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Table 1 Plants traditionally used in Cava de’ Tirreni

From: Ethnobotanical research in Cava de’ Tirreni area, Southern Italy

Family/species (Herbarium number) Salernitan name Parts used Uses recorded UV
Aceraceae
Acer campestre L.
(Mattia 094)
Nocefragola Wood Dom: the wood is used to make tool handles, toys, “ciaramella” (typical musical instrument) and “ziccaro” (bird-call). 0.171
Med.: the decoction is used in the treatment of amenorrhea and as an abortive. 0.042
Adoxaceae
Sambucus nigra L.
(Mattia 011)
Savùco Bark Med.: boiled in water, it is used as a lenitive for burns; mixed with olive oil or beeswax, it is claimed to act as a cicatrizer. 0.528
Leaves Med.: crushed, they are applied as a lenitive for burned skin. 0.271
Med.: a poultice, prepared also with leaves of Parietaria officinalis and Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, is used topically against leg edemas. 0.228
Food: fresh leaves are eaten cooked with eggs. 0.657
Inflorescences Med.: a decoction is employed as a febrifuge. 0.457
Med.: an infusion is drunk to treat joint inflammations. 0.342
Med.: An infusion is claimed to cure the female sterility. 0.228
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Fruits Food: Used for typical jams. 0.400
Araceae
Arum italicum Miller
(Mattia 043)
Pane ‘e serpe Rhizome Med.: topically, it used as a skin decongestant. 0.029
Araliaceae
Hedera helix L.
(Mattia 116)
Ellera Fresh leaves Med.: boiled until the leaves become a gel and this is used topically as an anti-rheumatic. 0.185
Asclepiadaceae
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Medik
(Mattia 108)
Fetenti Fresh leaves Med.: a poultice in olive oil with beeswax is claimed to be an anti-inflammatory in case of traumas. 0.214
Med: a decoction is used as a gargle for toothache. 0.100
Dom.: a water maceration with Urtica dioica leaves is sprayed on the vegetables to send away insects. 0.185
Aspleniaceae
Ceterach officinarum DC.
(Mattia 182)
Spaccaprete Aerial parts Med: a decoction is used as an expectorant. 0.314
Boraginaceae
Borago officinalis L.
(Mattia 186)
Verraccine; Vurràina Aerial parts Food: cooked in salads or with eggs. 0.557
Med.: a decoction is used as a diuretic. 0.414
Symphytum tuberosum L.
(Mattia 047)
Cugliunciello Roots Med.: the minced roots are applied externally to resolve contusions and wounds. 0.328
Cactaceae
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. Figurine Branches Med.: the inner gel is used as lenitive for skin. 0.271
Cannabaceae
Cannabis sativa L.
(Mattia 034)
Canapa Branches Dom.: mixed with eggs, the fibers were used to make bandages. 0.614
Dom.: they are used as textile fibers for rope production. 0.728
Capparaceae
Capparis spinosa L.
(Mattia 144)
Chiapparo Buds Food: used to aromatize foods. 0.771
Caryophyllaceae
Saponaria officinalis L.
(Mattia 055)
Erva saponara Leaves Dom.: fresh leaves are used to clean hands, especially after tobacco manufacturing. 0.557
Compositae
Achillea millefolium L.
(Mattia 103)
Troneto Flowering tops Food: used for preparation of liqueurs. 0.285
Dom.: to make brooms. 0.228
Med.: the inhalation of its decoction is claimed to possess vermifuge activity. 0.114
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Artemisia absinthium L.
(Mattia 078)
Nascienzo Fresh leaves Med.: a decoction is claimed to be an anti-diabetic. 0.785
Food: used for preparation of liqueurs. 0.528
Bellis perennis L.
(Mattia 005)
Margherita sarvatica Flower heads Dom.: a maceration is used to prepare a cosmetic scented water. 0.185
Med.: a decoction is claimed to be febrifuge. 0.200
Cichorium intybus L.
(Mattia 063)
Cicoria Aerial parts Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.685
Med.: a decoction is used as a laxative. 0.442
Med.: a decoction is claimed to be a liver depurative. 0.385
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L.
(Mattia 046)
Cardogna Aerial parts Feed: they are used as a special feed for donkeys. 0.271
Condrilla juncea L.
(Mattia 163)
Lattarole Aerial parts Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Crepis vesicaria L.
(Mattia 187)
Lattarole Aerial parts Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Cynara cardunculus ssp. scolymus (L.) Hayek
(Mattia 009)
Carcioffa Leaves Med.: a decoction is used in treatment of liver disease. 0.314
Helminthotheca echioides (L.) Holub
(Mattia 098)
Lattarole Aerial parts Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Lactuca sativa L.
(Mattia 114)
Nzalata Leaves Med.: boiled leaves are used topically in case of toothache. 0.557
Matricaria chamomilla L.
(Mattia 133)
Camumirra Flowering heads Med.: an infusion with Laurus nobilis leaves is used topically for edemas. 0.328
Med.: a poultice is used topically as an eye anti-inflammatory. 0.628
Med.: An infusion, taken orally, is claimed to be a sedative. 0.714
Med.: a poultice is applied externally in case of hematomas and traumas. 0.642
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Reichardia picroides (L.) Roth
(Mattia 054)
Lattecielle Leaves Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.371
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn
(Mattia 113)
Cardone Flowering heads Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L.
(Mattia 171)
Stracciacannarone Aerial parts Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Tanacetum balsamita L.
(Mattia 132)
Erva da’ madonna Aerial parts Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.471
Taraxacum campylodes G.E. Haglund.
(Mattia 158)
Cicoria sarvatica Leaves Food: uncooked in salads or cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Convolvulaceae
Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br.
(Mattia 056)
Campanelle Whole plant Med.: a decoction is used as a hypotensive. 0.114
Corylaceae
Ostrya carpinifolia Scop.
(Mattia 228)
Carpino Leaves Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.514
Cruciferae
Armoracia rusticana Gaertner, B.Mey, and Scherb.
(Mattia 004)
  Leaves Dom.: leaves are smoked. 0.057
Brassica oleracea L.
(Mattia 041)
Caveleciore Leaves Med.: a decoction is used externally to treat furuncles. 0.342
Med.: internally, a decoction is claimed to be a depurative. 0.142
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
(Mattia 102)
Zeppolelle sarvatiche Leaves Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Med.: fresh leaves are eaten as an antispasmodic in case of colic. 0.185
Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC.
(Mattia 077)
Rucola Leaves Med.: cooked leaves are eaten with olive oil and lemon juice as an antispasmodic in case of colic. 0.214
Med.: a decoction is used as an ophthalmic anti-inflammatory. 0.085
Med.: an infusion is claimed to be a men aphrodisiac. 0.500
Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv.
(Mattia 095)
Ciurilli ianchi Flowering tops Med.: a decoction is used as a febrifuge. 0.014
Med.: a decoction is employed as a peripheral vasodilator. 0.057
Med.: a decoction is taken orally as a prostatic anti-inflammatory. 0.157
Nasturtium officinale R.Br.
(Mattia 146)
  Leaves Food: in salads or cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Cucurbitaceae
Cucurbita pepo L.
(Mattia 105)
Cocuzza Fruits Dom.: dry fruits were used as seeds containers. 0.371
Seeds Med.: they are eaten as a vermifuge. 0.614
Med.: they are eaten in case of constipation. 0.442
Equisetaceae
Equisetum arvense L.
(Mattia 093)
Cola ‘e volpe Aerial parts Med.: a decoction is used in treatment of prostate and bladder affections. 0.171
Ericaceae
Arbutus unedo L.
(Mattia 231)
Sovera pelosa Leaves Med.: a decoction is used internally as an astringent. 0.485
Fruits Food: they were eaten fresh or in jams. 0.400
Euphorbiaceae
Euphorbia dendroides L.
(Mattia 168)
Tutamaglio Latex Med.: it was applied topically to treat warts. 0.542
Whole plant Dom.: a water macerate is sprayed on fruit-trees to prevent theft. 0.214
Mercurialis annua L.
(Mattia 124)
Murcuvella Aerial parts Med.: an infusion is used as a general tonic. 0.228
Med.: an infusion is claimed to act as a digestive. 0.114
Med.: an infusion is employed as a febrifuge. 0.214
Fagaceae
Castanea sativa Mill.
(Mattia 096)
Castagno Seeds Food: to prepare cakes and pasta. 0.242
Feed: as a food for pigs. 0.685
Wood Dom.: it was used to make vats, barrels, kitchen utensils, baskets, windows, furniture; today it is used as a stake for arbor. 0.471
Quercus ilex L.
(Mattia 117)
Elece Leaves and bark Med.: a decoction with Urtica dioica leaves is used in gargles against throat inflammations. 0.385
Leaves and acorns Feed: as a food for pigs. 0.685
Wood Dom.: it was used to make vats, barrels and domestic tools. 0.557
Quercus robur L.
(Mattia 127)
Cerza Leaves and bark Med.: a decoction with Urtica dioica leaves is used in gargles against throat inflammations. 0.357
Leaves and acorns Feed: as a food for pigs. 0.685
Wood Dom.: it was used to make vats, barrels and domestic tools. 0.471
Graminaceae
Arundo donax L.
(Mattia 036)
Canna Rhizome Med.: a decoction is used in treatment of gastric affections. 0.228
Branches Dom.: to make baskets and musical instruments; as a support for vegetables. 0.557
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
(Mattia 104)
Gramigna Rhizome Med.: a decoction is employed as an urinary anti-inflammatory and as a diuretic with Urtica dioica leaves. 0.442
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Whole plant Med.: an infusion is claimed to be useful in treatment of women infertility. 0.185
Triticum turgidum L.
(Mattia 045)
Grano Seeds Feed.: dirty dishes are washed with bran in hot water; this water was then given to domestic animals to drink. 0.314
Zea mays L.
(Mattia 089)
Gravurino Stigmas Med.: a decoction is used as a diuretic and for treatment of kidney stones. 0.442
Guttiferae
Hypericum perforatum L.
(Mattia 031)
Erva di san Giuvanni Flowering tops Med.: a decoction is claimed to be a prostate anti-inflammatory. 0.157
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.428
Aerial parts Med.: crushed fresh plants or an olive oil macerate were used as a lenitive and cicatrizer. 0.271
Juglandaceae
Juglans regia L.
(Mattia 072)
Noce Leaves Med.: a decoction is claimed to be useful in treatment of hyperglycemia. 0.657
Dom: they are put in bean sacks to keep away insects. 0.242
Husk Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.514
Labiatae
Ajuga reptans L.
(Mattia 066)
Erva d’a’ Maronna Leaves and flowers Med.: a decoction is claimed to be useful in treatment of renal diseases. 0.085
Lavandula angustifolia Mill.
(Mattia 013)
Spigandos Flowers Med.: a decoction is employed in treatment of gastro-intestinal diseases. 0.171
Med.: a decoction is employed in treatment of urinary diseases. 0.142
Med.: an infusion with Papaver rhoeas petals is used as a sedative. 0.328
Flowering tops Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Dom: “pupatelle” were prepared and used to wash and to perfume undergarments and to keep away insects. 0.714
Mentha xpiperita L.
(Mattia 097)
Amenta Flowers and leaves Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Leaves Food: as a main ingredient of a typical food with calf or pork spleen. 0.514
Mentha x rotundifolia (L.) Huds.
(Mattia 121)
Amenta Flowers and leaves Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Leaves Food: as a main ingredient of a typical food with calf or pork spleen. 0.514
Mentha spicata L.
(Mattia 064)
Amenta Leaves Med.: an infusion is claimed to help spleen functionality. 0.142
Food: as a main ingredient of a typical food with calf or pork spleen. 0.514
Flowers and leaves Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Nepeta cataria L.
(Mattia 173)
Nepeta Flowers and leaves Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Leaves Med.: a decoction is used as an antitussive. 0.357
Dom.: to wash undergarments. 0.228
Ocimum basilicum L.
(Mattia 022)
Vasenicola Fresh leaves Med.: a decoction is employed as a diuretic. 0.142
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Origanum vulgare L.
(Mattia 049)
Arecana Flowering tops Med.: a decoction is used in treatment of respiratory diseases. 0.471
Med.: they are applied externally as a lenitive for burns. 0.557
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
(Mattia 052)
Rosamarina Aerial parts Med.: a decoction is considered to act as a general tonic. 0.471
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Salvia officinalis L.
(Mattia 153)
Sarvia Flowers and leaves Med.: a decoction is claimed to reduce the excessive menstrual flux. 0.100
Med.: to alleviate gastric pains, a decoction is drunk half an hour after eating an egg albumen. 0.371
Med.: Crushed fresh leaves are applied on Herpes zoster skin lesions. 0.114
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Thymus vulgaris L.
(Mattia 030)
Timo Scerapuglia Flowers and leaves Med.: a decoction in used in treatment of enteric afflictions and colitis. 0.142
Med.: vapor inhalation is considered an antitussive and an expectorant. 0.257
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Lauraceae
Laurus nobilis L.
(Mattia 020)
Lauro Leaves Food: used as an aromatizer for food and liqueurs. 0.442
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Med.: a decoction is used as a digestive. 0.442
Med.: a decoction is employed as a diuretic. 0.114
Leguminosae
Ceratonia siliqua L.
(Mattia 015)
Sciuscella Seeds Dom.: in the past, they were used to make necklaces and as a unit of weight. 0.114
Fruits Food: as a food for children. 0.228
Feed: as a food for horses. 0.571
Med.: the fresh fruit is eaten in case of constipation. 0.157
Med.: juice was applied topically as on warts. 0.314
Spartium junceum L.
(Mattia 129)
Janesta Flowers Med.: a decoction is considered useful in treatment of diabetes. 0.114
Leaves Med.: crushed fresh leaves were applied topically on warts. 0.114
Liliaceae
Allium sativum L.
(Mattia 032)
Aglio Bulbs Med.: fresh bulbs are applied as decongestant for insect bites. 0.657
Med.: fresh bulbs are rubbed on corns. 0.557
Med.: a bulb necklace or vapor inhalations were used against enteric parasites. 0.228
Vet.: an olive oil macerate is used against chicken diseases. 0.414
Aloe barbadensis Mill.   Gel Med.: applied topically as a skin lenitive. 0.142
Asparagus acutifolius L.
(Mattia 006)
Spalice Aerial parts Food: cooked with pasta or with eggs. 0.414
Med.: eaten fresh, they are considered to act as a diuretic. 0.457
Ruscus aculeatus L.
(Mattia 042)
Scacciasurece Aerial parts Food: in salads or with eggs. 0.285
Dom: used to make brooms; to keep out mice 0.614
Malvaceae
Althaea cannabina L.
(Mattia 107)
Malvone Leaves Med.: fresh crushed leaves were applied as a cicatrizer on wounds. 0.414
Malva sylvestris L.
(Mattia 065)
Mavca Leaves and roots Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Leaves and flowers Med.: an infusion is claimed to ameliorate blood circulation. 0.071
Root Med.: a decoction with a dried fig and apple peel is used as an antitussive. 0.342
Moraceae
Ficus carica L.
(Mattia 019)
Fica Syconia Med.: a decoction with dried fig leaves and apple peel is used as an antitussive; somebody add walnut hulls, Malva sylvestris leaves and Matricaria chamomilla heads. 0.357
Latex Med.: it is applied on warts. 0.671
Leaves and dried syconia Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.542
Morus alba L.
(Mattia 157)
Ceveza janca Leaves Med.: a decoction is used as an anti-diabetic. 0.228
Med.: a decoction is employed as a diuretic. 0.257
Morus nigra L.
(Mattia 155)
Ceveza nera Leaves Med.: a decoction is used as an anti-diabetic. 0.228
Med.: a decoction is employed as a diuretic. 0.257
Myrtaceae
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
(Mattia 073)
Calipso Leaves Med.: vapor inhalation with Urtica dioca, Cynodon dactylon roots, Parietaria officinalis and lemon leaves are used against sinusitis. 0.514
Myrtus communis L.
(Mattia 081)
Murtella Leaves Med.: an infusion is drunk in case of feet swelling. 0.228
Leaves and flowers Med.: a decoction is claimed to ameliorate peripheral circulation. 0.185
Med.: a decoction is used as an astringent. 0.471
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Fruits Food: used to prepare liqueurs. 0.714
Oleaceae
Fraxinus ornus L.
(Mattia 135)
Uorn Leaves Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.514
Stem juice Med.: used as a laxative. 0.385
Leaves and bark Med.: a water macerate is used a gastric antispasmodic; the same preparation is claimed to ameliorate liver functions. 0.228
Bark Food: a water macerate is used as a refreshing drink. 0.242
Vet.: a water macerate is used in treatment of “pepitola”, a chicken disease similar to a cold. 0.414
Feed: used as a food for chicken. 0.414
Olea europaea L.
(Mattia 154)
Aulivo Leaves Med.: a water macerate is used as a hypotensive. 0.271
Fruits Med.: fresh fruits are administered to treat hypotension. 0.271
Wood Dom.: used to make kitchen utensils and musical instruments (“ciaramella”). 0.185
Papaveraceae
Chelidonium majus L.
(Mattia 162)
Papagno sarvatico Whole plant Med.: a decoction is claimed to ameliorate liver functions. 0.485
Latex Med.: applied topically on warts. 0.742
Papaver rhoeas L.
(Mattia 003)
Papagno Flowers/buds Med.: an infusion is used in treatment of insomnia. 0.671
Plantaginaceae
Plantago lanceolata L.
(Mattia 048)
Cincheniervi Leaves Med.: crushed and boiled, they are applied to treat furuncles. 0.528
Med.: crushed, they are applied on contusions and are applied on insect bites. 0.685
Med.: an infusion is used in treatment of kidney stones. 0.442
Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Plantago major L.
(Mattia 051)
Cincheniervi Leaves Med.: crushed and boiled, they are applied to treat furuncles. 0.528
Med.: crushed, they are applied on contusions and are on insect bites. 0.685
Med.: an infusion is used in treatment of kidney stones. 0.442
Food: cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Polygonaceae
Polygonum aviculare L.
(Mattia 159)
Cientnurehe Whole plant Med.: an infusion is considered to be a cholagogue. 0.271
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.514
Dom.: boiled with Foeniculum vulgare plant, Laurus nobilis, Nepeta cataria, and lemon leaves, it is used to wash barrels. 0.514
Med.: an infusion is used to stimulate child appetite. 0.314
Polypodiaceae
Polypodium vulgare L.
(Mattia 010)
Filece Rhizome Med.: a decoction is used as a vermifuge. 0.271
Branches Dom.: used as a carpet where winter apples are placed to mature. 0.342
Portulacaceae
Portulaca oleracea L.
(Mattia 119)
Pucchiacchella
Erva vasciulella
Aerial parts Food: eaten in salads. 0.628
Primulaceae
Cyclamen purpurascens Mill.
(Mattia 018)
Piscialletto Whole plant Med.: it was put under the pillow of a baby who urinate in bed. 0.142
Punicaceae
Punica granatum L.
(Mattia 057)
Granata Fruits Med.: boiled, it was applied to aching breasts during the nursing 0.142
Bark Med.: a decoction is drunk internally as an abortive. 0.057
Ranunculaceae
Clematis vitalba L.
(Mattia 023)
Vitaglia Young buds Food: cooked, they are eaten in salads and with eggs in omelets. 0.314
Branches Dom.: to make baskets called “spaselle” where figs are dried. 0.414
Rosaceae
Crataegus monogyna Jacq.
(Mattia 070)
Calavrice Flowers and leaves Med.: an infusion is used as a sedative. 0.257
Med.: an infusion is administered in treatment of stomachache. 0.271
Med.: a decoction is used as a febrifuge. 0.157
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.514
Branches Dom.: to make sticks for agriculture tools. 0.371
Prunus avium (L.) L.
(Mattia 062)
Ceraso Fruits Med.: the juice is considered a laxative. 0.271
Stalk Med.: a decoction is used for gargles in sore throat. 0.271
Med.: a decoction is used as a diuretic. 0.142
Med.: a decoction with seeds is used as an antitussive. 0.428
Rosa canina L.
(Mattia 025)
Rosella; rosella sarvatica Rosehips and leaves Med.: an infusion is used in case of flu. 0.157
Rosehips and flowers Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Rubus caesius L.
(Mattia 033)
Rusto Tender tops Food: they are eaten with eggs in omelets. 0.271
Fruits and Leaves Med.: a decoction is used as an antidiarrheal. 0.285
Sanguisorba officinalis L.
(Mattia 059)
Pane ‘e noce Leaves Med.: an infusion is claimed to be a gastric antispasmodic. 0.328
Food: eaten in salads or cooked in preparation of “minestra maritata”. 0.514
Sorbus domestica L.
(Mattia 088)
Sovere Leaves Med.: a decoction is used as an astringent. 0.342
Med.: water where leaves are boiled is used topically on chilblain. 0.142
Rubiaceae
Galium verum L.
(Mattia 024)
Evera rà sbaria Aerial parts Med.: a decoction is used as a febrifuge. 0.285
Rutaceae
Ruta graveolens L.
(Mattia 039)
A’ruta Leaves Med.: fried in oil they are used for anti-inflammatory massages. 0.457
Med.: the oil macerate is used as an anti-inflammatory for joints. 0.457
Med.: an olive oil macerate is applied topically as an eye anti-inflammatory. 0.214
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. Osbeck
(Mattia 086)
Limone Fruits Med.: the fresh juice is drunk in case of headache. 0.514
Med.: one spoon of juice is employed in case of halitosis. 0.714
Salicaceae
Populus tremula L.
(Mattia 050)
Chiuppo Bark Med.: a water macerate is applied on warts. 0.271
Med.: an infusion with leaves is claimed to improve memory. 0.114
Salix alba L.
(Mattia 028)
Salece Leaves Med.: an infusion is used as a febrifuge. 0.328
Branches Dom.: called “turtielli”, they are is used to tie Vitis vinifera and to make baskets (“spaselle”). 0.314
Salix purpurea L.
(Mattia 027)
Vitelle Leaves Med.: an infusion is used as a febrifuge. 0.328
Branches Dom.: called “turtielli”, they are is used to tie Vitis vinifera and to make baskets (“spaselle”). 0.314
Scrofulariaceae
Cymbalaria muralis Gaertn., B. Mey., and Scherb.
(Mattia 083)
Pratella sciurite Aerial parts Med.: a decoction is used as a cicatrizer for wounds. 0.371
Solanaceae
Capsicum annuum L.
(Mattia 058)
Pupaino Fruits Med.: an olive oil macerate is used for anti-rheumatic massages. 0.585
Datura stramonium L.
(Mattia 076)
Fetiente Leaves Med.: smoked as an anti-asthmatic. 0.214
Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
(Mattia 017)
Pummarola Fruits Med.: applied on insect bites as a decongestant. 0.485
Aerial parts Med.: an infusion with Rosa canina leaves is claimed to be useful in treatment of kidney stones. 0.142
Nicotiana tabacum L.
(Mattia 001)
Erbasanta Fresh leaves Med.: applied against toothache. 0.614
Solanum melongena L.
(Mattia 016)
Mulegnana Leaves Med.: boiled and applied on hemorrhoids as an anti-inflammatory. 0.271
Solanum tuberosum L.
(Mattia 008)
Patana Tuber Med.: crushed, it is applied on burns as a lenitive. 0.714
Med.: it is cut in half and put on the forehead to relieve headache. 0.400
Tiliaceae
Tilia platyphyllos Scop.
(Mattia 115)
Teglia Flowers Med.: a decoction is used as a sedative. 0.357
Med.: a decoction with Ruta graveolens and Eucalyptus globulus leaves is used as a febrifuge. 0.371
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Bark Med.: a decoction is used in treatment of cystitis. 0.271
Med.: a water macerate is used as a lenitive for burns. 0.200
Umbelliferae
Angelica sylvestris L.
(Mattia 195)
  Leaves Med.: a decoction is considered a vermifuge. 0.142
Apium graveolens L.
(Mattia 068)
Accio Leaves Med: an infusion with Parietaria officinalis aerial parts and Petroselinum sativum roots is claimed to be effective in treatment of kidney stones. 0.185
Daucus carota L.
(Mattia 053)
Pastinaca Root Med.: eaten as a diuretic. 0.214
Med.: eaten as a laxative. 0.314
Flowers Dom.: used to obtain a dye for paintings. 0.085
Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
(Mattia 014)
Finucchiello Fresh leaves Med.: a decoction with Matricaria chamomilla heads is used in case of headache. 0.385
Med.: an infusion is used as a carminative. 0.414
Fruits Med.: fruits are smoked against toothache. 0.057
Food: used for liqueurs and to aromatize foods. 0.714
Petroselinum sativum Hoffm.
(Mattia 002)
Petrusino Fresh leaves Food: used to aromatize foods. 0.785
Roots Med: an infusion with Parietaria officinalis aerial parts and Apium graveolens leaves is claimed to be effective in treatment of kidney stones. 0.228
Urticaceae
Parietaria officinalis L.
(Mattia 037)
Paredara Aerial parts Med.: a decoction with Matricaria chamomilla heads is used against peripheral edemas. A with white egg a wrap is prepared for contusion and/or distortion. 0.228
Med.: a wrap prepared with an albumen is used as a decongestant to treat contusions and/or distortions. 0.585
Med.: an infusion with Petroselinum sativum roots and Apium graveolens leaves is claimed to be effective in treatment of kidney stones. 0.228
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Dom.: a mix of sand, water and P. officinalis is used to clean wine stains from carboys and bottles. 0.371
Urtica dioica L.
(Mattia 085)
Ardica Aerial parts Med.: a decoction is used as an expectorant, sometimes adding barks of Vitis vinifera and leaves and roots of Malva sylvestris. 0.342
Med.: a decoction is used as a depurative. 0.414
Vet.: a decoction is administered to animals to expel afterbirth. 0.114
Food: boiled, are eaten in salads or with pasta. 0.128
Feed: used as feed for cows. 0.285
Dom.: macerated for 15 days and sprayed on vegetables to protect them from insects. 0.214
Urtica urens L.
(Mattia 074)
Ardica Aerial parts Med.: a decoction is used as an expectorant, sometimes adding barks of Vitis vinifera and leaves and roots of Malva sylvestris. 0.342
Med.: a decoction is used as a depurative. 0.414
Vet.: a decoction is administered to animals to expel afterbirth. 0.114
Food: boiled, are eaten in salads or with pasta. 0.128
Feed: used as feed for cows. 0.285
Dom.: macerated for 15 days and sprayed on vegetables to protect them from insects. 0.214
Valerianaceae
Centranthus ruber (L.) DC.
(Mattia 174)
Cannaviello; valerianella rossa Whole plant Med.: a decoction is used as a mild sedative. 0.242
Verbenaceae
Lippia triphylla (L’Hér.) Kuntze
(Mattia 109)
Erba cedro Leaves Med.: an infusion is claimed to be a digestive. 0.514
Med.: a decoction is used as a mild sedative. 0.271
Med.: used in the preparation of the decoction called “o’ ricotto”. 0.557
Violaceae
Viola odorata L.
(Mattia 141)
Violetta Roots Med.: a decoction with Malva sylvestris leaves and Salvia officinalis aerial parts is considered an antitussive. 0.414
Vitaceae
Vitis vinifera L.
(Mattia 026)
Vite Fruits Med.: dried grapes were eaten in the case of flu. 0.342
Med.: the marc is used topically in treatment of arthritis. 0.271
Bark Med.: a decoction with Malva sylvestris leaves is used against bronchitis. 0.414
  1. UV use value, Med plant used in human medicine, Vet plant used in veterinary medicine, Food plant used as human food, Feed plant used as animal feed, Dom Plant used for domestic use