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Table 2 Zootherapies used in the fishing community of Diogo Lopes, Macau - RN

From: Environmental influence on the choice of medicinal animals: a case study from northeastern Brazil

Class/family/species/“local name,” popular name (En/US)Number of citationsParts usedDiseasesDisease categoriesIUCN (2018)CITESBrazilian list MMA (2014)
Mammalia
 Bovidae
  Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758—“carneiro,” sheep24Fat, suetBruise, arm dislocation, ankle fracture, leg pain, swelling, plantar fasciitis, “hard nerves,” joint pain, knee pain, bone pain, hardened joints, crooked knee, cracked heelsInjury, poisoning and some other consequences of external causes, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, undefined diseases000
 Canidae
  Canis familiaris Linnaeus, 1758—“cachorro,” dog1FecesThroat inflammationRespiratory tract diseases000
  Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766)—“raposa,” crab-eating fox15Fat, leatherSore throat, throat inflammation, hemorrhoids, inflammationRespiratory tract diseases, diseases of the circulatory system, undefined diseasesLCII0
 Cervidae
  Mazama sp.—“veado,” deer1FatLeg painMusculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders000
 Dasypodidae
  Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758)—“tatu-peba,” six-banded armadillo2FatThorn removal, ear painExternal causes of morbidity and mortality, ear and mastoid apophysis disordersLC00
 Delphinidae
  Sotalia guianensis (P.-J. van Bénéden, 1864)—“boto-cinza,” Guiana dolphin4FatItching, throat inflammation, leg pain, “hard nerves”Undefined diseases, respiratory tract diseases, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disordersDD0VU
Birds
 Cathartidae
  Coragyps atratus (Bechstein, 1793)—“urubu-de-cabeça-preta,” American black vulture1LiverAsthmaRespiratory tract diseasesLC00
 Phasianidae
  Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758)—“galo,” chicken11FatSore throat, throat inflammation, boil, chest lump, inflammation, constipationRespiratory tract diseases, skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders, undefined diseases, digestive tract diseasesLC00
Reptilia
 Boidae
  Boa constrictor Linnaeus, 1758—“jiboia,” boa2Fat, oilEar pain, spine painEar and mastoid apophysis disorders, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders000
 Cheloniidae
  Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758)—“tartaruga-verde,” green turtle17Fat, oilThroat inflammation, bone pain, spine pain, rheumatism, stroke, thrombosis, boil, healingRespiratory tract diseases, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, diseases of the circulatory system, skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders, undefined diseasesEN0VU
 Iguanidae
  Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758)—“Camaleão,” common green iguana9Fat, bonesSore throat, throat inflammation, barbs, hemorrhoidsRespiratory tract diseases, external causes of morbidity and mortality, diseases of the circulatory system000
 Teiidae
  Salvator merianae (Duméril & Bibron, 1839)—“lagarto teju,” tegu lizard55FatSore throat, throat inflammation, wound, ear pain, knee painRespiratory tract diseases, external causes of morbidity and mortality, ear and mastoid apophysis disorders, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disordersLC00
 Tropiduridae
  Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825)—“lagartixa de lajedo,” Peters’ lava lizard4Meat, blood, headSore throat, throat inflammationRespiratory tract diseases000
 Viperidae
  Crotalus durissus Linnaeus, 1758—“cascavel,” South American rattlesnake6Fat, oilHardened joints, bone pain, spine pain, blackhead, acne, cracked heels, headacheMusculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders, nervous system disordersLCIII0
Amphibia
 Bufonidae
  Rhinella jimi (Stevaux, 2002)—“sapo cururu,” frog1FatThroat inflammationRespiratory tract diseasesLC00
Elasmobranchii
 Carcharhinidae
  Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Müller & Henle, 1839)—“tubarão,” Brazilian sharpnose shark2Liver oilStroke, healingDiseases of the circulatory system, undefined diseasesDD00
Actinopterygii
 Echeneidae
  Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758—“rêmora,” whitefin sharksucker1Sucker/fixer partAsthma crisisRespiratory tract diseasesLC00
 Scombridae
  Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier, 1829)—“cavala,” king mackerel1PostsAsthma crisisRespiratory tract diseasesLC00
 Syngnathidae
  Hippocampus reidi Ginsburg, 1933—“cavalo-marinho,” Long-snout Seahorse1Whole bodyAsthma crisisRespiratory tract diseasesNT0VU
Insecta
 Apidae       
  Bee7Honey, gelFlu, cough, leg painRespiratory tract diseases, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders000
Malacostraca
 Ocypodidae
  Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787)—“caranguejo maria-farinha,” ghost crab1Whole bodyAsthma crisisRespiratory tract diseases000
Hydrozoa
 Physaliidae
  Physalia physalis (Linnaeus, 1758)—“caravela-portuguesa,” Portuguese man-of-war1Whole bodyWoundsExternal causes of morbidity and mortality000