Skip to main content

Table 5 Integrative molecular identification coalescing a priori and a posteriori data

From: Quantitative ethnopharmacological documentation and molecular confirmation of medicinal plants used by the Manobo tribe of Agusan del Sur, Philippines

Taxon no.Local namePutative identification based on the Dictionary of Philippine Plant Names [51]Species determination using present morphologyMolecular confirmation by BLAST-based sequence matching using multiple molecular markersIntegrative molecular identification approach
ITS (nrDNA)matK (cpDNA)psbA-trnH (cpDNA)trnL-F (cpDNA)
Simple BLASTOptimized BLAST [max score× (query cover/percent identity)]Simple BLASTOptimized BLAST [max score × (query cover/percent identity)]Simple BLASTOptimized BLAST [max score × (query cover/percent identity)]Simple BLASTOptimized BLAST [max score × (query cover/percent identity)]
Top 5 max scoreHighest max scoreHighest percent identityTop 5 max coreHighest max scoreHighest percent identityTop 5 max scoreHighest max scoreHighest percent identityTop 5 max scoreHighest max scoreHighest mercent identity
1AbgawPremna odorataPremna sp.Premna spp.Premna serratifoliaPremna serratifoliaPremna serratifoliaPremna spp.Premna odorataPremna serratifoliaPremna odorataPremna spp.Premna serratifoliaPremna odorataPremna serratifoliaPremna spp.Premna odorataPremna odorataPremna odorataPremna odorata Blanco
2Alibangbang (puti)Bauhinia monandra. Bauhinia purpureaPhanera sp.Bauhinia spp.Bauhinia nervosaBauhinia semibifidaBauhinia touranensisNONEFabaceaeLasiobema championiiLasiobema championiiBauhinia nervosaFabaceaeBauhinia yunnanensisBauhinia yunnanensisBauhinia yunnanensisPhanera semibifida (Roxb.) Benth.
3Alibangbang (tapol)Bauhinia monandra. Bauhinia purpureaPhanera sp.Bauhinia spp.Bauhinia nervosaBauhinia semibifidaBauhinia nervosaNONEFabaceaeLasiobema championiiLasiobema championiiBarklya syringifoliaFabaceaeBauhinia yunnanensisBauhinia yunnanensisBauhinia yunnanensisPhanera semibifida (Roxb.) Benth.
4AwoyNoneCallicarpa cf. pedunculataCallicarpa spp.Callicarpa formosanaCallicarpa formosanaCallicarpa rubellaCallicarpa spp.Callicarpa bodinieriCallicarpa giraldiiCallicarpa bodinieriCallicarpa sp.Callicarpa bodinieriCallicarpa dichotomaCallicarpa bodinieriLamiaceae, MartyniaceaeCallicarpa giraldiiCallicarpa giraldiiCraniolaria integrifoliaCallicarpa pedunculata R.Br.
5BaleteFicus sp.Ficus sp.Ficus spp.Ficus concinnaFicus glabellaFicus cordata subsp. salicifoliaFicus spp.Ficus caricaFicus caricaFicus caricaFicus spp.Ficus pachycladaFicus simplicissimaFicus caricaFicus spp.Ficus caricaFicus caricaFicus caricaFicus concinna (Miq.) Miq.
6BanagDioscorea sp.Stenomeris sp.NONEDioscoreaceaeStenomeris borneensisStenomeris borneensisStenomeris borneensisDioscoreaceae, ArecaceaeDioscorea brachybotryaCorypha lecomteiDioscorea brachybotryaDioscoreaceae and BlandfordiaceaeStenomeris borneensisStenomeris borneensisStenomeris borneensisStenomeris borneensis Oliv.
7BanitlongMelochia umbellataMelochia sp.MalvaceaeWaltheria indicaWaltheria sp.Waltheria indicaConvolvulaceae and MalvaceaeIpomoea setiferaIpomoea setifera and Waltheria indicaIpomoea setiferaConvolvulaceae and MalvaceaeWaltheria indicaIpomoea setiferaWaltheria indicaConvolvulaceae and MalvaceaeIpomoea setiferaIpomoea setiferaIpomoea setiferaMelochia umbellata
(Houtt.) Stapf
8Banti (puti)Homalanthus populneusOmalanthus sp.EuphorbiaceaeHomalanthus nutansHomalanthus nutansTriadica sebiferaEuphorbiaceaeHomalanthus populneusHomalanthus nutansHomalanthus populneusEbenaceae, EuphorbiaceaeDiospyros geminataTriadica sebiferaDiospyros geminataEuphorbiaceaeHomalanthus populneusHomalanthus populneusHomalanthus populneusOmalanthus macradenius Pax & Hoffm.
9Banti (tapol)Homalanthus populneusOmalanthus sp.EuphorbiaceaeHomalanthus nutansHomalanthus nutansTriadica sebiferaEuphorbiaceaeHomalanthus populneusHomalanthus nutansHomalanthus populneusEbenaceae, LauraceaeDiospyros geminataCinnamomum sp.Diospyros geminataEuphorbiaceaeHomalanthus populneusHomalanthus populneusHomalanthus populneusOmalanthus macradenius Pax & Hoffm.
10Gapas-gapas (bae)Camptostemon philippinenseErechtites sp.CompositaeErechtites valerianifoliaErechtites valerianifoliaErechtites valerianifoliaCompositaeJacobaea erucifoliaJacobaea erucifoliaJacobaea erucifoliaCompositaeErechtites valerianifoliusErechtites hieraciifoliusErechtites valerianifoliusCompositaeErechtites valerianifoliusErechtites valerianifoliusErechtites valerianifoliusErechtites valerianifolius (Link ex Spreng.) DC.
11KaningagCinnamomum celebicumCinnamomum cf. mercadoiCinnamomum spp.Cinnamomum paieiCinnamomum paieiCinnamomum paieiLauraceaeCinnamomum reticulatumAll are equalCinnamomum reticulatumLauraceaeCinnamomum verumCinnamomum verumCinnamomum verumCinnamomum spp.Cinnamomum insularimontanumCinnamomum insularimontanumCinnamomum insularimontanumCinnamomum mercadoi S.Vidal
12KawilanUncaria laevifoliaUncaria cf. lanosaUncaria macrophyllaUncaria macrophyllaUncaria macrophyllaUncaria macrophyllaRubiaceaeUncaria lancifoliaUncaria cf. scandensNeolamarckia cadambaRubiaceaeUncaria laevigataUncaria laevigataUncaria laevigataRubiaceaeUncaria lanosaUncaria lanosaUncaria rhynchophyllaUncaria lanosa Wall.
13Lunas-bagon (puti)NonePiper sp.Piper subcaniramumPiper subcaniramumPiper subcaniramumPiper cathayanumPiper spp.Piper chinensePiper chinensePiper chinensePiper spp.Piper nigrumPiper kadsuraPiper nigrumPiper spp.Piper nigrumPiper mullesuaPiper nigrumPiper nigrum L.
14Mayana KanapkapColeus blumeiPlectranthus sp.LamiaceaeIsodon japonicusPlectranthus barbatusIsodon japonicusNONELamiaceaePlectranthus scutellarioidesPlectranthus scutellarioidesOcimum gratissimumPlectranthus spp.Solenostemon scutellarioides, syn. of Plectranthus scutellarioidesSolenostemon scutellarioidesPlectranthus fredriciiColeus scutellarioides (L.) Benth.
15Mayana PulaColeus blumeiPlectranthus sp.Isodon spp.Isodon japonicusIsodon japonicusIsodon japonicusNONELamiaceaePlectranthus scutellarioidesPlectranthus scutellarioidesOcimum gratissimumPlectranthus spp.Solenostemon scutellarioides, syn. of Plectranthus scutellarioidesSolenostemon scutellarioides, syn. of Plectranthus scutellarioidesSolenostemon scutellarioides, syn. of Plectranthus scutellarioidesColeus scutellarioides (L.) Benth.
16SalimbagatCapparis micracanthaThottea cf. affinisNONEThottea spp.Thottea penitilobata, Thottea borneensis and Thottea dependensThottea penitilobata, Thottea borneensis and Thottea dependensThottea penitilobata, Thottea borneensis and Thottea dependensThottea spp.Thottea hainanensisThottea hainanensisThottea hainanensisAristolochiaceaeThottea siliquosaThottea siliquosaThottea siliquosaThottea affinis (Planch. ex Rolfe) ined.
17Talimughat 1 (lingin)Oxymitra paucinerviaGrewia cf. laevigataGrewia spp.Grewia trichocarpaGrewia bilobaGrewia trichocarpaGrewia spp.Grewia bilobaGrewia lasiocarpaGrewia bilobaMalvaceaePterygota alataPterygota alataPterygota alataMalvaceaeMicrocos paniculata, syn. of Grewia nervosaMicrocos paniculata, syn. of Grewia nervosaMicrocos paniculata, syn. of Grewia nervosaGrewia laevigata Vahl
18Talimughat 2 (taas)Oxymitra paucinerviaFriesodielsia cf. lanceolataNONEAnnonaceaeFriesodielsia spp.Friesodielsia desmoidesUvaria macrophyllaAnnonaceaeFriesodielsia sp.All are equalFriesodielsia sp.AnnonaceaeMonanthotaxis aquilaMonanthotaxis aquila, Monanthotaxis pellegrinii, and Friesodielsia sp.Monanthotaxis aquilaFriesodielsia lanceolata (Merr.) Steen.
19Talimughat 3 (pikas)Oxymitra paucinerviaBauhinia sp.Bauhinia spp.Bauhinia touranensisBauhinia kockianaBauhinia touranensisNONEFabaceaeLasiobema championiiLasiobema championiiLasiobema championiiBauhinia spp.Phanera bidentataPhanera bidentataPhanera bidentataBauhinia sp.
20Tobog (puti)Ficus botryocarpaFicus cf. fistulosaFicus spp.Ficus fistulosaFicus fistulosaFicus fistulosaFicus spp.Ficus caricaFicus caricaFicus caricaFicus spp.Ficus hirtaFicus hirta and Ficus trigonataFicus religiosaFicus spp.Ficus caricaFicus caricaFicus caricaFicus fistulosa Reinw. ex Blume
21Tobog (tapol)Ficus botryocarpaFicus cf. cassidyana.Ficus spp.Ficus lepicarpaFicus lepicarpaFicus lepicarpaFicus spp.Ficus caricaFicus caricaFicus caricaFicus spp.Ficus trigonataFicus trigonataFicus religiosaFicus spp.Ficus caricaFicus caricaFicus caricaFicus cassidyana Elmer
22Tuba-tuba (puti)Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha cf. curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcasNONEJatropha spp.Jatropha curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcasJatropha curcas L.
23Tuba-tuba (tapol)Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha cf. gossypiifoliaJatropha spp.Jatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha spp.Jatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha podagricaJatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha spp.Jatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha spp.Jatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha gossypiifoliaJatropha gossypifolia L.
24Tuwa-tuwaNoneFicus cf. ingensFicus spp.Ficus glabellaFicus glabellaFicus ingensNONEFicus spp.Ficus caricaFicus simplicissima, Ficus hirtaFicus caricaMoraceaeFicus pumilaFicus pumilaFicus pumilaFicus sp.
  1. NONE unsuccessfully amplified and/or sequenced