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Table 1 Provinces in which interviews were conducted, with associated explanatory characteristics of urbanity and ethnic makeup, and specific ethnic characteristics of the women interviewed

From: Bear bile use at the intersection of maternal health in Cambodia

ProvinceCharacteristicsEthnicities represented
Phnom Penh*The urban center of Cambodia. Well-developed and predominantly Khmer.Khmer (n = 23), Khmer-Chinese (n = 19)
Kandal*The province just east of Phnom Penh City. People who work in Phnom Penh often commute in from the villages of Kandal. There are also many garment factories and, recently, significant Chinese development (E. Davis, pers. obs.).Khmer (n = 4), Khmer-Chinese (n = 3)
Stung TrengThe least populated province situated near the Laos border. Many Khmer here identify as partially Lao.Khmer (n = 9), Khmer-Lao (n = 5)
Kampong Speu*The province in between the Cardamom Mountains and Phnom Penh. It is semi-rural, comprised mostly of farmland and clothing factories. The people are predominantly Khmer.Khmer (n = 4), Khmer-Chinese (n = 3)
MondulkiriWell-forested and amenities are under-developed. Many indigenous groups live in this area, such as the Bunong.Khmer (n = 12)
PursatAdjacent to the Cardamom Mountains, which is one of the few remaining biodiversity enclaves in Cambodia. It is well-connected and predominantly Khmer.Khmer (n = 4), Khmer-Chinese (n = 1)
Preah VihearA reputed wildlife trade hotspot situated near a protected area. It is predominantly Khmer.Khmer (n = 12), Khmer-Chinese (n = 2)
Siem ReapWell-developed town and predominantly Khmer.Khmer (n = 4), Khmer-Chinese (n = 4), Khmer-French (n = 1)
  1. *Sites where interviews were conducted in Fall 2016. Interviews were conducted at all other sites throughout 2018 - 2019