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Table 2 Inventory of medicinal plants traditionally used by Mulam people

From: Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by Mulam people in Guangxi, China

Scientific name Chinese name Mulam name Family Habit Habitat Parts used Preparation and uses Cited sources
Abelmoschus sagittifolius (Kurz) Merr. Jianyeqiukui箭叶秋葵 Malvaceae Herb Home garden Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for kidney deficiency, backache 451225130608007
Abrus cantoniensis Wall. ex Wightet Arn. Guangdongxiangsizi广州相思子 hɣɔk8ci1kwət7 Fabaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for jaundice hepatitis, stomachache, scrofula. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, painful swelling 451225130719008
Acalypha australis L. Tiexiancai铁苋菜 Euphorbiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and promoting diuresis. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for hemostasis with astringents 451225130517008
Achyranthes aspera L. Tuniuxi土牛膝 Amaranthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for clearing away heat and toxic material, diuresis, treating for ascites, nephritis, sweating 451225130517018
Achyranthes bidentata Blume Niuxi牛膝 mai4cen1tən2 Amaranthaceae Herb Wild Root, Rhizome Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, traumatic injury. Decoction; taken orally for sore throat, urinary urgency, dysuria, furuncle and carbuncle 451225130101019
Achyranthes longifolia Makino Liuyeniuxi柳叶牛膝 Amaranthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for calculosis 451225130517052
Aconitum carmichaelii Debeaux Wutou乌头 Ranunculaceae Herb Home garden Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for hyperosteogeny 451225130607001
Acorus calamus L. Changpu菖蒲 Acoraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath, treating for carbuncle, headache 451225130607020
Acorus gramineus Soland. Jinqianpu金钱蒲 sik8tshja:ŋ1pu2 Acoraceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for epilepsy, phlegm heat, abdominal distension, abdominal pain. Powdered, applied on the affected area for traumatic injury 451225130310058
Adina rubella Hance Xiyeshuituanhua细叶水团花 Rubiaceae Shrub Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for treating tracheitis 451225130310001
Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. Longyacao龙芽草 ma4ljen6a:n1 Rosaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for stanching bleeding, cool the blood, dissipate blood stasis, diarrhea 451225130719003
Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. subsp. australis (Diels) T. Shimizu Baimutong白木通 Lardizabalaceae Liana Wild Stem Decoction; taken orally for nephritis 451225130428026
Alangium chinense (Lour) Harms. Bajiaofeng八角枫 pa:t7kak7foŋ1 Cornaceae Shrub Wild Stem, Leaf, Root Decoction; medicinal bath for treating rheumatism, numbness of limbs, internal lesion caused by overexertion, traumatic injury, dissipate blood stasis, relieve pain 451225130421036
Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Hehuan合欢 thəu5mu2kwa:n11 Fabaceae Tree Wild Bark Decoction; taken orally for treating restlessness, insomnia and dreaminess, ADHD. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for abscess, traumatic injury 451225130430033
Alchornea trewioides (Benth.) Muell. Arg. Hongbeishanmagan红背山麻杆 Euphorbiaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Medicinal bath, treating for eczema 451225130307019
Alisma orientale (Samuel) Juz. Dongfangzexie东方泽泻 Alismataceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for enteritis 451225131107033
Allium fistulosum L. Cong葱 thɔŋ1pa:k8 Amaryllidaceae Herb Home garden Bulb Decoction; taken orally for typhoid, headache, abdominal pain, constipation, urinary stoppage, diarrhea, abscess 451225131107034
Allium macrostemon Bge. Yongbai薤白 kɣo3ceu4 Amaryllidaceae Herb Wild Stem Decoction; taken orally for thoracic obstruction, diarrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle 451225130729012
Allium sativum L. Suan蒜 kɣo3hɣɔ2 Amaryllidaceae Herb Home garden Bulb Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating fever, headache, angina, hiccough, anorexia, poor appetite, furuncle, carbuncle 451225130311031
Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng. Jiu韭 ha:i5la:k8 Amaryllidaceae Herb Home garden Seed, Leaf Fried; taken orally directly for treating impotence, nocturnal emission, frequent micturition, enuresis, diarrhea, leukorrhea, turbidity, infantile convulsion 451225130723008
Alocasia cucullata (Lour.) Schott Jianweiyu尖尾芋 Araceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction after slicing and drying; taken orally for hepatocirrhosis 451225130425003
Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. Luhui芦荟 ma1ləm6 Xanthorrhoeaceae Herb Home garden Leaf juice Taken orally directly for treating constipation, infantile convulsion, infatile malnutrition with fever, ringworm, hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula, scrofula 451225131107017
Alyxia sinensis Champ. ex Benth. Lianzhuteng链珠藤 Apocynaceae Liana Wild Stem, Leaf Decoction; taken orally for treating bladder cancer, uterine cancer 451225130807002
Amaranthus spinosus L. Cixian刺苋 Amaranthaceae Herb Home garden Root Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for piles 451225130606018
Amomum tsaoko Crevost et Lemarie Caoguo草果 Zingiberaceae Herb both Seed Taken orally directly for aid digestion 451225130728017
Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch Huamoyu花磨芋 ɣa:k7la:i4 Araceae Herb both Tuber Decoction after slicing and drying; taken orally for cough. Powdered, applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, furuncle, erysipelas 451225130519009
Amygdalus persica L. Tao桃 hwi12la:k8 Rosaceae Tree Home garden Seed Taken orally directly for treating dysmenorrhea, abdominal pain, traumatic injury, abscess of lung, intestinal carbuncle, constipation due to intestinal dryness 451225130424017
Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees Chuanxinlian穿心莲 tshjøn5təm1ljen2 Acanthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for influenza, sore throat, tracheitis, pneumonia 451225121230008
Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis Luokuishu落葵薯 Basellaceae Herb Home garden Tuber, Stem and leaf Stewed with pork bone and drunk the soup for supplementary blood and nutrition. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area for dissipate blood stasis 451225121230001
Arachis hypogaea L. Luohuasheng落花生 ti6tau6 Fabaceae Herb Home garden Seed Taken orally directly for treating irritating dry cough, stomachache, hypertension, dizziness due to deficiency of blood 451225130606021
Aralia chinensis L. Huangmaocongmu黄毛楤木 khai1mai4 Araliaceae Shrub Wild Bark or Stem Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath, treating for rheumatic arthritis, nephritis edema, ascites due to cirrhosis, hepatitis, stomachache, turbidity, metrorrhagia, traumatic injury, abscess 451225130518021
Arctium lappa L. Niupang牛蒡 tən2ha5la:k8 Asteraceae Herb both Fruit Decoction; taken orally for treating wind-heat type common cold, cough, sore throat, eczema 451225130428019
Ardisia crenata Sims Zhushagen朱砂根 Primulaceae Shrub Wild Root, Stem Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatism 451225130308012
Ardisia gigantifolia Stapf. Zoumatai走马胎 ça:u1tsha:m3ma4 Primulaceae Shrub Wild Root Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatism, dispelling wind, remove dampness, removing blood stasis, traumatic injury, waist-leg weakness, carbuncle ulcer 451225130610040
Ardisia lindleyana D. Dietr. Xiaoluosan小罗伞 mai4ta:n5niŋ5 Primulaceae Shrub Wild Root or Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating rheumatoid arthritis, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury 451225130311035
Ardisia japonica (Thunb) Blume Zijinniu紫金牛 te3ti6tsa2 Primulaceae Shrub Wild Stem, Leaf Decoction; taken orally and medicinal bath for treating chronic bronchitis, tuberculosis, nephritis, hypertension, swollen toxin, hernia 451225130722002
Areca catechu L. Binglang槟榔 Arecaceae Tree Home garden Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for liver ascites 451225130610033
Arisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott Yibasannanxing一把伞南星 Araceae Herb Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and toxic materials 451225130311032
Aristolochia debilis Sieb. et Zuce. Madongling马兜铃 mai4həu1mɣa:ŋ1 Aristolochiaceae Liana Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for relieve pain, detoxifcation detumescence, blood pressure lowering 451225130729011
Aristolochia fordiana Hemsl. Tongchenghu通城虎 Aristolochiaceae Liana both Whole plant Taken orally directly for anti-inflammatory, gastritis, enteritis. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for snake bite 451225121204039
Armeniaca mume Sieb. Mei梅 u5məi6 Rosaceae Tree Home garden Fruit Taken orally directly for treating diarrhea, hemafecia, cough with lung heat, sore throat, depriving ascarid 451225130426040
Artemisia anomala S. Moore. Qihao奇蒿 pɛ:k8hwa1wəi1 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Taken orally directly for treating amenorrhea, abdominal distention, postpartum blood stasis. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, carbuncle toxin 451225130427037
Artemisia argyi H. Lév. et Vaniot Ai艾 ŋa:i6fa5 Asteraceae Herb Wild Leaf Moxibustion; Treating for tocolysis, dysmenorrhea, irregular menses, leukorrhea, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis 451225130720008
Artemisia capillaris Thunb. Yinchenhao茵陈蒿 mau5hɣɔk8 Asteraceae Herb Wild Stem and leaf Taken orally directly for treating damp and hot jaundice, dysuria, sores 451225130102009
Artemisia carvifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. Qinghao青蒿 ŋa:i6həu1 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating malaria, diarrhea, jaundice. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for scabies, pruritus 451225130610003
Artemisia indica Willd. Wuyueai五月艾 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath for dispelling wind and removing dampness 451225130427028
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. Zhumaohao猪毛蒿 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Taken orally directly for treating stomachache 451225130518018
Arundo donax L. Luzhu芦竹 Poaceae Shrub Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for pharyngitis, nephritis, edema 451225130611004
Asarum caudigerum Hance Weihuaxixin尾花细辛 Aristolochiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, for relieve pain, toothache, gout 451225130309040
Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr Tianmendong天门冬 mən6tɔŋ1 Asparagaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for cough, hemoptysis, pneumalgia, sore throat 451225130428020
Bauhinia championii (Benth.) Benth. Longxuteng龙须藤 ça:u1ma6jin5 Fabaceae Liana Wild Stem Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for gastritis, rheumatism, traumatic injury, bone fracture 451225121231022
Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC. Shegan射干 məm6kwət7hɣɔk8 Iridaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for sore throat, abscess, amenorrhea 451225130428054
Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. Donggua冬瓜 tɔŋ5kwa1ŋɣa2 Cucurbitaceae Liana Home garden Peel Decoction; taken orally for nephritis edema, poor urination 451225130430039
Bidens bipinnata L. Popozhen婆婆针 la:i4tshəm1hɣɔk8 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for acute appendicitis, mastalgia, bacillary dysentery, angina, kidney deficiency, backache, nephritis, migraine. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for snake bite, traumatic injury 451225130608021
Bidens pilosa L. Guizhencao鬼针草 Asteraceae Herb Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; medicinal bath for degerming and anti-inflammatory 451225130608026
Bischofia javanica Blume Qiufeng秋枫 Euphorbiaceae Tree both Root Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for piles 451225131108037
Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr. Xiaobaiji小白及 Orchidaceae Herb Wild Tuber Stewed with pork bag and taken orally directly for tumour 451225130309006
Bletilla striata (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Rchb. f. Baiji白及 Orchidaceae Herb Wild Tuber Decoction; taken orally for gastric ulcer, tuberculosis 451225130307037
Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. Zhuma苎麻 6ma6ta:ŋ1 Urticaceae Shrub Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for internal hemorrhage, hemokelidosis, threatened abortion, poor urination. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for poisoned sore, snake and insect injury 451225130421030
Botrychium lanuginosum Wall. Rongmaoyindijue绒毛阴地蕨 Ophioglossaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for lunacy, settle fright and quiet the spirit 451225131107031
Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. Jiecai芥菜 Brassicaceae Herb Home garden Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for calculosis 451225130307031
Bryophyllum pinnatum (L. f. ) Oken Luodishenggen落地生根 Crassulaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for detumescence relieve pain, detoxicating and generating muscles 451225130607009
Buchnera cruciata Buch. Mutis ex. L. f. Hamilt. Heicao黑草 hɣɔk8nam1 Orobanchaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating eruptive disease, typhoid, epilepsy, painful swelling 451225130310048
Buddleja officinalis Maxim. Mimenghua密蒙花 Scrophulariaceae Shrub Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for ascites due to cirrhosis, jaundice hepatitis 451225130310013
Callerya reticulata (Benth.) Schot Wangluojixueteng网络鸡血藤 Fabaceae Liana Wild Stem Medicinal liquor; taken orally or rinsed, treating for rheumatism, free the channels and network vessels, osteoporosis 451225130722005
Callerya speciosa (Champ. ex Benth.) Schot Meilijixueteng美丽鸡血藤 Fabaceae Liana Wild Whole plant Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating tracheitis, osteoporosis 451225130607039
Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl Dayezizhu大叶紫珠 Verbenaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc, hyperosteogeny, rheumatism 451225130607013, 451225130722004
Camellia oleifera Abel Youcha油茶 tsa:i6jəu2 Theaceae Tree Wild Oil from seeds Taken orally directly treating for abdominal pain, depriving ascarid, intestinal dryness and nodding. Applied on the affected area, treating for scabies, scald 451225130421041
Campanumoea javanica Blume Bijdr. Jinqianbao金钱豹 Campanulaceae Herb Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for lung heat, dry cough 451225130608018
Canarium album (Lour.) Rauesch. Ganlan橄榄 ka:n3la:n3 Burseraceae Tree Home garden Fruit Taken orally directly for sore throat, cough hemoptysis, bacillary dysentery, alleviate a hangover 451225130609002
Canna indica L. Meirenjiao美人蕉 tɔŋ6fa5 Cannaceae Herb Wild Stem, Flower Decoction; taken orally for acute jaundice hepatitis, protracted dysentery, leukorrhea, irregular menses, hypertension. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, abscess 451225130518003
Canscora lucidissima (Levl. et Vant.) Hand.-Mazz. Chuanxincao穿心草 hɣɔk8tshjøn5təm1 Gentianaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for hepatopathy, cough with lung heat, hepatitis, jaundice, pectoralgia, stomachache, traumatic injury 451225130311007
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic. Jicai荠菜 ma1ja4 Brassicaceae Herb Home garden Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for diarrhea, edema, gonorrhea, internal hemorrhage, red eyes painful swelling 451225130608022
Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Daodiling倒地铃 Sapindaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Taken orally directly or pounded fresh part applied on the affected area for expelling parasite, relieve pain 451225130519053
Carica papaya L. Fanmugua番木瓜 Caricaceae Tree Home garden Peel Stewed with pork bone and drunk the soup, treating for osteoporosis 451225130312001
Cassytha filiformis L. Wugenteng无根藤 ça:u1khu52ni4 Lauraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for diuresis, detumescence, cough with lung heat, jaundice, diarrhea, internal hemorrhage, abscess, scabies, scald 451225130311062
Catalpa ovata G. Don Zi梓 Bignoniaceae Tree Wild Fruit Decoction; taken orally for hepatopathy 451225130424024
Cayratia albifolia C. L. Li Baimaowulianmei白毛乌蔹莓 ça:u1mu5mai4 Vitaceae Liana Wild Root, Leaf Root: medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatic arthritis. Leaf: pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for unknown swollen toxin; Chewing, treating for toothache. 451225130426036
Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep. Wulianmei乌蔹莓 ŋɔ4fa5mwa:i2 Vitaceae Liana Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for rheumatoid arthritis, jaundice, diarrhea, hematuria, gonorrhea, furuncle abscess, erysipelas 451225130606003
Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Nansheteng南蛇藤 ta6pɣa1lɔŋ2 Celastraceae Liana Wild Stem Decoction; taken orally for arthralgia and myalgia, numbness of limbs, infantile convulsion, measles syndrome, diarrhea 451225130430008
Celosia argentea L. Qingxiang青葙 ja4ci1kon1hwa1 Amaranthaceae Herb both Seed Medicinal bath for insecticidal 451225130518039, 451225130608024
Celosia cristata L. Jiguanhua鸡冠花 ci1kon1hwa1 Amaranthaceae Herb Home garden Inflorescence Decoction; taken orally for internal hemorrhage, leukorrhea 451225130607049
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Jixuecao积雪草 chøt7pa:k7won3 Apiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for prostatitis, eruptive disease, diarrhea, jaundice, internal hemorrhage, measles. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle abscess, traumatic injury 451225130424011
Centipeda minima (L.) A. Br. et Aschers. Shihusui石胡荽 hɣɔk8ŋa:n6khu5tsa:n1 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for dissipate blood stasis, dispelling wind detumescence, hepatitis, common cold, pharyngitis, pertussis cough, diarrhea, malaria, nasosinusitis, hemorrhoids 451225130611010
Cephalotaxus fortunei Hook. Sanjianshan三尖杉 tau6la:n3sa1 Cephalotaxaceae Tree Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally for dry cough, dry pharynx 451225130430030
Chenopodium hybridum L. Zapeili杂配藜 phɣə:t7nən1jəu1 Amaranthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for sore abscess, irregular menses, internal hemorrhage, enteritis, bacillary dysentery 451225130425013
Chloranthus henryi Hemsl. Kuanyejinsulan宽叶金粟兰 ti5phjen5ŋwa4 Chloranthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatism, arthralgia and myalgia, traumatic injury 451225130723006
Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) B. L. Burtt et A. W. Hill Nansuanzao南酸枣 Anacardiaceae Tree Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for encephalemia 451225130426037
Chrysanthemum indicum L. Yeju野菊 cy6hwa1ja4 Asteraceae Herb Wild Flower Decoction; taken orally for anti-inflammatoryy, enteritis, rheumatism, wind-heat type common cold, pneumonia, diphtheritis, hypertension, furuncle, aptha, erysipelas, eczema 451225121205038
Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin. Zhujiecao竹节草 Poaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for diuresis detumescence, clearing away heat and toxic materials 451225130611024
Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm. Jinmaogou金毛狗 cəm12ŋwa1 Cibotiaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for hemiplegia, backache, rheumatism, urinary frequency, spermatorrhea, leukorrhea 451225121204014, 451225130728003
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Presl Zhang樟 Lauraceae Tree both Stem, Root Decoction; taken orally for hepatosplenomegaly, edema, hepatitis 451225130430032
Cipadessa baccifera (Roth) Miq. Huimaojiangguolian灰毛浆果楝 Meliaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Medicinal bath for thermolysis, anti-inflammatory 451225121230031
Cirsium chinense Gardner et Champ. Xiaoji小蓟 ci1niŋ5 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant or Root Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating internal hemorrhage, irregular menses, damp and hot, jaundice. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound, furuncle, swollen toxin 451225130422019
Cirsium japonicum Fisch. ex DC. Daji大蓟 ci1lo4 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant or Root Decoction; taken orally for internal hemorrhage, scald, mumps, jaundice, costalgia, intestinal carbuncle 451225130422019
Cissus pteroclada Hayata Yijingbaifenteng翼茎白粉藤 ça:u1ti5teŋ2 Vitaceae Liana Wild Stem Medicinal liquor or decoction; taken orally for activate collaterals, rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury 451225130310068
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. et Nakai Xigua西瓜 te1kwa1ŋɣa2 Cucurbitaceae Liana Home garden Bark Decoction; taken orally for hotness and polydipsia, oliguresis, edema 451225130606028
Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. You柚 Rutaceae Tree Home garden Stem and leaf Decoction; medicinal bath for sweating 451225130426008
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck Tiancheng甜橙 ka:m5tsən2ŋɣa2 Rutaceae Tree Home garden Peel Taken orally directly for abdominal distention, nausea, vomit 451225131108015
Citrus tangerina Hort. et Tanaka. Fuju福橘 cy6fa5 Rutaceae Tree Home garden Peel Taken orally directly for costalgia, acute mastitis, lump of breast 451225140408015
Citrus trifoliata L. Ji枳 tsi2la:k8 Rutaceae Tree Home garden Fruit slicing and drying, decoction; taken orally for rib expansion, dyspeptic retention, hiccup, alo laxata, rectal prolapse, uterine prolapse 451225130721012
Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels. Huangpi黄皮 ŋɣa2ŋa:n3hwi1la:k8 Rutaceae Tree Home garden Fruit Taken orally directly for removing jaundice,hepatitis, dyspeptic retention, cough asthma 451225130422041
Clematis chinensis Osbeck. Weilingxian威灵仙 hɣɔk8məm4mut8 Ranunculaceae Liana Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for gout, obstinate arthralgia, barbiers, malaria, tetanus, painful swelling 451225121205044
Clerodendrum bungei Steud. Choumudan臭牡丹 ȵin12ta:n1 Lamiaceae Shrub Wild Stem, Leaf Decoction; medicinal bath for tuberculosis, carbuncle, furuncle, eczema, piles, rectal prolapse, infantile convulsion 451225130426029
Clerodendrum cyrtophyllum Turcz. Daqing大青 Lamiaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Pounded and heated the fresh part, applied on the affected area, treating for hyperosteogeny 451225130729016
Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet Chengtong赪桐 Lamiaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; medicinal bath for rheumatism 451225130606025
Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson. Shechuang蛇床 twi2pho5la:k8 Apiaceae Herb Wild Fruit Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating impotence, rheumatoid arthritis, hemorrhoids eczema. Decoction; taken orally and medicinal bath for eczema scrotum, leukorrhea, pruritus vulvae, infertility 451225130421020
Coix lacryma-jobi L. var. ma-yuen (Rom. Caill.) Stapf Yimi薏米 hɣɔk8lak8khau5 Poaceae Herb both Seed Stewed; taken orally directly for dysuria, edema, inchacao, invigorating spleen, diarrhea, rheumatoid arthritis, abscess of lung, intestinal carbuncle 451225130310025
Commelina diffusa Burm. Jiejiecao节节草 Commelinaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for lithangiuria, clearing liver and eyesight, removing dampness 451225130519005
Coriandrum satiuum L. Yuansui芫荽 jøn6tok8 Apiaceae Herb Home garden Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for measles, poor appetite, stomach cold 451225130519021
Corydalis saxicola Bunting Yanhuanglian岩黄连 pa:i25huŋ6ljen2 Papaveraceae Herb both Whole plant Taken orally directly for anti-inflammatory 451225130426020
Corydalis sheareri S. Moore Dijinmiao地锦苗 hu5təm1mwɔ5 Papaveraceae Herb Wild Rhizome Taken orally directly or pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for stomach heat, damp and hot jaundice, edema, traumatic injury, furuncle and carbuncle 451225130307005
Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore Yetonghao野茼蒿 Asteraceae Herb Wild Stem and leaf Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for hyperplasia of mammary glands 451225130519023
Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. var. major N. E. Br. Shanlihong山里红 pɣa1tsa1 Rosaceae Tree both Fruit Taken orally directly for abdominal distension, anorexia, abdominal pain 451225130729010
Crinum asiaticum L. var. sinicum (Roxb. ex Herb.) Baker Wenshulan文殊兰 khɣɛ1lɔŋ2ma4 Amaryllidaceae Herb Wild Leaf Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for abscess, traumatic injury, joint pain 451225130430048
Cucumis sativus L. Huanggua黄瓜 Cucurbitaceae Liana Home garden Root, Seed Root: Decoction; taken orally for rheumatism, removing jaundice, jaundice, hepatitis. Seed: taken orally directly for treating heart disease 451225130609003
Cucurbita moschata (Duch. ex Lam.) Duch. ex Poiret Nangua南瓜 cəm1kwa1piŋ5 Cucurbitaceae Liana Home garden Peel, pedicel, Seed Peel: Decoction; taken orally for stone. Pedicellus cucurbitae: Decoction; taken orally for treating stone, carbuncle, furuncle, scald, threatened abortion. Seed: taken orally directly, treating for tapeworm, depriving ascarid, postpartum blood stasis, piles 451225130718020
Cupressus funebris Endl. Baimu柏木 Cupressaceae Tree both Bark Decoction; taken orally for liver ascites 451225130517006
Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Xianmao仙茅 pɣa1jyn6 Hypoxidaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Stir-fry until dry after soaking with wine, then decoction or medicinal liquor for treating impotence, aconuresis. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for carbuncle, scrofula 451225130309002
Curcuma longa L. Jianghuang姜黄 Zingiberaceae Herb both Tuber Slicinged and heated applied on the affected area for dissipate blood stasis, dredging collaterals 451225130430037
Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton Eshu莪术 Zingiberaceae Herb both Tuber Decoction; medicinal bath for dissipate blood stasis, dysmenorrhea 451225130501009
Cyclea hypoglauca (Schauer) Diels Fenyelunhuanteng粉叶轮环藤 ça:u1phəp7 Menispermaceae Liana Wild Root, Stem, Leaf Root: Decoction; taken orally for soothe throats, suppressing cough. Stem: Decoction; taken orally for expectorant. Leaf: Decoction; taken orally for sore throat, abdominal pain 451225130310018
Cynanchum amplexicaule (Sieb. et Zucc.) Hemsl. var. castaneum Makino Zihuahezhangxiao紫花合掌消 Apocynaceae Herb both Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cool blood detoxifcation, hepatitis 451225130424025
Cynanchum atratum Bunge Baiwei白薇 Apocynaceae Herb both Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for skin disease 451225130523002
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Gouyagen狗牙根 khɣət7tjen5hɣɔk8 Poaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for rheumatism, hemiplegia, over-strained hemoptysis. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, bleeding wound, carbuncle 451225130610024
Cyperus rotundus L. Xiangfuzi香附子 hɣɔk8ti6cəu3 Cyperaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; medicinal liquor; taken orally for clearing and activating the channels and collaterals, rheumatism, ostealgia, stomachache, asthma in children 451225130606020
Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griffith) Martius Huangteng黄藤 ça:u1ŋa:n3 Arecaceae Liana Wild Stem or root Decoction; taken orally for food-poisoning, constipation, diarrhea, infectious hepatitis, carbuncle, sore throat 451225130311001
Damnacanthus indicus C. F. Gaertn. Huci虎刺 Rubiaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally for treating stone, diuresis, nephropathy 451225121230021
Datura metel L. Baimantuoluo白曼陀罗 ma:n4tho6lo5 Solanaceae Herb Home garden Flower, Leaf Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for alopecia. Decoction; medicinal bath, treating for cough with asthma, arthralgia, inchacao, rectal prolapse 451225130523001
Davallia divaricata Dutch et Tutch. Dayegusuibu大叶骨碎补 Davalliaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, for treating rheumatism, strengthening the bones and muscles, traumatic injury 451225130307006
Dendrobium nobile Lindl. Shihu石斛 hɣɔk8ŋa:n3 Orchidaceae Herb Wild Stem Decoction; taken orally for febrile diseases, asthenia fever after illness 451225130427039
Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. Dayeshanmahuang大叶山蚂蝗 Fabaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for diuresis 451225121230019
Desmodium racemosum (Thunb.) DC. Shanmahuang山蚂蝗 pɣa1miŋ2 Fabaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for stomachache, infantile malnutrition 451225131109003
Desmodium multiflorum DC. Dongmahuang饿蚂蝗 Fabaceae Shrub Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and toxic materials, anti-itch, infantile malnutrition 451225130726004
Dichondra repens Forst. Matijin马蹄金 ma1luk7 Convolvulaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for throat inflammation, enteritis, liver ascites, jaundice, costalgia, urinary urgency, dysuria, irregular menses. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound 451225130610014
Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. Gougancai狗肝菜 ma1tap7ŋwa1 Acanthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for dizziness, tinnitus, bacillary dysentery hemafecia, dysuria, pyretic stranguria, measles 451225130606001
Dimocarpus longan Lour. Longyan龙眼 ȵøn2sik8 Sapindaceae Tree Home garden Aril Taken orally directly for weakness of spleen and stomach, anorexia, diarrhea, insomnia dreaminess, palpitation, postpartum hypogalactia 451225130101009
Dioscorea bulbifcra L. Huangdong黄独 kɣa2ŋa:n3la:k8 Dioscoreaceae Liana Wild Tuber Decoction; taken orally for antral gastritis, enteritis, thyroid disease, cough with lung heat, pudendal ulcer 451225130430035
Dioscorea cirrhosa Lour. Shuliang薯莨 Dioscoreaceae Liana Wild Tuber Stir-fry with rice; taken orally for fever in children 451225130101027, 451225130430011
Dioscorea esquirolii Prain et Burkill Qiyeshuyu七叶薯蓣 Dioscoreaceae Liana Wild Rhizome Decoction; medicinal bath, treating for herpes, hyperthyreosis 451225130312023
Diospyros kaki Thunb. Shi柿 ca:u1ma3kai5 Ebenaceae Tree both Persistent calyx Decoction; taken orally for vomiting, relieve hiccup 451225130421035, 451225130428004
Drynaria roosii Nakaike Hujue槲蕨 çiŋ1mu6lau2 Polypodiaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decocted with water, slicing, drying, medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating kidney deficiency, backache, rheumatoid arthritis, toothache, tinnitus, traumatic injury, bone injury, appendicitis, pelada, heloma 451225130311014, 451225130421012
Dryopteris championii (Benth.) C. Chr. Kuolinlinmaojue阔鳞鳞毛蕨 kon5tsɔŋ1 Dryopteridaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for anemopyretic cold ecchymosis, internal hemorrhage, leukorrhea, enteric verminosis 451225130421053
Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke. Shemei蛇莓 təm6twi2 Rosaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for fever, cough, spitting blood, angina, diarrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for abscessfuruncle, snake bite, scald. 451225130311059, 451225130424009
Dysosma versipellis (Hance) M. Cheng Bajiaolian八角莲 Berberidaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for poisonous insect bite 451225130612002
Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin et Clemants Tujingjie土荆芥 ma1ȵin1 Amaranthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Medicinal bath or pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for treating for rheumatism painful swelling, eczema, poisonous insect bite 451225130607023
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. Bai稗 Poaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for diuresis detumescence, quiet the spirit 451225130718016
Eclipta Prostrata L. Lichang鳢肠 hɣɔk8ma1ha:n5 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating internal hemorrhage, premature graying hair, diphtheritis, turbidity, leukorrhea, pudendal eczema. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound, snake bite 451225130421003, 451225130501038
Elaeagnus glabra Thunb. Manhutuizi蔓胡颓子 Elaeagnaceae Liana Wild Leaf, Fruit, Root Leaf: Decoction; taken orally for calm panting and suppress cough. Fruit: Taken orally directly for anti-diarrhea 451225131108045
Elephantopus scaber L. Didancao地胆草 hɣɔk8tsja:k7ta:ŋ1 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating gastritis, dental ulcer, pharyngitis, inchacao edema, urinary frequency, urinary urgency, furuncle 451225130806001
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Niujincao牛筋草 tən2cen1hɣɔk8 Poaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for fever, damp and hot jaundice, abdominal distention, lumbar muscle injury 451225130610023
Eleutherococcus nodiflorus (Dunn) S. Y. Hu Xizhuwujia细柱五加 ŋɔ4ca1ŋɣa2 Araliaceae Shrub Wild Root bark Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, cramp 451225121205001
Eleutherococcus trifoliatus (L.) S. Y. Hu Baiha白簕 Araliaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Root and leaf: Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and toxic materials, nephritis, renal tuberculosis, edema; pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for stanching bleeding; Stem: medicinal liquor; taken orally for rheumatism 451225121205030
Elsholtzia rugulosa Hemsl. Baibeixiangru白背香薷 ma1mɣa:ŋ1 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant with flower Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for headache fever, abdominal pain, vomit, diarrhea, edema, inchacao 451225130608041
Embelia parviflora Wall. ex A. DC. Dangguiteng当归藤 Primulaceae Liana Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally for diuresis, edema 451225121204018
Emilia sonchifolia DC. Yidianhong一点红 5tjem3la:n3 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for urinary tract infection, kidney deficiency, sore throat, cough, urinary urgency, furuncle, herpes, eczema 451225130312002
Epimedium sagittatum (Sieb. et Zucc.) Maxim. Sanzhijiuyecao三枝九叶草 hɣɔk8ta:n1ŋa5cəu3fa5 Berberidaceae Herb Wild Stem, Leaf Medicinal liquor or stewed with bone and drunk the soup, treating for impotence, dripping discharge of urine, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, rheumatoid arthritis 451225121231009
Equisetum diffusum D. Don Pisanmuzei披散木贼 Equisetaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, for anti-inflammatory, detumescence. Decoction; taken orally for nephritis, diuresis stranguria, renomegaly, clearing heat and improving eyesight 451225130721013
Equisetum hiemale L. Muzei木贼 hɣɔk8pət7tha:p7 Equisetaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for conjunctivitis, sore throat, abdominal pain, hemafecia, edema 451225131108023
Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Pipa枇杷 pε:k8pa2fa5 Rosaceae Tree both Leaf Decoction; taken orally for ascites due to cirrhosis, cough with lung heat, hemoptysis, clearing away heat and toxic materials 451225130426034
Eriocaulon buergerianum Koern. Gujingcao谷精草 hɣɔk8muŋ4la1 Eriocaulaceae Herb Wild Inflorescence Decoction; taken orally for nyctalopia, headache, toothache, pharyngitis, hemorrhinia 451225130428017
Erycibe obtusifolia Benth. Dinggongteng丁公藤 ça:u1kɔŋ11 Convolvulaceae Shrub Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for rheumatism, hemiplegia. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for painful swelling from knocks and falls 451225130611027
Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Lanan蓝桉 a:n5mai4fa5lo4 Myrtaceae Tree both Leaf Decoction; taken orally for stomachache, prostatitis, wind-heat type common cold, cough, urinary urgency, dysuria. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle, skin itch, eczema 451225130425026
Eucalyptus robusta Sm. An桉 Myrtaceae Tree both Seed Decoction; taken orally for prostatitis, stomachache 451225130310004
Eucommia ulmoides oliv. Dongzhong杜仲 tshja3ti1ŋɣa2 Eucommiaceae Tree both Bark Stewed with pig kidney and taken orally directly, treating for kidney deficiency, backache, frequent micturition, hypertension. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for breaking of muscle and tendon, bone fracture 451225130426035
Eulaliopsis binata (Retz.) C. E. Hubb. Nijinmao拟金茅 Poaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for clearing liver and eyesight 451225130607032
Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz. Fufangteng扶芳藤 ça:u1fu6səu3 Celastraceae Liana Wild Stem, Leaf Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatism, ostealgia, traumatic injury, bone fracture. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound, 451225130428013
Euonymus nitidus Benth. Zhonghuaweimao中华卫矛 Celastraceae Tree Wild Stem and leaf Medicinal bath for relieve pain 451225130307032
Eupatorium fortunei Turcz. Peilan佩兰 hɣɔk8la:n6 Asteraceae Herb Wild Stem, Leaf Decoction; taken orally for acute gastritis and enteritis, blood blight 451225131109021
Eupatorium lindleyanum DC. Linzelan林泽兰 thjen11hɣam5 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for treating wind-heat type common cold, swelling and aching of gum, cough due to lung heat 451225130427017
Euphorbia esula L. Rujiangdaji乳浆大戟 Euphorbiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath for degerming; put it on the bed, treating for chills, fever 451225130306004
Euphorbia helioscopia L. Zeqi泽漆 na:u3pa3ta:n5 Euphorbiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for edematous asthma, malaria, bacillary dysentery, scrofula, kerion, osteomyelitis 451225130426030
Euphorbia hirta L. Feiyangcao飞扬草 6hɣo5hɣɔk8lo4 Euphorbiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for diarrhea, hematuria, dysuria, herpes eczema 451225121206004
Euphorbia humifusa Willd. ex Schltdl. Dijin地锦 Euphorbiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for snake bite 451225130306004
Euphorbia hypericifolia L. Tongnaicao通奶草 Euphorbiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Taken orally directly for diarrhea 451225130420011
Euphorbia thymifolia L. Qiangencao千根草 6hɣo5hɣɔk8niŋ5 Euphorbiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Taken orally directly for diarrhea, hemafecia. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for eczema, kerion, pruritus 451225140420070
Euryale ferox Salisb. Qian芡 kɣo3ci1ja4 Nymphaeaceae Herb Home garden Fruit Taken orally directly for enuresis, spermatorrhea, leukorrhea, diarrhea 451225140412008
Evodia lepta (Spreng.) Merr. Sanyaku三桠苦 Rutaceae Tree Wild Root, Leaf Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for clearing away heat and toxic materials, anti-itch 451225131109030
Fagopyrum dibotrys (D. Don) H. Hara Jinqiaomai金荞麦 Polygonaceae Herb both Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for mammitis before suppuration 451225130519008
Ficus carica L. Wuhuaguo无花果 khu52hwa1hwi1 Moraceae Shrub both Receptacle Decoction; taken orally for diarrhea, constipation, piles, sore throat, cough with lung heat 451225130430049
Ficus hirta Vahl Cuyerong粗叶榕 ŋɔ4nja2la:k862 Moraceae Shrub Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for stomachache, cough, abdominal distension, edema, leukorrhea, rheumatoid arthritis, lumbago 451225130307034
Ficus microcarpa L. f. Rongshu榕树 Moraceae Tree Wild Root, Aerial root Root: medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating raumatic injury, hyperosteogeny, catagma. Aerial root: Decoction with old bamboo and drunk the soup, treating for hemiplegia 451225130430036
Ficus sarmentosa Buch.-Ham. ex J. E. Sm. var. lacrymans (Levl. Vant.) Corner Baoyepatengrong薄叶爬藤榕 Moraceae Liana Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; medicinal bath for numbness of bone, rheumatism 451225130423027
Ficus tikoua Bur. Diguo地果 ti6ɔŋ5 Moraceae Liana Wild Stem, Leaf Decoction; taken orally for anemopyretic cold, edema, jaundice, rheumatism, piles, amenorrhea, leukorrhea, indigestion, traumatic injury, treating for abdominal paindiarrhea, diarrhea, dizziness due to blood deficiency, leukorrhea, hemorrhinia 451225130423009
Ficus tinctoria G. Forst. subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner Xieyerong斜叶榕 Moraceae Tree Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; medicinal bath for clearing away heat and toxic materials 451225121205032, 451225130519013, 451225130519028
Ficus pumila L. Bili薜荔 Moraceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Decoction with the root of Melastoma malabathricum; medicinal bath for foot pain 451225121231023, 451225130311072
Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Kuntze ex Prain Dayeqianjinba大叶千斤拔 Fabaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath, treating for caligo of old people 451225130427015
Flemingia prostrata Roxb. f. ex Roxb. Qianjinba千斤拔 Fabaceae Shrub Wild Root Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, arthritis, traumatic injury, relaxing tendons and strengthening bones, waist-leg weakness 451225130606029
Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Voigt Baifanshu白饭树 Phyllanthaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; medicinal bath for eczema, anti-itch 451225130519010, 451225130606029
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Huixiang茴香 ma1mɣa:ŋ1niŋ5 Apiaceae Herb Home garden Fruit Decoction; taken orally for heart and chest pain, abdominal distension, abdominal pain 451225130430031
Galium aparine L. var. echinospermum (Wallr.) Farw. Lalateng拉拉藤 hɣɔk8pak7ta:n5 Rubiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for treating turbidity, hematuria. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, abscess 451225131108001
Gardenia jasminoides J. Ellis Zhizi栀子 lak8mwɔ2 Rubiaceae Shrub Wild Fruit Decoction; taken orally for jaundice with damp-heat pathogen. Incinerated; taken orally with water for treating internal hemorrhage. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for sore, oliguria with reddish urine, painful swelling 451225130422008
Gelsemium elegans (Gardn. et Champ.) Benth. Gouwen钩吻 Gelsemiaceae Liana Wild Stem and leaf Frying into carbon shape, decoction; taken orally for treating cancer 451225121204028,
Geum japonicum Thunb. var. chinense F. Bolle Roumaolubianqing柔毛路边青 tshjøn5məm6mai4 Rosaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for intestinal carbuncle, diarrheabacillary dysentery, toothache, traumatic injury, pudendal pruritus, skin eczema 451225131108027
Ginkgo biloba L. Yinxing银杏 la:k8ho3pa:k8 Ginkgoaceae Tree Home garden Seed Decoction; taken orally for cough, asthma, nocturnal emission, turbid urine 451225131108049
Glechoma longituba (Nakai) Kuprian. Huoxuedan活血丹 hɣɔk8tjen2ljen6 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Taken orally directly for commom cold, fever, cough, heatstroke, eruptive disease. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, cool the blood, dispelling wind detumescence, painful swelling from knocks and falls 451225130309028
Gleditsia sinensis Lam. Zaojia皂荚 thjem1teŋ1 Fabaceae Tree Wild Thorn Powdered; applied on the affected area, treating for abscess, sore, kerion, enteritis 451225130308006
Glochidion eriocarpum Champ. ex Benth. Maoguosuanpanzi毛果算盘子 Phyllanthaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for nephritis, edema 451225130421057, 451225130430045, 451225130421057
Glochidion puberum (L.) Hutch. Suanpanzi算盘子 ton5pon2.la:k8 Phyllanthaceae Shrub Wild Fruit, Stem and leaf Taken orally directly for malaria, hernia, turbidity, backache. Decoction; medicinal bath for insecticidal anti-itch 451225130608029
Gnetum parvifolium (Warb.) Chun Xiaoyemaimateng小叶买麻藤 Gnetaceae Liana Wild Stem Medicinal liquor; taken orally for rheumatism, activating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis 451225130310009
Gomphrena globosa L. Qianrihong千日红 thjen1fan1la:n3 Amaranthaceae Herb Home garden Inflorescence or Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath for headache, giddiness. Decoction; taken orally for cough and asthma 451225130501040
Gonostegia hirta (Bl.) Miq. Nuomituan糯米团 hu3kɣœ3ça:u1 Urticaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for diarrhea, leukorrhea, infantile malnutrition, spitting blood. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle, abscess, scrofula, bleeding wound 451225130427019
Gossypium herbaceum L. Caomian草棉 mjεn2hwa1ta:ŋ1 Malvaceae Herb Home garden Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for weakness cough with asthma, hernia, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, uterine prolapse 451225130501004
Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino Jiaogulan绞股蓝 thət7fa5mwɔ5 Cucurbitaceae Liana both Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for relieve fever, anti-inflammator, chronic tracheitis, cough and asthma, stomachache, insomnia, headache 451225131109006
Gynura japonica (Thunb.) Juel Jusanqi菊三七 Asteraceae Herb Wild Stem and leaf Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, piles 451225130608031
Gynura bicolor (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC. Hongfengcai红凤菜 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for aid digestion, hypertension 451225130608021
Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Baihuasheshecao白花蛇舌草 hɣɔk8ma2twi2 Rubiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cough with lung heat, sore throat, jaundice, pelvic inflammation. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for carbuncle, snake bite 451225130427036
Helianthus annuus L. Xiangrikui向日葵 la:k8thəu5fan1 Asteraceae Herb Home garden Seed, Receptacle Seed: taken orally directly for treating constipation, bloody dysentery, hemafecia, measles, furuncle. Receptacle: Decoction; taken orally for tinnitus, dizziness, hypertension, dysmenorrhea, constipation 451225121205003
Helicteres angustifolia L. Shanzhima山芝麻 Malvaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and toxic materials, detumescence anti-itch, poor urination, removing stasis 451225121205014
Hemerocallis fulva L. Xuancao萱草 ŋa:n3hwa1ma1ta:ŋ1 Xanthorrhoeaceae Herb both Root Decoction; taken orally for edema, dysuria, turbidity, leukorrhea, jaundice, hemafecia, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, mammary abscess 451225130729014
Hibiscus mutabilis L. Mufurong木芙蓉 mai4fu6juŋ6 Malvaceae Shrub Wild Flower, Leaf, Root Decoction; taken orally for cough with lung heat, infantile convulsion, leukorrhagia. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle, scald 451225121206003
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Meiguiqie玫瑰茄 Malvaceae Herb Home garden Root Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for acute appendicitis 451225121230028
Hibiscus sgriacus L. Mujin木槿 mai4cen1ŋɣa2 Malvaceae Shrub Home garden Bark or Root bark Decoction; taken orally for diarrhea, hemoptysis, rectal prolapse, piles, eczema, stubborn dermatitis 451225130519029, 451225130722009
Hordeum vulgare L. Damai大麦 mε:k8ŋa2 Poaceae Herb Wild Fruit Decoction; taken orally for treating dyspeptic retention, abdominal distention, poor appetite, vomit diarrhea 451225121230036
Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Jicai蕺菜 ma1wat7 Saururaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for gynecological disease, tracheitis in children, bronchitis, pneumonia, stone, dermatitis 451225130425034
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. Tianhusui天胡荽 Apiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for jaundice hepatitis, lithangiuria 451225121231004
Hypericum japonicum Thunb. Didongcao地耳草 ça:ŋ1tsən2 Clusiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for gynecological inflammation, liver ascites, damp and hot jaundice, intestinal carbuncle. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for snake bite, furuncle abscess 451225130423003, 451225130427018, 451225130610029
Hypericum sampsonii Hance Yuanbaocao元宝草 hɣɔk8ȵen61 Clusiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for internal hemorrhage, irregular menses, dysmenorrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound 451225130426017, 451225130518027
Ilex asprella (Hook. et Arn.)_champ. ex Benth. Chengxingshu秤星树 mai4ja4həu1 Aquifoliaceae Tree Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally for bitter taste, common cold, eruptive disease, abscess of lung, hemoptysis, sore throat, gonorrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for carbuncle toxin, traumatic injury 451225121231014
Ilex rotunda Thunb. Tiedongqing铁冬青 cəu5lai3çen1 Aquifoliaceae Tree Wild Bark Decoction; taken orally for fever, sore throat, damp and hot diarrhea, stomachache, hemoptysis, spitting blood, hemafecia, hematuria. Powdered; applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury 451225130101003
Illicium verum Hook. f. Bajiao八角 Schisandraceae Tree both Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for facial skin disease 451225130430031
Impatiens balsamina L. Fengxianhua凤仙花 Balsaminaceae Herb Wild Whole plant, Seed Decoction; medicinal bath for rheumatoid arthritis, contracture of bones and muscles, inchacao, tinea sores 451225130519022
Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. Baimao白茅 juŋ33 Poaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for edema, jaundice, pancreatitis, mastitis, internal hemorrhage, edema, damp and hot jaundice 451225130101017
Ipomoea nil (Linnaeus ) Roth Qianniu牵牛 chen1tən2la:k8 Convolvulaceae Herb Wild Seed Taken orally directly for treating edema, inchacao, constipation 451225121206008, 451225130718012
Isatis tinctoria L. Songlan崧蓝 lo4sən3fa5 Brassicaceae Herb Home garden Root Decoction; taken orally for influenza, epidemic encephalitis B, sore throat, mumps, red eyes, pneumonia, erysipelas, herpes 451225130102011
Ixeris polycephala Cass. Kumaicai苦荬菜 ma1kam1 Asteraceae Herb both Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for abscess of lung, mammary abscess, bloody stranguria, furuncle. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury 451225130424008
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl. Yingchunhua迎春花 jin6tshən1hwa1 Oleaceae Shrub Home garden Flower Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating fever headache, painful voidings of hot urine, carbuncle eczema 451225130307012
Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton Molihua茉莉花 Oleaceae Shrub both Root Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism 451225130307014
Juglans regia L. Hutao胡桃 hwi12 Juglandaceae Tree Home garden Seed Taken orally directly for kidney deficiency, dyspnea with cough, backache, impotence, spermatorrhea, frequent micturition, dry feces 451225130307017
Juncus effusus L. Dengxincao灯心草 hɣɔk8fi1taŋ1 Juncaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for insomnia, prostatitis, lithangiuria 451225130422017, 451225130501023
Justicia adhatoda L. Yazuihua鸭嘴花 Acanthaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc, snake bite, traumatic injury 451225130307025
Justicia ventricosa Wall. ex Sims. Heiyexiaobogu黑叶小驳骨 Acanthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, hyperosteogeny, protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc, scald 451225130607011
Kadsura coccinea (Lem.) A. C. Smith Heilaohu黑老虎 ça:u1kon3kɔk8 Schisandraceae Liana Wild Stem, Leaf Medicinal liquor; taken orally for liver ascites, rheumatism, ostealgia. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, bone fracture, furuncle, wound infection 451225130307040
Kadsura longipedunculata Finet et Gagnep. Nanwuweizi南五味子 Schisandraceae Liana Wild Root, Stem, Fruit Root and stem: Decoction; taken orally for gastritis. Fruit: medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, stomachache 451225130308007
Kalimeris indica (L.) Sch. Bip. Malan马兰 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for removing blood stasis, clearing away heat and toxic materials 451225130309013
Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. Jiyancao鸡眼草 hɣɔk8ci1la1 Fabaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cold and fever, vomiting and diarrhea, malaria, diarrhea, infectious hepatitis 451225130608028
Kyllinga polyphylla Kunth Shuiwugong水蜈蚣 hɣɔk8nəm43khɣap7 Cyperaceae Herb Wild Whole plant or Root Decoction; taken orally for fever, cough, diarrhea bacillary dysentery. Medicinal liquor; taken orally for traumatic injury, rheumatism 451225130309030
Kyllinga nemoralis (J. R. Forster & G. Forster) Dandy ex Hutchinson & Dalziel Dansuishuiwugong单穗水蜈蚣 Cyperaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for commom cold, cough, clearing and activating the channels and collaterals, pneamopathy, renomegaly 451225130519004
Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet Biandong扁豆 tau6pɔp7 Fabaceae Liana Home garden Seed Decoction; taken orally for diarrhea, vomit, bacillary dysentery 451225130309043
Lantana camara L. Mayingdan马缨丹 ŋɔ4sak7hwa1 Verbenaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Branch and leaf: Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for itchy skin, eczema, traumatic injury, painful swelling. Root: Decoction; taken orally for treating kidney stone 451225130429022
Laportea violacea Gagnep. Putaoyeaima葡萄叶艾麻 Urticaceae Herb Wild Root Stewed with pig spleen and drunk the soup, treating for ascites due to cirrhosis 451225130310042
Lemmaphyllum microphyllum C. Presl var. obovatum (Harr.) C. Chr. Daoluanyefushijue倒卵叶伏石蕨 Polypodiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for infantile malnutrition 451225130311011
Leonurus japonicus Houtt. Yimucao益母草 mau6mai4hɣɔk8 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for irregular menses, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, postpartum blood stasis, abdominal pain, persistent lochia. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for edema, abscess, pruritus, traumatic injury 451225130426002, 451225130518028, 451225130606006
Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don Jieyetiesaozhou截叶铁扫帚 mu2kwa:n11 Fabaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath for dissipate blood stasis detumescence 451225130311017
Ligustrum lucidum Ait. Nvzhen女贞 tsɔŋ1tsən5la:k8 Oleaceae Tree both Fruit Decoction; taken orally for liver ascites, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, tinnitus and dizziness 451225130718011
Ligustrum quihoui Carr. Xiaoyenvzhen小叶女贞 Oleaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Medicinal bath, treating for clearing away heat and toxic materials 451225130311048
Lilium brownii F. E. Br. ex Miellez Yebaihe野百合 Liliaceae Herb Wild Bulb Stewed with meat and taken orally directly for cough with lung heat, expectoration, dysphoria, palpitation, insomnia 451225130518030, 451225130519050
Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm. Wuyao乌药 u1kɣa2 Lauraceae Tree Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for abdominal distention, abdominal pain, urinary frequency 451225130312003
Liquidambar formosana Hance Fengxiangshu枫香树 mai4hɣəu1la:k8 Altingiaceae Tree Wild Fruit Medicinal liquor; taken orally for rheumatism, removing blood, spasm of hand and foot. Decoction; taken orally for stomachache, edema, carbuncle, anal fistula, eczema 451225130312012
Liriope spicata (Thunb.) Lour. Shanmaidong山麦冬 Asparagaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for hepatopathy. Stewed with meat and drank the soup for treating jaundice hepatitis 451225130312016
Litchi chinensis Sonn. Lizhi荔枝 li6tsi1la:k8 Sapindaceae Tree Home garden Aril, Seed Seed: taken orally directly for epigastralgia, hernia, dysmenorrhea, eliminating stagnation. Fruit: taken orally directly for polydipsia, hiccup 451225130730006
Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Per. Shanjijiao山鸡椒 Lauraceae Tree Wild Root, Stem, Leaf Stewed with meat and drunk the soup, treating for removing wind and dispersing cold, smooth circulation and stop pains 451225130310026, 451225130430046, 451225130519032, 451225130610028
Litsea pungens Hemsl. Mujiangzi木姜子 ja4mai4tsja:ŋ5la:k8 Lauraceae Tree Wild Fruit Decoction; taken orally for anemofrigid cold, abdominal distention, poor appetite. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound 451225130421018
Lobelia chinensis Lour. Banbianlian半边莲 mɣa:ŋ6pjen1ljen2 Campanulaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for jaundice, edema, abdominal distension, diarrhea, diarrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for snake bite, furuncle abscess, sprain 451225130501028, 451225130606026
Lonicera confusa (Sweet) DC. Huananrendong华南忍冬 cəm1ȵen2ça:u1 Caprifoliaceae Liana both Stem, Bud Stem: Medicinal bath, treating for abscess, rheumatism. Flower: Decoction; taken orally for treating for fever, bloody flux, carbuncle, swollen toxin, scrofula, hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula 451225130422035
Lonicera hypoglauca Miq. Guxianrendong菰腺忍冬 Caprifoliaceae Liana Both Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for headache, liver ascites, skin disease 451225130421045, 451225130719005
Lophatherum gracile Brongn. Danzhuye淡竹叶 kwan1ta:m6fa5 Poaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for tongue and mouth sores, dysuria, cough with lung heat, infantile convulsions, insomnia, uterine bleeding, apoplexy, threatened abortion 451225130422050
Loranthus sp. Sangjishengshuyizhong桑寄生属一种 Loranthaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally for treating inchacao, rheumatoid arthritis, postpartum hypogalactia 451225130423005
Loranthus sp. Sangjishengshuyizhong桑寄生属一种 Loranthaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cough, cold 451225130423015
Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem. Sigua丝瓜 thjen1la2hɣə:n5 Cucurbitaceae Liana Home garden Peel Decoction; taken orally for cough with lung heat, testicle painful swelling, amenorrhoea, promoting lactation 451225130423016
Lycopodium japonicum Thunb. Shisong石松 hɣɔk8hɣaŋ4cen1 Lycopodiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Medicinal liquor ; taken orally or applied on the affected area, for treating rheumatoid arthritis, numbness of limbs, edema, traumatic injury 451225130424032
Lycopus lucidus Turcz. ex Benth. Disun地笋 tsek8la:m2 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Stem, Leaf Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for amenorrhea abdominal pain, edema, traumatic injury, carbuncle, swelling and pain 451225130425002
Lycoris radiata (L’Hey.) Herb. Shisuan石蒜 hɣɔ2mən1 Amaryllidaceae Herb Wild Bulb Decoction; taken orally for anemofrigid cold, cough. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for edema 451225130425021
Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw. Haijinsha海金沙 Lygodiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for kidney stone, clearing heat and diuresis, stranguria. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area for anaesthesia 451225121204033, 451225130311055, 451225130606031
Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. Xiaoyehaijinsha小叶海金沙 Lygodiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for kidney stone, heat-clearing and diuresis, stranguria 451225130425040
Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim. Diaoshijutai吊石苣苔 Gesneriaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury 451225130723003
Maclura cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner Gouji构棘 ta:ŋ1lyn1cet7 Moraceae Shrub Wild Root Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatoid arthralgia, traumatic injury. Decoction; taken orally for jaundice, turbidity, menostasis, hemoptysis, furuncle abscess 451225131108028
Magnolia liliflora Desr. Xinyi辛夷 çin5tshən6hwa1 Magnoliaceae Tree Home garden Flower Decoction; taken orally for headache, nasosinusitis 451225130426014
Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carrière Kuoyeshidagonglao阔叶十大功劳 ŋa:n3mai4ljen2 Berberidaceae Shrub Wild Leaf Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and resolving fire, treating for headache, cough, jaundice 451225130728014
Mahonia sp. Shidagonglaoshu十大功劳属 Berberidaceae Shrub Wild Stem Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and reducing fire, internal thermal, pneumonia 451225130427006
Mallotus paniculatus (Lam.) Muell. Arg. Baiqiu白楸 fa5ləu2pa:k8 Euphorbiaceae Tree Wild Root, Leaf Root: Decoction; taken orally for leukorrhea, infertility. Leaf: pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound, traumatic injury, thrush, bedsore 451225130427007
Malva verticillata L. var. crispa L. Dongkui冬葵 tɔŋ6thəu5fan1 Malvaceae Herb Home garden Seed Decoction; taken orally for constipation, poor urination, insufficient lactation 451225130427013
Marsilea quadrifolia L. Sp. Ping苹 Marsileaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for liver ascites 451225130425012, 451225130519011
Melastoma dodecandrum Lour. Dinie地菍 Melastomataceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for hepatopathy 451225130422007
Melastoma malabathricum L. Yemudan野牡丹 Melastomataceae Shrub Wild Root Medicinal bath for painful swelling of feet 451225130422005, 451225130610026, 451225131109025
Melia azedarach L. Lian楝 mai4khu1ljen6ta:ŋ1ŋɣa2 Meliaceae Tree Wild bark Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating for depriving ascarid, enterobiasis, measles, hemorrhoids 451225130611026
Mentha canadensis L. Baohe薄荷 po6o5 Lamiaceae Herb both Whole plant Taken orally directly for treating affection of exogenous wind-heat, headache, fever, red eyes, measles 451225130427024
Millettia pachyloba Drake Hainanyadouteng海南崖豆藤 ça:u1tɔk8məm6 Fabaceae Liana Wild Root, Stem, Leaf Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for scabies, wet leprosy, rheumatic arthritis 451225130428018
Mimosa pudica L. Hanxiucao含羞草 hɣɔk8khɣə:n56 Fabaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for gastritis, enteritis, insomnia, infantile malnutrition, herpes zoster 451225130428034
Miscanthus sinensis Andersson Mang芒 Poaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for relieve pain, stanching bleeding, enteritis 451225130310057
Momordica charantia L. Kugua苦瓜 ku1li5fa5 Cucurbitaceae Liana Home garden Leaf Decoction; taken orally for stomachache, diarrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for eczema, prickly heat 451225130718020
Morinda officinalis How. Bajitian巴戟天 hɣɔk8ci1khɣe3 Rubiaceae Liana Wild Root Powdered; taken orally with water or liquor, treating for impotence, aconuresis, rheumatoid arthritis, soreness and weakness of waist and knees 451225130428047
Morus alba L. Sang桑 saŋ5la:k8 Moraceae Shrub Home garden Whole plant Root: Decoction; taken orally for diuresis. Branch: medicinal liquor; taken orally or rinsed the affected area, treating for rheumatism. Leaf: Decoction; taken orally for clear wind-heat. Fruit: taken orally directly or medicinal liquor and taken orally for tonifying liver and kidney 451225130311060, 451225130421060
Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack. Qianlixiang千里香 Rutaceae Shrub Wild Root, Stem Decoction; taken orally for heart disease 451225121231001, 451225130311022
Musa basjoo Sieb. et Zucc. Bajiao芭蕉 fja:k7ta:ŋ1 Musaceae Herb Home garden Rhizome Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for jaundice, edema, inchacao, bloody stranguria, metrorrhagia, furuncle, erysipelas 451225130429011
Mussaenda erosa Champ. ex Benth. Nanteng楠藤 Rubiaceae Liana Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for clearing away heat and relieving exterior syndrome, infertility 451225130421042, 451225130430005
Nandina domestica Thunb. Nantianzhu南天竹 Berberidaceae Shrub both Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally for cooling blood 451225130102005, 451225130426025
Nelumbo nucifera gaerth. Lian莲 ŋau4la:k8təm1 Nelumbonaceae Herb Home garden Leaf, Seed, Germ Leaf: Decoction; taken orally for diarrhea, vertigo, edema, internal hemorrhage. Seed: Taken orally directly for upset, spitting blood, spermatorrhea, swelling and pain of eye 451225130429017
Neolepisorus fortunei (T. Moore) Li Wang Jiangnanxingjue江南星蕨 Polypodiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for rheumatism 451225121205019
Nepeta cataria L. Jingjie荆芥 mai4jin1 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for fever commom cold, headache, sore throat, internal hemorrhage, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, postpartum anemic fainting, abscess, sores, scrofula 451225130430022
Nervilia plicata (Andrews) Schltr. Maoyeyulan毛叶芋兰 həu1ljen2 Orchidaceae Herb Wild Leaf, Tuber Decoction; taken orally for tuberculosis, cough with lung heat, hemoptysis. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for scrofula, swollen toxin, traumatic injury 451225130430041
Ocimum basilicum L. Luole罗勒 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant, Seed Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for dispelling wind detumescence, dissipate blood stasis relieve pain 451225130430048
Onychium japonicum (Thunb.) Kze. Yezhiweijinfenjue野雉尾金粉蕨 Pteridaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for calculosis 451225130102002
Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don Jianxingyanjiecao间型沿阶草 mε:k8tɔŋ1 Asparagaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Stewed with meat and taken orally directly for treating irritating dry cough, hemoptysis, angina, abscess of lung, diabetes, constipation due to intestinal dryness 451225130501003
Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw. Xianrenzhang仙人掌 tɔŋ6pən6tsja:ŋ3 Cactaceae Shrub both Root, Stem Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for abdominal pain, diarrhea, scald, snake bite 451225130728015
Oryza sativa L. Dao稻 hu3kɔk7ŋa2 Poaceae Herb Home garden Seed-bud Decoction; taken orally for treating dyspeptic retention, indigestion 451225130501036
Oxalis corniculata L. Zhajiangcao酢浆草 ma1khɣəm3 Oxalidaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for diarrhea, gonorrhea, leukorrhea, measles, internal hemorrhage, sore throat, abscess, piles, rectal prolapse. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, scald 451225130721007
Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr. Jishiteng鸡矢藤 ça:u13ci1 Rubiaceae Liana Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for snake bite, itching 451225130102016
Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr. var. tomentosa (Bl.) Hand.-Mazz. Maojishiteng毛鸡矢藤 ça:u1ci13pa:k8 Rubiaceae Liana Wild Root or Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for jaundice, diarrhea, dyspeptic retention, amenorrhea 451225130501037
Pandanus austrosinensis T. L. Wu Ludongcao露兜草 Pandanaceae Herb Wild Fruit Leaf: Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for renomegaly, diuresis, sweating, anti-inflammatory. Fruit: Decoction; taken orally for cough, nephritis 451225130310036
Paris polyphylla Sm. var. chinensis (Franch.) Hara Qiyeyizhihua七叶一枝花 thət7fa5ljen2 Trilliaceae Herb both Rhizome Powdered, taken orally or applied on the affected area for abscess furuncle, scrofula, sore throat, chronic tracheitis, infantile convulsion, snake bite 451225130518006
Passiflora papilio H. L. Li Hudieteng蝴蝶藤 Passifloraceae Liana Wild Whole plant Medicinal liquor or decoction; taken orally for rheumatism, paralysis, indigestion 451225130726016
Patrinia villosa (Thunb.) Juss. Pandaozeng攀倒甑 hɣɔk8ja:ŋ6tsja:ŋ5 Caprifoliaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating intestinal carbuncle, diarrhea, leukorrhea, abdominal pain, red eyes swollen toxin, abscess, hemorrhoids 451225130718007, 451225131108012
Paulownia fortunei (Seem) Hemsl. Baihuapaotong白花泡桐 mai5phɔ5tɔŋ2 Scrophulariaceae Tree Wild Bark Decoction; taken orally for treating rheumatism, arthritis, edema, toxic heat, scabies 451225130518011
Pentarhizidium orientale Hayata Dongfangjiaguojue东方荚果蕨 Onocleaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for hepatitis, carditis 451225130518012
Penthorum chinense Pursh Chegencai扯根菜 Penthoraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury 451225130518034
Pericampylus glaucus (Lam.) Merr. Xiyuanteng细圆藤 ça:u1nam2fɔŋ1 Menispermaceae Liana Wild Stem or root Decoction; taken orally for infantile convulsions 451225130423031, 451225130611009
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Zisu紫苏 Lamiaceae Herb Home garden Stem, Leaf, Seed Taken orally directly for dissipate wind-cold, relieve stasis and dissipate phlegm, ichthyotoxin, fish poison, turtle poison 451225130519025
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton var. purpurascens (Hayata) H. W. Li Yeshengzisu野生紫苏 Lamiaceae Herb both Whole plant Taken orally directly for cold. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, promoting wound healing 451225130518038
Perilla frutescensc (L.) Britt. var. crispa (Thunb.) Hand-Mazz. Huihuisu回回苏 lau5ma1fa5 Lamiaceae Herb Home garden Whole plant Root: Decoction; taken orally for anemofrigid cold, cough, abdominal distention, threatened abortion, fish poison, turtle poison. Seed: Taken orally directly for cough and asthma, constipation due to intestinal dryness. Stem: Decoction; taken orally for threatened abortion, abdominal distension 451225130426018
Pholidota chinensis Lindl. Shixiantao石仙桃 hwi12fa5 Orchidaceae Herb Wild Tuber or Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cough, hemoptysis, cough with lung heat, nocturnal emission. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for scrofula, traumatic injury 451225130101026
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Luwei芦苇 kɣo3ŋɔ4 Poaceae Shrub Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for prostatitis, nephritis, vomiting due to stomach heat, nausea, abscess of lung, oliguria with reddish urine 451225130606041
Phyllanthus urinaria L. Yexiazhu叶下珠 Phyllanthaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for detumescence improving eyesight, diuresis 451225130611023, 451225130718026, 451225130611023
Phyllodium pulchellum (L.) Desv. Paiqianshu排钱树 pa:i2tjen2hɣɔk8 Fabaceae Shrub Wild Root, Leaf Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and relieving exterior syndrome. Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating removing blood and dissipate blood stasis 451225130607012
Physalis angulata L. Kuta苦蘵 Solanaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and toxic materials, expectorants up pressing cough 451225130718031
Physalis peruviana L. Denglongguo灯笼果 tɔŋ6kwi5pɔm1 Solanaceae Herb both Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for common cold, sore throat, hernia. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for poisoned sore 451225130429006
Phytolacca acinosa Roxb. Shanglu商陆 lən1ləm6tjeu1 Phytolaccaceae Herb Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for edema, antral gastritis, gastric bleeding, constipation, diuresis, abscess 451225130429035, 451225130518026
Phytolacca americana L. Chuixushanglu垂序商陆 Phytolaccaceae Herb Wild Root Decoction; medicinal bath for skin disease 451225130609004
Pilea cavaleriei H. Lév. Shiyoucai石油菜 pi2ma1mu5 Urticaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cough due to tuberculosis, cough with lung heat. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for scald, sores painful swelling 451225130608032
Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit. Banxia半夏 ma1ɣa:k7la:k8 Araceae Herb Wild Tuber Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle abscess 451225130306013
Pinus massoniana Lamb. Maweisong马尾松 tsuŋ6pε:k7jəu2 Pinaceae Tree Wild Stem tubercle, Leaf Branchlet tubercle: medicinal liquor, taken orally or rinsed the affected area, treating for rheumatic arthritis, tuberculous arthritis, blood stasis. Leaf: Decoction; taken orally and rinsed for rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury, insomnia, edema, eczema, hemorrhoids 451225130610011
Piper kadsura (Choisy) Ohwi. Fengteng风藤 ta6pɣa1lɔŋ2fa5lo4 Piperaceae Herb Wild Stem Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatoid arthritis, joint pain, vessel contracture syndromes etc., traumatic injury 451225130610012
Piper nigrum L. Hujiao胡椒 hu2tjeu1 Piperaceae Herb Wild Fruit Taken orally directly for cold phlegm and dyspepsia, nausea, vomit, diarrhea, cold type dysentery, food-poisoning 451225130610017
Piper wallichii (Miq.) Hand.-Mazz. Shinanteng石南藤 Piperaceae Liana Wild Whole plant Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, ostealgia, waist-leg weakness, cough and asthma 451225130310071, 451225130425006
Plantago asiatica L. Cheqian车前 tu3mu5ma1 Plantaginaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for enriching blood, clearing away heat and dampness, diuresis stranguria, hematuria, urinary tract infection, nephritis 451225130309004
Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco Cebai侧柏 6fa5 Cupressaceae Tree both Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally for piles, internal hemorrhage, hemorrhoidal hamorrhage, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, bacillary dysentery, cough, seborrhoeic dermatitis, alopecia 451225130611007
Plumbago zeylanica L. Baihuadan白花丹 Plumbaginaceae Herb both Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath, treating for edema, infantile malnutrition 451225121205037, 451225130606038
Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. Guanghuoxiang广藿香 khɔ6mɣa:ŋ1 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Taken orally with saline water for abdominal distention, poor appetite, nausea, vomit 451225130611029
Polygala japonica Houtt. Guazijin瓜子金 hɣɔk8kwa1la:k8 Polygalaceae Herb Wild Whole plant or Root Decoction; taken orally for sore throat, cough with copious phlegm, pertussis cough, abscess, traumatic injury, insomnia 451225130804002
Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua Donghuahuangjing多花黄精 ci1ŋa:n3ma1 Asparagaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Slicing and decoction; taken orally directly for tuberculosis hemoptysi, weakness, soreness and weakness of waist and knee, rheumatoid arthritis 451225000000000
Polygonum chinense L. Huotanmu火炭母 Polygonaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for relieve pain and inflammation, ulcer 451225130501031
Polygonum hydropiper L. Shuiliao水蓼 Polygonaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath for killing parasites to relieve itshing, eczema 451225130718008
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. Heshouwu何首乌 ma1tap7twi2 Polygonaceae Liana Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for insomnia, profuse sweating, skin eruption, kidney deficiency, premature graying of the hair, dizzy of the head and dim of sight, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, spermatorrhea, chronic hepatitis, abscess, constipation due to intestinal dryness 451225130428007
Polygonum orientale L. Hongliao红蓼 la:n3la6lja:u5 Polygonaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for hyperosteogeny, abdominal distension, ascites due to cirrhosis, gastric distention, diarrhea, neck lymphatic tuberculosis 451225130718024
Polygonum Perfoliatum L. Gangbangui杠板归 hɣɔk8twi2khu5ta6 Polygonaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for damp and hot jaundice, diarrhea, bacillary dysentery, poor urination, stranguria with turbid discharge, hemorrhoids, eczema, pemphigus, anti-itch 451225000000000
Polygonum plebeium R. Br. Xijianliao习见蓼 pjen5jøn6 Polygonaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for pyretic stranguria, jaundice, leukorrhea, depriving ascarid, malnutrition, hemorrhoids, eczema 451225130721005
Portulaca oleracea L. Machixian马齿苋 tɔŋ6fan1ma4 Portulacaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for bacillary phthisis, diarrhea, bacillary dysentery, fever, cough, internal hemorrhage, eczema 451225130718010
Pothos chinensis (Raf.) Merr. Shiganzi石柑子 Araceae Herb Wild Whole plant Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatism, traumatic injury, numbness of meridians and collaterals 451225130308016
Prunella vulgaris L. Xiakucao夏枯草 ha5khu1hɣɔk8 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Infructescence Decoction; taken orally for scrofula, mammary abscess, breast cancer, dizziness, arthralgia and myalgia, tuberculosis, acute icteric hepatitis, metrorrhagia, leukorrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound 451225130420001, 451225130425023
Psidium guajava L. Fanshiliu番石榴 Myrtaceae Tree both Leaf, Fruit, Bark Taken orally directly for stanching bleeding, hepatitis, hepatopathy 451225130724006
Psychotria rubra (Lour.) Poir. Jiujie九节 mai4ta:n5lo4 Rubiaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, bone fracture, rheumatism, ostealgia, swollen toxin, sore throat 451225130307033, 451225130501013, 451225130519040, 451225130608001
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex Heller Jue蕨 Dennstaedtiaceae Herb Wild Leaf Medicinal bath for clearing heat and toxic materials 451225130726011
Pteris vittata L. Wugongcao蜈蚣草 Pteridaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for eczema, epilation 451225130727001
Pteris multifida Poir. Jinglanfengweijue井栏凤尾蕨 hɣɔk8ci1jem1 Pteridaceae Herb Wild Whole plant or Root Decoction; taken orally for abdominal pain, diarrhea, bacillary dysentery, hemafecia, dysuria, urinary urgency. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound 451225130311019
Pterolobium punctatum Hemsl. Laohuci老虎刺 Fabaceae Liana Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for hepatitis, duodenal ulcer 451225130727011
Pueraria montana (Loureiro) Merrill var. lobata (Willdenow) Maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep Ge葛 ɔ6mε:k8ça:u1 Fabaceae Liana Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for alleviate a hangover, vertebral syndrom, clearing away heat and relieving exterior syndrome, stimulate saliva and reduce thirst, measles, diarrhea 451225130804006
Punica granatum L. Shiliu石榴 sik8ləu2ŋɣa2 Lythraceae Tree Home garden Peel Taken orally directly for diarrhea, bacillary dysentery, protracted dysentery, hemafecia, rectal prolapse, leukorrhea, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, parasitic accumulation abdominal pain 451225130805001
Pyrrosia lingua (Thunb.) Farwell Shiwei石韦 twi2hwi2 Polypodiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound, gunshot wounds. Decoction; taken orally for clearing heat, calculosis, promoting diuresis and relieving stranguria 451225130806004
Pyrrosia tonkinensis (Giesenh.) Ching Zhongyueshiwei中越石韦 Polypodiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for nephritis, urinary stone 451225131107008
Pyrrosia calvata (Baker) Ching Guangshiwei光石韦 Polypodiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism 451225121205015
Quisqualis indica L. Shijunzi使君子 Combretaceae Liana both Seed Decoction; taken orally for stomachache 451225131107011
Raphanus sativus L. Luobo萝卜 lak8pak8la:k8 Brassicaceae Herb Home garden Seed Taken orally directly for treating cough, dyspeptic retention and qi stagnatio, bosom frowsty abdominal distension, diarrhea 451225131107013
Reynoutria japonica Houtt. Huzhang虎杖 cəu3lɔŋ2ta:ŋ1 Polygonaceae Shrub Wild Rhizome Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, traumatic injury. Decoction; taken orally for damp and hot jaundice, stranguria, leukorrhea, menostasis, postpartum blood stasis. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, burn and scald, malignant sore and tinea 451225130608004
Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk. Taojinniang桃金娘 Myrtaceae Shrub Wild Root, Leaf, Fruit Taken orally directly or Medicinal liquor; taken orally for astringing to stop diarrhea, dispelling wind and activating collaterals 451225130608030
Rhus chinensis Mill. Yanfumu盐肤木 kwa6hu3mai4 Anacardiaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for cool the blood, cough, sore throat, jaundice, night sweat, diarrhea, kerion, carbuncle toxin, head-wind white scaling 451225131107018
Rhynchosia volubilis Lour. Luhuo鹿藿 Fabaceae Liana Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for aid digestion 451225130723004
Ricinus communis L. Bima蓖麻 la:k8ma6la:k8 Euphorbiaceae Shrub both Seed Decoction after frying; taken orally for carbuncle, pharyngitis, edema, scrofula, constipation. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for scabies 451225121230004
Rohdea japonica Roth. Wannianqing万年青 hwa:n61həu1 Asparagaceae Herb both Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for palpitation, pectoralgia, edema, sore throat. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound 451225131107022
Rosa chinensis Jacq. Yuejihua月季花 mwa:n4ci5hwa1 Rosaceae Liana Home garden Bud Decoction; taken orally for irregular menses, leukorrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury 451225131107025
Rosa laevigata Miehx. Jinyingzi金樱子 la:k8muŋ3ta:ŋ1 Rosaceae Liana Wild Root, Fruit Root: Decoction; taken orally or rinsed for spermatorrhea, enuresis, diarrhea, diarrhea, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, leukorrhea, uterine prolapse, hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula, scald. Fruit: medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating spermatorrhea, enuresis, frequent micturition, diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, spontaneous sweating, night sweat, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, leukorrhea, rectal prolapse 451225130517014, 451225130519046
Rosa multiflora Thunb. Yeqiangwei野蔷薇 tshja:ŋ6wəi6ta:ŋ1 Rosaceae Liana Wild Stem, Leaf Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for abscess of lung, diarrhea, arthritis, internal hemorrhage, irregular menses, furuncle, hemorrhoids. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, acariasis 451225131108002
Rosa sp. Meigui玫瑰 məi6ji1hwa1 Rosaceae Shrub Home garden Flower Taken orally directly for spitting blood, hemoptysis, irregular menses, leukorrhea, diarrhea, mastalgia, swollen toxin 451225131107030
Rotala rotundifolia (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Koehne Yuanyejiejiecai圆叶节节菜 Lythraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cough 451225130425036
Rubia cordifolia L. Qiancao茜草 hɣɔk8la:n3ta:ŋ1 Rubiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for treating rheumatism, internal hemorrhage, amenorrhea, jaundice, chronic bronchitis. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury, painful swelling 451225130311033
Rubus alceifolius Poir. Cuyexuangouzi粗叶悬钩子 Rosaceae Liana Wild Root, Leaf Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for clearing heat, stanching bleeding, promoting blood circulation for removing blood stasis 451225130608042, 451225130730004
Rubus corchorifolius L. f. Shanmei山莓 Rosaceae Liana Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for ascites due to cirrhosis, prostatitis, tracheitis 451225130308013, 451225130310029, 451225130425022
Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Dongxianxuangouzi多腺悬钩子 Rosaceae Liana Wild Root Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism 451225131108010
Rubus rosifolius Smith Kongxinpao空心泡 Rosaceae Herb Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for ascites due to cirrhosis 451225131108017
Salix babylonica L. Chuiliu垂柳 ja:ŋ6liu3ŋa5 Salicaceae Tree Home garden Stem Decoction; taken orally for rheumatoid arthritis, gonorrhea, gonorrhea, urinary stoppage, infectious hepatitis B, pemphigus, erysipelas, decayed tooth, swelling and aching of gum 451225131109002
Salvia chinensis Benth. Huashuweicao华鼠尾草 twi2nən1tshøn1 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for menostasis, leukorrhea, swelling and pain, costalgia, damp and hot jaundice 451225140504030
Sambucus chinensis Lindl. Jiegucao接骨草 Adoxaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath for dispelling wind and remove dampness 451225130426004
Sanguisorba offieinalis L. Diyu地榆 tsi3phɣə:t7kɣa2 Rosaceae Herb Wild Root, Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for internal hemorrhage, diarrhea, anal fistula. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for scald 451225140505011
Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb. Wujiu乌桕 u4tsin5 Euphorbiaceae Tree Wild Bark Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle, eczema, pruritus, bleeding wound. Decoction; taken orally for edema, constipation, abdominal distension, eczema 451225130519026
Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai Caoshanhu草珊瑚 cəu3kwət7tsa2 Chloranthaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; taken orally for sore throat, wind-heat type common cold, diarrhea bacillary dysentery. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatism, traumatic injury 451225130518041
Sargentodoxa cuneata (Oliv.) Rehder et E. H. Wilson Daxueteng大血藤 ça:u1phɣə:t7lo4 Lardizabalaceae Liana Wild Stem Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, ostealgia, backache, traumatic injury, beadache due to deficiency of blood, intestines carbuncle 451225131108025
Saururus chinenisi (Lour.) Baill. Sanbaicao三白草 hɣɔk8ta:m1pɛ:k8 Saururaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath for damp and hot, edema, stranguria with turbid discharge, leukorrhea, carbuncle, inchacao 451225130426027
Schefflera heptaphylla (L.) Frodin Ezhangchai鹅掌柴 Araliaceae Tree Wild Bark, Leaf Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for rheumatism, rheumatoid, sweating 451225121204025, 451225130309015
Tacca plantaginea (Hance) Drenth Lieguoshu裂果薯 nəm4lak8pak8 Dioscoreaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for gastrosis 451225130422026, 451225130429009
Scutellaria barbata D.Don. Banzhilian半枝莲 mɣa:ŋ6ŋa5ljen6 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cancer, ascites due to cirrhosis, internal hemorrhage, sore throat, jaundice. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for snake bite, carbuncle toxin, traumatic injury 451225130718028
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi Huangqin黄芩 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for hepatitis, nephritis 451225140504021
Sedum lineare Thunb. Fojiacao佛甲草 hɣɔk8fu6cap7 Crassulaceae Herb both Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for sore throat, jaundice, diarrhea. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for abscess, furuncle, erysipelas, scald, snake bite 451225130422042
Sedum sarmentosum Bge. Chuipencao垂盆草 hɣɔk8pa:i2pən2 Crassulaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for damp and hot jaundice. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for skin and external diseases, snake bite, scald 451225140506013
Selaginella tamariscina (Beauv.) Spring. Juanbai卷柏 kon3pɛ:k8 Selaginellaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for stimulating saliva, internal hemorrhage, cough, asthma, jaundice, leukorrhea, stranguria. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for edema, scald 451225140508012
Selaginella uncinata (Desv.) Spring. Cuiyuncao翠云草 tshəi4jyn6hɣɔk8 Selaginellaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for jaundice, diarrhea, edema, rheumatoid arthritis, hemoptysis, sore throat, anal fistula, cold sweat. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound, scald 451225121230022, 451225130311029, 451225130612003
Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) Mak. Tiankui天葵 mən1khwəi6la:k8 Ranunculaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for cough, asthma, edema, stranguria. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle and carbuncle, traumatic injury 451225130306014
Semiliquidambar cathayensis H. T. Chang Banfenghe半枫荷 Altingiaceae Tree Wild Root, bark Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatoid arthritis, lumbar muscle degeneration 451225131109028
Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Qianliguang千里光 ça:u15 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for rhinitis, hepatitis, clearing away heat and toxic materials, sore throat, swelling and pain, pruritus 451225121204007
Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Wangjiangnan望江南 moŋ6ca:ŋ1na:m2 Fabaceae Herb Wild Stem, Leaf Decoction; taken orally for cough, asthma, bloody stranguria, constipation, headache, red eyes. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle swollen toxin, snake bite 451225140507003
Senna tora (L.) Roxb. Jueming决明 Fabaceae Herb both Seed Decoction; taken orally for clearing liver and eyesight, diuresis, anti-hypertensive 451225131107001
Serissa japonica (Thunb.) Thunb. Liuyuexue六月雪 Rubiaceae Shrub Wild Root Decoction; taken orally for nephropathy, pharyngitis, urinary stone 451225140508032
Sesamum indicum L. Zhima芝麻 yəu6ma2nam1 Pedaliaceae Herb Home garden Seed Powdered, taken orally with water for premature graying hair, dizzy of the head and dim of sight, constipation due to intestinal dryness 451225130726012
Setaria italica (L.) Beauv. var. germanica (Mill.) Schrad. Su粟 Poaceae Tree Home garden Stigma, Pulp of infructescence Decoction; taken orally for diuresis stranguria, removing jaundice detumescence 451225130306003
Sigesbeckia pubescens (Makino) Makino Xiangengxixian腺梗豨莶 çi1tshjen1hɣɔk8 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for rheumatism, numbness of limbs, apoplexy, abscess, eczema pruritus, hypertension 451225130429025
Smilax biumbellata T. Koyama Xinanbaqia西南菝葜 ça:u1cəm1ka:ŋ1 Smilacaceae Liana Wild Rhizome Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, for treating dispelling wind and remove dampness, rheumatism, traumatic injury, scrofula 451225130423029
Smilax china L. Baqia菝葜 Smilacaceae Liana Wild Tuber Medicinal liquor; taken orally for tonifying kidney, general fatigue, cough 451225130430025
Smilax glabra Roxb. Tufuling土茯苓 hu3kɔk7ta:ŋ1 Smilacaceae Liana Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for syphilis, turbidity, inchacao, furuncle, abscess, scrofula 451225130501042, 451225130611002
Solanum melongena L. Qie茄 ca6la:i4ta:ŋ1 Solanaceae Herb Home garden Root, Stem Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for rheumatic arthritis, protracted dysentery, hemafecia, inchacao. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for chilblain, toothache 451225131109029
Solanum nigrum L. Longkui龙葵 tɔŋ6taŋ1lɔŋ2 Solanaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and toxic materials, diuresis detumescence, anticancer. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle, traumatic injury 451225130307003
Solanum verbascifolium L. Jiayanyeshu假烟叶树 jen1ja4fa5 Solanaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for rheumatism, toothache, scrofula, metrorrhagia. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury, furuncle abscess, eczema 451225121205029
Solena heterophylla Lour. Maogua茅瓜 Cucurbitaceae Liana Home garden Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area or medicinal bath, treating for pedal edema 451225130606028
Solidago decurrens Lour. Yizhihuanghua一枝黄花 5ŋa5ŋa:n3hwa1 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for common cold with headache, sore throat, cough, jaundice; medicinal bath, treating for infantile convulsions, traumatic injury, furuncle, eczema itch 451225130307026
Sophora flavescens Alt. Kucan苦参 sən5kam1 Fabaceae Herb both Root Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, ostealgia. Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for infantile malnutrition, toxic heat, discharging fresh blood stool, jaundice, leukorrhea, acute tonsillitis, hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula, rectal prolapse, pruritus, scald 451225130719007
Sophora japonica L. Huai槐 hwa:i6mai4hwa1 Fabaceae Shrub Home garden Flower Decoction; taken orally for piles, internal hemorrhage, hypertension. Stewed with tail of pig intestine and drunk the soup, treating for syphilis 451225130428048
Sophora tonkinensis Gagnep. Yuenanhuai越南槐 Fabaceae Shrub Wild Root Taken orally directly for sore throat, gastric cancer, stomachache, gastric ulcer, prostatitis, diuresis 451225130311063
Spatholobus suberectus Dunn. Mihuadong密花豆 ça:u1ci1phɣə:t7 Fabaceae Liana Wild Stem Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating dizziness due to deficiency of blood, soreness of waist, paralysis, irregular menses 451225130429024
Speranskia cantonensis (Hance) Pax et Hoffm. Guangdongdigouye广东地构叶 Euphorbiaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Decoction; medicinal bath, treating for ague or fever 451225130428050
Spirodela polyrhiza (Linnaeus) Schleiden Ziping紫萍 ȵai3 Araceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for affection of exogenous wind-heat, measles, pruritus, edema 451225130429034
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl Jiamabian假马鞭 Verbenaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and toxic materials, diuresis stranguria, stone, urinary tract infection 451225131108026
Stahlianthus involucratus (King ex Bak.) Craib Tutianqi土田七 Zingiberaceae Herb Home garden Tuber Stewed with meat and eated directly for bodily weakness 451225130607010
Stellaria alsine Grimm Queshecao雀舌草 Caryophyllaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for clearing away heat and toxic materials, diuresis, detumescence relieve pain 451225130307021
Stemona tuberosa Lour. Dabaibu大百部 Stemonaceae Herb Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for relieving thirst and asthma, insecticidal relieve pain, cough with lung heat, tuberculosis 451225130423020
Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers Qianjinteng千金藤 ça:u1thjen1can1 Menispermaceae Liana Wild Stem or root, Leaf Decoction; taken orally for sore blister, diarrhea, rheumatism, edema, stranguria with turbid discharge, sore throat, abscess, furuncle 451225130805003
Striga asiatica (L.) O. Ktze. Dongjiaojin独脚金 na:u3tin1cəm1 Orobanchaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for infantile malnutrition, edema 451225130721002
Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) Kuntze Banlan板蓝 lo4həu1fa5 Acanthaceae Herb Wild Stem and leaf Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc, snake bite, traumatic injury. Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for fever, headache, sore throat, mumps, furuncle, miliaria, eczema 451225130726001
Strychnos nux-vomica L. Maqianzi马钱子 Loganiaceae Shrub both Seed Chewing, treating for toothache 451225130501039
Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) gaertn. Turencan土人参 tɔŋ6ma1pi2 Talinaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Stewed with meat and drunk the soup, treating for weakness of spleen and stomach, poor appetite, cough hemoptysis, spontaneous sweating, palpitation, irregular menses 451225130422044
Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz. Pugongying蒲公英 ma1pa:k8hɣɔk8 Asteraceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for treating toxic heat, abscess of lung, intestinal carbuncle, mammary abscess 451225130519001
Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser Guangjisheng广寄生 Loranthaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Medicinal liquor; taken orally for rheumatism, activate collaterals, lumbar muscle degeneration, paralysis 451225130424027
Taxus wallichiana Zucc. var. mairei (Lemée et H. Lév.) L. K. Fu et Nan Li Nanfanghongdongshan南方红豆杉 Taxaceae Tree both Stem pith Decoction; taken orally for heart disease, hepatopathy 451225131108003
Tetrastigma planicaule (Hook. f.) Gagnep. Biandanteng扁担藤 ça:u1pjɛn3 Vitaceae Liana Wild Stem, Root Medicinal liquor; taken orally or rinsed, treating for ischialgia, rheumatism, hemiplegia 451225130727009
Teucrium viscidum Bl. Xuejianchou血见愁 Lamiaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for difficult labour 451225130718001
Tinospora sagittata (Oliv.) Gagnep. Qingniudan青牛胆 Menispermaceae Liana Wild Rhizome Decoction; taken orally for hepatitis, prostatitis. Taken orally directly for abdominal pain 451225130423033
Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr. Zhonghuaqingniudan中华青牛胆 ça:u1hɣa:ŋ4cen1 Menispermaceae Liana Wild Stem Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for breaking of muscle and tendon, rheumatism, ostealgia. Medicinal liquor; taken orally for activate collaterals 451225121231021
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. Feilongzhangxue飞龙掌血 lən1phɣə:t7ta:n5 Rutaceae Liana Wild Root or Root bark Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism, traumatic injury. Powder and applied on the affected area, treating for bleeding wound 451225121205031
Toona sinensis (Juss.) Roem. Xiangchun香椿 mai4jam4ŋɣa2pa:k8 Meliaceae Tree both Bark or Root bark Decoction; taken orally for chronic diarrhea, protracted dysentery, hemorrhoidal hemafecia, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, leukorrhea, spermatorrhea, gonorrhea, malnutrition, depriving ascarid, tinea sores 451225130611026
Torilis scabra (Thunb.) DC. Qieyi窃衣 Apiaceae Herb Wild Seed Stewed with pork liver and taken orally directly for treating blurred vision, heloma 451225130420004
Toxicodendron succedaneum (L.) Kuntze Yeqi野漆 Anacardiaceae Tree Wild Leaf Decoction; Medicinal bath for treating dermatitis 451225130311047
Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Stokes) F. A. Barkley Qi漆 Anacardiaceae Tree both Leaf Decoction; Medicinal bath for treating dermatitis 451225130519035
Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem. Luoshi络石 6twi2ça:u1 Apocynaceae Liana Wild Stem and leaf Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatism, traumatic injury, muscle and vessel contracture etc syndromes, swelling and pain. Decoction; taken orally for spitting blood, postpartum lochia 451225121205021, 451225130429013
Tradescantia pallida (Rose) D. R. Hunt Zizhumei紫竹梅 Commelinaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Medicinal bath for sterilization and anti-itch 451225130607017
Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim. Gualou栝楼 thjen1la2pən5 Cucurbitaceae Liana both Root Root: Decoction; taken orally for cough with lung heat, jaundice, pemphigus; Fruit: Decoction; taken orally for cough, palpitation, costalgia, marasmus, frequent micturition 451225130518025
Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. Leigongteng雷公藤 ça:u1ləi6pɣa3 Celastraceae Liana Wild Root, Leaf, Flower Medicinal liquor; Applied on the affected area, treating for scabies, eczema, rheumatic arthritis 451225130309033
Tupistra sp. Kaikoujian开口箭 Asparagaceae Herb both Whole plant Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for bone injury 451225131108040
Typha domingensis Persoon Changbaoxiangpu长苞香蒲 pu2ŋa:n3 Typhaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for internal hemorrhage, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, dysmenorrhea, menostasis, postpartum blood stasis, bloody stranguria 451225130608027
Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil. Gouteng钩藤 ça:u1kau1 Rubiaceae Liana Wild Hooked stem Hooked stem: Decoction; taken orally for blood pressure lowering, epilepsy, dizziness. Root: Medicinal liquor; taken orally for treating rheumatism 451225130430001
Urena lobata L. Ditaohua地桃花 Malvaceae Shrub Wild Root, Leaf Decoction; taken orally for bacillary phthisis, cough, anti-inflammato 451225130427023, 451225130606027
Verbena officinalis L. Mabiancao马鞭草 hɣɔk8ma4pjen1 Verbenaceae Herb Wild Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for commom cold, tonsillitis, acute nephritis, sore throat, damp and hot jaundice. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for mastitis, edema, rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury 451225130421046, 451225130427025
Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy Shaw Youtong油桐 mai4tɔŋ6lau5 Euphorbiaceae Tree both Whole plant Decoction; taken orally for scrofula, hemorrhoids, scald, crusted tetter, erysipelas, dyspeptic retention abdominal distension, urinary stoppage and constipation, rheumatism, ostealgia 451225130425010
Viburnum taitoense Hayata Taidongjiasan台东荚蒾 Adoxaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Pounded fresh part with salt applied on the affected area, treating for hyperosteogeny, protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc, relieve pain, traumatic injury 451225130429025
Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek Lvdong绿豆 lɔk8tau6 Fabaceae Liana Home garden Seed Taken orally directly or pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for polydipsia, carbuncle, crotonism 451225130606005
Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi et H. Ohashi Chixiaodong赤小豆 tau6la:n3niŋ5 Fabaceae Liana Home garden Seed Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for edema, inchacao, jaundice, toxic heat, carbuncle 451225130723004
Viola japonica Langsd. Litoucao犁头草 hɣɔk8kɣo3khɣəi1 Violaceae Herb Wild Whole plant or Root Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for furuncle, acute mastitis, intestinal carbuncle, erysipelas, red eyes, snake bite 451225130306012
Viscum articulatum Burm. F. Bianzhihujisheng扁枝槲寄生 Santalaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Pounded fresh part with the feet of crab applied on the affected area, treating for fractura 451225130612005
Vitex negundo L. Huangjing黄荆 mai4jin1la:k8 Lamiaceae Shrub Wild Fruit Decoction; taken orally for commom cold, cough, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, stomachache, hernia, malaria, anal fistula 451225130729004
Vitex negundo L. var. cannabifolia (Sieb. et Zucc.) Hand.-Mazz. Mujing牡荆 Lamiaceae Shrub Wild Stem Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for commom cold, cough, rheumatism, eliminating stagnation 451225130729006
Vitis balansana Planchon Xiaoguoputao小果葡萄 pɣa2pɣa1məm4 Vitaceae Liana Wild Tendril Medicinal liquor; taken orally or rinsed, for treating swollen sore, traumatic injury, rheumatism 451225130309044
Vitis heyneana Roem. et Schult. Maoputao毛葡萄 ça:u1lak8jyt7ja4 Vitaceae Liana Wild Stem Medicinal liquor; taken orally or applied on the affected area, treating for rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury, sore swollen toxin 451225130722008
Vitis vinifera L. Putao葡萄 Vitaceae Liana Home garden Fruit Taken orally directly for anti-inflammatory, hepatopathy, hepatitis 451225130518017
Wikstroemia indica (L.) C. A. Mey Liaogewang了哥王 Thymelaeaceae Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Decoction; medicinal bath for killing parasites to relieve itshing 451225130428014
Xanthium sibiricum Patr. ex Widd Cangdong苍耳 hɣɔk8tsha:ŋ5khɣa1 Asteraceae Herb Wild Seed, Stem, Leaf Seed: Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for anemofrigid headache, nasosinusitis, rheumatoid arthritis, scabies, pruritus. Stem and leaf: Decoction; medicinal bath, treating for rheumatoid arthritis 451225130607021
Zanthoxylum nitidum (Roxb.) DC. Liangmianzhen两面针 Rutaceae Shrub Wild Whole plant Medicinal liquor; taken orally for rheumatism, relieve pain. Decoction; taken orally for gastric ulcer, stomachache, prostatitis 451225130312018
Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. Huajiao花椒 hwa5tsja:u5 Rutaceae Shrub both Peel Stewed with meat and Taken orally directly for invigorating spleen, cold pain in abdomen, vomit, diarrhea, rheumatoid arthritis, colic; taken orally directly for depriving ascarid, enterobiasis; Medicinal bath for pruritus vulvae, pemphigus 451225130421062
Zea mays L. Yushushu玉蜀黍 jəu64mut8 Poaceae Herb Home garden Stigmata Decoction; taken orally for nephrotic syndrome, edema, jaundice, hypertension, damp and hot jaundice, diabetes 451225130518032
Zephyranthes carinata Herbert Jiulian韭莲 Amaryllidaceae Herb Wild Bulb Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, for stanching bleeding 451225130517016
Zingiber lingyunense D. Fang Wujiang乌姜 Zingiberaceae Herb Wild Tuber Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area, treating for traumatic injury 451225130607040
Zingiber officinale Roscoe Jiang姜 çiŋ1khɣɔ3 Zingiberaceae Herb Home garden Tuber Decoction; taken orally or medicinal bath for cough, hemoptysis, hiccough, anemofrigid cold, vomit, cough, reduce phlegm 451225130519031
  1. Mulam name: as written in the international phonetic alphabet (IPA)