Skip to main content

Table 1 Categorization of traditional names (in Nahuatl and Spanish) for fungi used in SIBS, Mexico according to Berlin et al. (1992) [6]

From: Folk classification of wild mushrooms from San Isidro Buensuceso, Tlaxcala, Central Mexico

Generic taxa designed by simple primary names
1. amarillitos -little yellow- (Cantharellus cibarius)
2. blanquitos -little white- (Hygrophorus chrysodon)
3. cailita ? (Tricholoma flavovirens)
4. campanilla -beltl- (Infundibulicybe gibba, I. cf. squamulosa)
5. cefamil ? (Lycoperdon perlatum)
6. cemita .-a kind of bread- (Boletus atkinsonii, Boletus pinophilus)
7. clavitos -nails- (Lyophyllum decastes complex)
8. cochinito -little pig- (Ustilago maydis)
9. corneta, cornetilla -fir’s funnel = fir’s little trumpet- (Turbinellus floccosus)
10. cualtzitzi (Russula delica)
11. champiñon (Agaricus campestris)
12. charritos (Russula delica)
13. escobeta -broom- (Ramaria bonii, R. cystidiophora, R. sanguínea, R. versatilis)
14. gāchupi, (Helvella crispa)
15. güerito (Helvella crispa)
16. huevitos -little egg- (Lycoperdon perlatum)
17. ezquilo (I. gibba)
18. negrito -little black- (Helvella lacunosa)
19. olotes (Morchella elata, M. esculenta)
20. orejas -ear- (Helvella crispa)
21. pante (Boletus atkinsonii, B. pinophilus)
22. panza -belly- (Suillus pseudobrevipes)
23. popozo, pupuzo, (S. pseudobrevipes, Chalciporus piperatus)
24. señoritas -miss- (Hygrophorus chrysodon)
25. tamborcito -drum-(H. lacunosa)
26. tecajete (R. delica)
27. tecōzah, tecusa, tecutzal (C. cibarius)
28. tehtecuitl (Armillaria mexicana)
29. tlapitzal (Turbinellus floccosus)
30. totomoch (Infundibulicybe gibba, I. cf. squamulosa)
31. xelhuāz --escobeta-broom- (Ramaria bonii, R. cystidiophora, R. rubripermanens, R. sanguínea, R. versatilis)
32. xitetl =huevitos-egg- (Lycoperdon perlatum)
33. xocoyoli, xuxocoyoli, xoxocoyoli (Laccaria bicolor)
34. xōlētl, xulētl (L. decastes complex)
35. xo-tomāh, xo-tomāhme, xo-tomāhte, xo-tomāhtzi, (Boletus atkinsonii, B. pinophilus)
Generic taxa designed by productive complex primary names (these names, despite having two constituents, refer to folk genres and refer to a higher taxa)
1. cacax-nanacatl (L. indigo)
2. cītlal-nanacatl -hongo de estrellas- star mushroom- (Amanita muscaria)
3. chichil-nacatl -hongo de chile- chili mushroom- (L. salmonicolor)
4. chil-nanacatl (L. salmonicolor)
5. gachupi-nanacatl (H. crispa)
6. gachupi-tzetze (H. crispa)
7. hongo azul -blue mushroom- (L. indigo)*
8. hongo de campana -belt mushroom- (I. gibba, I. cf. squamulosa)*
9. hongo de maguey -maguey mushroom- (Pleurotus opuntiae)*
10. hongo de maíz -corn mushroom- (U. maydis)*
11. hongo de mata (L. decastes complex)*
12. hongo de ocote (Hebeloma aff. mesophaeum)*
13. hongo morado -purple mushroom- (Chroogomphus jamaicensis)*
14. pante-nanacatl (Boletus atkinsonii, B. pinophilus)
15. pitzu-nanacatl (A. muscaria, Amanita cf. smithiana, Lactarius chelidoniun var. chelidonioides, Lactarius luculentus, Lactarius mexicanus, Lactarius cf. villosus, Russula cf. fragilis, Russula grisceacens, Russula murrilli )
16. xilona-nanacatl, Xilonaltzitzi, Xixilo-nanácatl (Hygrophorus chrysodon)
17. xitetl-nanacatl (L. perlatum)
18. xocoyo-nanácatl, Xoxocoyol-nanácatl (L. trichodermophora)
Generic taxa designed by unproductive complex primary names
1. ayotzin, ayutzin. (Agaricus campestris)
2. ayoxóchitl (A. basii)
3. cuatecax (R. delica)
4. cuatlamanil (Amanita tuza)
5. cuitlacoche (U. maydis)
6. chilnanatzi (L. salmonicolor)
7. huihuixocatzi (H. crispa)
Folk species designed by secondary names
1. oyametl-chilnanácatl, (L. salmonicolor)
2. cuaxua-xoletl (L. decastes complex)
3. ocol-xoletl (L. decastes complex)
4. oco-xaltoma (B. atkinsonii, B. pinophilus)
5. oyamel-xotoma (B. atkinsonii, B. pinophilus)
6. poposo-rabia (Ch. piperatus)
7. tepe-xotoma (L. aurantiacum)
8. tlacual-xoletl (L. decastes complex)
9. tlapal-tecosa, tlapal-tecosauitl (Ch. jamaicensis )
10. tlapal-xotoma (B. atkinsonii, B. pinophilus)
11. tlaxca-xotoma (B. atkinsonii, B. pinophilus)
12. xiteburo (L. perlatum)
13. xotoma-rabia (B. miniatopallescens)
14. zaca-xotoma (B. atkinsonii, B. pinophilus)
  1. * = Fungi recognized as edible