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Table 2 Zootherapies used in the fishing community of Diogo Lopes, Macau - RN

From: Environmental influence on the choice of medicinal animals: a case study from northeastern Brazil

Class/family/species/“local name,” popular name (En/US) Number of citations Parts used Diseases Disease categories IUCN (2018) CITES Brazilian list MMA (2014)
Mammalia
 Bovidae
  Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758—“carneiro,” sheep 24 Fat, suet Bruise, arm dislocation, ankle fracture, leg pain, swelling, plantar fasciitis, “hard nerves,” joint pain, knee pain, bone pain, hardened joints, crooked knee, cracked heels Injury, poisoning and some other consequences of external causes, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, undefined diseases 0 0 0
 Canidae
  Canis familiaris Linnaeus, 1758—“cachorro,” dog 1 Feces Throat inflammation Respiratory tract diseases 0 0 0
  Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766)—“raposa,” crab-eating fox 15 Fat, leather Sore throat, throat inflammation, hemorrhoids, inflammation Respiratory tract diseases, diseases of the circulatory system, undefined diseases LC II 0
 Cervidae
  Mazama sp.—“veado,” deer 1 Fat Leg pain Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders 0 0 0
 Dasypodidae
  Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758)—“tatu-peba,” six-banded armadillo 2 Fat Thorn removal, ear pain External causes of morbidity and mortality, ear and mastoid apophysis disorders LC 0 0
 Delphinidae
  Sotalia guianensis (P.-J. van Bénéden, 1864)—“boto-cinza,” Guiana dolphin 4 Fat Itching, throat inflammation, leg pain, “hard nerves” Undefined diseases, respiratory tract diseases, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders DD 0 VU
Birds
 Cathartidae
  Coragyps atratus (Bechstein, 1793)—“urubu-de-cabeça-preta,” American black vulture 1 Liver Asthma Respiratory tract diseases LC 0 0
 Phasianidae
  Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758)—“galo,” chicken 11 Fat Sore throat, throat inflammation, boil, chest lump, inflammation, constipation Respiratory tract diseases, skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders, undefined diseases, digestive tract diseases LC 0 0
Reptilia
 Boidae
  Boa constrictor Linnaeus, 1758—“jiboia,” boa 2 Fat, oil Ear pain, spine pain Ear and mastoid apophysis disorders, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders 0 0 0
 Cheloniidae
  Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758)—“tartaruga-verde,” green turtle 17 Fat, oil Throat inflammation, bone pain, spine pain, rheumatism, stroke, thrombosis, boil, healing Respiratory tract diseases, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, diseases of the circulatory system, skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders, undefined diseases EN 0 VU
 Iguanidae
  Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758)—“Camaleão,” common green iguana 9 Fat, bones Sore throat, throat inflammation, barbs, hemorrhoids Respiratory tract diseases, external causes of morbidity and mortality, diseases of the circulatory system 0 0 0
 Teiidae
  Salvator merianae (Duméril & Bibron, 1839)—“lagarto teju,” tegu lizard 55 Fat Sore throat, throat inflammation, wound, ear pain, knee pain Respiratory tract diseases, external causes of morbidity and mortality, ear and mastoid apophysis disorders, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders LC 0 0
 Tropiduridae
  Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825)—“lagartixa de lajedo,” Peters’ lava lizard 4 Meat, blood, head Sore throat, throat inflammation Respiratory tract diseases 0 0 0
 Viperidae
  Crotalus durissus Linnaeus, 1758—“cascavel,” South American rattlesnake 6 Fat, oil Hardened joints, bone pain, spine pain, blackhead, acne, cracked heels, headache Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders, nervous system disorders LC III 0
Amphibia
 Bufonidae
  Rhinella jimi (Stevaux, 2002)—“sapo cururu,” frog 1 Fat Throat inflammation Respiratory tract diseases LC 0 0
Elasmobranchii
 Carcharhinidae
  Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Müller & Henle, 1839)—“tubarão,” Brazilian sharpnose shark 2 Liver oil Stroke, healing Diseases of the circulatory system, undefined diseases DD 0 0
Actinopterygii
 Echeneidae
  Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758—“rêmora,” whitefin sharksucker 1 Sucker/fixer part Asthma crisis Respiratory tract diseases LC 0 0
 Scombridae
  Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier, 1829)—“cavala,” king mackerel 1 Posts Asthma crisis Respiratory tract diseases LC 0 0
 Syngnathidae
  Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933—“cavalo-marinho,” Long-snout Seahorse 1 Whole body Asthma crisis Respiratory tract diseases NT 0 VU
Insecta
 Apidae        
  Bee 7 Honey, gel Flu, cough, leg pain Respiratory tract diseases, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders 0 0 0
Malacostraca
 Ocypodidae
  Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787)—“caranguejo maria-farinha,” ghost crab 1 Whole body Asthma crisis Respiratory tract diseases 0 0 0
Hydrozoa
 Physaliidae
  Physalia physalis (Linnaeus, 1758)—“caravela-portuguesa,” Portuguese man-of-war 1 Whole body Wounds External causes of morbidity and mortality 0 0 0