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Table 3 List of plant species, voucher number at the National Herbarium of Cameroon (YA)

From: Ethnobotanical survey of wild edible plants used by Baka people in southeastern Cameroon

Vernacular name Species Family Voucher # Season Distance Citations (n) Plant part Type of usage Literature
Bitantan Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench Malvaceae Bil73 d + r c 1 Leaf Vegetable Cameroon [47]
Pouloue Adenia cissampeloides (Planch. ex Hook.) Harms Passifloraceae Bil230 r c 6 Fruit Fruit Congo [22]
Ndiyi na gbeugbeu Aframomum daniellii (Hook. f.) K. Schum. Zingiberaceae Bil2 ? f 3 Leaf Ingredient  
Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20, 21, 48, 49], Congo [22]
Ndiyi na gdi Aframomum sulcatum (Oliv. & Hanb. ex Bak.) K. Schum. Zingiberaceae Bet 15 ? c 3 Leaf Ingredient  
Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20]
Nguimba Afrostyrax lepidophyllus Mildbr. Huaceae Nat 70 d + r Both 108 Bark Ingredient Cameroon [20, 21, 50,51,52], Congo [22]
Flower Ingredient  
Fruit Ingredient  
Leaf Ingredient  
Root Ingredient  
Root Vegetable  
Seed Ingredient Cameroon [10, 20, 51,52,53], Congo [22]
Wood Ingredient  
Pwa kata Agelaea pentagyna (Lam.) Baill. (syn: A. obliqua) Connaraceae Bet314 d + r c 8 Leaf Vegetable  
Pwa Yando Alchornea floribunda Müll. Arg. Euphorbiaceae Bil35 d + r c 11 Leaf Vegetable  
Ngongou Anonidium mannii (Oliv.) Engl. & Diels Annonaceae Bil115 ? f 16 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20]
Mgbé Antrocaryon klaineanum Pierre Anacardiaceae Bil287 r Both 7 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [54], Congo [22]
Mabé Baillonella toxisperma Pierre Sapotaceae Bil75 r Both 112 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20], Congo [22]
Seed Ingredient Cameroon [10, 20, 47, 48, 51, 52], Congo [22]
Fhandako Calpocalyx dinklagei Harms Mimosaceae Bil146 d + r Both 5 Fruit Fruit  
Alamba na bélé Capsicum frutescens L. Solanaceae Bil18 d + r Both 15 Fruit Ingredient Cameroon [47], Congo [22]
Motoubéloubé Carapa procera DC. Meliaceae Bil136 r Both 7 Seed Fruit Congo [22]
Monono Carpolobia alba G. Don Loganiaceae Bil155 r c 2 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20, 48], Congo [22]
Ligo Cola acuminata (P. Bwaterv.) Schott & Endl. Sterculiaceae Bil161 r Both 3 Seed Fruit Cameroon [20, 21, 48, 49, 53], Congo [22]
Mécor Cola rostrata K. Schum. Sterculiaceae Bil137 r Both 6 Seed Fruit Congo [22]
Mengoumé Coula edulis Baill. Olacaceae Bil 322 d + r Both 6 Seed Fruit Cameroon [20, 47, 48]
Fawouaboka Desbordesia glaucescens (Engl.) Tiegh. Combretaceae Bil130 ? f 2 Seed Fruit  
Mgbii Dicranolepis disticha Planch. Thymeleaceae Bil323 d + r Both 14 Fruit Fruit  
Leaf Ingredient  
Tuber Main  
Y-leaf Ingredient  
Kèkè Dioscorea burkilliana Miège Dioscoreaceae Bil324 d + r Both 35 Tuber Main yam Cameroon [10, 17, 51], Congo [22]
Esssendé Dioscorea hirtiflora Benth Dioscoreaceae Bil325 d + r f 13 Tuber Main yam  
Ba’a Dioscorea mangenotiana Miège Dioscoreaceae Bil39 d + r f 56 Tuber Main yam Cameroon [17, 51], Congo [22]
Koukou Dioscorea munutiflora Engl. Dioscoreaceae Bil295 d + r Both 42 Tuber Main yam Congo [22]
Saba Dioscorea praehensilis Benth Dioscoreaceae Bil31 d + r Both 61 Tuber Main yam Cameroon [10, 17, 51], Congo [22]
Essouma Dioscorea semperflorens Uline Dioscoreaceae Bil 326 d + r Both 58 Leaf Vegetable  
Tuber Main yam Congo [22]
Y-leaf Vegetable  
Baloko Dioscorea smilacifolia De Wild. Dioscoreaceae Bil94 d + r f 25 Tuber Main yam Cameroon [17], Congo [22]
Ndondo Dioscorea sp1 Dioscoreaceae Bil309 d + r f 32 Tuber Main yam  
Booli Dioscorea sp2 Dioscoreaceae Bil327 d f 9 Tuber Main yam  
Boto Dioscorea sp3 Dioscoreaceae Bil328 d f 2 Tuber Main yam  
Koubé Dioscorea sp4 Dioscoreaceae Bil329 r f 8 Tuber Main yam  
Djakaka Dioscorea sp5 Dioscoreaceae Bil330 d f 43 Tuber Main yam  
Efhanguè Dioscorea sp6 Dioscoreaceae Bil331 d f 34 Tuber Main yam  
Ekorra Dioscorea sp7 Dioscoreaceae Bil264 d Both 1 Tuber Main yam  
Esopo Dioscorea sp8 Dioscoreaceae Bil332 d + r f 6 Tuber Main yam  
Fhafhè Dioscorea sp9 Dioscoreaceae Bil333 d + r f 2 Tuber Main yam  
Mbooto Dioscorea sp10 Dioscoreaceae Bil334 d + r f 2 Tuber Main yam  
Moussokofandè Dioscorea sp11 Dioscoreaceae Bil335 d + r Both 1 Tuber Main yam  
Paper Dioscorea sp12 Dioscoreaceae Bil336 d f 2 Tuber Main yam  
Scèndè Dioscorea sp13 Dioscoreaceae Bil337 d c 1 Tuber Main yam  
Diya Dioscorea sp14 Dioscoreaceae Bil30 d f 3 Tuber Main yam  
Bii Dioscoresphyllum cumminsii (Stapf) Diels. Menispermaceae Bil338 d + r f 23 Tuber Main Congo [22]
Manjoubou Diplazium welwitschii (Hooker) Diels Athyriaceae Bil163 d + r Both 28 Teaf Vegetable Congo [22]
Y-leaf Vegetable  
Vin de palme (Gobila) Elaeis guineensis Jacq. Arecaceae Bil339 ? ? 4 Exu-date Drink Congo [22]
Tokomboli Eriocoelum macrocarpum Gilg ex Radlk. Sapindaceae Bil271 r Both 38 Fruit Main Congo [22]
Fruit Fruit  
Seed Main  
Seed Fruit  
Bambou Gambeya africana (G. Don. ex Bak.) Pierre Sapotaceae Bil256 r Both 27 Fruit Fruit  
Seed Fruit Congo [22]
Mpkom Garcinia kola Heckel Clusiaceae Bil340 ? f 1 Seed Fruit Cameroon [20, 21, 48, 49, 53], Congo [22]
Bemba Gilbertiodendron dewevrei (De Wild.) Léonard Caesalpiniaceae Bil341 r c 1 Fruit Fruit Congo [22]
Koko Gnetum africanum Welw. Gnetaceae Bil147 d + r Both 57 Leaf Vegetable Cameroon [10, 20, 21, 47, 48, 50, 53,54,55,56], Congo [22], Democratic Republic of Congo [57]
Yoloyolo Gymnanthemum amygdalinum (Delile) Sch. Bip. ex Walp. Asteraceae Bil29 ? c 1 Leaf Vegetable  
Essang Hibiscus sabdarifa L Malvaceae Bil342 ? c 1 Leaf Ingredient  
Mingaignai Hua gaboni Pierre ex De Wild. Huaceae Bil343 ? f 4 Bark Ingredient  
Seed Ingredient  
Payo Irvingia excelsa Mildbr. Irvingiaceae Bil160 d + r Both 48 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [10], Congo [22]
Seed Ingredient  
Pféké Irvingia gabonensis (Aub. Lec. Ex O’R.) Baill. Irvingiaceae Bil65 r Both 89 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20], Congo [22]
Seed Ingredient Cameroon [10, 20, 21, 47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54, 56, 58], Congo [22]
Bokoko Klainedoxa gabonensis Pierre Irvingiaceae Bil344 ? f 3 Seed Fruit Congo [22]
Mapkwa Landolphia foretiana (Pierre ex Jumelle) Pichon Apocynaceae Bil141 d + r oth 13 Fruit Fruit Congo [22]
Kwakata Lasiodiscus sp. Rhamnaceae Bil345 ? f 12 Leaf Vegetable  
Ngoka Lophira alata Banks ex Gaertn. Ochnaceae Bil346 ? f 1 Fruit Fruit  
Ngongo Megaphrynium macrostachyum (Benth.) Milne-Redh. Maranthaceae Bil347 ? f 1 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [21], Congo [22]
Mbée Momordica charantia L Cucurbitaceae Bil348 r c 2 Fruit Fruit  
Djingo Monodora tenuifolia Benth Annonaceae Bil191 ? f 18 Seed Ingredient Cameroon [20, 47, 49, 53]
Kombo Musanga cecropioides R. Br. Moraceae Bil55 r Both 8 Exu-date Drink  
Fruit Fruit Congo [22]
Ngatta Myrianthus arboreus P. Beauv. Moraceae Bil49 r Both 12 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20], Congo [22]
Mossé Nauclea diderrichii (De Wild. & T. Durand) Merr. Rubiaceae Bil134 r Both 8 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20, 48]
Nganako Occimum gratissimum L Lamiaceae Bil349 d + r c 3 Leaf Ingredient Cameroon [47, 53]
Koungou Pachypodanthium barteri (Benth.) Hutch. & Dalz. Annonaceae Bil350 r Both 2 Fruit Fruit Congo [22]
Kana Panda oleosa Pierre Pandaceae Bil149 d + r Both 40 Seed Ingredient Cameroon [10, 20, 48, 51, 52], Congo [22]
Léca-mgbi Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth Leguminoseae-Caesalpinioidaea Bil66 r c 1 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20]
Mbalaka Pentadiplandra brazzeana Bail. Pentadiplandraceae Bil80 r c 14 Seed Ingredient Cameroon [20, 51, 52, 58], Congo [22]
Poivre Piper guineense Schum. & Thonn. Piperaceae Bil19 d + r f 9 Fruit Ingredient Cameroon [20, 21, 48, 49, 51,52,53,54,55], Congo [22]
Po’o Poga oleosa Pierre Anisophylleaceae Bil57 d + r Both 63 Fruit Ingredient Cameroon [20, 54]
Fruit Main  
Fruit Fruit  
Seed Ingredient  
Seed Main  
Seed Fruit  
Botounga Polyalthia suaveolens Engl. & Diels Annonaceae Bil114 d + r c 1 Leaf Vegetable  
Ndémbélembé Potomorphe umbellata (L.) Miq. (syn : Piper umbellatum) Piperaceae Bil154 d + r c 9 Y-leaf Vegetable Cameroon [55]
Péké Raphia mombuttorum Drude Arecaceae Bil103 d + r c 6 Exu-date Drink Cameroon [20]
Gobo Ricinodendron heudelotii (Baill.) P. ex Heck. Euphorbiaceae Bil69 d + r Both 19 Fruit Ingredient  
Seed Ingredient Cameroon [10, 20, 21, 47,48,49,50,51,52,53, 56, 58], Congo [22]
Moudongué Salacia sp Hypocrataceae Bil351 ? Both 20 Fruit Fruit  
Libaba Santiria trimera (Oliv.) Aubreville Burseraceae Bil121 d + r Both 14 Fruit Fruit Congo [22]
Ekoungou Smilax anceps Wild. Smilacaceae Bil352 d f 5 Tuber Main  
Kasso Tetracarpidium conophorum (Müll. Arg.) Hutch. Et Dalz. Euphorbiaceae Bil 353 ? f 7 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [20], Congo [22]
Seed Fruit  
Kpwo-ngo Tetracera alnifolia Willd. Subsp. Alnifolia Dilleniaceae Bil105 ? f 13 Exu-date Drink Congo [22]
Basapa Tetracera sp Dilleniaceae Bil354 ? f 4 Exu-date Drink  
Gwassafhè Tetracera sp2 Dilleniaceae Bil355 ? f 1 Exu-date Drink  
Djaga Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schum. & Thonn.) Taub. Mimosaceae Bil356 ? f 11 Seed Ingredient Cameroon [20, 21, 47,48,49, 51,52,53], Congo [22]
Poussa Treculia africana Desc. Moraceae Bil297 ? f 1 Seed Main Cameroon [20], Congo [22]
Ngoyo Trichoscypha acuminata Engl. Anacardiaceae Bil249 r Both 51 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [10, 20], Congo [22]
Seed Fruit  
Mongolla Trichoscypha arborea (A. Chev.) A. Chev. Anacardiaceae Bil274 r Both 28 Fruit Fruit Cameroon [10, 20], Congo [22]
Séngui1 Uapaca paludosa Aubrév. & Léandri Euphorbiaceae Bil357 r Both 14 Fruit Fruit  
Séngui2 Uapaca guineensis Euphorbiaceae Bil50 ? f 5 Fruit Fruit  
Moundiyè Xylopia hypolampra Mildbr. Annonaceae Bil79 ? f 7 Flower Ingredient  
Leaf Ingredient  
Seed Ingredient Cameroon [20, 48, 49, 53]
  1. Collection season (d dry season, r rainy season, d + r all year round, ? unknown), distance (n near, i.e. less than 1 km from village, f far, both, ? unknown), number of citations, plant parts, usage, and occurrence in other sites as cited in the literature [10, 17, 20,21,22, 47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60]