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Table 3 Forest, forest edge and shrub habitats, and their meaning and literal translations. Synonymous Mongolian names are listed in brackets in the second column

From: “A herder’s duty is to think”: landscape partitioning and folk habitats of Mongolian herders in a mountain forest steppe (Khuvsugul-Murun region)

ForestsLiteral translationsMeaning of the habitat type
ой, хар модон ой, ой (модон) дотор, уулын арын модон дотор, модон доторх асганы ойролцоо, нураг чулуутай модон дотор, ой доторх бургасан дунд, ойн гүнForest, larch forest, in the forest, in the forest of mountain backside, near the rock in the forest, in the forest with scree, between willow in the forest, depths of the forestForest (in the forest)
тайгажуу (тайгархаг) газарPlace like taigaPlace like taiga in the forest steppe zone
шигүү ой, өтгөн ой (гахайн шивээ, гөрөөсний шивээ, тургийн шивээ), том ар мод, туж, хөвчDense forest, closed forest (gahain shivee, göröösnii shivee, turgiin shivee), tom ar mod, tuj, hövchDense forest, closed forest
сийрэг ой (эрээн, цоохор модтой газар, тарлан ой)Sparse forest (ereen, tsoohor modtoi gazar, tarlan oi)Light open forest
хөгшин ойOld forestForest with old trees
үхмэл ойDead forestDying forest (old trees without young ones)
нөхөн төлжих чадвартай ойRenewable capacity forestForest that regenerates well
чирэнгэн ой (ширэнгэ ой)Forest like jungleDense young forest (DBH 5–10 cm)
залуу ойYoung forestYoung forest
төгөл (төгцөг, лам чирэнгэ, зураа мод), өнчин зураа, бөөн (хэсэг) модGrove (tögtsög, lam chirenge, zuraa mod) orphan forest, clump of treesSmall forest (forest patch)
Forest fringes and bush vegetation
ойн (модны) зах, модны хаяа, ойн хормой, модны тавиу ар хормой, модны хаяан дахь бургастай газарEdge of the forest, lap of forest, wide lap of forest, area with Willow in the border of forestForest fringes
царам, уулын царам, модны (ойн) царамAlpine (tsaram), tsaram of mountain, tsaram of forestGrassland strip (including the forest edge) on the chilly, windy northern side close to the top (alpine area around the local tree line)
ойн (модны) цол цоорхой, ойн чөлөөGap of forest, forest openingsForest opening
судаг газар, чийгтэй судаг (судагдуу) газар, явган бургас борогтой судаг газар, өвөр газрын судаг, ойн чийглэг судаг, бургас харганатай судаг доторShallow coomb, dampy shallow coomb, shallow coomb with willow and borog, shallow coomb of inner place, dampy shallow coomb of forest, in shallow coomb with willow and pea shrubDampy shallow or on northern slopes with bushy pea shrub and willow
чийглэг судгийн захEdge of dampy shallow coombEdge of dampy shallow coomb on the northern slope
голын захын бургас дагуу, голын ойролцоох бургасан төгөл дундAlong the willow of riverside, in willow grove near the riverAlong willow shrub of the river and stream