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Table 9 Comparison with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and previous ethnobotanical studies

From: Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by Mulam people in Guangxi, China

Plant species Diseases treated by Mulam Diseases treated in traditional Chinese medicine and previous ethnobotanical studies
Achyranthes longifolia Calculosis Traumatic injury, rheumatism, dysentery, diphtheria, sore throat, sore carbuncle, stranguria, edema, removing blood stasis, kidney empty lumbago, dysmenorrhea, hypertension
Acorus gramineus Epilepsy, phlegm heat, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, traumatic injury Epilepsy, phlegm heat, rheumatism, beautifying, bellyache, tummy bug, numbness of limbs, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, gall, injuries from falls, dysmenorrhea
Artemisia argyi Tocolysis, dysmenorrhea, irregular menses, leukorrhea, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis Irregular menstruation, spitting blood, uterine bleeding, postpartum hemorrhage, carbuncle and scabies, stopping bleeding by warming meridians, expel cold and alleviate pain
Artemisia carvifolia Malaria, diarrhea, jaundice, scab capillaris ies, pruritus Malaria, sunstroke, dysentery, jaundice, scabies, pruritus
Camellia oleifera Abdominal pain, depriving ascarid, intestinal dryness, scabies, scald Acute laryngopharyngitis, cold, diarrhea, stomachache, pruritus
Clerodendrum bungei Tuberculosis, carbuncle, furuncle, eczema, piles, rectal prolapse, infantile convulsion Carbuncle, furuncle, eczema, enriching the blood
Corydalis saxicola Anti-inflammatory Acute or chronic hepatitis, scabies swelling poison
Cupressus funebris Liver ascites Children with high fever, vomiting blood, burns, hemorrhoids, dysentery
Curculigo orchioides Impotence, aconuresis, carbuncle, scrofula Impotence, urinary incontinence, uterine bleeding, ulcer, scrofula, headache due to common cold, rheumatic arthritis, rheumatism, nourishing, strengthening muscles and bones
Dioscorea bulbifcra Antral gastritis, enteritis, thyroid disease, cough with lung heat, pudendal ulcer Goiter, lymphatic tuberculosis, sore throat, hematemesis, hemoptysis, whooping cough, cancer, sore furuncle, epistaxis, pneumonia
Eriobotrya japonica Ascites due to cirrhosis, cough with lung heat, hemoptysis, clearing away heat and toxic materials Pertussis, cough, hematemesis, emesis
Euphorbia esula degerming, chills, fever
Ficus hirta Stomachache, cough, abdominal distension, edema, leukorrhea, rheumatoid arthritis, lumbago Consumption, cough, abdominal distention, edema, rheumatism arthralgia, hepatitis, leucorrhea, no milk after delivery
Flemingia macrophylla Caligo of old people Rheumatic, lumbar muscle strain, hemiplegia and impotence
Gynostemma pentaphyllum Relieve fever, anti-inflammator, chronic tracheitis, cough, asthma, stomachache, insomnia, headache Cough, chronic gastroenteritis, rheumatism, bronchitis, stomachache
Hedyotis diffusa Lung heat, sore throat, jaundice, pelvic inflammation, carbuncle, snake bite Appendicitis, sphagitis, jaundice, adverse urination, dysentery, tumors, boils swelling, snake bite, hepatitis, cough, bronchitis, tonsillitis, toothache, cancer
Laportea violacea Ascites due to cirrhosis Rheumatic arthritis, urticaria, eczema, stomachache, malnutrition, epilepsy, sciatica
Lygodium japonicum Kidney stone, clearing heat and diuresis, stranguria. Pounded fresh part applied on the affected area for anaesthesia Stranguria, gonorrhea, leukorrhea, hepatitis, sorethroat, enteritis, dysentery, eczema, shingles, hematemesis, bleeding wound, jaundice, itch, diuresis, calculus, rheumatism, chronic ulcer, skin infection, furuncle, foot rot
Pinus massoniana Rheumatic arthritis, tuberculous arthritis, blood stasis, rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic injury, insomnia, edema, eczema, hemorrhoids Vertigo, stomachache, dysentery, traumatic hemorrhage, eczema, skin erosion, measles
Polygonum multiflorum Insomnia, profuse sweating, skin eruption, kidney deficiency, premature graying of the hair, dizzy of the head and dim of sight, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, spermatorrhea, chronic hepatitis, abscess, constipation due to intestinal dryness Vertigo, tinnitus, premature graying of the hair, lumbar and knee pain, limb numbness, neurasthenia, hyperlipidemia, carbuncle, rubella, constipation, spermatorrhea, malaria, dysentery, chronic hepatitis, scrofula, intestinal wind, hemorrhoid, kidney deficit, dizziness, insomnia, postpartum bellyache, retention of blood in uteru
Pueraria montana var. lobata Alleviate a hangover, vertebral syndrom, clearing away heat and relieving exterior syndrome, stimulate saliva and reduce thirst, measles, diarrhea Fever, headache, diarrhea, hypertension, stenocardia, epicophosis
Ricinus communis Carbuncle, pharyngitis, edema, scrofula, constipation, scabies Rheumatoid arthralgia, tetanus, epilepsy, schizophrenia, ulcer, pharyngitis, scrofula, scald, scabies
Rosa laevigata Spermatorrhea, enuresis, diarrhea, diarrhea, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, leukorrhea, hemorrhoid complicated by anal fistula, scald, frequent micturition, diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, spontaneous sweating, night sweat, leukorrhea, rectal prolapse Spermatorrhea, enuresis, diarrhea, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, leukorrhea, uterine prolapse, rectal prolapse, hemorrhoid, scald, spontaneous sweating, night sweat, bone fracture, traumatic injury, appendicitis, enteritis, stomachache
Sarcandra glabra Sore throat, wind-heat type common cold, diarrhea bacillary dysentery, rheumatism, traumatic injury Rheumatic arthralgia, traumatic injury, fracture, pneumonia, appendicitis, tumour, bacillary dysentery, cholecystitis, abscess, sore throat, rheumatism, promoting blood circulation, heat clearing and detoxifying
Schefflera heptaphylla Rheumatism, rheumatoid, sweating Fever, rheumatism, traumatic injury, sore throat, for eczema, allergic dermatitis, dermatitis, eczema
Semiliquidambar cathayensis Rheumatoid arthritis, lumbar muscle degeneration Rheumatism, rheumatoid, traumatic injury, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals, promoting blood circulation, postpartum recovery, skin disease
Sophora tonkinensis Sore throat, gastric cancer, stomachache, gastric ulcer, prostatitis, diuresis Sorethroat, swelling and aching of gum, jaundice, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, scabies, snake bite, acute pharyngitis, tonsillitis, cough, constipation, clearing heat and detoxifying, diminishing inflammation, relieving pain
Striga asiatica Nfantile malnutrition, edema Pacify liver and clear heat, remove food retention, infantile malnutrition, dampness-heat constitution, diarrhea, jaundiced hepatitis
Toddalia asiatica Rheumatism, traumatic injury, bleeding wound Rheumatism, traumatic injury, stomachache, bleeding wound, amenorrhea, algomenorrhea, furuncle, intercostal neuralgia, skin disease, relieving pain, hemiplegia
Toxicodendron vernicifluum Dermatitis Traumatic injury, traumatic bleeding, sore carbuncle
Viburnum taitoense Hyperosteogeny, protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc, relieve pain, traumatic injury
Zanthoxylum nitidum Rheumatism, relieve pain, gastric ulcer, stomachache, prostatitis Traumatic injury, rheumatism, stomachache, toothache, snakebite, diarrhea, malaria, chronic gastricism
Zingiber officinale Cough, hemoptysis, hiccough, anemofrigid cold, vomit, cough, reduce phlegm Cold, vomiting, cough, release superficies, warm the middle, resolve phlegm and stop cough