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Table 6 List of invertebrates use in traditional medicine in Plateau Department

From: Traditional knowledge of invertebrates used for medicine and magical–religious purposes by traditional healers and indigenous populations in the Plateau Department, Republic of Benin

SpeciesAilmentsLife stageUsed partPreparationApplicationDosage (per day)Used in combination withSGFL
Insecta
Achaea catocaloidesAllergyAdultWAPowderTopical3 timesPalm oilG50.0
HeadacheNymphPowderOral2 spoons-N25.0
ArthritisAdultDecoctionOral2 cupsGuinea pepper + moringa fruitN25.0
Acraea lycoaHeadacheAdultWAPowderOral, topicalNPDShea butterN50.0
FeverPowderTopicalNPDSome plants25.0
DiarrhoeaDecoctionOral1 cupSome plants25.0
Acraea serenaHeadacheAdultWAPowderOral2 spoonsSome plantsN66.7
EaracheRawTopicalNPD33.3
Apate monachusLeprosyAdultERawTopicalNPDMoringa leavesN100.0
Wound healing100.0
Apis melliferaDizzinessAdultWAPowderOral1 spoonSome plantsN50.0
TirednessPowder1 spoonSome plants50.0
AsthmaPowderNPDSome plants16.6
StomachachesDecoction1 cupGuinea pepper16.6
MyopiaPowder1 spoonMoringa leaves and fruits16.6
MadnessDecoction2 cupsSome plantsM16.6
Belonogaster junceaBody achesAdultWADecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN33.3
BurnPowderTopicalNPDShea butter or palm kernel oilN33.3
MumpsPowderTopicalNPDPalm oilO, N33.3
TirednessDecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN16.6
ArthritisDecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN16.6
Brachytrupes membranaceusSnake biteAdultWAPowderTopicalNPDSome plantsN66.6
Scorpion stingDecoctionOral2 cups33.4
Camponotus maculatusAlcoholismAdultWAMacerationOralNPDLocal alcoholH100.0
Ceriagrion glabrumStomachachesAdultWADecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN100.0
Danaus chrysippus alcippusFibromaAdultWAMacerationOral2 cupsPepper + local alcoholN50.0
Headache2 spoonsBanana + local alcohol50.0
Formica spp.UlcerAdultWADecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN20.0
MalariaDecoctionOralNPDSome plants20.0
JaundicePowderOral2 spoonsAloe vera + moringa leaves20.0
EnuresisDecoctionOralNPDSome plants20.0
Memory lossPowderOralNPDHoney + Guinea pepper20.0
Hermetia illucensExternal haemorrhoidAdultWAPowderTopicalNPDGuinea pepper + palm kernel oilN100.0
Limnephilus sp.Memory lossAdultWAPowderOral2 spoonsHoney + Guinea pepperN50.0
DiabetesDecoctionOral2 cupsGuinea pepper + neem leaves25.0
PainsDecoctionOralNPDSome plants25.0
Lucilia sericataHaemorrhoidsAdultWAPowderOral, topicalNPDGuinea pepper + palm kernel oilN100.0
Luciola discicollisMyopiaAdultWAPowderOralNPD-N100.0
Macrotermes bellicosusArthritisAdultWADecoctionOral2 cupsCassia sp. leavesN100.0
Mantis religiosaWound healingAdultWAPowderTopicalNPDSome plantsN100.0
Musca domesticaMyopiaAdultWAMacerationEye dropsNPD-N28.6
Wound healingMacerationTopicalNPDSome plantsM14.3
HaemorrhoidsPowderOral, topicalNPDShea butter + Guinea pepperN14.3
MadnessDecoctionTopicalNPDSome plantsN14.3
DizzinessDecoctionOral2 cupsSome plantsN14.3
Memory lossPowderOral2 spoonsSome plantsN14.3
Myrmeleon formicariusMemory lossAdultWADecoctionOralNPDIndian hemp + Guinea pepperN75.0
Sexual weaknessDecoctionOralNPDHoney + Some plants25.0
Odontomachus troglodytesBackacheAdultWADecoctionOral2 cupsSome plantsN50.0
AllergyPowderTopicalNPDShea butter + Guinea pepper50.0
Oecophylla longinodaStomachachesAdultWAPowderOral2 spoonsSome plantsG33.3
BackachePowderTopicalNPDN16.6
HypertensionDecoctionOral2 cupsM16.6
Body achesPowderTopicalNPDN16.6
PainsPowderTopicalNPDN16.6
Oryctes monocerosBackacheAdultWAPowderTopicalNPDSome plantsN50.0
HerniaDecoctionOral2 cups50.0
Pachycondyla tarsataSickle cell diseaseAdultWADecoctionOralNPDMoringa and baobab leavesN40.0
EaracheDecoctionEar dropsNPDGuinea pepper + palm kernel oil40.0
AlcoholismPowderOral1 spoon-20.0
Periplaneta americanaAlcoholismAdultWAMacerationOral2 cupsMoringa root + Guinea pepper + alcoholN45.5
FeverMacerationOral2 cupsSome plantsN18.2
External haemorrhoidPowderOralNPDSome plantsG18.2
Internal haemorrhoidPowderOralNPDSome plantsG, N27.3
ArthritisMacerationOralNPDGuinea pepper + alcoholN9.1
EpilepsyDecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN9.1
Phaneroptera nana sparsaAthlete’s footAdultWAPowderTopicalNPDParrot feathersO100.0
Rhynchophorus phoenicisHeadacheAdultWADecoctionTopicalNPDGuinea pepper + tomato leavesN33.3
Tooth decayPowderOralNPDHoney + quackgrass roots33.3
FeverPowderOral1 spoonPalm kernel oil33.3
Scarabaeus nitensTooth decayAdultWADecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN100.0
Trithemis arteriosaHeadacheAdultWADecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN100.0
Gastropoda
Achatina achatinaFertilityAdultWADecoctionOral1 cupSome plantsG, O, N, H18.2
HaemorrhoidsSWSPowderOral, topicalNPDPalm oilG, N12.1
Wound healingSSPowderTopicalNPDShea butterN, T12.1
Difficult childbirthSWSCookedOralNPDSome plantsN12.1
StomachachesWAPowderOralNPDAlcoholG, N9.1
MyopiaSSLRawEye dropsNPD-G, N9.1
Menstrual crampsWADecoctionOral1 cupSome plantsN6.0
ParalysisSWSInfusionOral2 cupsSome plants + lemonN3.0
AbscessWARawTopicalNPDSome plants + soapM3.0
HaemorrhageSSLRawTopicalNPDSome plantsM3.0
VaricellaWAPowderRubbedNPDSome plantsH3.0
EpilepsyWACookedOralNPDSome plantsM3.0
Swollen feetWARawTopicalNPDSome plants + soapM3.0
Archachatina marginataDifficult childbirthAdultSWSDecoctionOralNPDSome plantsN33.3
Liver dysfunctionWADecoction1 cupSome plants16.6
HaemorrhoidsWAMaceration1 cupGuinea pepper + some plants16.6
Menstrual crampsWADecoction2 cupsSome plants16.6
SplenomegalyWADecoction2 cupsGuinea pepper + fermented maize + some plants16.6
Limicolaria auroraHypertension,AdultWAPowderTopicalNPDTortoiseG33.3
HypotensionPowderTopicalNPDTortoiseG33.3
UlcerDecoctionOralNPDSome plantN33.3
Crustaceans
Callinectes amnicolaVaginal infectionsAdultWADecoctionOral2 cupsGuinea pepper + tobacco leavesN33.3
HeadacheDecoction2 spoonsNeem leaves33.3
ArthritisDecoction2 cupsBark of caïlcédrat16.6
TuberculosisPowder2 spoonsWhite onion16.6
FeverDecoction2 spoonsSome plants16.6
Penaeus spp.BackacheAdultWAPowderOralNPDSome plantsN50.0
TuberculosisDecoctionNPDSugar + chicken egg shell + salt50.0
Clitellata
Eudrilus eugeniaeDifficult childbirthAll life stagesWAPowder, decoction, macerationOralNPDGuinea pepper + alcoholN, H, G, O, T45.0
EpilepsyDecoction, powderOral, topicalNPDSome plantsN, T, G12.5
DiabetesDecoctionOral2 cupsSome plantsN12.5
FeverPowderTopicalNPDPalm kernel oilG5.0
AbscessPowderTopicalNPDSome plantsG5.0
External haemorrhoidPowderTopicalNPDSome plantsO, M5.0
Internal haemorrhoidDecoctionOralNPDSome plantsO, M5.0
HerniaPowderOralNPDSome plantsH2.5
Sexual weaknessDecoctionOralNPDSome plantsM2.5
StomachachesPowderTopicalNPDSome plants + soapN2.5
HeadachePowderTopicalNPDSome plantsN2.5
ParalysisPowderTopicalNPDSome plantsN2.5
PainsPowderTopicalNPDPalm kernel oilG2.5
Diplopoda
Tachypodoiulus nigerLeprosyAll life stagesWADecoctionOral2 cupsSome plantsN28.6
ParalysisFeetPowderTopicalNPDPalm kernel oil + some plants28.6
AlcoholismWADecoctionOral1 cupTobacco leaves + Guinea pepper28.6
Swollen feetFeetPowderTopicalNPDSome plants14.3
Arachnida
Pandinus imperatorSnake biteAdultWAInfusionOral, topicalNPDAlcohol + some plantsG, M30.0
Scorpion stingPowderTopicalNPDSome plantsM, N20.0
FibromaPowderOralNPDLemonN10.0
PainsPowderOralNPDSome plantsH10.0
ArthritisTailMacerationOralNPDSome plantsM, H20.0
AbscessWAPowderTopicalNPDPalm kernel oilN10.0
Araneus spp.HeadacheAdultWAPowderOralNPDSome plantsO, T, N75.0
ArthritisPowderTopicalNPDH25.0
Salticus spp.HeadacheAdultWAPowderTopicalNPDSome plantsN, H, M77.8
Body achePowderOralNPDN11.1
FeverPowderOralNPDN11.1
  1. FL fidelity level, SG sociolinguistic groups, N Nago, G Goun, M Mahi, T Tori, H Holli, O Ouémègbé, WA whole animal, E excrement, SWS snail without shell, SS snail shell, SSL snail slime, NPD no particular dosage