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Table 4 Frequencies of vertebrates (%) indicated by students as region native to the region, studied in Science/Biology classes

From: Fauna and conservation in the context of formal education: a study of urban and rural students in the semi-arid region of Brazil

GroupTaxonAnimalaGeneralUrbanRural
AnimalKingdom AnimaliaAnimals1 (11.11)1 (25.00)0 (00.00)
Caatinga Animals Caatinga Animals1 (11.11)1 (25.00)0 (00.00)
Domestic animals Domestic animals1 (11.11)1 (25.00)0 (00.00)
VertebratesSubphylum VertebrataVertebrates6 (66.66)1 (25.00)5 (100.00)
Total249 (99.99)4 (44.44)5 (55.55)
PiscesSuperclass PiscesFish20 (74.07)13 (81.25)7 (63.63)
Class SelachimorphaShark3 (11.11)3 (18.75)0 (00.00)
Order PerciformesTilapia2 (7.40)0 (00.00)2 (18.18)
Order OsteoglossiformesWolf fish1 (3.70)0 (00.00)1 (9.09)
Order CharaciformesPiaba1 (3.70)0 (00.00)1 (9.09)
Total5527 (99.98)16 (59.25)11 (40.74)
AmphibiansClass AmphibiaAmphibians1 (2.77)0 (0.00)1 (5.00)
Order AnuraToad23 (63.88)10 (62.50)13 (65.00)
Gia2 (5.55)0 (0.00)2 (10.00)
Frog7 (19.44)4 (25.00)3 (15.00)
Tree-frog3 (8.33)2 (12.50)1 (5.00)
Total2536 (99.97)16 (44.44)20 (55.55)
ReptilesClass ReptiliaReptiles2 (1.39)1 (1.63)1 (1.21)
Order SquamataLizard9 (6.29)3 (4.91)6 (7.31)
Gecko17 (11.88)8 (13.11)9 (10.97)
Small Gecko3 (2.09)0 (0.00)3 (3.65)
Iguana1 (0.69)1 (1.63)0 (0.00)
Tegu lizard6 (4.19)2 (3.27)4 (4.87)
Chameleon11 (7.69)1 (1.63)10 (12.19)
Snake74 (51.74)35 (57.37)39 (47.56)
Order CrocodyliaAlligator10 (6.99)6 (9.83)4 ((4.87)
Crocodile2 (1.39)1 (1.63)1 (1.21)
Order SaurischiaDinosaur1 (0.69)1 (1.63)0 (0.00)
Order CheloniaTortoise4 (2.79)0 (0.00)4 (4.87)
Water Tortoise1 (0.69)1 (1.63)0 (0.00)
Turtle2 (1.39)1 (1.63)1 (1.21)
Total514143 (99.90)61 (42.65)82 (57.34)
BirdsClass AvesBirds43 (21.60)29 (28.71)14 (14.28)
Order ColumbiformesGround-dove1 (0.50)0 (0.00)1 (1.02)
Little dove18 (9.04)5 (4.95)13 (13.26)
Picazuro pigeon7 (3.51)4 (3.96)3 (3.06)
Dove1 (0.50)1 (0.99)0 (0.00)
Order FalconiformesSouthern Caracara8 (4.02)2 (1.98)6 (6.12)
Hawk13 (6.53)4 (3.96)9 (9.18)
Order PelecaniformesHeron6 (3.01)2 (1.98)4 (4.08)
Order ApodiformesHummingbird5 (2.51)5 (4.95)0 (0.00)
Order PasseriformesRed-cowled Cardinal2 (1.00)1 (0.99)1 (1.02)
Canarian2 (1.00)1 (0.99)1 (1.02)
Sparrow1 (0.50)0 (0.00)1 (1.02)
Ordem GalliformesDomestic Hen17 (8.54)10 (9.90)7 (7.14)
Guinea hen1 (0.50)0 (0.00)1 (1.02)
Order AccipitriformesVulture17 (8.54)10 (9.90)7 (7.14)
Order PsittaciformesParakeet10 (5.02)8 (7.92)2 (2.04)
Parrot1 (0.50)1 (0.99)0 (0.00)
Macaw3 (1.50)3 (2.97)0 (0.00)
Order CiconiiformesStork3 (1.50)1 (0.99)2 (2.04)
Order StruthioniformesGreater rhea11 (5.52)0 (0.00)11 (11.22)
Ostrich1 (0.50)0 (0.00)1 (1.02)
Order AnseriformesDuck4 (2.01)2 (1.98)2 (2.04)
Goose1 (0.50)1 (0.99)0 (0.00)
Order StrigiformesOwl15 (7.53)10 (9.90)5 (5.10)
Order CariamiformesRed-legged Seriema1 (0.50)0 (0.00)1 (1.02)
Ordem TinamiformesSmall Tinamou7 (3.51)1 (0.99)6 (6.12)
Total1526199 (99.89)101 (50.75)98 (49.24)
MammalsClass MammaliaMammals5 (0.69)1 (0.23)4 (1.33)
Order CarnivoraDog135 (18,75)94 (22.38)41 (13.66)
Cat110 (15.27)78 (18.57)32 (10.66)
Lion41 (5.69)35 (8.33)6 (2.00)
Wolf3 (0.41)1 (0.23)2 (0.66)
Bear12 (1.66)12 (2.85)0 (0.00)
Giant Panda1 (0.13)1 (0.23)0 (0.00)
Jaguar Onca1 (0.13)1 (0.23)0 (0.00)
Jaguar22 (3.05)15 (3.57)7 (2.33)
Wild cat9 (1.25)4 (0.95)5 (1.66)
Tiger20 (2.77)12 (2.85)8 (2.66)
Fox25 (3.47)7 (1.66)18 (6.00)
Short-eared Dog1 (0.13)0 (0.00)1 (0.33)
Order ProboscideaMammoth1 (0.13)0 (0.00)1 (0.33)
Elephant1 (0.13)1 (0.23)0 (0.00)
Order ArtiodactylaOx/Cow96 (13.33)41 (9.76)55 (18.33)
Goat12 (1.66)4 (0.95)8 (2.66)
Sheep11 (1.52)2 (0.47)9 (3.00)
Ram2 (0.27)2 (0.47)0 (0.00)
Hipoppotamus2 (0.27)1 (0.23)1 (0.33)
Order PerissodactylaHorse75 (10.41)44 (10.47)31 (10.33)
Donkey12 (1.66)4 (0.95)8 (2.66)
Pig15 (2.08)4 (0.95)11 (3.66)
Zebra1 (0.13)1 (0.23)0 (0.00)
Order CetaceaWhale2 (0.27)2 (0.47)0 (0.00)
Dolphin2 (0.27)1 (0.23)1 (0.33)
Order LagomorphaRabbit10 (1.38)8 (1.90)2 (0.66)
Order CetartiodactylaDeer8 (1.11)3 (0.71)5 (1.66)
Order RodentiaRat14 (1.94)11 (2.62)3 (1.00)
Order PilosaAnteater5 (0.69)3 (0.71)2 (0.66)
Order CingulataArmadillo18 (2.50)7 (1.66)11 (3.66)
Six-banded Armadillo15 (2.08)2 (0.47)13 (4.33)
Order ChiropteraBat6 (0.83)4 (0.95)2 (0.66)
Order PrimatesLion Tamarin1 (0.13)1 (0.23)0 (0.00)
Human5 (0.69)2 (0.47)3 (1.00)
Monkey10 (1.38)6 (1.42)4 (1.33)
Order DiprotodontiaKangaroo3 (0.41)2 (0.47)1 (0.33)
Order DidelphimorphiaWhite-eared Opossun4 (0.55)1 (0.23)3 (1.00)
Brazilian common opossum2 (0.27)1 (0.23)1 (0.33)
Ordem DidelphidaeOpossum2 (0.27)1 (0.23)1 (0.33)
Total1640720 (99.76)420 (58.33)300 (41.66)
InvertebratesInvertebrataInvertebrates1 (1.81)0 (0.00)1 (2.43)
Phylum PoriferaMarine Sponge1 (1.81)1 (7.14)0 (0.00)
Phylum AnnelidaEarthworm7 (12.72)1 (7.14)6 (14.63)
Phylum MolluscaSlug1 (1.81)0 (0.00)1 (2.43)
Phylum Arthropoda    
Class ArachnidaSpider2 (3.63)2 (14.28)0 (0.00)
Scorpion1 (1.81)1 (7.14)0 (0.00)
Class InsectaInsects2 (3.63)1 (7.14)1 (2.43)
Cricket3 (5.45)0 (0.00)3 (7.31)
Grasshopper1 (1.81)0 (0.00)1 (2.43)
Gnat2 (3.63)0 (0.00)2 (4.87)
Wasp2 (3.63)0 (0.00)2 (4.87)
Fly4 (7.27)0 (0.00)4 (9.75)
Ants5 (9.09)2 (14.28)3 (7.31)
Beetles5 (9.09)1 (7.14)4 (9.75)
Cockroach1 (1.81)0 (0.00)1 (2.43)
Butterfly2 (3.63)1 (7.14)1 (2.43)
Caterpillar6 (10.90)1 (7.14)5 (12.19)
Mosquito6 (10.90)1 (7.14)5 (12.19)
Mantis1 (1.81)1 (7.14)0 (0.00)
Bee1 (1.81)0 (0.00)1 (2.43)
Phylum EchinodermataSea star1 (1.81)1 (7.14)0 (0.00)
Total72155 (99.86)14 (25.45)41 (74.54)
OthersHuman morphologyHuman body2 (66.66)1 (100.00)1 (50.00)
ProkaryotesBacteria1 (33.33)0 (0.00)1 (50.00)
Total223 (99.99)1 (33.33)2 (66.66)