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Table 4 Inventory of ethnoveterinary plants in Qianxinan Prefecture

From: An ethnoveterinary study on medicinal plants used by the Buyi people in Southwest Guizhou, China

Voucher number Scientific name Vernacular name Family name Habit Use part Medicinal value URs
Mxy01 Achyranthes aspera L. Ye niuxi Amaranthaceae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for throat trouble. 10
Mxy02 Aconitum vilmorinianum Kom. Xen caowu Ranunculaceae Shrub Root Dry roots are boiled and orally given to livestock for rheumatism. 5
Mxy03 Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Tie xian pak Pteridaceae Fern Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of urethral disorder. 25
Mxy04 Alpinia japonica (Thunb.) Miq. Ye yun Zingiberaceae Herb Root Roots are boiled and orally given to livestock for gastropathy. 22
Mxy05 Ampelopsis delavayana Planch. ex Franch. Ye pu tao Vitaceae Climber Root Along with Argyreia acuta and Coptis chinensis, fresh leaves are boiled and orally given to livestock for prevention the foot-and-mouth disease virus. 24
Mxy06 Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis Kau sanqi Basellaceae Climber Stem Fresh leaves are taken and crushed and made rake to cattle for treatment of fracture. 26
Mxy07 Aralia spinifolia Merr. Fai ko yin Araliaceae Shrub Root Roots are boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of fracture. 3
Mxy08 Argyreia acuta Lour. Kau mo Convolvulaceae Climber Leaf Along with Ampelopsis delavayana and Coptis chinensis, fresh leaves are boiled and orally given to livestock for prevention the foot-and-mouth disease virus. 5
Mxy09 Artemisia argyi H.Lév. & Vaniot Na ai Compositae Herb Leaf Fresh leaves are taken and crushed, and after that, are combined with fresh ginger and rubbed on cattle’s external tongue for oral disease and as anthelmintic. 48
Mxy10 Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr. Kwe za zang Asparagaceae Herb Root Root of the herb is boiled and orally given to livestock for prevention respiratory ailments. 18
Mxy11 Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. Lwk fak Cucurbitaceae Climber Park Peel is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of hydropsy. 45
Mxy12 Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC. Na nian Compositae Shrub Leaf Fresh leaves are taken and crushed, and after that, are combined with fresh ginger and Artemisia argyi and rubbed on cattle’s external tongue for oral disease. 38
Mxy13 Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. Pak tin ma yong Apiaceae Herb Whole The whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of fractures. 22
Mxy14 Curcuma longa L. Na yun yai Zingiberaceae Herb Root Fresh root of the herb is crushed and made to paste and coated afflicted part. This is also used to treat genital infection and problems. 36
Mxy15 Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton Ying jie Zingiberaceae Herb Root Fresh root of the herb is crushed and made to paste and coated afflicted part. 28
Mxy16 Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Na nang niu Poaceae Herb Leaf Along with Polygonum perfoliatum, a whole plant boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of urinary trouble. 12
Mxy17 Datura metel L. Man to lo Solanaceae Shrub Fruit Fresh fruits of the herb are crushed and mixed with fodder for the expulsion of intestinal worms and treated gastric problems 5
Mxy18 Dischidia chinensis Champ. ex Benth. Gau nai fang Apocynaceae Shrub Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to cattle for treatment of pneumonia. 12
Mxy19 Elephantopus scaber L. Na ditan Compositae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of cough and heat-clearing and detoxifying. 10
Mxy20 Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb Bu ling Iridaceae Herb Tuber Root of the herb is crushed and applied to livestock for treatment of wound. 3
Mxy21 Kadsura longipedunculata Finet & Gagnep. Net tae Schisandraceae Climber Root Decoction is made from its fruits and orally administered to cattle for the treatment of cough. 8
Mxy22 Leonurus japonicus Houtt. Yi mu cao Lamiaceae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of retained placenta. 48
Mxy23 Lespedeza juncea var. sericea (Thunb.) Lace & Hauech tie zhaocou Leguminosae Shrub Whole Decoction is made from it stems and given orally to livestock for treatment of lung infections. 18
Mxy24 Ligusticum sinense cv. Chuanxiong Chuan xiong Apiaceae Herb Whole Along with Leonurus japonicus, Angelica sinensis, and Codonopsis pilosula, dry roots are boiled and orally given to livestock for the retained placental removal. 24
Mxy25 Lobelia seguinii H.Lév. & Vaniot Ye yan Campanulaceae Herb Whole Along with fresh leaves from Solanum spirale and fresh leaves are boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of pulmonary infection. 5
Mxy26 Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim. Na ring tuo Gesneriaceae Herb Stem Decoction is made from it aerial parts and rally given to livestock for treatment of pulmonary infection. 6
Mxy27 Ophioglossum vulgatum L. Na .lin ma Ophioglossaceae Herb Whole Root of the herb is crushed and applied to livestock for wound. 6
Mxy28 Paris polyphylla var. chinensis Na chonglou Melanthiaceae Herb Tuber Decoction is made from its roots, and then, it is combined with fodder, given orally to livestock for heat-clearing and detoxifying. 36
Mxy29 Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Gau ao su Lamiaceae Herb Whole Dry leaves of herb is chopped, then boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of gasteremphraxis. 40
Mxy30 Plantago depressa Willd. Che qiancao Plantaginaceae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment cough and heat-clearing and detoxifying. 53
Mxy31 Polygonum perfoliatum L. Pak pag w Polygonaceae Herb Whole Along with cymbopogon citratus, a whole plant boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of urinary trouble. 9
Mxy32 Potamogeton distinctus A.Benn. Pjak na Potamogetonaceae Herb Whole Fresh leaves are boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of pulmonary infection. 6
Mxy33 Psammosilene tunicoides W.C.Wu & C.Y.Wu Ai tuo tuo Caryophyllaceae Herb Whole Root of the herb is crushed and applied to livestock for treatment of fracture. 26
Mxy34 Pyrola calliantha Andres Lu ti cao Ericaceae Herb Root A whole plant is crushed and applied to livestock for treatment of fracture. 11
Mxy35 Rhaphidophora decursiva (Roxb.) Schott Gau luo Araceae Shrub Root Fresh stem of the herb is crushed and mixed with fodder, then orally given to livestock as anthelmintic. 10
Mxy36 Rotala rotundifolia (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Koehne Pajk na pie Lythraceae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of pulmonary infection. 8
Mxy37 Schefflera elliptica (Blume) Harms Kau pie chai Araliaceae Shrub Whole Fresh leaves of the herb is crushed and applied to livestock for treatment of fracture. 5
Mxy38 Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. kau yang gua Cucurbitaceae Climber Leaf Fresh vine of the herb is chipped dicing and mixed fodder, then orally given to livestock for promote digestion. 9
Mxy39 Solanum spirale Roxb. Ma mao Solanaceae Shrub Whole Plant leaves and seeds are subjected to decoction and used topically for skin problems. 15
Mxy40 Acmella paniculata (Wall. ex DC.) R.K.Jansen Ma tuo xue Compositae Herb Leaf A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of toothache. 13
Mxy41 Stephania epigaea H.S. Lo Na teng Menispermaceae Climber Root Power dry bulb of the herb is boiled and orally given for the treatment of stomach trouble. 8
Mxy42 Swertia diluta (Turcz.) Benth. & Hook. f. Zhang ya cai Gentianaceae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of hepatitis. 34
Mxy43 Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser Fai jia Loranthaceae Climber Leaf Plant stems are subjected to decoction and used topically used for general body improvement. 28
Mxy44 Tinospora sinensisi (A.Rich.) Miers Kau ling Menispermaceae Shrub Stem Fresh leaves of the herb is crushed and applied to livestock for treatment of fracture. 19
Mxy45 Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil. Kau wo Rubiaceae Climber Root Fresh stem are taken and decoction is made and orally given to livestock for abirritation. 20
Mxy46 Verbena officinalis L. Pak yau piu Verbenaceae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for prevention of common cold. 43
Mxy47 Xanthium strumarium subsp. sibiricum (Patrin ex Widder) Greuter Na fie fa Compositae Herb Seed Along with sulfur, dry fruits are powered and coated for treatment of fungal infection. 41
Mxy48 Zingiber officinale Roscoe Yun Zingiberaceae Herb Root Bulb is crushed and mixed with fodder and orally given to livestock for promotion stomach digestion and against digestive disorders, for flatulence, and as appetizer. 56
Mxy49 Sophora tonkinensis Gagnep. Shan dou gen Leguminosae Shrub Root Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for treatment of respiratory infection. 21
Mxy50 Plantago asiatica L. Na cheqian Plantaginaceae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of pulmonary infection. 53
Mxy51 Berberis diaphana Maxim. San kezhen Berberidaceae Shrub Root Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for treatment of diarrhea. 31
Mxy52 Mahonia fortunei (Lindl.) Fedde Vai tang Berberidaceae Shrub Root Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for treatment of gastric and throat troubles. 21
Mxy53 Lonicera japonica Thunb. Kau zet ma Caprifoliaceae Climber Flowers Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for treatment of throat troubles. 49
Mxy54 Taraxacum mongolicum Hand.-Mazz. Na binba Compositae Herb Whole Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for treatment of respiratory troubles. 52
Mxy55 Coptis chinensis Franch. Na xam xen Ranunculaceae Herb Root Along with Ampelopsis delavayana and Argyreia acuta, fresh roots are boiled and orally given to livestock for prevention the foot-and-mouth disease virus. 46
Mxy56 Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don Na taxen Compositae Herb Leaf Fresh leaves are taken and decoction is made, and after that, the decoction is combined with Lonicera japonica and is used for livestock cold. 34
Mxy57 Paris polyphylla Sm. Kue ta ma Melanthiaceae Herb Root Decoction is made from its roots, and then rubbed on animal’s external tongue for prevention of foot-and-mouth disease virus. 38
Mxy58 Sanguisorba officinalis L. Na tuo ling Rosaceae Herb Root Dry roots are boiled and orally given to cattle for treatment of diarrhea, along with dry root of Bletilla striata and Mahonia fortunei. 5
Mxy59 Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Rchb.f. Na to xen Orchidaceae Herb Whole A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of diarrhea. 3
Mxy60 Sophora flavescens Aiton ku tsm Leguminosae Herb Root Decoction is made from its roots and orally given to livestock for treatment of diarrhea. 36
Mxy61 Aconitum carmichaelii Debeaux Za tau nu Ranunculaceae Herb Root Decoction is made from its rhizomes, and orally given to livestock for curing gastric distension. 5
Mxy62 Notopterygium incisum K.C.Ting ex H.T.Chang Na tau Apiaceae Herb Root Fresh root of the herb is crushed and made to paste and coated to afflicted part. 3
Mxy63 Heracleum hemsleyanum Diels Na tau long Apiaceae Herb Root Fresh root of the herb is crushed and mixed with made to paste and coated to afflicted part. 12
Mxy64 Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees Na ao ten Acanthaceae Herb Whole Decoction is made from its roots and orally given to livestock for treatment of inflammation. 37
Mxy65 Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi Na lim Labiatae Herb Root Decoction is made from its roots and orally given to livestock for treatment of inflammation. 18
Mxy66 Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Fai nang Rutaceae Tree Bark Decoction is made from its roots and orally given to livestock for treatment of inflammation. 23
Mxy67 Citrus reticulata Blanco Ma kam Rutaceae Tree Peel Decoction is made from its peel fruit, and mixed peel fruit form Citrus aurantium, and after that orally given to livestock to help digestion. 12
Mxy68 Citrus aurantium L. Ma puk Rutaceae Tree Immature fruit Decoction is made from its peel fruit, and mixed peel fruit form Citrus reticulata, and after that orally given to livestock to help digestion. 17
Mxy69 Asarum heterotropoides F.Schmidt Pak lin kai Aristolochiaceae Herb Whole Powder of its roots is orally given for the treatment of cough. 15
Mxy70 Hedychium coronarium J.Koenig Yun xau Zingiberaceae Herb Root Roots are crushed and given to livestock for fracture. 18
Mxy71 Gentiana manshurica Kitag. Pak nai Gentianaceae Herb Tuber Decoction is made from the whole plant, and orally given to livestock for hepatitis. 29
Mxy72 Dryopteris setosa (Thunb.) Akas. Pak mo Dryopteridaceae Herb Tuber A whole plant is boiled and orally given to livestock for treatment of liver parasite. 12
Mxy73 Vigna radiata R.Wilczek Tua Lwk Leguminosae Herb Seed Grinds mung beans and mixes with vegetable oil, then orally given to pig for treatment of nitrite poisoning. 9
Mxy74 Hordeum vulgare L. Xau mak Gramineae Herb Malt Decoction is made from its malt, and orally given to livestock for curing digestive complaints. 19
Mxy75 Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. sativus (L.) Domin Lwk pok Brassicaceae Herb Seed Seed of the herb is fried and orally given to cattle for treatment of ruminal impaction. 36
Mxy76 Cynanchum wilfordii (Maxim.) Hemsl. Za tau pin Apocynaceae Climber Tuber Fresh roots of the herb is crushed and orally given to cattle for treatment of ruminal impaction. 15
Mxy77 Rheum palmatum L. Na ta baw Polygonaceae Herb Root Decoction is made from its rhizomes, and orally given to livestock for treatment of gastric distension. 10
Mxy78 Acronychia acronychioides (F.Muell.) T.G.Hartley Fai ton ling Rutaceae Tree Fruit Decoction is made from its fruit, and orally given to livestock for curing gastric distension. 45
Mxy79 Poria cocos Fu ling polyporaceae Herb Fruit body Decoction is made from its fruit, and orally given to livestock for invigorating stomach. 3
Mxy80 Saussurea costus(Falc.) Lipsch. Mu xiang lao Compositae Herb Root Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for curing digestive complaints. 14
Mxy81 Alisma plantago-aquatica L. Fai bu Alismataceae Herb Whole Decoction is made from its bulb, and orally given to goat for diuretic swelling. 10
Mxy82 Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne. Ta xan Lardizabalaceae Climber Root Powder of its stem is boiled and orally given to livestock for diureses and promoting lactation. 21
Mxy83 Ligusticum tachiroei (Franch. & Sav.) M. Hiroe & Constance Pajk cong Apiaceae Herb Root Decoction is made from its bulb, and orally given to livestock for treatment of traumatic injury. 22
Mxy84 Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Yujin Zingiberaceae Herb Root Roots are crushed and given to livestock for fracture. 19
Mxy85 Alpinia officinarum Hance Ye yin ang Zingiberaceae Herb Tuber Roots are crushed and given to livestock for fracture. 15
Mxy86 Curcuma kwangsiensis S.G.Lee & C.F.Liang Bae tse tse Zingiberaceae Herb Tuber Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for treatment of gaseous distention. 27
Mxy87 Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Ma pa Rosaceae Tree Leaf Fresh leaves of the herb is crushed and mixed with fodder and applied to livestock for treatment of lung complexities. 10
Mxy88 Dipterocarpus turbinatus C.F.Gaertn Bin pian Dipterocarpaceae Tree Borneol Dry resin of herb is coated to livestock for exterior wound and sore throat. 3
Mxy89 Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. Kau ling o Campanulaceae Herb Root Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for general body improvement. 5
Mxy90 Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. Za fai xau Compositae Herb Tuber Powder of its roots is boiled and orally given for the treatment of stomach problems. 9
Mxy91 Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. Kan tshua Leguminosae Herb Root, stem Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for treatment of digestive tract problem. 37
Mxy92 Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels Pak tam Apiaceae Herb Root Powder of its roots is orally given to animals, i.e., goat, sheep, and cow as tonic. 14
Mxy93 Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC. Na tuo ran Plantaginaceae Herb Root Powder of its roots is boiled and orally given for treatment sore throat. 3
Mxy94 Paeonia lactiflora Pall. Shao yao Paeoniaceae Herb Root Powder of its roots is boiled and orally given for treatment of stomachache. Powder is made and combined with flour which is used as tonic and for the treatment of cough in goat and cow. 3
Mxy95 Punica granatum L. Ma li san Lythraceae Tree Peel Powder of its peel is boiled and orally given for treatment of stomachache and the removal worms. 19
Mxy96 Areca catechu L. Ma sai kai Arecaceae Tree Seed Powder of its seed is orally given to livestock for the removal of worms and disperse accumulation. 5
Mxy97 Quisqualis indica L. Shi jun zi Combretaceae Shrub Fruit Seed of the herb is fried and evigated, then mixed with fodder and orally given for the expulsion of intestinal roundworm. 6
Mxy98 Allium sativum L. Lwk soi Amaryllidaceae Herb Root Powder of its roots is orally given to animals, i.e., goat, sheep, for treatment of infection. Bulb is crushed and mixed with way to administered orally in order to rate of fertility in domestic animals. 47
Mxy99 Polygonatum sibiricum F.Delaroche Huang jing Asparagaceae Herb Tuber Along with fodder, root of the herb is crushed and applied to livestock for tonic. 35
Mxy100 Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge Ma o Rosaceae Tree Fruit Decoction is made from its fruits, and orally given to cattle for treatment of ruminal impaction. 13
Mxy101 Magnolia officinalis Rehder & E.H.Wilson Fai ton xen Magnoliaceae Tree Bark Decoction is made from its barks, and orally given to cattle for treatment of ruminal impaction. 5
Mxy102 Veratrilla baillonii Franch. Na xen qiao Gentianaceae Herb Root Powder of its roots is orally given to foal for treatment diarrhoea. 8
Mxy103 Dioscorea bulbifera L. Ye lwk jeu Dioscoreaceae Herb Tuber Fresh leaves of the herb is crushed and orally given to cattle for treatment of ruminal impaction. 4
Mxy104 Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. Ma ye gai Lauraceae Tree Seed Fruits of the herb are fried and evigated, then mixed with fodder and orally given for treatment of bilharziasis. 3
Mxy105 Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Ma tau Rosaceae Tree Leaf Fresh leaves of the herb is crushed and orally given to cattle for treatment of ruminal impaction. 32
Mxy106 Cannabis sativa L. Dai wai Cannabaceae Herb Seed Powder of its seed is orally given to livestock for embellish aperient bowel function flour. This remedy is given to domestic animals as refrigerant and also given to the cattle suffering for genital prolapsed. 3
Mxy107 Glycine max (L.) Merr. Lwk tue Leguminosae Herb Seed Soybean milk is made from the herb and orally given to livestock for treatment of salt poisoning. 15
Mxy108 Elsholtzia fruticosa (D.Don) Rehder Fai tuo rong Lamiaceae Herb Flowers Powder is made from flowers and applied topically to all domestic animals to treat dermal problems, as anti-inflammatory. 2
Mxy109 Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urb. Di gua Leguminosae Herb Stem Decoction is made from it fresh stem and given orally to livestock for appetite. 6
Mxy110 Geum aleppicum Jacq. Na no xen Rosaceae Herb Whole Powder is made from whole plant and applied topically to all domestic animals to treat dermal problems, as anti-inflammatory. 18
Mxy111 Potentilla kleiniana Wight & Arn. Na to paejk Rosaceae Herb Whole Decoction is made from it fresh stem and given orally to cattle against cough, fever, and pain. 12
Mxy112 Ardisia crispa (Thunb.) A.DC. Bai liangjin Primulaceae Herb Root Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to livestock for treatment of diarrhea. 43
Mxy113 Reynoutria multiflora (Thunb.) Moldenke Kau tan Polygonaceae Herb Root Along with bark of Quercus acutissima, decoction is made from its roots and given orally to cattle against diarrhea. 39
Mxy114 Kalimeris indica (L.) Sch.Bip. Na tuo po Compositae Herb Whole Fresh leaves decoction is orally given for gastric troubles and as diuretic. 9
Mxy115 Habenaria davidii Franch. Kwe dag kai Orchidaceae Herb Tuber Decoction is made from its roots, and orally given to cattle for treatment of urinary tract infections. 21
Mxy116 Nicotiana tabacum L. Jion baw Solanaceae Herb Leaf To relieve the external parasite, the decoction of its leaves is used for animal bathing especially goat and cow. Decoction is made from its leaves, and it is applied externally on animal’s body and then rubbed for external parasites. Infusion of its leaves is drenched via nostrils against leech infestation in cows. 4
Mxy117 Ainsliaea grossedentata Franch. Na pie can Compositae Herb Whole Fresh leaves of the herb is crushed and placed on wound for blood clotting. 1
Mxy118 Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. Ye zwn swn Talinaceae Herb Root Decoction is made from its roots and orally given to cattle for poisoned by Cyclobalanopsis green leaves. 31
Mxy119 Schisandra propinqua (Wall.) Baill. Kau nang xeu Schisandraceae Shrub Root First make a paste of stem and external application to livestock for wound healing process. 21
Mxy120 Quercus acutissima Carruth. Fai mai fen Fagaceae Tree Root Along with root of Fallopia multiflora, decoction of its bark is given orally daily to livestock for diarrhea. 10
Mxy121 Libanotis seseloides (Fisch. & C.A. Mey. ex Turcz.) Turcz. Pjak an Apiaceae Herb Whole Decoction of its leaves is given orally to horse for the treatment of cough. 34
Mxy122 Aesculus chinensis Bunge Ma ling xau Sapindaceae Tree Seed Decoction is made from its fruits and boiled, then orally given to livestock for treatment diarrhea. 16