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Table 1 Examples of Cuicatec nomenclature and classification of invertebrates, based on fieldwork in San Lorenzo Pápalo and reports from [49] in Santa María Pápalo, Oaxaca

From: Cuicatec ethnozoology: traditional knowledge, use, and management of fauna by people of San Lorenzo Pápalo, Oaxaca, Mexico

Common name Scientific name Generic term Specific term
ICU Group
Piojo negro Pediculus humanus var. capitis icu tin  
Cochinilla Isopoda Armadillium sp. icu tin tna’an
Piojo blanco Pediculus humanus var. corporis icu tin tinu
Piojo del marrano Haematopinus suis icu ye’en cuchi
Piojo de la gallina Dermanyssus gallinae icu ye’en tu’u
Hormiga arriera Atta mexicana icu  
Hormiga arriera Atta cephalota icu  
Hormiga de fuego Hymenoptera-Formicidae icu nda a
Hormiga alada A. mexicana icu nda a gueche
Hormiga de hueso Hymenoptera-Formicidae icu nda ini
Hormiga de palo seco Hymenoptera-Formicidae icu nda a langu
Hormiga de humedad Hymenoptera-Formicidae icu nda a nuni
Hormiga barredora Hymenoptera-Formicidae icu nda a tan
ITI Group
Chahuistle Ventuna inaequalis iti dan  
 Scorpion Centruroides sp. iti da’a  
Tijerilla Forticula auricularia iti dìnda  
 Capuline spider Latrodectus mactans iti nd’iya  
 Firefly Lampiris noctiluca iti a’an  
ND Group
 Worm, caterpillar Lepidoptera several species nd’a gun cuan
Chicatana Atta mexicana (winged form) nd’a a a san ‘go
 Beetles Coleoptera, several species nd’i vi  
SAN Group
 Crab Gecarcinidae, several species san goo
 Dragon fly Anax junios san ta jun
 Firefly Lampiris noctiluca san dili’i
STI Group
 Red wasp Hymenoptera Vespidae sti gu’a
 Wasps Hymenoptera Vespidae, several species sti nyun
 Cockroach Periplaneta americana sti vi
TU Group
 Grasshopper Sphenarium purpurascens tu cua
 Bumblebees Bombus spp. tu joo
Y’A Group
 Flies Musca domestica y’a cu
 Mosquitoes Culicidae-Several species y’a yoo
 Spiders Araneae-Several species y’a ibi
 Bees Apis melifera y’a nda’a
 Melliponini bees Apidae-Meliponini-Several species y’a mutu
 Bees Apidae-Several species y’a cúa
 Butterflies Lepidoptera-Several species y’a vi