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Table 4 Categories of diseases treated with invertebrate-based remedies in Plateau Department according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) used by the World Health Organization (WHO) (N = 133)

From: Traditional knowledge of invertebrates used for medicine and magical–religious purposes by traditional healers and indigenous populations in the Plateau Department, Republic of Benin

CategoriesDiseases and illnessesTotal
Diseases of digestive systemDiarrhoea, ulcer2
Disease of respiratory systemAsthma, sore throat pain2
Diseases of nervous systemEpilepsy, paralysis2
Diseases of the ear or mastoid processEarache1
Diseases of the visual systemMyopia1
Diseases of the skinAbscess, burn, wound healing, varicella4
Diseases of the circulatory systemHaemorrhage, haemorrhoids, hypertension, hypotension4
Diseases of the musculoskeletal systemArthritis, backache, body aches3
Diseases of the blood or blood-forming organsSickle cell disease1
Certain infectious and parasitic diseasesMalaria, mumps, leprosy, athlete’s foot, tuberculosis5
Endocrine, nutritional or metabolic diseasesDiabetes1
Mental, behavioural or neurodevelopmental disordersMemory loss, madness2
Pregnancy, childbirth or the puerperiumDifficult childbirth, fertility2
Injury, poisoning or certain other consequences of external causesSnake bite, scorpion sting2
Conditions related to sexual healthSexual weakness, fibroma, vaginal infections3
Undefined illnessesAlcoholism, tooth decay, tiredness, dizziness, fever, allergy, liver dysfunction, hernia, pains, headache, splenomegaly, stomachaches, swollen feet, enuresis, menstrual cramps15