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Table 2 List of the 151 main medicinal species (≥ 5 usage citations) mentioned on the coastal area of French Guiana, ranked in descending order of citations in the surveys

From: Phytotherapies in motion: French Guiana as a case study for cross-cultural ethnobotanical hybridization

Species (herbarium no.) Family Citations Transversality (number of cultural groups concerned) Origin Status Habitat
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf (MAT 165) Poaceae 113 16 AS C G
Cocos nucifera L. Arecaceae 92 14 AS W/C G/R
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle (MAT 07) Rutaceae 85 15 AS C G
Gossypium barbadense L. (MAT 170) Malvaceae 77 11 AM C G
Quassia amara L. (MAT 452) Simaroubaceae 72 12 AM W/C G/F
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. (MAT 93) Xanthorrhoeaceae 67 15 AM C G
Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson Verbenaceae 67 11 AM C G
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae 66 11 AF C G
Siparuna guianensis Aubl. (MAT 293) Siparunaceae 66 12 AM W G/F
Carapa guianensis Aubl. Meliaceae 65 12 AM W F/I
Momordica charantia L. (MAT 299) Cucurbitaceae 60 10 AF P/C R/G
Astrocaryum vulgare Mart. Arecaceae 58 10 AM W R
Eryngium foetidum L. (MAT 497) Apiaceae 55 10 AS C G
Annona muricata L. (MAT 180) Annonaceae 52 12 AM C G
Allium sativum L. Amaryllidaceae 52 12 EU C I
Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth (MAT 109) Piperaceae 49 10 AM P G
Tinospora crispa (L.) Hook. f. & Thomson (MAT 265) Menispermaceae 48 8 AS C G
Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. (MAT 135) Crassulaceae 45 13 AF C G
Zingiber officinale Roscoe Zingiberaceae 45 11 AS C G
Ocimum basilicum L.
Ocimum campechianum Mill. (MAT 150)
Ocimum minimum L.
Lamiaceae 43 8 AS/AM C/P G/R
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn. (MAT 303) Phyllanthaceae 43 10 AF P R/G
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (MAT 448) Amaranthaceae 42 7 AM C G
Lantana camara L. (MAT 298) Verbenaceae 41 10 AM C G
Citrus × aurantium L. (MAT 498) Rutaceae 40 9 AS C G
Cinnamomum verum J. Presl Lauraceae 39 9 AS C G
Petiveria alliacea L. (MAT 173) Phytolaccaceae 39 7 AM C G
Piper marginatum Jacq. (MAT 263) Piperaceae 36 9 AM W R
Senna alata (L.) Roxb. (MAT 325)
Senna reticulata (Willd.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby
Fabaceae 36 11 AM W/C R
Annona squamosa L. (MAT 181) Annonaceae 35 5 AM C G
Curcuma longa L. (MAT 221) Zingiberaceae 35 10 AS C G
Costus spiralis (Jacq.) Roscoe (MAT 205) Costaceae 35 8 AM W/C R/G
Aristolochia trilobata L. (MAT 128) Aristolochiaceae 34 4 AM C G
Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L. Burtt & R.M. Sm. (MAT 163) Zingiberaceae 34 6 AS C G
Ayapana triplinervis (Vahl) R.M. King & H. Rob. (MAT 234) Asteraceae 34 8 AM C G
Anacardium occidentale L. (MAT 194) Anacardiaceae 33 14 AM W/C G/R
Manihot esculenta Crantz Euphorbiaceae 33 6 AM C G
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br. Lamiaceae 29 9 AM C G
Psidium guajava L. (MAT 499) Myrtaceae 29 12 AM C G
Tetradenia riparia (Hochst.) Codd (MAT 199) Lamiaceae 28 8 AS C G
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl (MAT 174)
Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl (MAT 271)
Verbenaceae 28 7 AM W/C G/R
Scoparia dulcis L. (MAT 295) Plantaginaceae 27 9 AM P R/R
Carica papaya L. Caricaceae 26 10 AM C G
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. (MAT 501) Malvaceae 26 9 AS C G
Senna alexandrina Mill. Fabaceae 26 6 AF C I
Cecropia spp. Urticaceae 25 8 AM W R
Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb. (MAT 223) Iridaceae 25 6 AM C G
Morinda citrifolia L. (MAT 124) Rubiaceae 24 8 AS C G
Mangifera indica L. (MAT 510) Anacardiaceae 24 10 AM C G
Solanum leucocarpon Dunal (MAT 331) Solanaceae 24 6 AM C G
Justicia pectoralis Jacq. (MAT 500) Acanthaceae 22 5 AM C G
Musa x paradisiaca. Musaceae 22 7 AS C G
Portulaca oleracea L. (MAT 107) Portulacaceae 22 7 CO C G
Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. (MAT 162) Lamiaceae 21 8 AS C G
Mansoa alliacea (Lam.) A.H.Gentry (MAT 285) Bignoniaceae 19 8 AM W/C G/F
Senna occidentalis (L.) Link (MAT 104) Fabaceae 19 5 AM C G
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H.Rob. (MAT 228) Asteraceae 18 8 AM W R
Capraria biflora L. (MAT 492) Scrophulariaceae 17 5 AM C G
Geissospermum spp. Apocynaceae 17 6 AM W F
Crescentia cujete L. (MAT 502) Bignoniaceae 16 7 AM C G
Copaifera spp. Fabaceae 16 6 AM W F/I
Jatropha curcas L. (MAT 192) Euphorbiaceae 16 6 AM C G
Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (MAT 164) Euphorbiaceae 15 7 AM C G
Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristicaceae 15 6 AS C G/I
Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. (MAT 509) Lamiaceae 15 5 AS C G
Ocotea guianensis Aubl. (MAT 453) Lauraceae 15 5 AM W R
Priva lappulacea (L.) Pers. (MAT 503) Verbenaceae 15 6 AM W R
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) J.W.Moore (MAT 175) Myrtaceae 15 4 AM C G/I
Sambucus simpsonii Rehder (MAT 225) Adoxaceae 15 3 AM C G
Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill. (MAT 491) Cactaceae 14 6 AM C G
Fraxinus ornus L. Oleaceae 13 2 EU W I
Plectranthus neochilus Schltr. (MAT 157) Lamiaceae 13 7 AS C G
Piper peltatum L. (MAT 169) Piperaceae 13 6 AM W R
Allium cepa L. Amaryllidaceae 12 6 AS C G/I
Dalbergia monetaria L.f. (MAT 281) Fabaceae 12 7 AM W R
Hyptis atrorubens Poit. (MAT 138) Lamiaceae 12 4 AM W R
Lippia micromera Schauer (MAT 490) Verbenaceae 12 9 AM C G
Mimosa pudica L. (MAT 266) Fabaceae 12 5 AM W R
Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H. Gentry (MAT 233) Bignoniaceae 12 4 AM W F
Mentha spp. Lamiaceae 12 9 AS C G
Nicotiana tabacum L. Solanaceae 12 8 AM C G
Persea americana Mill. Lauraceae 12 4 AM C G
Arrabidaea chica (Humb. & Bonpl.) Verl. (MAT 166) Bignoniaceae 11 5 AM W/C G/F
Euterpe oleracea Mart. Arecaceae 11 6 AM W F
Plectranthus barbatus var. grandis (L.H.Cramer) Lukhoba & A.J.Paton Lamiaceae 11 6 AS C G
Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng.) Pedersen (MAT 493) Amaranthaceae 11 3 AM C G
Sida glomerata Cav. (MAT 155) Malvaceae 11 3 AM W R
Spondias mombin L. Anacardiaceae 11 6 AM W/D F/G
Saccharum officinarum L. Poaceae 11 6 AS C G
Averrhoa bilimbi L. Oxalidaceae 10 5 AS C G
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl Lauraceae 10 4 AS C I
Cassia fistula L. (MAT 489) Fabaceae 10 3 AS C G
Cannabis sativa L. (MAT 125) Cannabaceae 10 5 AS C G/I
Euphorbia thymifolia L. (MAT 243) Euphorbiaceae 10 5 AM W R
Marsypianthes chamaedrys (Vahl) Kuntze (MAT 140) Lamiaceae 10 3 AM W R
Pogostemon heyneanus Benth. (MAT 152) Lamiaceae 10 3 AS C G
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry Myrtaceae 10 5 AS C G
Mikania congesta DC. (MAT 186) Asteraceae 9 5 AM W R
Spondias dulcis Parkinson Anacardiaceae 9 4 AM C G
Tabebuia serratifolia (Vahl) G. Nicholson (MAT 317) Bignoniaceae 9 6 AM W F
Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench Malvaceae 8 3 AF C G
Bixa orellana L. Bixaceae 8 4 AM C G
Vernonia condensata Baker (MAT 188) Asteraceae 8 5 AM W F
Capsicum annuum L. Solanaceae 8 7 AM C G
Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A.Chev. (MAT 179) Asparagaceae 8 4 AS C G
Eugenia uniflora L. (MAT 488) Myrtaceae 8 2 AM C G
Hymenaea courbaril L. Fabaceae 8 4 AM W F
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand (MAT 229) Burseraceae 8 4 AM W F
Pilea microphylla L. (MAT 494) Urticaceae 8 2 AM W G
Terminalia catappa L. (MAT 504) Combretaceae 8 5 AS W/C G/R
Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg Moraceae 7 4 AS C G
Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze (MAT 289) Amaranthaceae 7 3 AM C G
Elephantopus mollis Kunth (MAT 132) Asteraceae 7 4 AM W R
Justicia secunda Vahl (MAT 487) Acanthaceae 7 3 AM C G
Laportea aestuans (L.) Chew (MAT 154) Urticaceae 7 3 AM W R/G
Neurolaena lobata (L.) Cass. Asteraceae 7 3 AM C I
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss Apiaceae 7 4 EU C G
Passiflora edulis Sims Passifloraceae 7 6 AM C G
Cyperus odoratus L. (MAT 248) Cyperaceae 7 3 AM C G/R
Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski (MAT 226) Asteraceae 7 3 AM C G/R
Begonia glabra Aubl. (MAT 297) Begoniaceae 6 3 AM W/D F/G
Campomanesia aromatica (Aubl.) Griseb. Myrtaceae 6 3 AM W R
Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don (MAT 159) Melastomataceae 6 4 AM W R
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. (MAT 508) Fabaceae 6 2 AF C G
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Apocynaceae 6 3 AF C G
Coutoubea spicata Aubl. (MAT 127) Gentianaceae 6 3 AM W R
Cucurbita maxima Duchesne Cucurbitaceae 6 2 AM C G
Dipteryx odorata (Aubl.) Willd. Fabaceae 6 2 AM W F
Euphorbia hirta L. (MAT 495) Euphorbiaceae 6 3 AS W F/I
Ferula assa-foetida L. Apiaceae 6 3 AF C I
Inga spp. Fabaceae 6 2 AM C G
Moringa oleifera Lam. (MAT 507) Moringaceae 6 5 AS C G
Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg (MAT 505) Araliaceae 6 3 AM C G
Renealmia sp. Zingiberaceae 6 3 AM W/D F/G
Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry (MAT 137) Myrtaceae 6 3 AS C G
Theobroma cacao L. Malvaceae 6 3 AM C G
Zea mays L. Poaceae 6 3 AM C G
Ageratum conyzoides L. (MAT 231) Asteraceae 5 2 AM W R
Aframomum melegueta K. Schum. (MAT 334) Zingiberaceae 5 2 AF C I
Artemisia spp. Asteraceae 5 3 EU C G
Bidens cynapiifolia Kunth (MAT 275) Asteraceae 5 3 AM W R
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (MAT 486) Fabaceae 5 2 AF C G
Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. (MAT 300) Boraginaceae 5 3 AM W R
Commelina erecta L. (MAT 310) Commelinaceae 5 4 AM C G
Coffea spp. Rubiaceae 5 3 AF C I
Tanaecium bilabiatum (Sprague) L.G. Lohmann Bignoniacée 5 2 AM W F
Malpighia emarginata DC (MAT 496). Malpighiaceae 5 4 AM C G
Plantago major L. (MAT 506) Plantaginaceae 5 2 EU C G
Picrolemma sprucei Hook. f. Simaroubaceae 5 4 AM C F
Rolandra fruticosa (L.) Kuntze (MAT 203) Asteraceae 5 3 AM W R
Struchium sparganophorum (L.) Kuntze (MAT 101) Asteraceae 5 2 AS C G
Averrhoa carambola L. Oxalidaceae 5 1 AS C G
  1. “Origin”: AS Asia, AM America, AF Africa, EU Europe, CO cosmopolitan. “Status”: C cultivated, W wild, P protected, D domesticated. “Habitat”: G garden, F forest, R ruderal, I imported