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Table 3 The top 5 popular ethno-species

From: The best choices: the diversity and functions of the plants in the home gardens of the Tsang-la (Motuo Menba) communities in Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, Southwest China

Vernacular name Scientific name Family Origin Life form Use part Use Use category
Su-lan-tsao; 竹节兰, 石斛 Dendrobium nobile Lindl. Orchidaceae Native Herb Stem and flowers It was collected and cultivated as economic useful plant in local tropical regions. It was the original plant of traditional Chinese medicine “Shi Hu (石斛)” and traditional Tibetan medicine “bu-shes-tse.” It was also cultivated as ornamental plants in home gardens. Ornamental plants; medicine; others
Sa-ga; 生姜 Zingiber officinale Roscoe Zingiberaceae Native Herb Rhizome The rhizomes were used as vegetable, spice and medicine. The rhizomes were used to treat cold in local medicine. Medicine; vegetable; spice
Soe-lu; 本地辣椒 Capsicum annuum L. Solanaceae Native Herb Fruit Local Capsicum annuum had several cultivated varieties, different varieties were used for different purposes. And all of them were divided into two ethno-species based on the original places. Soe-lu is native. Vegetable; spice; medicine
Snying-pa; 墨脱大柠檬 Citrus medica L. Rutaceae Native Tree Fruit The fruits were local specialty “Motuo Da Ningmeng (墨脱大柠檬)” and used as traditonal Chinese Medicine “Xiang Yuan (香橼).” medicine
Kham-pu; 桃 Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Rosaceae Native Tree Fruit It was cultivated for harvest fruits. Kham-pu was important in traditional Tibetan culture which symbolized auspiciousness. Fruit