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Table 3 Orchid species employed in herbal medicines in the MCR

From: Market trends and ethnobotany of orchids of Mount Cameroon

SN Name of species Common name Use Mode of application Plant part used Method of preparation No of respondents
1 Ansiella africana Lindl Ewomboh Cough Concoction Pseudobulbs Crush with leaves of Piper guinensis boil 11
Madness Concoction Pseudobulbs In combination with other herbs that were not given is the main ingredient for the treatment of madness 08
Crush and boil
Diabetes Decoction Roots 3 leaves, 10 limes, and parasite boiled in 5 L of water and consume every morning 05
Leaves Crush with bitter cola (Garcinia kola) consume as tea 08
Impotence Concoction Roots Grind with dried seeds (7) of Piper guineense and apply 10
Macerate leaves and apply before going to bed
Side pain Paste Leaves Paste act as short-term contraceptives 15
Nightmares (bad dreams) Maceration Leaves Not specified 02
Pregnancy inhibitor Paste Pseudobulbs   05
Love charms Not specified Not specified   08
2 Angraecum augustipetallum Rendle   Snake repellant Not specified Whole plant Not specified 0
Bone fortification in children Maceration Leaf apex Macerated leaves with kernel oil (“manyanga”) 12
Abortion Concoction Whole plant Crush plant and boil 04
3 Angraecum birrimense Rolf   Against sorcery Not specified Whole plant Not specified 04
Snake repellant Not specified Whole plant Not specified 02
4 Ancistrorhynchus seratus Summerh Koh Diabetes Tea Leaves Dried leaves 06
5 Bulbophyllum melinostachyum Schltr.   Anti-poisons Powder Whole plant Grind dried leaves to powder and consume 10
6 Bulbophyllum barbigerum Lindl.   Side pain Paste Whole plant Grind with dried seeds of Piper guinensis and apply 12
Ear pain Decoction Leaves Crush leaves with few drops of lemon or limes (stop mucor). Drop in the infected ear 07
7 Bulbophyllum intertextum Lindl. Mpah Side pain Paste (smear) Whole plant Grind with dried seeds (7) of Piper guinensis and apply 10
8 Bulbophylum lupulinum Lindl. Etumukwoboh Against sorcery (protection) Planted (not exposed) Whole plant Grown plants treated (sprinkled) once or twice a year with blood of a roster accompanied with spoken desires. 07
Night poisons Concoction Whole plant Put a bottle of water and placed in the room 03
Whole plant Boil with 7 heads of Ageratum conyzoides and take as tea 05
9 Bulbophyllum calyptratum Kraenzl   Skin diseases (measles, poxes abscesses, rashes) Maceration Leaves Macerate leaves with yellow stone and kernel oil, then apply 12
Wounds Decoction Whole plant Wash wounds with decoction 06
Burns Paste Whole plant Apply paste on the burnt spot 10
10 Bulbophyllum simonii Summerh   Luck portion Powder Whole plant Mix in body lotion and apply when need be 06
11 Bulbophyllum falcatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f.   Against thunder and sorcery Not specified Whole plant Grown in compound 05
Predictions Not specified Leaves Immediate necrosis young leave means not embarking on a seriously planned journey 07
12 Bulbophyllum pumilum (Swartz) Lindl. Nnokoh Epilepsy Concoction Whole plant Boil with leaves of Ageratum cornyzoides and Piper guineensis take as bath and consume as tea 05
13 Calyptrochilum emarginatum (Afzel.ex Sw) Schltr.   Charms Not specified Leaves Not specified 15
Good luck Power Leaves Make power out of Tapinanthus bangwensis and orchids, mix with body lotion, and apply 06
14 Cyrtorchis acuata   Charms Powder Whole plant Consume as tea 07
Diabetes Infusion Leaves Dried leaves consume as tea 04
Skin diseases Paste Leaves Mix a quantity at a time in body lotion and apply 05
15 Diaphananthe bidens (Afzel ex Sw.) Schltr. Mbingwoh Fertility Powder Whole plant Powder of plant mixed in milk act as an aphrodisiac 03
Diabetes Concoction Whole plant Boiled mixture of orchid and Piper umbellatum 08
16 Graphorkis laurida (Sw.) Kuntze Nkelenkwokwo Coughs Concoction Whole plant Crush and boil with sweet alligator pepper (Piper guinenses) and ginger 13
Tuberculosis Powder Whole plant Mix powder with black palm kernel oil and consume 09
Tooth maggot/tooth aches Concoction Whole plant Crush and boil with back of pear 07
17 Habenaria procera (Afzel. ex Sw.) Lindl. Ekuh Blood purification Powder Whole plant Dried leaves of plants are ground and consumed at such or mixed with lemon and taken as tea 12
Gastritis (chest and stomach pains) Concoction Whole plant Plants boiled with leaves of Piper guinensis 05
Arthritis Decoction Pseudobulbs Cush, boil and consume. Also massage body with crushed substance 10
18 Liparis nervosa (Thunb.) Lindl.   Burns Paste Entire plants Crush and apply to spot 15
Ulcers Concoction Whole plant Boil with Bidens pilosa and leaves of Piper guineense, take as tea 08
Stomach aches Powder Whole plant Consume as tea 10
19 Listrostachys pertusa (Lindl.) Rchb.f.   Measles Concoction Whole plant Crush and boil take as purgative 05
Constipation Powder Whole plant Consume as tea 04
20 Polystachya concreta (Jacq.) Garay & H.R.Sweet   Rheumatism Arthritis Not specified Not specified Not specified 01
21 Polystachya cultriformis (Thouars) Lindl. ex Speng. Neshieh Measles Concoction Whole plant Boil plants with mistletoes (Tapinanthus bangwensis) and limes 05
Burns Paste Leaves Grind leaves with seeds of Piper guineense and apply 04
22 Polystachya caloglossa Rchb.f. Ntohpoupou Rheumatism Not specified Not specified Not specified 02
23 Tridactyle tridactylites (Rolfe) Schltr. Madness Concoction Whole plant Not specified 03