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Table 1 Plant leaves used to wrap zongzi in China based on our field work

From: Plant leaves for wrapping zongzi in China: an ethnobotanical study

No.Scientific nameFamily nameChinese nameLife formMedicinal valueMain distributionVoucher number
1Alpinia abundiflora Burtt and R. M. Sm.Zingiberaceae草豆蔻HerbTreating rheumatism, invigorating spleen and alleviating emesisHainanMUCH-ZLs-057
2Alpinia pricei HayataZingiberaceae短穗山姜Herb——TaiwanMUCH-ZLs-046
3Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B. L. Burtt and R. M. Sm.Zingiberaceae艳山姜HerbTreating rheumatismTaiwan and FujianMUCH-ZLs-039
4Amomum villosum Lour.Zingiberaceae砂仁HerbTreating rheumatismGuangdong, Guangxi,
Yunnan
MUCH-ZLs-010
5Arundo donax L.Gramineae芦竹BambooClearing heat and diuresisYunnan, Guangxi, and GuizhouMUCH-ZLs-007
6Aspidistra elatior BlumeLiliaceae蜘蛛抱蛋HerbDiminishing inflammation, hemostasis, treating rheumatism and analgesiaYunnan and GuizhouMUCH-ZLs-008
7Aspidistra oblanceifolia F. T. Wang et K. Y. LangLiliaceae棕叶草Herb——Yunnan and GuizhouMUCH-ZLs-044
8Aspidistra sichuanensis K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. ZhuLiliaceae四川蜘蛛抱蛋Herb——Sichuan, Yunnan, and GuizhouMUCH-ZLs-043
9Aspidistra zongbayi K. Y. Lang et Z. Y. ZhuLiliaceae粽粑叶HerbClearing heat, detoxification, hemostasis, and diuresisYunnan and GuizhouMUCH-ZLs-009
10Cocos nucifera L.Palmae椰子TreeClearing heatHainanMUCH-ZLs-031
11Corchorus capsularis L.Tiliaceae黄麻HerbDiminishing inflammation, detoxification, hemostasis, and analgesiaGuangxiMUCH-ZLs-034
12Dendrocalamus giganteus MunroGramineae龙竹BambooClearing heatYunnanMUCH-ZLs-011
13Dendrocalamus latiflorus MunroGramineae麻竹BambooClearing heat and detoxificationSouthern ChinaMUCH-ZLs-056
14Evodia glabrifolia (Champ.) N. P. Balakr.Rutaceae楝叶吴萸TreeDiminishing inflammation and analgesiaGuangxi, Hainan and FujianMUCH-ZLs-032
15Fargesia fractiflexa T.P. YiGramineae扫把竹Bamboo——YunnanMUCH-ZLs-012
16Firmiana platanifolia (L.f.) MarsiliLabiatae梧桐TreeClearing heat and detoxificationGuangdong and HunanMUCH-ZLs-041
17Hedychium coronarium J. KoenigZingiberaceae姜花HerbTreating rheumatism, analgesia and insomniaTaiwanMUCH-ZLs-049
18Indocalamus guangdongensis H. R. Zhao and Y. L.YangGramineae广东箬竹BambooClearing heat and detoxificationGuangdong, Guangxi, and GuizhouMUCH-ZLs-020
19Indocalamus herklotsii McClureGramineae粽巴箬竹BambooClearing heat and detoxificationGuangdong, Guangxi
and Hunan
MUCH-ZLs-037
20Indocalamus latifolius (Keng) McClureGramineae阔叶箬竹BambooClearing heat and detoxificationSouthern ChinaMUCH-ZLs-013
21Indocalamus tessellatus (Munro) Keng f.Gramineae箬竹BambooClearing heat, detoxification, hemostasis, and diminishing inflammationSouthern ChinaMUCH-ZLs-006
22Livistona chinensis (Jacq.) R.Br. ex Mart.Palmae蒲葵TreeDiminishing inflammation and hemostasisYunnan and HainanMUCH-ZLs-014
23Magnolia officinalis Rehder and E.H.WilsonMagnoliaceae凹叶厚朴TreeTreating rheumatism, diminishing inflammation and analgesiaGuangxiMUCH-ZLs-033
24Miscanthus floridulus (Labill.) Warb. ex K. Schum. and Lauterb.Gramineae五节芒HerbClearing heat, detoxification, and diuresisFujian and ZhejiangMUCH-ZLs-028
25Monocladus amplexicaulis Chia et al.Gramineae芸香竹BambooClearing heat and treating rheumatismGuangxiMUCH-ZLs-045
26Musa acuminata CollaMusaceae小果野蕉HerbClearing heatYunnan and GuangxiMUCH-ZLs-015
27Musa balbisiana CollaMusaceae野蕉Herb——Yunnan and GuangxiMUCH-ZLs-055
28Musa basjoo Siebold and Zucc. ex IinumaMusaceae芭蕉HerbClearing heat and diuresisSouthern ChinaMUCH-ZLs-001
29Musa nana Lour.Musaceae香蕉HerbClearing heat, detoxification, and diuresisYunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and FujianMUCH-ZLs-003
30Musa sapientum L.Musaceae大蕉HerbClearing heat and diminishing inflammationYunnan, Guangdong, and GuangxiMUCH-ZLs-016
31Musa itineras TutcherMusaceae野芭蕉HerbClearing heat and antimalarial effectYunnan, Guizhou, and GuangxiMUCH-ZLs-002
32Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.NymphaeaceaeHerbClearing heat, detoxification, and hemostasisJiangsu, Zhejiang,
Guangdong, and Hainan
MUCH-ZLs-021
33Pandanus austrosinensis T. L.WuPandanaceae露兜草HerbClearing heat, detoxification, and diminishing inflammationGuangdong and HainanMUCH-ZLs-022
34Pandanus tectorius Parkinson ex Du RoiPandanaceae露兜树TreeClearing heat and diuresisGuangdong and HainanMUCH-ZLs-023
35Perilla frutescens (L.) BrittonLabiatae紫苏HerbTreating common cold, alleviating emesis, invigorating spleen and stomachLiaoningMUCH-ZLs-052
36Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.Gramineae芦苇HerbClearing heat and detoxificationNorthern ChinaMUCH-ZLs-029
37Phrynium capitatum Willd.Marantaceae柊叶HerbClearing heat, detoxification, hemostasis, relieving sore throat, diminishing inflammation and anti-alcoholismGuangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and YunnanMUCH-ZLs-004
38Phrynium hainanense T. L. Wu and S. J. ChenMarantaceae海南柊叶HerbClearing heatHainanMUCH-ZLs-047
39Phrynium placentarium (Lour.) Merr.Marantaceae尖苞柊叶HerbClearing heat, detoxification, hemostasis, and diuresisGuangdong, Guangxi, and YunnanMUCH-ZLs-017
40Phyllostachys bambusoides Siebold and Zucc.Gramineae桂竹BambooClearing heat and detoxificationSouthern ChinaMUCH-ZLs-018
41Phyllostachys heteroclada Oliv.Gramineae水竹BambooClearing heat and detoxificationYunnan and GuangxiMUCH-ZLs-024
42Phyllostachys heterocycla (Carrière) Matsum.Gramineae毛竹BambooClearing heat, detoxification, diminishing inflammation, alleviating emesis, and relieving coughSichuan, Zhejiang, and HenanMUCH-ZLs-026
43Piper sarmentosum Roxb.Piperaceae假蒟HerbDiminishing inflammation, treating rheumatism, analgesia, and antimalarial effectGuangdong and GuangxiMUCH-ZLs-025
44Pleioblastus amarus (Keng) Keng f.Gramineae苦竹BambooClearing heat, detoxification, and removing the phlegmYunnan and GuizhouMUCH-ZLs-042
45Podocarpus nagi (Thunb.) Pilg.Podocarpaceae竹柏TreeHemostasis and treating common coldGuangdong and GuangxiMUCH-ZLs-035
46Quercus dentata Thunb.Fagaceae槲树TreeClearing heat, hemostasis, diuresis, and treating hemorrhoidShanxi, Henan, and ShandongMUCH-ZLs-053
47Rhapis excelsa (Thunb.) HenryPalmae棕竹ShrubTreating rheumatism, hemostasis, and alleviating emesisGuangxi and YunnanMUCH-ZLs-019
48Saccharum officinarum L.Gramineae甘蔗HerbClearing heat, detoxification, and hypoglycemic effectFujian and GuangdongMUCH-ZLs-040
49Sorghum bicolor (L.) MoenchGramineae高粱HerbDiminishing inflammation and treating rheumatismHunan, Hubei, and ShandongMUCH-ZLs-030
50Sterculia nobilis Sm.Sterculiaceae苹婆TreeTreating rheumatismGuangdong and GuangxiMUCH-ZLs-027
51Terminalia catappa L.Myrtiflorae榄仁树TreeTreating rheumatism, detoxification, relieving cough and hypoglycemic effectTaiwanMUCH-ZLs-048
52Thysanolaena maxima (Roxb.) KuntzeGramineae粽叶芦HerbDetoxification, treating bronchitis, hepatitis, and diarrheaGuangdong, Guangxi,
Guizhou, and Yunnan
MUCH-ZLs-005
53Tilia tuan Szyszył.Tiliaceae椴树TreeTreating rheumatism and ostalgiaBeijingMUCH-ZLs-050
54Trachycarpus fortunei (Hook.) H. Wendl.Palmae棕榈TreeHemostasis and diuresisHunan, Jiangxi, and SichuanMUCH-ZLs-036
55Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy ShawEuphorbiaceae油桐TreeRemoving the phlegm and promoting digestion and assimilationHunan and SichuanMUCH-ZLs-038
56Zea mays L.Gramineae玉米HerbClearing heat, hypoglycemic effectShandong and Northwestern ChinaMUCH-ZLs-051
57Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz. ex StapfGramineaeHerb——JiangsuMUCH-ZLs-054