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Table 3 Species richness estimates and other values characterising the use of animals by traditional healers in the WCP

From: Traditional medicinal animal use by Xhosa and Sotho communities in the Western Cape Province, South Africa

  All species Mammals Reptiles
Samples (n) 17 17 16
Individuals (N) 450 365 67
Observed species richness 71 52 13
Estimated species richness
 ICE 74.7 54.5 13.6
 Chao 2 73.3 ± 3.0 55.4 ± 3.2 13.0 ± 1.8
 Jack 1 79.4 ± 2.1 58.5 ± 1.5 14.9 ± 0.8
 Jack 2 78.3 61.5 14.2
 Bootstrap 75.5 55.8 14.2
 MMMeans 85.8 61.1 14.5
Singletons1 9 7 1
Doubletons2 13 6 3
  1. Bird taxa were excluded due to their relatively low incidence in the market
  2. 1Number of species occurring only once across all samples
  3. 2Number of species occurring only twice across all samples