Skip to main content

Table 3 Wild plants sold in Yerevan’s markets

From: Wild plants and fungi sold in the markets of Yerevan (Armenia)

Family/species Main local name Voucher no. in ERCB and conservation status Used parts Ways of use
Acoraceae
Acorus calamus L. Khnkegheg, baghshtak Armenian Red List Rhizomes MED: Tincture for digestive disorders, respiratory system diseases, inflammatory skin diseases. Decoction against anaemia, diseases of the nervous system, as a lotion against hair loss. Теа for appetite.
Alliaceae
Allium atroviolaceum Boiss. Karmrasokhuk 13552 Aerial parts, bulb CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented, spice for dishes and cheese. MED: Fresh leaves for gum pain from the growth of baby teeth, as a multivitamin, fresh bulbs with honey or sugar for respiratory system diseases, baked bulbs for cough.
Allium rotundum L. Dashtaskhtor 13524 Aerial parts, bulb CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented, spice for dishes and cheese. MED: Fresh leaves for gum pain from the growth of baby teeth, as a multivitamin.
Allium victorialis L. Ghandzil 13484 Aerial parts, bulb CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented, spice for dishes and cheese. MED: Fresh leaves for gum pain from the growth of baby teeth, as a multivitamin.
Amaranthaceae
Amaranthus retroflexus L. Havakatar   Young leaves and stems CUL: Fried. MED: Infusion for diarrhoea, boiled herb for constipation.
Atriplex prostrata subsp. calotheca (Rafn) M.A.Gust. [syn. Atriplex hastata L.] Mokhrateluk, tal 13556 Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented, fried, filling for pies.
Atriplex sagittata Borkh. [syn. Atriplex nitens Schkuhr] Mokhrateluk, tal 13559 Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented, fried, filling for pies.
Teluk 13509 Young leaves and stems CUL: Fried. MED: Fresh juice used for stomach and intestine diseases, for the treatment of headaches and constipation.
Apiaceae
Angelica tatianae Bordz. Bokhni, kekh   Leafstalk, leaves and stems CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented. MED: Infusion for digestive disorders and respiratory system diseases.
Anthriscus nemorosa (Bieb.) Spreng. Khrkhnduk, trtruk 13523 Young stems, leaves CUL: Lacto-fermented. MED: Infusion of leaves for digestive disorders and the treatment of skin diseases.
Astrodaucus orientalis (L.) Drude Mandak, astghagazar 13430 Young leaves and stems CUL: Lacto-fermented, fried. MED: Infusion used in digestive disorders.
Carum carvi L. Qimon, zire, hayots chaman   Seeds CUL: Spice for dishes, pickles and sujukh (spicy sausage). MED: Infusion for digestive disorders.
Chaerophyllum aureum L. Shushanbanjar, ghmi, mandak 13490 Young leaves and stems, roots CUL: Aerial parts lacto-fermented, fried. MED: Infusion of roots for digestive disorders.
Chaerophyllum bulbosum L. Shushanbanjar, mandak 13461 Young leaves and stems, bulbous roots CUL: Lacto-fermented, fried. MED: Infusion of bulbous roots for digestive disorders.
Daucus carota L. Gjazruk 13473 Young leaves and stems, seeds CUL: Fried. MED: Infusion of seeds for digestive disorders.
Falcaria vulgaris Bernh. Sibekh 13476 Young leaves and stems, roots CUL: Lacto-fermented, fried. MED: Infusion of leaves to stop bleeding caused by tuberculosis, boiled root with honey and wine for strengthening.
Ferula szowitziana DC. Nardes, bogh Armenian Red List Leafstalk, gum CUL: Lacto-fermented, fried. MED: Infusion against neuritis, epilepsy, kidney stone disease, gum used for digestive disorders and respiratory system diseases.
Ferulago setifolia K.Koch Nardesuk, pirvaz 13564 Young leaves, stems, flowers CUL: Lacto-fermented, fried, soups.
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Horom samit 13549 Young stems, seeds CUL: Fried, used as spice for dishes, pickles, liqueur, candy, sauce. MED: Infusion used in digestive disorders, as a choleretic, carminative and spasmolytic agent.
Heracleum antasiaticum Manden Bldrghan, qegh 13566 Young stems, leafstalk, boots CUL: Lacto-fermented. MED: Decoction of herb used against liver and gallbladder diseases.
Heracleum chorodanum (Hoffm.) DC. Bldrghan   Young stems, leafstalk CUL: Lacto-fermented
Heracleum trachyloma Fisch. and C.A.Mey. Bldrghan 13550 Young stems, leafstalk CUL: Lacto-fermented
Bilacunaria microcarpa (M.Bieb.) Pimenov and V.N.Tikhom. [syn. Hippomarathrum microcarpum Petrov] Bokhi, pekhi 13562 Young stems, leafstalk, boots CUL: Lacto-fermented, fresh juice used for stomach diseases, as hypoglycaemic agent.
Pimpinella saxifraga L. Anison, qoshkhot 13551 Seeds CUL: Spice for pilaf. MED: Tincture for digestive disorders, respiratory system diseases.
Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl. Poli, geli bokhi 13557 Young leaves CUL: Lacto-fermented, fried.
Araceae
Arum orientale M.Bieb. Nvik, spitak banjar 13489 Dried and then boiled leaves and rhizomes CUL: Soups and sauce from dried and then boiled leaves, flour from dried and boiled rhizomes. MED: Powder from dried rhizomes against inflammatory skin diseases, infusion of rhizomes as inflammatory agent for digestive disorders, respiratory system diseases, and for use as an anthelmintic drug.
Asparagaceae
Asparagus officinalis L. Tsnepak, tsnebek 13553 Young stems CUL: Salads, fried with eggs. MED: Used as a multivitamin, boiled herb for constipation, infusion as hypoglycaemic and diuretic agent, against inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and bladder.
Asparagus verticillatus L. Tsnepak, tsnebek 13554 Young stems CUL: Salads, fried with eggs. MED: Used as a multivitamin, boiled herb for constipation, as hypoglycaemic and diuretic agent, against inflammatory diseases of kidneys and bladder.
Ornithogalum hajastanum Agapova Spitak banjar 13469 Dried leaves CUL: Soup, fried.
Ornithogalum montanum Cirillo Khnjloz 13470 Young leaves and bulbs CUL: Lacto-fermented, fried.
Polygonatum glaberrimum K.Koch Sindrik 13560 Young leaves and stems, rhizomes CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented, fried. MED: Fresh rhizomes and leaves used in cosmetology and against skin diseases, boiled leaves and tincture as an antidiabetic remedy.
Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All. Sindrik   Young leaves and stems, rhizomes CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented, fried. MED: Fresh rhizomes and leaves used in cosmetology and against skin diseases, boiled leaves and tincture as an antidiabetic remedy.
Polygonatum orientale Desf. Sindrik 13506 Young leaves and stems, rhizomes CUL: Salads, lacto-fermented, fried. MED: Fresh rhizomes and leaves used in cosmetology and against skin diseases, boiled leaves and tincture as an antidiabetic remedy.
Puschkinia scilloides Adams Alayaz 13532 Fresh and dried leaves CUL: Friеd, cooked in soup with lentils.
Asphodelaceae
Eremurus spectabilis M.Bieb. Shresh, shresht 13569 Young leaves, roots CUL: Salads, fried, lacto-fermented. MED: Infusion of leaves for digestive disorders. Powder from rhizomes used against skin abscesses and cysts.
Asteraceae
Achillea millefolium L. Hazaraterevuk 13512 Young leaves and stems, flowers, dried herb CUL: Fresh leaves and fried stems, dried herb as spices for fatty meat, liqueur and tea. MED: Infusion of herbs for digestive disorders and used as appetitive agent against uterine bleeding, as diuretic agent.
Achillea tenuifolia Lam. Hazaraterevuk, chobani banjar   Young leaves and stems, flowers, dried herb CUL: Fresh leaves and stems fried, dried herb as spices, for liqueur and tea. MED: Infusion of herbs for digestive disorders and as appetitive agent, against uterine bleeding, as diuretic agent.
Arctium lappa L. Kratuk, krotuk 13496 Young leaves, stems, fresh and dried roots CUL: Young leaves, stems and fresh roots for salads, soup, powder of dried root as coffee. MED: Infusion of roots as antipyretic, diuretic and hypoglycaemic agents, as lotion for hair growth, powder from leaves used against skin abscesses and sores.
Arctium tomentosum Mill. Kratuk 13572 Young leaves, stems, fresh and dried roots CUL: Young leaves, stems and fresh roots for salads, soup. MED: Infusion of roots as antipyretic, diuretic and hypoglycaemic agents, as lotion for hairs growth, powder from leaves used against skin abscesses and as wound healing agent.
Artemisia absinthium L. Oshindr 13497 Young leaves, herb CUL: As spices for liqueur and vodka. Dried herbs as mothproofing agent. MED: Infusion of herbs for digestive disorders and as appetitive agent, as anti-inflammatory agent against liver, gallbladder and pancreas diseases, as anthelmintic drug. REP.
Artemisia austriaca Jacq. Oshindr 13414 Young leaves, herb CUL: As spices for liqueur and vodka. Dried herbs as mothproofing agent. MED: Infusion and tincture of herbs for digestive disorders and as appetitive agent, as anti-inflammatory agent against liver, gallbladder and pancreas diseases, as anthelmintic drug. REP: Against moths.
Artemisia fragrans Willd. Oshindr 13543 Young leaves, herb CUL: As spices for liqueur and vodka. Dried herbs as mothproofing agent, decorative plant and grass for good luck. MED: Infusion and tincture of herbs for digestive disorders and as appetitive agent, as anti-inflammatory agent for treatment of liver, gallbladder and pancreas diseases as anthelmintic drug. DEC. REP: Against moths. MAGIC.
Artemisia tournefortiana Rchb. Oshindr 13468 Young leaves, herb CUL: As spices for liqueur and vodka. Dried herbs as mothproofing agent. MED: Infusion and tincture of herbs for digestive disorders and as appetitive agent, as anti-inflammatory agent against liver, gallbladder and pancreas diseases, as anthelmintic drug. REP: Against moths.
Artemisia vulgaris L. Oshindr 13467 Young leaves, herb As spices for liqueur and vodka. Dried herbs as mothproofing agent. MED: Infusion and tincture of herbs for digestive disorders and as appetitive agent, as anti-inflammatory agent against liver, gallbladder and pancreas diseases, as anthelmintic drug. REP: Against moths.
Cyanus segetum Hill. [syn. Centaurea cyanus L.] Terepuk kapuyt 13498 Flowers CUL: Spice for tea. MED: Decoction for rinsing inflamed eyes. DEC.
Cichorium intybus L. Tchartchatuk, Egherd, 13161 Leaves, stems, roots CUL: Powder of dried root as coffee or tea. MED: Infusion for digestive disorders and as hypoglycaemic agent, tincture of roots as wound healing agent against snake and scorpion bites.
Helichrysum rubicundum (K.Koch) Bornm. Antaram, anmer tsaghik 13500 Flowers CUL: Herbal mix for tea. MED: Infusion against liver and gallbladder diseases, as choleretic and appetitive agents. DEC.
Helichrysum plicatum DC. Antaram, anmer tsaghik   Flowers CUL: Herbal mix for tea. MED: Infusion against liver and gallbladder diseases, as choleretic and appetitive agents. DEC.
Inula helenium L. Heghinei khot, kghmugh   Roots and rhizomes MED: Decoction as anti-inflammatory, expectorant agent and against respiratory system diseases, as an antipyretic, for digestive disorders and as appetitive agent. Tea with honey against coughs. Decoction or ointment as wound healing agent. DEC.
Lactuca serriola L. Hazar, kathnuk, radika 13477 Young basal leaves CUL: Salads, in spring as a multivitamin. MED: Infusion against cough, respiratory system diseases, diseases of nervous system. Powder of dried leaves as wound healing agent.
Leontodon hispidus L. Aryutsatam, radika   Young basal leaves CUL: Salads. MED: Infusion against gallbladder diseases, for teething pain. DEC.
Leucanthemum vulgare (Vaill.)Lam. Spitakatsaghik, eritsuk 13139 Flowers MED: Infusion and tea mistaken for chamomile. DEC.
Picris hieracioides Sibth. and Sm. Darnitch 13457 Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads. MED: Boiled leaves for constipation, powder of dried leaves against skin abscesses.
Podospermum laciniatum (L.) DC. Sermnotuk, sindz 13479 Young leaves, roots CUL: Salads, fried.
Senecio leucanthemifolius subsp. vernalis (Waldst. and Kit.) Greuter [syn. Senecio vernalis Waldst. and Kit.] Halevoruk 13471 Young leaves CUL: Fried. MED: Boiled leaves for constipation, as diuretic and choleretic agent.
Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. argyrophyllum (K.Koch) Podlech [syn. Tanacetum argyrophyllum (K.Koch) Tzvel.] Meghvamushk, lvatsaghik 13501 Flowers CUL: Spice for pickles and liqueur. Infusion against nephritis.
Tanacetum vulgare L. Tarkavan, мeghvamushk, lvatsaghik 13575 Flowers, herb CUL: Spice for pickles and liqueur. MED: Herb as anthelmintic agent, against liver, gallbladder, stomach and intestine diseases.
Taraxacum bessarabicum (Hornem.) Hand. Mazz. Khatutik, radika 13576 Young leaves, roots CUL: Salads, fried. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders, as a diuretic, choleretic, appetitive agent. Fresh leaves against skin diseases and abscesses. Juice of fresh leaves as a multivitamin and against anaemia.
Taraxacum sonchoides (D.Don) Sch.Bip. [syn. Taraxacum montanum (C.A. Mey.) DC.] Khatutik, radika   Young leaves, roots CUL: Salads, fried. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders, as diuretic, choleretic, appetitive agent. Fresh leaves against skin diseases and abscesses. Juice of fresh leaves as a multivitamin and against anaemia.
Taraxacum officinale (L.) Weber ex F.H.Wigg. Khatutik, radika 13475 Young leaves, roots CUL: Salads, fried. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders, as diuretic, choleretic, appetitive agent. Fresh leaves against skin diseases and abscesses. Juice of fresh leaves as a multivitamin and against anaemia. Latex used against warts.
Tragopogon coloratus C.A. Mey. Sindz, qoshmoruk 13514 Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, fried, chewing gum from latex. MED: Latex used to stop bleeding and headaches.
Tragopogon graminifolius DC. Sindz, qoshmoruk   Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, fried, chewing gum from latex. MED: Latex used to stop bleeding and headaches.
Tragopogon dubius Scop. [syn. Tragopogon major Jacq.] Sindz, qoshmoruk   Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, fried, chewing gum from latex.
Tragopogon pterocarpus DC. Sindz, qoshmoruk   Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, fried, chewing gum from latex. MED: Use to strengthen immunity, to stop bleeding, against stomach and intestine diseases.
Tragopogon reticulatus Boiss. and A. Huet Sindz, qoshmoruk 13513 Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, fried, chewing gum from latex.
Tragopogon serotinus Sosn. Sindz, qoshmoruk   Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, fried, chewing gum from latex. MED: Latex used to stop of bleeding, against headaches.
Tussilago farfara L. Tatrak, khochkorik, hazi degh 13502 Leaves MED: Infusion against respiratory system diseases, cough, as an antipyretic and expectorant agent.
Berberidaceae
Berberis vulgaris L. Tsoreni, ktsokhur 13485 Fresh and dried fruits, bark of roots and stems, wood CUL: Jam and liqueur from ripe fruits, as spice for dishes and tea. WOOD: For handicrafts. MED: Infusion of bark against gallbladder, stomach, intestines and eye diseases, against skin abscesses. DEC.
Berberis orientalis C.K. Schneid. [this species is now included in B. vulgaris according to the Plant List but regarded as separate in Armenian floras] Tsoreni, ktsokhur 13574 Fresh and dried fruits, wood CUL: Jam and liqueur from ripe fruits, as spice for dishes and tea. WOOD: For handicrafts. MED: Infusion of bark against gallbladder, stomach, intestine and eye diseases, against skin abscesses. DEC.
Betulaceae
Corylus avellana L. Tkhleni, tkoghin 13567 Fresh, dried and roasted nuts, leaves, nutshell, wood CUL: Sweets and candy, nuts. WOOD: For handicrafts. MED: Tea from leaves as diuretic, antipyretic, for boosting the immune system, infusion of leaves against kidney and intestines diseases, as anti-inflammatory agent, ash of nutshell as wound healing agent. Nuts for sexual potency.
Brassicaceae
Barbarea vulgaris R.Br. Ktsmndzuk 13555 Young and dried leaves, herb CUL: Salads, fried. MED: Infusion of herb as diuretic, immunity booster, anti-inflammatory agent.
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Tstapashar 13474 Young leaves CUL: Salads, fried. MED: Infusion of herbs to prevent bleeding of the uterus, as diuretic, choleretic and wound healing agent. Juice of fresh herbs against kidney, liver and gallbladder diseases.
Lepidium draba L. Khruk, paron banjar 13481 Young leaves CUL: Fried with eggs.
Lepidium latifolium L. Ghji 13482 Young leaves CUL: Fried with eggs. MED: Infusion of leaves against skin diseases, nervous disorders and teething pain.
Rorippa islandica (Oeder) Borbás Ktsvich, paron banjar   Young leaves CUL: Salads.
Cannabaceae
Cannabis sativa L. Kaneph 13558 Seeds CUL: In a roasted seed mix of wheat, hemp and flax (aghandz). MED: Powdered seeds with water for boosting the immune system and enhancing sexual potency.
Capparaceae
Capparis spinosa L. Капар, оtsi dzmeruk 13526 Young flower bud, fruits, roots CUL: Flower buds used for pickles and as a spice. MED: Infusion of roots used for liver diseases, as hypoglycaemic agent. Compress from pulp of fruits and roots against headaches and joint and muscle pains.
Caprifoliaceae
Cephalaria gigantea (Ledeb.) Bobrov Ghantapa, jivan 13528 Fresh and dried flowers CUL: Tea. MED: Infusion as an antipyretic, against colds and coughs, lotion against skin diseases.
Valeriana officinalis L. Katvakhot 13586 Dried roots, rhizomes MED: Infusion or decoction used for anxiety and stress, for sleep disorders.
Viburnum opulus L. Brnchi 13487 Fresh and dried fruits CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, sweets and candy. Fresh and dried fruits used as a multivitamin, diuretic and immune system booster.
Caryophyllaceae
Stellaria media (L.) Cyr. Tchrtchruk 13478 Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, filling for pies (zhingyalov hats).
Colchicaceae
Merendera trigyna Woronow Khlopuz, dzntsaghik 13507 Blossoming shoots DEC: Decoration only.
Cornaceae
Cornus mas L. Hon 13204 Fresh and dried fruits, pips of fruits, wood CUL: Juice, jam, compote, dry pastille (ttu lavash), liqueur, lacto-fermented. WOOD: For buttons, pips of fruits for bijouterie and chaplets. MED: Jam with tea used to treat digestive disorders, diarrhoea and colds. DEC.
Cucurbitaceae
Bryonia alba L. Loshtak, arjakhaghogh 13527 Dried roots MED: Infusion of roots against stomach diseases, haemorrhoids, as immune system booster and enhancer of sexual potency.
Elaeagnaceae
Elaeagnus angustifolia L. [including Elaeagnus orientalis L.] Phshateni 13525 Fresh and dried fruits CUL: Flour, sweets. MED: Fruits and fruit infusions used to treat digestive disorders and diarrhoea. DEC. Whole branches with fruits for decoration.
Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson Chichkhan 13531 Fresh and dried fruits, wood CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur. MED: Fruits as a multivitamin. Oil of fruits in cosmetology and stomatology for gum disease, as a wound healing agent against skin diseases. DEC. Whole branches with fruits for decoration. WOOD.
Equisetaceae
Equisetum arvense L. Dziadzet 13517 Herb of green shoot MED: Infusion of herb as diuretic agent against kidney, bladder, inflammatory and kidney stone diseases.
Ericaceae
Vaccinium myrtillus L. Hapalaseni 13563 Fresh and dried berries CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur. MED: Berries as a multivitamin, tea from berries for diarrhoea, eye diseases, and improving eyesight.
Fabaceae
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Matutak 13529 Roots, rhizomes CUL: Sweets. MED: Infusion of roots or powder in bread against colds and coughs, against stomach and intestine diseases.
Lathyrus pratensis L. Tchpruk 13539 Young leaves and stems CUL: Salad, fried.
Lathyrus tuberosus L. Tchpruk 13542 Tuberous roots CUL: Boiled.
Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall. Isharvuyt 13448 Herbs CUL: Tea. MED: Infusion as a diuretic, against hypertension, diseases of the female reproductive system, fresh juice used for inflammatory diseases of ears and eyes.
Trifolium pratense L. Ereqnuk 13491 Herbs, flowers CUL: Tea. MED: Infusion as a diuretic, against coughs and diseases of the female reproductive system and the stomach.
Trifolium repens L. Ereqnuk 13499 Flowers CUL: Tea.
Fagaceae
Castanea sativa Mill. Shaganak 13530 Nuts, wood CUL: Fresh, boiled and roasted nuts. Handicrafts. MED: Boiled fruits to strengthen, against lungs and bladder diseases. WOOD.
Fagus orientalis Lipsky Hatchareni 13459 Nuts, wood CUL: Fresh and roasted nuts. Handicrafts, parquet, door, furniture. WOOD.
Grossulariaceae
Ribes uva-crispa L. [syn. Grossularia reclinata (L.) Mill.] Kokrosheni 13548 Fresh and dried fruits CUL: Berries for juice, jam, lacto-fermented. MED: Berries as a multivitamin, berry tea against colds and as a diuretic agent.
Ribes armenum Pojark. Hagharjeni Armenian Red List Fresh and dried fruits, leaves CUL: Berries for juice, jam, liqueur, lacto-fermented. Leaves as a tea. MED: Berries as a multivitamin, berry tea against colds, as a diuretic and an antipyretic agent.
Ribes petraeum Wulfen [syn. Ribes biebersteinii Berland. ex DC.] Hagharjeni   Fresh and dried fruits, leaves CUL: Berries for juice, jam, liqueur, lacto-fermented. Leaves as a tea. MED: Berries as a multivitamin, tea of berries against colds, as a diuretic and antipyretic agent.
Ribes alpinum L. Hagharjeni   Fresh and dried fruits, leaves CUL: Berries for juice, jam, liqueur, lacto-fermented. Leaves as a tea. MED: Berries as a multivitamin, berry tea against colds, as a diuretic and antipyretic agent.
Hypericaceae
Hypericum perforatum L. Srohund, arevqurik 13511 Dried herbs, oil CUL: Tea. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders and stomach diseases. Oil against gastric ulcers and skin diseases and for use in cosmetology.
Juglandaceae
Juglans regia L. Y'nkuzeni 13533 Young, fresh walnut, dried walnuts kernels, dried walnuts partitions, oil, leaves, wood CUL: Fresh walnuts for jam, dried walnut kernels as sweets, candy, ingredient of savoury dishes and source of edible oil. WOOD: For musical instruments (tar, qyamancha), handicrafts, parquet, door, furniture. REP: Leaves. MED: Tincture of fresh walnuts against hypothyroidism and digestive disorders. Dried walnut kernels with honey as a multivitamin for strengthening immunity, as a sexual potency enhancer and anthelmintic agent. Infusion of dried walnut partitions against headaches, sore throats, diarrhoea, and used as an anthelmintic agent. Oil as an ointment in cosmetology. DEC.
Lamiaceae
Leonurus cardiaca L. Aryutsagi 13466 Herbs MED: Tincture and infusion for heart diseases.
Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds. Daghd Daghdz 13494 Fresh and dried leaves, herbs CUL: Tea, drink, cocktails, as spice for soups, meat dishes, sweets and cheese. MED: Infusion against heartache, headache, digestive disorders and colds.
Origanum vulgare L. Khnkatsaghik, sevakhot 13220 Herbs CUL: Tea, spice for meat dishes. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders, colds, coughs, and respiratory system diseases. Oil in cosmetology.
Salvia hydrangea DC. ex Benth. Eghespak 13577 Herbs CUL: Tea.
Salvia sclarea L. Eghespak 13488 Herbs CUL: Tea. MED: Infusion against teething pain, sore throat and gum disease. Oil in cosmetology.
Salvia verticillata L. Eghespak 13217 Herbs CUL: Tea. MED: Infusion against teething pain, sore throat and gum disease.
Stachys palustris L. Abeghakhot 13561 Herbs MED: Infusion or tincture for the treatment of the female reproductive system and irregular periods.
Teucrium polium L. Mariamakhot 13252 Herbs MED: Infusion for the treatment of the female reproductive system and irregular periods, digestive disorders, stomach and intestines diseases, as eyewash agent.
Thymus collinus M.Bieb. Urts, khur 13508 Fresh and dried leaves, herbs CUL: Tea, as a spice for soups, meat dishes and cheese. MED: Infusion against the digestive disorders, stomach, liver and intestines diseases, colds, respiratory system diseases, hypertension and heartache, as expectorant and antibacterial agent. Oil in cosmetology.
Thymus kotschyanus Boiss. and Hohen. Urts, khur 13441 Fresh and dried leaves, herbs CUL: Tea, as spice for soups, meat dishes and cheese. MED: Infusion against the digestive disorders, stomach, liver and intestine diseases, colds, respiratory system diseases, hypertension and heartache, as expectorant and antibacterial agent. Oil in cosmetology.
Thymus rariflorus K.Koch Urts, khur 13503 Fresh and dried leaves, herbs CUL: Tea, as spice for soups, meat dishes and cheese. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders, stomach, liver and intestine diseases, colds, respiratory system diseases, hypertension and heartache, as expectorant and antibacterial agent. Oil in cosmetology.
T. transcaucasicus Ronniger Urts, khur 13545 Fresh and dried leaves, herbs CUL: Tea, as spice for soups, meat dishes and cheese. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders, stomach, liver and intestine diseases, colds, respiratory system diseases, hypertension and heartache, as expectorant and antibacterial agent. Oil in cosmetology.
Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. Urtsadaghdz, limoni urts 13546 Fresh and dried leaves, herbs CUL: Tea, as spice for soups, meat dishes and cheese. MED: Infusion and tea mistaken for thyme.
Ziziphora clinopodioides subsp. rigida (Boiss.) Rech.f. [syn. Z. rigida (Boiss.) Stapf] Urtsadaghdz, limoni urts 13544 Fresh and dried leaves, herbs CUL: Tea, as spice for soups, meat dishes and cheese. MED: Infusion and tea mistaken for thyme.
Lythraceae
Punica granatum L. Nur 13580 Fresh and dried flowers and fruits, dried bark of fruits CUL: Juice, jam, sweets. Tea from dried flowers and fruits. MED: Infusion of dried bark of fruits against respiratory system diseases and diarrhoea. Dried fruits for handicrafts as a traditional decorative element. DEC.
Malvaceae
Malva neglecta Wallr. Phiphert 13565 Leaves CUL: Soups, fried. MED: Infusion against stomach, intestine and kidney diseases, hypertension.
Malva pusilla Sm. Phiphert 13492 Leaves CUL: Soups, fried. MED: Infusion against stomach, intestine and kidney diseases, hypertension.
Malva sylvestris L. Phiphert 13570 Leaves CUL: Soups, fried. MED: Infusion against stomach, intestine and kidney diseases, hypertension.
Moraceae
Ficus carica L. Tzeni 13534 Fresh and dried fruits, latex CUL: Jam, fresh and dried fruits. MED: Boiled with milk fruits against haemorrhoids. Latex as an anti-wart drug. Fresh and dried fruits for constipation. DEC.
Morus alba L. Tteni spitak 13540 Fresh and dried fruits, leaves, wood CUL: Juice, jam, Syrup, sweets, vodka. WOOD: For vine barrels, musical instruments (saz). MED: Syrup against coughs. Infusion of leaves for diarrhoea, as hypoglycaemic agent. DEC.
Morus nigra L. Tteni sev   Fresh and dried fruits, leaves, wood CUL: Juice, jam, Syrup, sweets, vodka. WOOD: For vine barrels, musical instruments (saz). MED: Syrup against coughs. Infusion of leaves as hypoglycaemic agent. More useful than white mulberry. DEC.
Orobanchaceae
Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. Yot eghbor aryun, chibukh, lala 13379 Flowers DEC: Decoration only.
Papaveraceae
Chelidonium majus L. Tsitsernakhot 13472 Herbs, latex CUL: As a means of protecting plants from aphids. MED: Infusion for neoplasms and as an anti-inflammatory agent against diseases of the female reproductive system. Latex as an anti-wart drug. REP.
Pinaceae
Pinus kochiana Klotzsch ex K.Koch Sochi 13522 Green female cones, pollen, resin, wood CUL: Jam and syrup from green female cones as sweets, also MED: Against coughs and diseases of the respiratory system. Powdered pollen against asthma. Resin as an antibacterial agent. WOOD: For handicrafts, doors, saunas.
Plantaginaceae
Plantago major L. Ezan lezu 13516 Fresh and dried leaves, seeds CUL: Fried, filling for pies. MED: Infusion or fresh leaves against stomach and intestines diseases. Fresh leaves as a wound healing agent, for the treatment bites of insects. Mucilage of seeds for constipation.
Plantago lanceolata L. Ezan lezu 13515 Fresh leaves, seeds CUL: Fried, filling for pies. MED: Mucilage of seeds for constipation.
Polygonaceae
Rumex acetosa L. Trtnjuk 13568 Fresh leaves CUL: Soups, salads, fried, filling for pies. MED: Infusion against liver diseases, boiled herb for constipation.
Rumex acetosella L. Trtnjuk 13573 Fresh leaves CUL: Soups, salads, fried, filling for pies. MED: Infusion against liver diseases, boiled herb for constipation.
Rumex alpinus L. Aveluk 13571 Fresh and dried leaves CUL: Soups, salads, fried, filling for pies. MED: Infusion against stomach and liver diseases and from diarrhoea, boiled herb for constipation. As embrocation against skin diseases and compress against a sore throat.
Rumex crispus L. Aveluk 13240 Fresh and dried leaves CUL: Soups, salads, fried, filling for pies. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders, stomach and liver diseases and from diarrhoea, cough, boiled herb for constipation. As embrocation against skin and female reproductive system diseases. As compress against a sore throat.
Rumex tuberosus L. Aveluk 13168 Fresh and dried leaves CUL: Soups, salads, fried, filling for pies. MED: Infusion against digestive disorders, stomach, liver diseases and from diarrhoea, cough, boiled herb for constipation. As embrocation against skin and diseases of the female reproductive system.
Portulaceae
Portulaca oleracea L. Dandur 13535 Young leaves and stems CUL: Salads, boiled, lacto-fermented. MED: Infusion against liver, stomach, kidney, and bladder diseases, as hypoglycaemic agent.
Primulaceae
Primula veris subsp. macrocalyx (Bunge) Lüdi Gnarbuk, jangyulum 13187 Flowers DEC: Decorative plant is a part of a traditional spring game. MED: Infusion of flowers against respiratory system diseases and headache. DEC.
Rhamnaceae
Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Unab 13480 Fresh and dried fruits CUL: Fresh and dried fruits. MED: As a multivitamin and diuretic agent. DEC.
Rosaceae
Crataegus ambigua C.A.Mey. ex A.K.Becker [syn. Crataegus atrosanguinea Pojark.] Szni, alotcheni   Fresh and dried fruits, dried flowers CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, tea. MED: Tincture and infusion for heart diseases, fruits as multivitamin. DEC.
Crataegus caucasica K.Koch Szni, alotcheni 13579 Fresh and dried fruits, dried flowers CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, tea. MED: Tincture and infusion for heart diseases, fruits as multivitamin. DEC.
Crataegus meyeri Pojark. Szni, alotcheni 13582 Fresh and dried fruits, dried flowers CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, tea. MED: Tincture and infusion for heart diseases, fruits as multivitamin. DEC.
Crataegus orientalis Pall. ex M.Bieb. Szni, alotcheni 13578 Fresh and dried fruits, dried flowers CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, tea. MED: Tincture and infusion for heart diseases, fruits as multivitamin. Мost used. DEC.
Crataegus pentagyna Waldst. and Kit. ex Willd. Szni, alotcheni 13150 Fresh and dried fruits, dried flowers CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, tea. MED: Tincture and infusion for heart diseases, fruits as multivitamin. DEC.
Crataegus rhipidophylla Gand. Szni, alotcheni 13581 Fresh and dried fruits, dried flowers CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, tea. MED: Tincture and infusion for heart diseases, fruits as multivitamin. DEC.
Fragaria vesca L. Getnamori 13537 Fresh and dried fruits, herbs CUL: Juice, jam, tea. MED: Infusion or tea of herb against kidney and bladder diseases, as a diuretic agent, fruits as a multivitamin. DEC.
Malus orientalis Uglitzk. Khndzoreni   Fresh and dried fruits CUL: Juice, jam, lacto-fermented, sweets and candy, vinegar, liqueur. MED: Fruits as a multivitamin and as a source of iron against blood diseases. DEC.
Mespilus germanica L. Zkereni 13505 Fresh fruits CUL: Lacto-fermented and fresh fruits. MED: Puree of ripe fruits against digestive disorders, constipation and for rebuilding strength after prolonged illness, fruits as a multivitamin. DEC.
Prunus armeniaca L. Tsiraneni 13541 Fresh, frozen and dried fruits, flowers, seeds, wood CUL: Fruits used to make soup, juice, jam, liqueur, paste, and sweets. Dried flowers and fruits for tea. WOOD: For musical instruments (duduk, tar, qyamancha, zurna) and handicrafts. MED: Fruits as a multivitamin, as a source of potassium against heartache and for constipation. DEC.
Prunus divaricata Ledeb. Saloreni, shloreni   Fresh, frozen and dried fruits, flowers, wood CUL: Used to make juice, jam, liqueur, lacto-fermented, spice, paste, sweets and candy. WOOD: for musical instruments (saz). MED: Dried fruits against constipation, fruits as a multivitamin. DEC.
Prunus microcarpa C.A.Mey. Baleni   Fresh and dried fruits CUL: Juice, liqueur, sweets. Fruits as a multivitamin.
Prunus spinosa L. Mamkheni   Fresh, frozen and dried fruits CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, lacto-fermented, spice, paste, sweets and candy. MED: Dried fruits against constipation, as a multivitamin, as a diuretic and expectorant agent. DEC.
Pyrus salicifolia Pall. Tandzeni 13536 Fresh and dried fruits CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, lacto-fermented, paste, sweets and candy. MED: Fresh and dried fruits used for diarrhoea. DEC.
Pyrus caucasica Fed. Tandzeni 13520 Fresh and dried fruits CUL: Juice, jam, liqueur, lacto-fermented, paste, sweets and candy. MED: Fresh and dried fruits from diarrhoea. DEC.
Rosa canina L. Masreni 13538 Fresh and dried fruits, petals, oil CUL: Fresh, dried fruits and petals for juice, jam, liqueur, tea, petals as a spice for sweets and candy. MED: Oil in cosmetology. Infusion of fruits used against colds, stomach and intestine diseases, for strength after prolonged illness, and as a multivitamin and as a diuretic agent. DEC.
Rosa corymbifera Borkh. Masreni 13547 Fresh and dried fruits, petals, oil CUL: Fresh, dried fruits and petals for juice, jam, liqueur, tea, petals as a spice for sweets and candy. MED: Oil used in cosmetology. Infusion of fruits against colds, stomach and intestine diseases, for strength after prolonged illness, as a multivitamin and as a diuretic agent. DEC.
Rosa spinosissima L. Masreni 13584 Fresh and dried fruits, petals, oil CUL: Fresh, dried fruits and petals for juice, jam, liqueur, tea, petals as a spice for sweets and candy. MED: Oil in cosmetology. Infusion of fruits against colds, stomach and intestine diseases, for strength after prolonged illness, as a multivitamin and as a diuretic agent. DEC.
Rubus anatolicus Focke Mosheni   Fresh, frozen and dried fruits, leaves CUL: Fruits for juice, jam, compote, liqueur, sweets, fruits and leaves used as a tea. MED: As a multivitamin, a diuretic agent against colds.
Rubus caesius L. Mosheni 13583 Fresh, frozen and dried fruits, leaves CUL: Fruits for juice, jam, compote, liqueur, sweets, fruits and leaves used as a tea. MED: As a multivitamin, a diuretic agent against colds.
Rubus idaeus L. Moreni 13585 Fresh, frozen and dried fruits, leaves CUL: Fruits for juice, jam, compote, liqueur, sweets, fruits and leaves used as a tea. MED: As a multivitamin, a diuretic agent against colds.
Sorbus aucuparia L. Aroseni 13486 Fresh, frozen and dried fruits CUL: Fruits for compote, liqueur, tea. MED: As a multivitamin, a diuretic and a choleretic agent, infusion for heart muscle treatment. DEC.
Rubiaceae
Rubia tinctorum L. Toron 13518 Roots, fruits DEC: Dye for Easter eggs and threads. MED: Infusion of roots used as a diuretic agent against kidney and bladder diseases.
Salicaceae
Salix spp. Ureni   Branches WOOD: Withes for baskets, wreaths. Spring garlands on Palm Sunday. DEC.
Tiliaceae
Tilia cordata Mill. Loreni 13519 Inflorescence, wood CUL: Tea. WOOD: Handicrafts. MED: Infusion or tea from inflorescence against colds, cough and respiratory system diseases. DEC.
Urticaceae
Urtica dioica L. Eghinj 13521 Young leaves CUL: Soups, fried, salads, as a filling for pies. MED: Infusion as a multivitamin, a diuretic agent, for the prevention of bleeding of the uterus, herbs boiled against constipation and haemorrhoids.
Vitaceae
Vitis vinifera L. [syn. Vitis sylvestris C.C.Gmel.] Khaghogh   Young leaves, fresh and dried fruits CUL: Young leaves for dolma (stuffed leaves with meat), fruits in the form of compote, jam, sweets, candy, wine, syrup, vinegar, raisins. DEC.
  1. CUL culinary, MED medical, DEC decorative, REP insect repellent