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Table 2 Hñahñu terms and their Spanish equivalents used to designate different farmland types and constitutive components of farmland parcels in Huitexcalco de Morelos, Mezquital Valley, Mexico

From: Mapping from spatial meaning: bridging Hñahñu (Otomi) ecological knowledge and geo-information tools

Hñahñu term Pronunciation Spanish/English meanings or equivalents
Mothe muiñhe Móthe mú̱ñhe Parcela que capta/retiene el agua en el lecho/panza del arroyo (farmland parcel that collects/retains water at the mouth of the gully)
Mothe ñut’athee Móthe ‘ñut’déhe Parcela que capta/retiene el agua que le entra o le llega del arroyo (farmland parcel that collects/retains incoming water from gullies or runoff)
Mothe gadñhe Móthe gádñhe Parcela que capta/retiene el agua en la ribera del arroyo y donde el agua regresa al cauce (farmland parcel that collects/retains water on the banks of gullies and from which water returns to the streambed
Mothe mothee Móthe móthe Parcela en donde se capta/retiene el agua que proviene únicamente de la lluvia (farmland parcel that collects/retains water only from rainfall)
Jodo Jodo Pared de piedra acomodada (stone wall)
Ndosthee ga do Ndósthee Barrera de piedra (stone barrier)
Ñuthee njushai ‘Ñúthe ‘ñǔshai Camino o canal del agua escarbado en tierra (waterway or channel dug into the ground)
Sokdehe Sókděhe Vertedero (spillway)
‘Bohai Bo̱hai Suelo oscuro (dark soil)
Picahai Pikahai Suelo profundo (deep soil)
Bomuhai ‘Bomuhai Suelo arenoso (sandy soil)
Pehai Pěhai Suelo arcilloso (clayey soil)
Xinahai Xínahai Suelo somero (shallow soil)
Xidohai Xídóhai Suelo tepetatoso (tepetate soil)
T’axahai T’ǎxhai, t’axhai Suelo blanquizco (whitish soil)
Bospihai ‘Bospihai Suelo cenizo (ashen soil)
Detha De̱thä Maíz (maize)
Ju Jǔ̱ Frijol (beans)
Guruju Guruju̱ Arvejón (peas)
Uada Uä’da Maguey (maguey)
Daju Däju̱ Haba (fava beans)
  1. Source: local experts from Huitexcalco de Morelos