Skip to main content

Table 1 Plants cited by 27 interviewees from terreiros of Ritual de Almas e Angola (13 terreiros), Candomblé (3 terreiros), and Umbanda (11 terreiros) in Santa Catarina Island, Brazil

From: “The plants have axé”: investigating the use of plants in Afro-Brazilian religions of Santa Catarina Island

Local nameVoucher/collector numberUsesOriginEthnobotany use Afro-Brazilian groups
Acanthaceae
Abre-caminho or quebra-demanda (Justicia gendarussaBurm. f.)FLOR60846Energy cleaning (amaci, bath, smoke cleansing)IICandomblé and Umbanda [59]
Araceae
Comigo-ninguém-pode (Dieffenbachia seguine(Jacq.) Schott.)TP10Evil eye (protection)VIIICandomblé and Umbanda [59,60,61], Maroons [6]
Asparagaceae
Espada-de-Santa-Bárbara or Espada-de-Iansã (Sansevieria trifasciatavar.laurentii(De Wild.) N.E.Br, syn.S. trifasciata)TP06Energy cleaning (amaci, bath, smoke cleansing); protection;feitura de santoVIUmbanda Nagô [62], Candomblé and Umbanda [59, 63]
Espada-de-São-Jorge or Espada-de-ogum (Sansevieria trifasciataPrain)TP08Energy cleaning (amaci, bathing, smoke cleansing); protection;feitura de santoVIUmbanda Nagô [62], Candomblé [60, 64], Candomblé and Umbanda [59, 61, 63], Maroons [6]
Lança-de-Ogum (Sansevieria cylindricaBojer ex Hook.)-Evil eye (protection)VIUmbanda Nagô [62], Candomblé and Umbanda [59]
Lamiaceae
Alecrim (Rosmarinus officinalisL.)TP13Energy harmonization (amaci, bath, smoke cleansing); feitura de santo; blessing;depression, poor digestion, cardiovascular problems (tea)VCandomblé Kétu Nàgó [65], Candombl é[64], Candomblé and Umbanda [61, 63], Umbanda [66, 67], African-based religions [68, 69], Afro-brazilian religions [3], Maroons [70,71,72]
Alfazema (Lavandula angustifoliaMill.)TP59Energy harmonization (bath, smoke cleansing);feitura de santoVCandomblé and Umbanda [61]
Boldo-de-Oxalá (Plectranthus barbatusAndrews)FLOR 60855Energy cleaning (amaci, smoke cleansing, bath), offering; bronchitis (syrup)IIAfro-Brazilian religions [3], Candomblé [64], Maroons [6, 70, 72]
Hortelã (Mentha x villosaHuds.)TP17Energy harmonization (bath); soothing (tea)VUmbanda Nagô [62], Candomblé and Umbanda [61, 63], Umbanda [66], Maroons [70, 72]
Lavanda (Lavandula dentataL.)FLOR 60854Energy harmonization (bath, smoke cleansing)VUmbanda [67]
Manjericão (Ocimum basilicumL.)FLOR 60841Energy cleaning (smoke cleansing, bath); feitura de santo; offering;bronchitis (tea, syrup)IICandomblé Kétu Nàgó [65], Candomblé and Umbanda [59], Umbanda [67], African-based religions [69], Afro-Brazilian communities [73], Afro-Brazilian religions [3], Maroons [6, 70, 71]
Phytolaccaceae
Guiné (Petiveria alliaceaL.)FLOR60856Energy cleaning (amaci, bath, smoke cleansing); protectionVIIICandomblé [2, 74], Umbanda [66, 67], African-based religions [68, 69], Afro-brazilian religions [3], Maroons [75]
Rutaceae
Arruda (Ruta graveolensL.)TP11Energy cleansing (amaci, bath, smoke cleansing); blessing; protection; feitura de santoVR: Umbanda Nag ô[62], Candomblé [64, 74], Candomblé and Umbanda [59, 61, 63],Umband a[66, 67], Afro-Brazilian religions [3], Maroons [6, 70,71,72, 75]
Solanaceae
Fumo (Nicotiana tabacumL.)-Energy cleaning (smoking)VIIICandomblé and Umbanda [61, 63], African-based religions [69]
Pimenta- malagueta (Capsicum frutescensL.)TP16Offering; baths in specific cases of protection; for lack of energy, anti-inflammatory, aphrodisiac, antiarthritic, anticancerVIIIUmbanda Nagô [62], Maroons [6]
Pimenta-dedo-de-moça (Capsicum baccatumL.)TP15VIIIUmbanda Nagô [62]
  1. Origins: II, Indian; V, Mediterranean; VI, Ethiopian; VII, Mexico and Central America; VIII, South American