria, toothache, weevils, stomachache
64 Meliaceae Ekebergia capensis Sparrm. Oloncho (Sd) BN098 T L, Ba, St Boiling, grinding HL Goiter, tuberculosis, anthrax
65 Melianthaceae Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Teberako (Sd) ET048 S Ba, St, Fr, L Grinding, chewing, spitting, eating, burning HL Cough, headache, stomachache
66 Menispermaceae Stephania abyssinica (Quart.-Dill. & A.Rich.) Walp. Kelala (Sd) BN105 H L, R, Fr Grinding, boiling, liquid form, HL ‘Gadanesa,’ eye disease, amoeba
67 Moraceae Ficus vasta Forssk. Wadicho (Sd), Warka (Amh) ET034 T Ba Eating, chewing HL Stomachache, bloody urine, toothache
68 Moraceae Ficus sur Forssk. Odako (Sd), Ye shola zaf (Amh) ET035 T Fr Eating H Stomach ache
69 Moringaceae Moringa stenopetala (Baker f.) Cufod. Haleqo (Sd), Shiferaw (Amh) ET009 T L, R, Ba, Fr Grinding, boiling, hold on teeth, chewing HL Amoeba, hypertension, malaria
70 Musaceae Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman. Enset (Amh), Wesse (Sd) BN075 S L, R, Bu Boiling, chewing HL Placenta delay, weight gain
71 Musaceae Musa accuminata Colla Muz (Amh) BN088 H L Liquid form H Wound, cancer
72 Myrtaceae Psidium guajava L. Zeytuna (Amh) ET010 T Fr Eating H Eye disease, gastritis, worms, headache
73 Myrtaceae Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Netch bahir zaf (Amh) ET023 T L, Fr, Fl, Sh Rubbing, smelling, squeezing, chewing, grinding, liquid form H Headache, mitch, stomachache, cough, common cold
74 Myrtaceae Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. Tikur bahir zaf (Amh) ET042 T L Rubbing, hold on teeth H Toothache
75 Oleaceae Olea welwitschii (Knobl.) Gilg & G. Schellenb. Woiera (Amh) ET019 T L, R, Sh, St Squeezing, chewing, smoking, grinding, spitting HL Eye disease, headache
76 Oliniaceae Olinia rochetiana A. Juss Nole (Sd) BN097 T L, R, Ba Grinding, Boiling, Rubbing HL Evil eye, cancer, diarrhea
77 Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana L. Kokole (Sd) ET008 H Sh, L, R, St Liquid form, grinding, powdering, chewing HL Wound, headache, malaria,
78 Poaceae Hordeum vulgare L. Gebis (Amh) BN086 H St Grinding, mix with water H Weight gain
79 Poaceae Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. Dagusa (Amh) BN087 H St Grinding, mix with food H Back pain
80 Poaceae Triticum dicoccon (Schrank) Schübl. Aja (Amh) BN080 H St, Fr Boiling, grinding, roasting H Weight gain, bone fractures
81 Podocarpaceae Afrocarpus falcatus (Thunb.) C.N. Page Dagucho (Sd) BN056 T L Grinding HL Malaria, ‘magarto,’ ‘gadanesa’
82 Polygonaceae Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. Shoshone (Sd), Meq meqo (Amh) BN073 H Ba, R, St Eating, grinding, mix with boiled water, H Stomachache, ‘kintarot’
83 Primulaceae Maesa lanceolata Frossk. Gowacho (Sd) BN061 S L, Ba Grinding, boiling HL ‘Gadanesa’
84 Phytolaceae Phytolacca dodecandra L’Hér. Haranjicho (Sd) ET051 S L, R, Fr Grinding, powdering, chewing, HL Cancer, ‘gadanesa’, wound
85 Ranunculaceae Nigella sativa L. Tiqur Azemud (Amh) BN078 H Fr, St Chewing, grinding, powdering, boiling, smelling H Stomachache, gastritis, headache,
86 Rhamnaceae Rhamnus prinoides L′Hér. Gesho (Amh) ET002 S Fr, L Grinding, chewing, rubbing H ‘Quaqucha’,stomach-ache, gastritis, wound
87 Rosaceae Rubus steudneri Schweinf. Gore (Sd), Enjory (Amh) BN074 H St Liquid form H Child cleaning
88 Rosaceae Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce ex Steud.) J.F.Gmel. Koso zaf (Amh) BN081 T L, Fl, Fr Grinding HL Diarrhea, weight gain, cancer
89 Rubiaceae Coffea arabica L. Buna (Amh) ET057 T L Boiling, drinking H Gastritis, ‘fancho,’ worms
90 Rubiaceae Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn. Gambella (Sd) BN099 T L Boiling, grinding rubbing L Evil eye, ‘gadanesa’
91 Rutaceae Casimiroa edulis La Llave. Kazmir (Amh) ET039 T Fr Eating H Gastritis, stomachache
92 Rutaceae Ruta chalepensis L. Tena adam (Amh) ET084 H L, Sh, St Grinding, liquid form H Amoeba, headache, gonorrhea
93 Rutaceae Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle Lomi (Amh) BN094 T Fr Eating H Gastritis, low blood pressure, hypertension
94 Santalaceae Osyris quadripartita Salzm. ex Decne. Tunto (Sd) ET045 S L, R Squeezing, powdering, grinding, liquid form HL Stomachache, cough, swelling
95 Sapindaceae Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustifolia (L.f.) J.G.West L.f. Ittancha (Sd) ET011 S L Boiling, grinding, squeezing, HL Evil eye, diarrhea, ticks
96 Solanaceae Solanum incanum L. Borbodicho (Sd) Embuaye (Amh) ET013 S Fr, R, St Grinding, chewing, spitting, rubbing HL Cough, stomachache
97 Solanaceae Solanum americanum Mill. Tunayae (Sd) ET003 S L, Fr Grinding, boiling, chewing, eating HL Malaria, toothache, snakebite
98 Solanaceae Datura stramonium L. Banje (Sd) ET020 H Fr, L, St Grinding, rubbing, liquid form, boiling HL Toothache, malaria, ‘Dingetegna’
99 Solanaceae Nicotiana tabacum L. Arado (Sd), Timbaho (Amh) BN060 H L Boiling, chewing, spitting HL Toothache, snakebite, headache, tick
100 Unidentified Unidentified Gagasa (Sd) ET024 Un L Grinding, drying, burning H Leech, cockroach
101 Verbenaceae Lantana camara L. Ye wof kolo (Amh) ET038 S Fr Grinding, rubbing H ‘Chirt’
102 Verbenaceae Lippia adoensis Hochst. Hanasho (Sd), Kosert (Amh) BN071 S L Eating H Stomachache
103 Vitaceae Ampelocissus bombycina (Baker) Planch. Molama (Sd) ET049 Cl R Grinding H ‘Azurit’ disease
104 Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe adigratana Reynolds. Argisa (Sd) Eret (Amh) ET028 S L, Ba, R, St Liquid form, rubbing, grinding HL Skin disease, gastritis
105 Zingiberaceae Zingiber officinale Roscoe Zinjibil (Amh) BN095 S L Chewing, spitting H Eye disease
  1. Key: Vernacular name: Amh = Amharic, Sd = Sidamigna; Used to treat: H = human, L = livestock, HL = human and livestock; Habit: S = shrub, T = tree, Cl = climber, H = herb; un = unknown; plant parts used: R = root, L = leaf, St = stem, Bu = bulb, Lx = latex, Fl = flower, Sd = seed, Sh = shoot, Fr = fruit, Ba = bark; plant names are checked based on http://www.theplantlist.org