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Table 1 Recorded food taxa in Northern and Southern Bukovina. DUR Detailed Use Reports; RO Romanian Hutsuls; UA Ukrainian Hutsuls

From: Knowledge transmission patterns at the border: ethnobotany of Hutsuls living in the Carpathian Mountains of Bukovina (SW Ukraine and NE Romania)

Latin name, Family and voucher specimens Local names Used part(s) Preparation DUR
RO UA
Acer spp. including Acer pseudoplatanus L.
(Sapindaceae)
NB225; NB226
Paltin; явір; клен (Yavir; klen) Sap Drink   4
Fruits (dried) Tea 4  
Achillea millefolium L.
(Asteraceae)
SB011; SB050; SB074
NB007; NB017; NB039
Coada șoaricelului; деревій (Derevii) Aerial parts (dried) Tea 3 2
Armoracia rusticana P.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.
(Brassicaceae)
SB031
NB028
Hrean; хрень; хрін; хреню
(Khren; khrin; khreniu)
Roots Salad (with beetroots) 13 3
Seasoning 7  
Raw   5
Pickles (cucumbers, tomatoes)   7
Fermenting   1
Leaves Pickles (cucumbers) 1  
Whole plant Seasoning 1  
Arnica montana L.
(Asteraceae)
Гарник; арник (Harnyk; arnyk) Aerial parts (dried) Tea 2 3
Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott (Rosaceae) чорна рябіна
(Chorna riabina^)
Fruits Kvas   1
Atriplex hortensis L. (Amaranthaceae)
SB004; SB018
Lobodă; натина§; лобода (natyna§; loboda) Aerial parts Soup 8  
Leaves Sarmale 2  
Betula pendula Roth
(Betulaceae)
NB041; NB049; NB115
Береза (bereza) Sap Drink   11
Strong alcohol   5
Leaves Mixed tea   1
Carum carvi L.
(Apiaceae)
SB007
NB037
Săcărică; Cmin; Hmel; хміль§; тмин; хміль польовий§; кмин
(Khmil§; tmyn; Khmil polovyi§; kmyn)
Aerial parts Tea 3  
Seasoning 2  
Seeds Tea 1 5
Seasoning 2  
Fermenting 3  
Pickles   2
Bread additive   3
Chenopodium album L. (Amaranthaceae)
SB022
NB139
Lobodă; натина§; лебеда (Natyna§; lebeda) Aerial parts Soup 3 2
Stewed (with cream) 1 1
Seasoning (dried) 1  
Cichorium intybus L.
(Asteraceae)
петрів батіг (Petriv batih) Aerial parts Tea   1
Coriandrum sativum L.
(Apiaceae)
колєндра (Koliendra) Seeds Smoking (meat seasoning)   1
Corylus avellana L.
(Betulaceae)
SB089
Alune Fruits Raw 5  
Crataegus spp. including Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (Rosaceae)
NB006; NB066
Глід (Hlid) Fruits Tea   2
Epilobium angustifolium L. (Onagraceae)
NB057
іван чай, демник§; ;имник§
(ivan chai, demnyk§; dymnyk§)
Aerial parts Tea   3
Equisetum spp. including Equisetum arvense L.; Equisetum sylvaticum L
(Equisetaceae)
SB020
NB068, NB093, NB113, NB114
Barba ursului; Coada calului; Padivolos; хвощ польловий, падиволос§;
(Khvoshch pollovyi, padyvolos)
Aerial parts Tea 2 1
Fagus sylvatica L.
(Fagaceae)
SB060,
NB168
Fag; бук (Buk) Wood Smoking (meat) 19 1
Fragaria vesca L.
(Rosaceae)
SB094
NB004, NB015, NB056
Fragi; Frăguța; ягода§; ягоди; ягода черлена§; (yahoda§; yahody§; yahoda cherlena§) Fruits Raw 4 2
Jam 14 9
Compote 3 1
Dessert 2  
Tea 2  
Juice 1 1
Syrup 2  
Frozen   1
Gentiana spp. possibly including Gentiana lutea L. and Gentiana asclepiadea L.
(Gentianaceae)
Gingiura Aerial parts Infused in strong alcohol 4  
Humulus lupulus L.
(Cannabaceae)
SB081
NB182
Hamei; хміль (Khmil) Flowers Beer 6  
Bread starter   2
Hypericum spp. including Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae)
SB068; SB092
NB005, NB034, NB046, NB085
Pojarniță; Sunătoare; звіробій; звіробой (Zvirobii; zviroboi) Aerial parts Tea 3 8
Levisticum officinale W.D.J.Koch (Apiaceae) Любисток (Liubystok) Aerial parts Tea   2
Matricaria chamomilla L. (Asteraceae)
SB002; SB019
NB127
Mușețel; Romaniță; ромашка; романіца; романець; румєниць (Romashka; romanitsa; romanets; rumienyts) Aerial parts Tea 4 9
Mentha spp.
(Lamiaceae)
SB014; SB016; SB034; SB096
NB079, NB080, NB097
Mentă de doi culoari; менти; Mentă tare; Minta; мята (Miata) Leaves Tea 5 1
Origanum vulgare L.
(Lamiaceae)
NB033; NB055; NB021
Материнка (Materynka) Aerial parts Tea   4
Seasoning   1
Oxalis acetosella L.
(Oxalidaceae)
NB058
Квасениця звичайна (Kvasenytsia zvychaina) Leaves Salad   1
Snack   1
Papaver rhoeas L.
SB044a; SB044b; SB044c
Mac Seeds Food additive 1  
Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.
(Pinaceae)
SB008; SB021
NB043
Brad; смерека (Smereka) Sprouts Jam 2  
Wood Smoking (meat) 1 2
Plantago major L.
(Plantaginaceae)
NB022; NB047; NB132
Подорожник (Podorozhnyk) Aerial parts Tea   2
Populus tremula L.
(Salicaceae)
Осика (Osyka) Wood Smoking (meat)   1
Primula veris L.
(Primulaceae)
Cioboțica cucului Aerial parts Tea 6  
Quercus spp. including
Quercus robur L. and Quercus rubra L.
(Fagaceae)
SB056
NB160
Stejar; Duba; дуб
(Dub)
Leaves Pickles (cucumbers)   3
Young branches Pickles 6  
Rosa canina L.
(Rosaceae)
SB062
NB016; NB083
Măceș Fruits Tea 1  
Rosa rugosa L.; Rosa centifolia L. (Rosaceae)
SB023
Trandafir; роза (Roza) Petals Jam 14  
Jelly 2  
Syrup 4  
Tea 4  
Rubus spp. including
Rubus caesius L. and Rubus fructicosus L.
(Rosaceae)
SB083
NB010; NB062;NB063
Чорниця; ожина; єжевіка
(Chornytsia; ozhyna; yezhevika)
Mure; чорниці (Chornytsi)
Fruits Jam 9 3
Raw 2  
Compote 1 1
Infused in alcohol 2  
Juice 1 1
Syrup 2  
Aerial parts Tea 2  
Flowers Tea   1
Rubus idaeus L.
(Rosaceae)
SB009; SB071
NB081
Zmeură; малина
(Malyna)
Aerial parts Tea 3 4
Fruits Juice 5 6
Raw 7 2
Compote 6 7
Jam 18 13
Dessert 1  
Syrup 4  
Frozen   2
Tincture   1
Rumex acetosa L.
(Polygonaceae)
NB081
Квас§; щавель; квасок§ (kvas§; shchavel; kvasok§) Leaves Soup   21
Salad   2
Snack   2
Rumex alpinus L.
(Polygonaceae)
SB067
NB003
Ștevie Leaves Stewed (with cream) 1  
Sambucus nigra L.
(Adoxaceae)
SB084
NB054
Soc; бузина ( Buzyna) Flowers Juice 2  
Tea 1  
Fruits Jam   2
Sorbus spp. including Sorbus aucuparia (Rosaceae)
SB055
NB232
Scoruș; щкорох§ (shchkorokh§) Flowers Tea   1
Fruits Kvas   1
Various 4  
Taraxacum officinale Webb (Asteraceae)
SB063
NB016; NB048
Papădie; кульбаба (kulbaba) Flowers Jam 1  
Aerial parts Salad   3
Roots Salad   2
Coffee   2a
Tea   1
Thymus spp. including Thymus vulgaris L. and Thymus serpyllum L.
(Lamiaceae)
SB001; SB090
NB027; NB125; NB030
чабер; чебрець;чебрик; городній чебрець (Chaber; chebrets; chebryk; horodnii chebrets )
Thymus vulgaris: Cimbru; Cimbru sălbatic; чеберецьсадовий (cheberets sadovyi)
Thymus serpyllum:
Cimbrișor; чебрек польовий; чебрець звичайний, чебрик польовий; польовий чебрець (chebrek polovyi; chebrets zvychainyi, chebryk polovyi; polovyi chebrets)
Aerial parts Tea 4 8
Seasoning 16 8
Tilia cordata Mill.
(Malvaceae)
SB017
NB253
Tei; липа (Lypa) Flowers Tea 2 12
Tussilago farfara L.
(Asteraceae)
SB065; SB085
NB072; NB133
Podbal; мати й мачуха (Maty y machukha) Leaves Sarmale 5  
Aerial parts Tea   2
Urtica dioica L.
(Urticaceae)
SB088,
NB026; NB048
Urzică; кропива (Kropyva) Aerial parts (young) Soup 17  
Borsh 4 25
Stewed (with cream) 2  
Salad   1
Seasoning   1
Vaccinium myrtillus L.
(Ericaceae)
SB006
NB060
Afina; афини; афинник
(Afyny; afynnyk)
Aerial parts Strong alcohol (afinata) 6  
Tea 9 7
Fruits Juice 5 2
Syrup 3 3
Frozen 1 2
Preserved in rachiu 1  
Raw (with sugar) 2 1
Compote 4 4
Jam 17 18
Cake 1  
Preserved with sugar 1  
‘Wine’ 1 1
Dessert   3
Dried   1
Snack   1
Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.
(Ericaceae)
SB010
NB061
Merișoare; ґоґодзи§; гогдзі§; брусніка
(Gogodzy§; hohdzi§; brusnika)
Fruits Raw 4  
Jam 7 9
Juice 8 1
Drink 1  
Compote 2 1
Syrup   2
Frozen   1
Snack   1
Tea   3
Kvas   1
Viburnum opulus L.
(Adoxaceae)
NB223
Călină; калина (Kalyna) Fruits Strong alcohol (Calinata) 4  
Preserved in jars 2  
Syrup 2  
Aerial parts Tea   3
  1. Plant names mentioned by Ukrainian Hutsuls are reported in Cyrillic (with transliteration). Plant names mentioned by Romanian Hutsuls are reported in the Latin alphabet. Plant names not reported in Romanian or Ukrainian dictionaries or in publications available for the area (e.g. Pieroni and Soukand, 2017), and are therefore probably Hutsul names, are marked with a §. Russian names are marked with a ^
  2. adenotes a past use