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Table 5 Integrative molecular identification coalescing a priori and a posteriori data

From: Quantitative ethnopharmacological documentation and molecular confirmation of medicinal plants used by the Manobo tribe of Agusan del Sur, Philippines

Taxon no. Local name Putative identification based on the Dictionary of Philippine Plant Names [51] Species determination using present morphology Molecular confirmation by BLAST-based sequence matching using multiple molecular markers Integrative molecular identification approach
ITS (nrDNA) matK (cpDNA) psbA-trnH (cpDNA) trnL-F (cpDNA)
Simple BLAST Optimized BLAST [max score× (query cover/percent identity)] Simple BLAST Optimized BLAST [max score × (query cover/percent identity)] Simple BLAST Optimized BLAST [max score × (query cover/percent identity)] Simple BLAST Optimized BLAST [max score × (query cover/percent identity)]
Top 5 max score Highest max score Highest percent identity Top 5 max core Highest max score Highest percent identity Top 5 max score Highest max score Highest percent identity Top 5 max score Highest max score Highest mercent identity
1 Abgaw Premna odorata Premna sp. Premna spp. Premna serratifolia Premna serratifolia Premna serratifolia Premna spp. Premna odorata Premna serratifolia Premna odorata Premna spp. Premna serratifolia Premna odorata Premna serratifolia Premna spp. Premna odorata Premna odorata Premna odorata Premna odorata Blanco
2 Alibangbang (puti) Bauhinia monandra. Bauhinia purpurea Phanera sp. Bauhinia spp. Bauhinia nervosa Bauhinia semibifida Bauhinia touranensis NONE Fabaceae Lasiobema championii Lasiobema championii Bauhinia nervosa Fabaceae Bauhinia yunnanensis Bauhinia yunnanensis Bauhinia yunnanensis Phanera semibifida (Roxb.) Benth.
3 Alibangbang (tapol) Bauhinia monandra. Bauhinia purpurea Phanera sp. Bauhinia spp. Bauhinia nervosa Bauhinia semibifida Bauhinia nervosa NONE Fabaceae Lasiobema championii Lasiobema championii Barklya syringifolia Fabaceae Bauhinia yunnanensis Bauhinia yunnanensis Bauhinia yunnanensis Phanera semibifida (Roxb.) Benth.
4 Awoy None Callicarpa cf. pedunculata Callicarpa spp. Callicarpa formosana Callicarpa formosana Callicarpa rubella Callicarpa spp. Callicarpa bodinieri Callicarpa giraldii Callicarpa bodinieri Callicarpa sp. Callicarpa bodinieri Callicarpa dichotoma Callicarpa bodinieri Lamiaceae, Martyniaceae Callicarpa giraldii Callicarpa giraldii Craniolaria integrifolia Callicarpa pedunculata R.Br.
5 Balete Ficus sp. Ficus sp. Ficus spp. Ficus concinna Ficus glabella Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia Ficus spp. Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus spp. Ficus pachyclada Ficus simplicissima Ficus carica Ficus spp. Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus concinna (Miq.) Miq.
6 Banag Dioscorea sp. Stenomeris sp. NONE Dioscoreaceae Stenomeris borneensis Stenomeris borneensis Stenomeris borneensis Dioscoreaceae, Arecaceae Dioscorea brachybotrya Corypha lecomtei Dioscorea brachybotrya Dioscoreaceae and Blandfordiaceae Stenomeris borneensis Stenomeris borneensis Stenomeris borneensis Stenomeris borneensis Oliv.
7 Banitlong Melochia umbellata Melochia sp. Malvaceae Waltheria indica Waltheria sp. Waltheria indica Convolvulaceae and Malvaceae Ipomoea setifera Ipomoea setifera and Waltheria indica Ipomoea setifera Convolvulaceae and Malvaceae Waltheria indica Ipomoea setifera Waltheria indica Convolvulaceae and Malvaceae Ipomoea setifera Ipomoea setifera Ipomoea setifera Melochia umbellata
(Houtt.) Stapf
8 Banti (puti) Homalanthus populneus Omalanthus sp. Euphorbiaceae Homalanthus nutans Homalanthus nutans Triadica sebifera Euphorbiaceae Homalanthus populneus Homalanthus nutans Homalanthus populneus Ebenaceae, Euphorbiaceae Diospyros geminata Triadica sebifera Diospyros geminata Euphorbiaceae Homalanthus populneus Homalanthus populneus Homalanthus populneus Omalanthus macradenius Pax & Hoffm.
9 Banti (tapol) Homalanthus populneus Omalanthus sp. Euphorbiaceae Homalanthus nutans Homalanthus nutans Triadica sebifera Euphorbiaceae Homalanthus populneus Homalanthus nutans Homalanthus populneus Ebenaceae, Lauraceae Diospyros geminata Cinnamomum sp. Diospyros geminata Euphorbiaceae Homalanthus populneus Homalanthus populneus Homalanthus populneus Omalanthus macradenius Pax & Hoffm.
10 Gapas-gapas (bae) Camptostemon philippinense Erechtites sp. Compositae Erechtites valerianifolia Erechtites valerianifolia Erechtites valerianifolia Compositae Jacobaea erucifolia Jacobaea erucifolia Jacobaea erucifolia Compositae Erechtites valerianifolius Erechtites hieraciifolius Erechtites valerianifolius Compositae Erechtites valerianifolius Erechtites valerianifolius Erechtites valerianifolius Erechtites valerianifolius (Link ex Spreng.) DC.
11 Kaningag Cinnamomum celebicum Cinnamomum cf. mercadoi Cinnamomum spp. Cinnamomum paiei Cinnamomum paiei Cinnamomum paiei Lauraceae Cinnamomum reticulatum All are equal Cinnamomum reticulatum Lauraceae Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum spp. Cinnamomum insularimontanum Cinnamomum insularimontanum Cinnamomum insularimontanum Cinnamomum mercadoi S.Vidal
12 Kawilan Uncaria laevifolia Uncaria cf. lanosa Uncaria macrophylla Uncaria macrophylla Uncaria macrophylla Uncaria macrophylla Rubiaceae Uncaria lancifolia Uncaria cf. scandens Neolamarckia cadamba Rubiaceae Uncaria laevigata Uncaria laevigata Uncaria laevigata Rubiaceae Uncaria lanosa Uncaria lanosa Uncaria rhynchophylla Uncaria lanosa Wall.
13 Lunas-bagon (puti) None Piper sp. Piper subcaniramum Piper subcaniramum Piper subcaniramum Piper cathayanum Piper spp. Piper chinense Piper chinense Piper chinense Piper spp. Piper nigrum Piper kadsura Piper nigrum Piper spp. Piper nigrum Piper mullesua Piper nigrum Piper nigrum L.
14 Mayana Kanapkap Coleus blumei Plectranthus sp. Lamiaceae Isodon japonicus Plectranthus barbatus Isodon japonicus NONE Lamiaceae Plectranthus scutellarioides Plectranthus scutellarioides Ocimum gratissimum Plectranthus spp. Solenostemon scutellarioides, syn. of Plectranthus scutellarioides Solenostemon scutellarioides Plectranthus fredricii Coleus scutellarioides (L.) Benth.
15 Mayana Pula Coleus blumei Plectranthus sp. Isodon spp. Isodon japonicus Isodon japonicus Isodon japonicus NONE Lamiaceae Plectranthus scutellarioides Plectranthus scutellarioides Ocimum gratissimum Plectranthus spp. Solenostemon scutellarioides, syn. of Plectranthus scutellarioides Solenostemon scutellarioides, syn. of Plectranthus scutellarioides Solenostemon scutellarioides, syn. of Plectranthus scutellarioides Coleus scutellarioides (L.) Benth.
16 Salimbagat Capparis micracantha Thottea cf. affinis NONE Thottea spp. Thottea penitilobata, Thottea borneensis and Thottea dependens Thottea penitilobata, Thottea borneensis and Thottea dependens Thottea penitilobata, Thottea borneensis and Thottea dependens Thottea spp. Thottea hainanensis Thottea hainanensis Thottea hainanensis Aristolochiaceae Thottea siliquosa Thottea siliquosa Thottea siliquosa Thottea affinis (Planch. ex Rolfe) ined.
17 Talimughat 1 (lingin) Oxymitra paucinervia Grewia cf. laevigata Grewia spp. Grewia trichocarpa Grewia biloba Grewia trichocarpa Grewia spp. Grewia biloba Grewia lasiocarpa Grewia biloba Malvaceae Pterygota alata Pterygota alata Pterygota alata Malvaceae Microcos paniculata, syn. of Grewia nervosa Microcos paniculata, syn. of Grewia nervosa Microcos paniculata, syn. of Grewia nervosa Grewia laevigata Vahl
18 Talimughat 2 (taas) Oxymitra paucinervia Friesodielsia cf. lanceolata NONE Annonaceae Friesodielsia spp. Friesodielsia desmoides Uvaria macrophylla Annonaceae Friesodielsia sp. All are equal Friesodielsia sp. Annonaceae Monanthotaxis aquila Monanthotaxis aquila, Monanthotaxis pellegrinii, and Friesodielsia sp. Monanthotaxis aquila Friesodielsia lanceolata (Merr.) Steen.
19 Talimughat 3 (pikas) Oxymitra paucinervia Bauhinia sp. Bauhinia spp. Bauhinia touranensis Bauhinia kockiana Bauhinia touranensis NONE Fabaceae Lasiobema championii Lasiobema championii Lasiobema championii Bauhinia spp. Phanera bidentata Phanera bidentata Phanera bidentata Bauhinia sp.
20 Tobog (puti) Ficus botryocarpa Ficus cf. fistulosa Ficus spp. Ficus fistulosa Ficus fistulosa Ficus fistulosa Ficus spp. Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus spp. Ficus hirta Ficus hirta and Ficus trigonata Ficus religiosa Ficus spp. Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus fistulosa Reinw. ex Blume
21 Tobog (tapol) Ficus botryocarpa Ficus cf. cassidyana. Ficus spp. Ficus lepicarpa Ficus lepicarpa Ficus lepicarpa Ficus spp. Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus spp. Ficus trigonata Ficus trigonata Ficus religiosa Ficus spp. Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus carica Ficus cassidyana Elmer
22 Tuba-tuba (puti) Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha cf. curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas NONE Jatropha spp. Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas Jatropha curcas L.
23 Tuba-tuba (tapol) Jatropha curcas, Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha cf. gossypiifolia Jatropha spp. Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha spp. Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha podagrica Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha spp. Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha spp. Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha gossypiifolia Jatropha gossypifolia L.
24 Tuwa-tuwa None Ficus cf. ingens Ficus spp. Ficus glabella Ficus glabella Ficus ingens NONE Ficus spp. Ficus carica Ficus simplicissima, Ficus hirta Ficus carica Moraceae Ficus pumila Ficus pumila Ficus pumila Ficus sp.
  1. NONE unsuccessfully amplified and/or sequenced